Events on Nov 23

  • 1165Pope Alexander III returns from exile to Rome
  • 1334St. Clemens Flood: Dike breaks at Flemish / Zeeuwse / Dutch coast
  • 1556King Philip II confers with Dutch financial experts
  • 1577Water Geuzen under Captain Slope enter Amsterdam
  • 1584English parliament throws out Jesuits
  • 1700Cardinal Francesco Albani elected Pope Clemens XI
  • 1744English Premier John Carteret resigns
  • 1783Annapolis Maryland, becomes US capital (until June 1784)
  • 1832French take Antwerp in liberation of Belgium
  • 1835Henry Burden patents Horseshoe manufacturing machine (Troy NY)
  • 1848Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
  • 1863Battle of Chattanooga and Orchard Knob, TN begins
  • 1863Patent granted for a process of making color photographs
  • 1868Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process
  • 1871Railway bridge over Dutch Deep opens
  • 1876Columbia, Harvard and Princeton form Intercollegiate Football Association
  • 1885Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
  • 1887Notre Dame loses its 1st football game 8-0 to Michigan
  • 1889Debut of 1st jukebox (Palais Royale Saloon, San Francisco)
  • 1892Battle of Lomani Congo: Belgian unit beats Arabs, 1000-3000 killed
  • 1892P de Coubertin launches plan for Modern Olympic Games
  • 1897Andrew J Beard invents "jerry coupler, " to connect railroad cars
  • 1897Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love
  • 18991st jukebox (Palais Royal Hotel, San Francisco)
  • 1899Battle at Belmont, Cape colony: general Methuen beats Farmers
  • 1903Enrico Caruso US debut (Metropolitan Opera House, NY) in "Rigoletto"
  • 19043rd Olympic games close in St. Louis
  • 1905Henry Watson Furness, an Indiana physican, named Minister of Haiti
  • 1906Joseph Smith, leader of the Mormon Church, convicted of polygamy
  • 19097.17" (18.2 cm) of rainfall, Rattlesnake Creek, Idaho (state rec)

Born on Nov 23

  • 0912Otto I [the Great]: German King, Holy Roman Emperor (962-73)
  • 1221Alfonso X [the Wise]: King of Castile and Leon (1252-84)
  • 1553Prospero Alpini: Italy -- Botanist / Physician (De Medocoma Aegyptorum)
  • 1616John Wallis: English mathematician / cryptographer (product of Wallis)
  • 1669Johann K Amman: Swiss / Dutch deaf-mute teacher (Surdus Loquens)
  • 1690Ernst J Earl van Biron: Russian Duke of Koerland / regent of Ivan VI
  • 1748Etienne Joseph Floquet: Composer
  • 1749Edward Rutledge: (Gov-South Carolina) / attorney / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1760Gracchus Babeuf: French utopian socialist (Tribun du Peuple)
  • 1765Thomas Attwood: Composer
  • 1785Joannes P Roothaan: 1st Dutch General of the Jesuits (1829-53)
  • 1794Joan F Van Oordt: Vicar (Groninger direction)
  • 1797Gabor Matray: Composer
  • 1800Michail P Pogodin: Russian historian / author (Povesti)
  • 1804Franklin Pierce: Hillsboro, New Hampshire -- (D) 14th President (1853-1857)
  • 1809Horatio Phillips Van Cleve: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1815William Dennison: Postmaster / General (Union), died in 1882
  • 1819Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1901
  • 1820John Willis Ellis: Governor (Confederacy) died in 1861
  • 1821Charles Meryon: British / French etcher
  • 1826Agustin Bethencourt: Venezuela -- Publisher on Curacao
  • 1830Kaspar CE Ritter von Zumbusch: German / Austria sculptor
  • 1837John van der Waals: Physicist (Nobel 1910, Liquid & Gas States)
  • 1843Josef Sucher: Composer
  • 1860Karl Branting: Sweden -- Statesman / diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1921)
  • 1862Alberto Williams: Buenos Aires, Argentina -- Composer (Etrerno Reposo)
  • 1862Theo van Rysselberghe: Belgian painter (pointillism)
  • 1878Andre Caplet: Composer
  • 1878Ernest J King: US fleet Admiral / Chief of Naval Operations (WWII)
  • 1878Holcombe Ward: Tennis champ (US Open-1904)

