Events on Nov 27

  • 0399St. Anastasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1095Pope Urban II preaches 1st Crusade
  • 1237Battle of Cortenuova: Emperor Frederik II vs. Lombardische steden
  • 1382Battle of Westrozebeke (French army beats Flemings-1,000s die)
  • 1495Scottish King James IV receives bedrieger Perkin Warbeck
  • 1582William Shakespeare marries Anne Hathaway
  • 1587Dutch County Groningen flood by dike break
  • 1798Rabbi Shneur Zalman, Author (Tanya), released from St. Peterburg jail
  • 1815Cracow (Poland) declared a free Republic
  • 1817US soldiers attack Florida Indian village, beginning Seminole War
  • 1826John Walker invents friction match in England
  • 1839American Statistical Association organizes in Boston
  • 1843Opera "Bohemian Girl" is produced (London)
  • 18642nd day of Battles at Waynesboro, Georgia
  • 1868Battle at Washita - General Custer defeats Cheyennes
  • 1870New York Times dubs baseball "The National Game"
  • 1877Burkina adopts its constitution
  • 1885Earliest photograph of a meteor shower made
  • 18891st permit issued to drive a car through Central Park (Curtis P Brady)
  • 18901st signal box for SF Police Department goes into operation
  • 1895Alfred Nobel establishes Nobel Prize
  • 1896"Also Sprach Zarathustra" (Thus Spake Zarathustra) debuts in Frankfurt
  • 1898Side-wheeler "Portland" sinks off Cape Cod, 190 die
  • 1901Army War College forms in Washington DC
  • 1901Gerhart Hauptmanns "Der rote Hahn, " premieres in Berlin
  • 1903Opera "Die Heugierigen Frauen" is produced (Munich)
  • 1911Audience throws vegetables at actors for 1st recorded time in US
  • 1912Albanian National Flag adopted
  • 1912Spanish protectorate in Morocco forms
  • 19141st women elected political agent (Grantham, Linconshire UK)

Born on Nov 27

  • 1544Ascanio Trombeti: Composer
  • 1563Robbert Robbertsz: (le Canu), nautical expert
  • 1569Ottavio Vernizzi: Composer
  • 1588Valerius Andreas [Walter Driessens]: Flemish historian
  • 1595Alessandro Algardi: Italian sculptor / architect
  • 1648Peter Codde: Roman Catholic Apostole Vicar (1688-1704)
  • 1691Josef Antonin Planicky: Composer
  • 1701Anders Celsius: Sweden -- Scientist / inventor (centigrade temp scale)
  • 1731Gaetano Pugnani: Composer
  • 1732Johann Joseph Emmert: Composer
  • 1741Jean-Pierre Duport: Composer
  • 1745Boniface Stoecki: Composer
  • 1746Robert Livingston: Delivered oath of office to George Washington
  • 1750Anton Thadaus Johann Nepomuk Stamitz: Composer
  • 1756Paul van Hemert: Dutch theologist / philosopher (Kant)
  • 1759Franz Vinzenz Krommer: Composer
  • 1775Joachim G le Sage ten Broek: Dutch notary / Catholic foreman / publicist
  • 1778John Murray: Publisher
  • 1787Christian Rummel: Composer
  • 1787Jacob Earl van Rechteren van Appeltern: Governor of Gelderland
  • 1801Alexander Egorovich Varlamov: Composer
  • 1804Julius Benedict: Stuttgart, Germany -- Opera composer (Protoghesi)
  • 1808Hugh Weedon Mercer: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1877
  • 1809Frances Anne "Fanny" Kemble: England, United Kingdom -- Shakespearian actress (Juliet)
  • 1813Michele Puccini: Composer
  • 1830Harrison Millard: Composer
  • 1854Aloys L Earl von Aehrenthal: Austrian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1867Margaret Ruthven Lang: Composer
  • 1870Juho Kusti Paasikivi: President Finland
  • 1874Chaim Weizmann: Israeli Statesman (1st President)

