Events on Nov 30

  • 0306St. Marcellus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0722Pope Gregory II names Boniface as Missionary Bishop
  • 1215Pope Innocent III closes 4th council of Lateranen
  • 1406Angelo Correr elected Pope Gregory XII
  • 1523Amsterdam bans assembly of heretics
  • 1554England reconciles with Pope Julius III
  • 163016,000 inhabitants of Venice died this month of plague
  • 1648English army captures King Charles I
  • 1678Roman Catholics banned from English parliament
  • 1700Turkey declares war on Russia
  • 1700Utrecht / Overijssel / Buren / Leerdam / IJsselstein go on Gregoria calendar
  • 1731Beijing hit by Earthquake; about 100,000 die
  • 1735States of Holland forbid Freemasonry
  • 1747Dutch State of Zealand declare governorship hereditary for women
  • 1753Benjamin Franklin receives Godfrey Copley-Penny
  • 1776Captain Cook begins 3rd and last trip to Pacific (South Sea)
  • 1782Britain signs agreement recognizing US independence
  • 1787Spanish Governor leaves Philippines
  • 1803Spain cedes her claims to Louisiana Territory to France
  • 1804Impeachment trial of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase begins
  • 1813Prince Willem Frederik returns to the Netherlands
  • 1838Mexico declares war on France
  • 1863Confederate troops vacate Fort Esperanza, Texas
  • 1864Battle of Franklin Tenn: Confederate attack fails, 7,700 casualities
  • 1864Battle of Honey Hill SC (Broad River) 96 dead / 665 wounded
  • 1866Work begins on 1st US underwater highway tunnel, Chicago
  • 18721st International soccer game, Scotland-England 0-0 (Glasgow)
  • 1885Opera "El Cid" premieres (Paris)
  • 18861st commercially successful AC electric power plant opens, Buffalo
  • 18871st indoor softball game (Chicago)

Born on Nov 30

  • 0538St Gregory of Tours: Chronicler / Bishop
  • 1340John Duke of Berry: Captain of Paris / art collector
  • 1373Ferdinand I [the Righteous]: King of Aragon / Sicily
  • 1427Kazimierz IV: King of Poland (1447-92)
  • 1466Andrea Doria: Genoese Statesman / Admiral
  • 1485Veronica Gambara: Italian poetess
  • 1508Andrea Palladio [Andrea di Pietro della Gondola]: Architect
  • 1554Philip Sidney: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / Statesman / soldier (Arcadia)
  • 1593Johann Dilliger: Composer
  • 1622Thomas of Apshoven: Flemish painter, baptized
  • 1634Andres de Sola: Composer
  • 1645Andreas Werkmeister: Composer
  • 1693Christoph Forster: Composer
  • 1699Christian VI: King of Denmark / Norway
  • 1726Jacques Aliamet: French etcher / engraver
  • 1753Johann Baptist Schenk: Composer
  • 1764Franz Xaver Gerl: Composer
  • 1796Johann Carl Gottfried Loewe: Composer
  • 1809Thomas Molleson Mudie: Composer
  • 1810Oliver Fisher Winchester: Rifle maker (Winchester)
  • 1813Charles-Henri Valentin Alkan: Composer
  • 1813Hermann Kurz: German author / poet
  • 1817Theodor Mommsen: Historian / author (Imperial Lives, Nobel 1902)
  • 1821Gustavus Woodson Smith: Confederate States Secretary of War, died in 1896
  • 1826George Washington Deitzler: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1827Constantine P Pobedonostsev: Russian reactionary lawyer / senator
  • 1827Ernest H Baillon: French Botanist (History of Plants)
  • 1828Jedediah Hotchkiss: Engineer (Confederate Army), died in 1899
  • 1847August Friedrich Martin Klughardt: Composer
  • 1855Marie WF Treub: Dutch economist / Minister of Agriculture / Finance

Died on Nov 30

  • 1016Edmund II: Ironsides, King of Saxons (1016), dies at 27
  • 1519Michael Wolgemut: German Painter (Weltchronik), dies at about 85
  • 1528Great Wierd: Dutch Gelderland army commander, beheaded
  • 1631Rabbi Samuel Eliezer ben Judah ha-levi Edels
  • 1646John C Lichthart: Admiral (Cape Augustine), dies at about 45
  • 1678Andries de Graeff: Mayor of Amsterdam (1657..71), dies at 67
  • 1679Pieter van Schooten: Dutch Mathematician / fort architect, dies at 45
  • 1694Marcello Malpighi: Father of microscopic anatomy
  • 1700Artus II Quellinus [Quellien / "the Young]: Flemish sculptor, dies at 75
  • 1703Nicolas de Grigny: Composer, dies at 31
  • 1764Dieudonne Raick: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1777Jean-Marie Leclair: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1792Ernst William Wolf: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1798Friedrich Fleischmann: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1813Friedrich August Baumbach: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1824Johann Georg Christoph Schetky: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1830Pius VIII [Francesco S Castiglioni]: Ital Pope (1829-30), dies at 69
  • 1841Charles Louis W J van Keverberg: Dutch government official, dies at 73
  • 1864Hiram Bronson Granbury: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 33
  • 1864John Adams: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at about 39
  • 1864Otto French Strahl: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 33
  • 1864Patrick Ronayne Cleburne: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 33
  • 1893Jacobus J Backer: German sea historian, dies at 68
  • 1897Abraham C Wertheim: Dutch banker / MP (Lib), dies at 64
  • 1900Oscar Wilde: Irish author, dies in Paris at 46
  • 1901Edward J Eyre: British explorer / Governor (Jamaica), dies at 86
  • 1904Aldine Sillman Kieffer: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1931John Hyatt Brewer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1931Marc-Jean-Baptiste Delmas: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1935Fernando A N Pessoa: Portuguese Poet (Book of Disquiet), dies at 47