Died on Nov 23

  • 0615Columbanus: Irish monastery founder / Poet / Saint (Poenitentiale)
  • 1249Ajjoeb: Sultan of Egypt
  • 1457Ladislaus V Posthumus: King of Hungary / Bohemia, dies at 17
  • 1499Perkin Warbeck: Flemish sailor, hanged
  • 1558Charles: Earl of Lalaing / land guardian of the Netherlands, dies at 52
  • 1585Thomas Tallis: Composer
  • 1709Hans Willem baron Bentinck: Dutch / English Earl of Portland, dies at 60
  • 1752Conrad Michael Schneider: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1787Anton Schweitzer: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1814Elbridge Gerry: US Merchant / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 70
  • 1848Alfred Julius Becher: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1853Francisco Andrevi y Castellar: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1853Johann Christian Friedrich Schneider: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1865Josef Leopold Zvonar: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1872Ten Bears (Parra-Wa-Samen): US Poet / Comanche chief
  • 1902Walter Reed: US bacteriologist (Yellow Fever)
  • 1910Hawley H Crippen: Doctor / murderer, executed
  • 1914Elbrige Gerry: VP (of Gerrymander fame), dies at 70
  • 1916Eduard Napravnik: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1920Mohammed ibn Addoellah: Somalian resistances leader "Mad Molla"
  • 1926Frederic Ayers: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1927S Przybyszewski: Writer
  • 1931Evert Cornelis: Dutch conductor / pianist
  • 1932Percy Pitt: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1937Louis Victor Saar: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1938August TC Kiehl: Actor (Hope of Blessing), dies at 84
  • 1940Catherina van Rennes: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1946Fawzi Husseini: Arabic High Director for Palestine, murdered
  • 1948Stanner E V Taylor: US director / writer (Lucky Jim, Ramona), dies at 71
  • 1948Uzeir Abdul Huseyn Hajibeyov: Composer, dies at 63

Historical events on November 24

  • 0496Anastasius II succeeds Gelasius I as Catholic Pope
  • 0642Theodore I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1105Rabbi Nathan ben Yehiel of Rome completes Talmudic dictionary
  • 1434Thames River freezes
  • 1542Battle at Solway Moss: English beat Scottish King James
  • 1587Battle at Auneau: Henri de Guise wins
  • 1601Earl Mauritius ceases siege of De Bosch due to strict monarchy
  • 16391st observation of transit of Venus occured (only 2, record event)
  • 1643Battle at Tuttlingen: Beiers army under General Mercy beats France
  • 1655English Lord Protector Cromwell bans Anglicans
  • 1688General strategist John Churchill meets Willem III
  • 17031st Lutheran pastor ordained in America, Justus Falckner at Philadelphia
  • 1715Thames River freezes
  • 1759Destructive eruption of Vesuvius
  • 1832South Carolina passes Ordinance of Nullification
  • 1835Texas Rangers, mounted police force authorized by Texas Provisional Government
  • 1859Charles Darwin publishes "On the Origin of Species"
  • 1863Battle of Chattanooga, Columbia and Lookout Mt begins in Tennessee
  • 1871National Rifle Association organized (NYC)
  • 1874Joseph F Glidden patents barbed wire
  • 1880Southern University forms
  • 18961st US absentee voting law enacted by Vermont
  • 1897Canadian Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union forms in Kingston
  • 1903Clyde Coleman of NYC patents automobile electric starter
  • 1905Moshav Hertzlia forms in Israel
  • 1914Dutch Overseas Trustmaatschappij (NOT) forms
  • 1915Serbian leader flees to Albania
  • 1922Italian parliament gives Mussolini dictatorial powers "for 1 year"
  • 19251st radio-broadcast of Dutch KRO (Catholic Radio Broadcast)
  • 1926KVI-AM in Seattle Washington begins radio transmissions