Died on Nov 27

  • 0450Galla Placidia: Daughter of Byzant Emperor Constantius III, dies at 58
  • 0640Acharius: Bishop of Noyon / saint
  • 1026Adalbert II: Bishop of Utrecht (1010-26)
  • 1382Philip Van Artevelde: Flemish commander-in-chief, dies in battle at 42
  • 1474Guillaume Dufay: French / Flemish composer, dies at about 74
  • 1632John Eliot: English parliament leader / Author (In Jail), dies at 40
  • 1673Anthonie Palamedesz: Painter, dies at about 72
  • 1680Athanasius Kircher: German Jesuit / inventor (lantern)
  • 1749Balthasar Schmid: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1749Gottfried Heinrich Stolzel: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1836Carle [Antoine CH] Vernet: French Painter / lithographer
  • 1862Alexander Early Stone: Confederate, dies in battle
  • 1868Black Kettle [Motavato]: Cheyenne chief
  • 1884Franziska "Fanny" Elssler: Austrian ballerina / choreography, dies at 74
  • 1890Emmanuele Muzio: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1899Felipe Gutierrez y Espinoza: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1915Sigismund Vladislavovich Zaremba: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1916James Cutler Dunn Parker: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1925Roger de la Fresnaye: French Sculptor / painter
  • 1934"Baby Face" Nelson [Lester Gillis]: Gangster, shot by FBI at 26
  • 1934Herman Hollis: FBI agent, killed by Baby Face Nelson
  • 1934Sam Cowley: FBI agent, killed by Baby Face Nelson
  • 1955Luis de Freitas Branco: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1955William Nigh: Director (Ape, Doomed to Die, Mr Wong), dies at 74
  • 1957Margot SE Scharten-Antink: Author (Catherina / Sprotje), dies at 88
  • 1958Artur Rodzinski: Polish conductor / composer, dies at 66
  • 1959Gerard Philipe: Actor / director (La Ronde, Gambler), dies of cancer at 36
  • 1960Dirk J de Geer: Dutch Premier (1926-29, 39-40), dies at 89
  • 1965Carl Parrish: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1967Ettore Panizza: Composer, dies at 92

Historical events on November 28

  • 0587Treaty of Andelot: King Guntram takes cousin Childebert II as heir
  • 0741St. Gregory III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1340Battle of Salado Spain: last Moor invasion driven back
  • 1443George Kastriotis [Skanderberg] proclaims Albania principality
  • 1520Ferdinand Magellan begins crossing Pacific Ocean
  • 1569Duke of Alva forces Bishop Nicolaas van Nieuwland of Haarlem to resign
  • 1582Playwright and Poet William Shakespeare weds Anne Hathaway
  • 1660London Royal Society forms
  • 1710Battle at Brihuega: English General Stanhope captured
  • 1757England condemns ceasefire of Kloster-Seven
  • 17752nd Continental Congress formally establishes US Navy
  • 1776Washington and his troops cross Delaware River
  • 1795US pays $800,000 and a frigate as tribute to Algiers and Tunis
  • 1813Kosacks occupy Utrecht
  • 1821Panama declares independence from Spain
  • 1833Charles Darwin rides through Las Pietras, returning to Montevideo
  • 1853Olympia forms as capital of Washington Territory
  • 1854Dutch army stops Chinese uprising in Borneo
  • 1861Confederate Congress officially admits Missouri to Confederate Army
  • 1862Battle at Cane Hill, Arkansas (475 casualties)
  • 1862Battle of Hooly Spring, Mississippi
  • 1871Ku Klux Klan trials began in Federal District Court in South Carolina
  • 1875Verney Cameroon reaches East Africa
  • 1879Battle at Lydenburg South Africa: General Wolseley beats Sekhukhenes Pedi-Zulu
  • 1904Germany defeats Hottentotten in Warmbad SW-Africa
  • 1905Arthur Griffith forms Sinn Fein in Dublin
  • 1908154 men die in coal mine explosion at Marianna, Pennsylvania
  • 1911Zapata proclaims Plan of Ayala Mexico
  • 19161st (German) air attack on London
  • 1917Sigmund Rombergs revue "Over the Top, " premieres in New York City