Historical events on December 1

  • 0772Pope Adrian I elected
  • 1167Northern Italian towns form Lombardi League
  • 1566Spanish King Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, Duke of Alva
  • 1626Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh tyrannical gov of Jerusalem, driven out
  • 1640Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule
  • 1641Mass becomes 1st colony to give statutory recognition to slavery
  • 1653An athlete from Croydon is reported to have run 20 miles from St. Albans to London in less than 90 minutes
  • 1656Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden
  • 1708Great Alliance occupies Brussels
  • 1742Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
  • 17501st American school to offer manual training courses opens - Maryland
  • 1783J van North launches unmanned balloon
  • 1821Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain
  • 1822Dom Pedro crowned Emperor of Brazil
  • 1822Franz Liszts (11) debut as pianist Isabella Colbran
  • 1824House of Reps begins to end election deadlock between JQ Adams
  • 1824Jackson, WH Crawford and H Clay Adams eventually declared President
  • 1831Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather
  • 1835Hans Christian Andersen published his 1st book of fairy tales
  • 18431st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
  • 1852Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands
  • 1864Raid at Stoneman: Knoxville, TN to Saltville, Virginia
  • 1864Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia
  • 1868John D Rockefeller begins anti oil war
  • 18781st White House telephone installed
  • 1887Sherlock Holmes 1st appears in print: "Study in Scarlet"
  • 1891James Naismith creates the game of basketball
  • 18961st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)
  • 1900South African President Paul Kruger visits Flanders
  • 1903"The Great Train Robbery, " the 1st Western film, released

Born on December 1

  • 1549Johan van der Veeken: Merchant / co-founder (VOC)
  • 1566Philip: Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, Governor of Ft Gorinchem / Nijmegen
  • 1573Philippus Rovenius [Rouveen]: Apostile vicar
  • 1605Juan de Padilla: Composer
  • 1634John-Erasmus Quellinus [Quellien]: Flemish painter
  • 1671Francesco Stradivari: Italian violin maker / Son of Antonius
  • 1709Franz Xaver Richter: Composer
  • 1712Bernhard Christian Weber: Composer
  • 1722A L Karschin: Writer
  • 1724Charles Theodoor: Elector (Palts & Bayern)
  • 1724Dismas Hatas: Composer
  • 1726Eggert Olafsson: Icelandic writer
  • 1726Oliver Wolcott: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1729Giuseppe Sarti: Composer
  • 1779Pyotr Ivanovich Turchaninov: Composer
  • 1781Charles Philippe Lafont: Composer
  • 1784Francois Henri Joseph Castil-Blaze: Composer
  • 1787Pavel Ivanovich Dulgorukov: Composer
  • 1792Lobachevsky: Mathematician
  • 1810Joseph Gungl: Composer
  • 1814August Rockel: Composer
  • 1823Ernest Reyer: Composer
  • 1826William Mahone: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
  • 1832Archibald Gracie, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1835Micah Jenkins: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1844Alexandra: Danish Princess / Queen of Great Britain / Ireland
  • 1844Alfred Cellier: Composer
  • 1847Agathe Grondahl: Composer
  • 1850Peter Erasmus Lange-Muller: Composer
  • 1873Charles JM Ruys de Beerenbrouck: Premier of the Netherlands (1918-25, 29-33)

Died on December 1

  • 0660Eligius / Eloy: French Bishop of Tournay-Noyon / saint
  • 1135Henry I Beauclerc: King of England (1st King that could read)
  • 1374Magnus Eriksson: King of Norway / Sweden
  • 1417Walraven I van Brederode: Viceroy of Holland
  • 1455Lorenzo Ghiberti: Italian sculptor, dies at 77
  • 1530Margaretha of Austria: Governess of the Netherlands, dies at 51
  • 1580Edmund Campion: English Jesuit, hanged at 42
  • 1580Giovanni Morone: Italian Theologian / diplomat / cardinal, dies at 71
  • 1623Thomas Weelkes: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1633Isabella of Austria: Infante of Spain / Governess in Holland, dies at 67
  • 1635Melchior Teschner: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1651Cristobal de Isla Diego: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1700Willem ten Rhijne: Dutch Physician in Batavia, dies at about 53
  • 1707Jeremiah Clarke: Composer
  • 1709A Sancta Clara: Writer
  • 1709Abraham a Santa Clara [Johann Megerle]: German court vicar, dies at 65
  • 1727Johann Heinrich Buttstett: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1729Christian Ludwig Boxberg: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1736Simon van Slingelandt: Dutch grand pensionary (1727-36), dies at 72
  • 1750Doppelmayr: Mathematician
  • 1755Maurice Greene: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1797Oliver Wolcott: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 71
  • 1808Anton Fischer: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1813Ferdinando Bertoni: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1817Justin Heinrich Knechtl: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1825Aleksandr I P Romanov: Czar of Russia (1801-25), dies at 47
  • 1842Philip Spencer: 1st US naval officer condemned for mutiny, hanged
  • 1865Constant van Crombrugghe: Flemish monastery founder, dies at 76
  • 1887Albertus J Duymaer van Twist: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies, dies at 78
  • 1892Joseph Lippens: Belgian lieutenant in Congo, murdered