Born on November 24

  • 1632Baruch "Benedict" de Spinoza: Amsterdam, Holland -- Rationalist philosopher
  • 1642Anne Hilarion de Cotentin: Earl of Tourville / Knight / Admiral / Marshal
  • 1655Charles XI: King of Sweden (1660-97)
  • 1690Charles Theodore Pachelbel: Composer
  • 1712Willem Bachiene: Theologist / geographer / astronomer (Ecclesiastical)
  • 1713Junipero Serra: California, United States
  • 1713Laurence Sterne: Ireland -- Novelist / satirist (Tristram Shandy)
  • 1740John Bacon: English sculptor
  • 1747Felice Alessandri: Composer
  • 1766J J Friedrich Weinbrenner: German architect / archaeologist
  • 1768Jean-Engelbert Pauwels: Composer
  • 1784Zachary Taylor: (Whig) 12th President (March 5, 1849-July 9, 1850)
  • 1795Josif Josifovich Genishta: Composer
  • 1806Omar Pasha [Michael Lats]: Croatian Governor / Viceroy of Bosnia / Iraq
  • 1811Ditler G Monrad: Danish theologist / Bishop / Premier (1863- )
  • 1815James Hewward Trapier: General (Confederate Army), died in 1865
  • 1817Juan de la Cruz Moreno Maisonave: Guatemala
  • 1824Karel M M Verlat: Flemish painter / graphic artist
  • 1826Collodi [Carlo Lorenzini]: Italian author (Pinocchio)
  • 1829William Passmore Carlin: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1903
  • 1848Lilli Lehmann: Opera singer
  • 1849Frances Hodgson Burnett: Author of childrens book (My Secret Garden)
  • 1864Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec: France -- Painter (At the Moulin Rouge)
  • 1868Scott Joplin: United States -- Entertainer / composer (The Entertainer)
  • 1873L Martov [Yuly O Tsederbaum]: Russian revolutionary
  • 1876Walter Griffin: US architect
  • 1877Alben W Barkley: Graves County, Kentucky -- (35th Vice President D-1949-53)
  • 1878Mark N Tod: English classicist / historian
  • 1884Michel de Klerk: Architect (Amsterdam School)
  • 1888Dale Carnegie: Author (How to Win Friends & Influence People)

Died on November 24

  • 1115Mathilde: Markgravin of Toscane
  • 1192Albert I van Leuven / Luik: Belgian Bishop of Luik / saint, dies at 27
  • 1555French Vervoort: Flemish mystic (Bruylocht Cleedt), dies at about 65
  • 1571Jan Blahoslav: Czech Bishop, dies at 48
  • 1572John Knox: Scottish preacher, dies at about 67
  • 1615Sethus Calvisius: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1650Manuel Cardoso: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1674Franciscus van Enden: Flemish Jesuit / free thinker, executed at 72
  • 1722Johann Adam Reincken: German Organist / composer, dies at 99
  • 1822Karl Jacob Wagner: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1827Harman W Muntinghe: Lawyer / colonial director, dies at 54
  • 1838Karl Ludwig Hellwig: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1840Cornelis RT Krayenhoff: Fortress Architect / cartographer, dies at 82
  • 1842Pehr Frigel: Composer, dies at 92
  • 1848William Lamb 2nd viscount Melbourne: British Prime Minister (1834-41), dies at 69
  • 1863Claudius Charles Wilson: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 32
  • 1880Hanri Reber: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1903Charles Dupee Blake: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1914Louis de Raet: Belgian economist / Flemish People Party
  • 1916John Francis Barnett: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1923Michel de Klerk: Architect (Amsterdam School), dies at 39
  • 1929Georges Clemenceau: French journalist / Premier (1917-20), dies at 88
  • 1943Martin Raschke: German Author / war correspondent, dies at 38
  • 1943Reina Prince Geerligs [Leentjes Vandendriesch]: Anti-fascist
  • 1944EMHCH Houtappel: Resistance fighter: in Neuengamme
  • 1944Vaclav Stepan: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1946Alfonso Broqua: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1948Raoul Armand Georg Koczalski: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1953George Alexander Russell: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1953Robert H Lightfoot: English Theologist / exegetist, dies at 70