Born on November 28

  • 1607Pietro Sforza: Italian theologist - Istoria del Concilio di Trento
  • 1704Jacob Mossel: Governor-General (Dutch East Indies)
  • 1757William Blake: English poet / painter (Songs of Innocence & Experience)
  • 1763Matthaus Fischer: Composer
  • 1770F Louise W: Daughter of Viceroy Willem V and Wilhelmina of Prussia
  • 1777Georg A Kestner: German art collector / diplomat
  • 1784Ferdinand Reis: Composer
  • 1785Achille-Charles [duc de Broglie]: French Prime Minister (1835-36)
  • 1792Victor Cousin: French philosopher / Minister of Education
  • 1795Adolf Bernhard Marx: Composer
  • 1805John Stephens: US archaeologist; founded study of Central America
  • 1810William Froude: England, United Kingdom -- Engineer / naval architect
  • 1811Maximilian II Jozef: King of Bayern (1848-64)
  • 1812Ludwig Mathias Lindeman: Composer
  • 1821Nikolai Nekrasov: Russia -- Poet / journalist (Who Can be Happy in Russia?)
  • 1837John Wesley Hyatt: Inventor (celluloid)
  • 1843Manuel Gregorio Tavarez: Composer
  • 1854Gottlieb J Haberlandt: Hungarians / German Botanist
  • 1857Alfonso XII: King of Spain (1874-85)
  • 1864Carel A Lion Cachet: Lithographer / wood carver
  • 1866Henry Bacon: Architect (Lincoln Memorial)
  • 1866Johannes F "Johan" Bakker, Sr.: Dutch actor / husband of Truus Soete
  • 1868Frantisek Alois Drdla: Composer
  • 1878Jozef van Mierlo: Belgian Jesuit / literary (Hadewych)
  • 1880Marinus van Meel: 1st Dutch aviator
  • 1881Stefan Zweig: Vienna, Austria -- Poet / essayist / dramatist (Beware of Pity)
  • 1883Paul Hastings Allen: Composer
  • 1887Bobby Watson [Knucher]: Springfield, Illinois -- Comedian
  • 1887Jacobo Palm: Curacaos pianist / Organist
  • 1892Thomas Wood: Composer

Died on November 28

  • 0741Gregory III: Syrian Pope
  • 1058Kazimierz I Restaurator: Duke of Poland (1034-58)
  • 1499Edward Plantagenet: 18th Count of Warwick, beheaded
  • 1545Jacob van Liesveld: Printer / "heretic" (Refeyen), beheaded
  • 1559Erasmus Sarcerius: German luthers theologist, dies at about 58
  • 1590Pierre de Loyseleur de Villiers: S Netherlands theologist, dies at about 60
  • 1641Robert Dowland: English luitist / Son of John Dowland, dies at about 50
  • 1680Giovanni L Bernini: Italian Sculptor / painter
  • 1695Giovanni Paulo Colonna: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1785William Whipple: Merchant / judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 55
  • 1788Charles C of Nassau-Weilburg: Governor of Maastricht, dies at about 53
  • 1794Friedrich WLGA von Steuben: Prussian / US Inspector-General of Washingtons army, dies at 64
  • 1815Johann Peter Salomon: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1827Dov Baer Schneersohn: Lubavitch leader / Author (Imirei Binah)
  • 1859Washington Irving: US Author (Geoffrey Crayon, gent)
  • 1860Heinrich FL Rellstab: German music theorist
  • 1861Robert Fuhrer: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1876Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer: Estonian / German embryologist, dies at 84
  • 1878Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1898C F Meyer: Writer, dies at 73
  • 1899Adrian the la Rey: Son of South African General, dies in battle at 19
  • 1907Ricardo Castro Herrera: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1916Marthinus T Steyn: President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902), dies at 59
  • 1918Alexis Contant: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1927Arthur Wichmann: German / Dutch geologist (New-Guinea)
  • 1939James A Naismith: Creator of basketball, dies at 78
  • 1940Nicolae Iorga: Author / President of Romania, murdered by fascist
  • 1944Bijnen: Dutch opposition leader (LKP), shot to death in Apeldoorn
  • 1944Camille Looten: Belgian priest / literature historian
  • 1944Joop Brouwer de Koning: Youngest Dutch radio operator, executed at 25