Events on Dec 1

  • 0772Pope Adrian I elected
  • 1167Northern Italian towns form Lombardi League
  • 1566Spanish King Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, Duke of Alva
  • 1626Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh tyrannical gov of Jerusalem, driven out
  • 1640Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule
  • 1641Mass becomes 1st colony to give statutory recognition to slavery
  • 1653An athlete from Croydon is reported to have run 20 miles from St. Albans to London in less than 90 minutes
  • 1656Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden
  • 1708Great Alliance occupies Brussels
  • 1742Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
  • 17501st American school to offer manual training courses opens - Maryland
  • 1783J van North launches unmanned balloon
  • 1821Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain
  • 1822Dom Pedro crowned Emperor of Brazil
  • 1822Franz Liszts (11) debut as pianist Isabella Colbran
  • 1824House of Reps begins to end election deadlock between JQ Adams
  • 1824Jackson, WH Crawford and H Clay Adams eventually declared President
  • 1831Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather
  • 1835Hans Christian Andersen published his 1st book of fairy tales
  • 18431st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
  • 1852Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands
  • 1864Raid at Stoneman: Knoxville, TN to Saltville, Virginia
  • 1864Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia
  • 1868John D Rockefeller begins anti oil war
  • 18781st White House telephone installed
  • 1887Sherlock Holmes 1st appears in print: "Study in Scarlet"
  • 1891James Naismith creates the game of basketball
  • 18961st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)
  • 1900South African President Paul Kruger visits Flanders
  • 1903"The Great Train Robbery, " the 1st Western film, released

Born on Dec 1

  • 1549Johan van der Veeken: Merchant / co-founder (VOC)
  • 1566Philip: Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, Governor of Ft Gorinchem / Nijmegen
  • 1573Philippus Rovenius [Rouveen]: Apostile vicar
  • 1605Juan de Padilla: Composer
  • 1634John-Erasmus Quellinus [Quellien]: Flemish painter
  • 1671Francesco Stradivari: Italian violin maker / Son of Antonius
  • 1709Franz Xaver Richter: Composer
  • 1712Bernhard Christian Weber: Composer
  • 1722A L Karschin: Writer
  • 1724Charles Theodoor: Elector (Palts & Bayern)
  • 1724Dismas Hatas: Composer
  • 1726Eggert Olafsson: Icelandic writer
  • 1726Oliver Wolcott: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1729Giuseppe Sarti: Composer
  • 1779Pyotr Ivanovich Turchaninov: Composer
  • 1781Charles Philippe Lafont: Composer
  • 1784Francois Henri Joseph Castil-Blaze: Composer
  • 1787Pavel Ivanovich Dulgorukov: Composer
  • 1792Lobachevsky: Mathematician
  • 1810Joseph Gungl: Composer
  • 1814August Rockel: Composer
  • 1823Ernest Reyer: Composer
  • 1826William Mahone: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
  • 1832Archibald Gracie, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1835Micah Jenkins: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1844Alexandra: Danish Princess / Queen of Great Britain / Ireland
  • 1844Alfred Cellier: Composer
  • 1847Agathe Grondahl: Composer
  • 1850Peter Erasmus Lange-Muller: Composer
  • 1873Charles JM Ruys de Beerenbrouck: Premier of the Netherlands (1918-25, 29-33)

Died on Dec 1

  • 0660Eligius / Eloy: French Bishop of Tournay-Noyon / saint
  • 1135Henry I Beauclerc: King of England (1st King that could read)
  • 1374Magnus Eriksson: King of Norway / Sweden
  • 1417Walraven I van Brederode: Viceroy of Holland
  • 1455Lorenzo Ghiberti: Italian sculptor, dies at 77
  • 1530Margaretha of Austria: Governess of the Netherlands, dies at 51
  • 1580Edmund Campion: English Jesuit, hanged at 42
  • 1580Giovanni Morone: Italian Theologian / diplomat / cardinal, dies at 71
  • 1623Thomas Weelkes: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1633Isabella of Austria: Infante of Spain / Governess in Holland, dies at 67
  • 1635Melchior Teschner: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1651Cristobal de Isla Diego: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1700Willem ten Rhijne: Dutch Physician in Batavia, dies at about 53
  • 1707Jeremiah Clarke: Composer
  • 1709A Sancta Clara: Writer
  • 1709Abraham a Santa Clara [Johann Megerle]: German court vicar, dies at 65
  • 1727Johann Heinrich Buttstett: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1729Christian Ludwig Boxberg: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1736Simon van Slingelandt: Dutch grand pensionary (1727-36), dies at 72
  • 1750Doppelmayr: Mathematician
  • 1755Maurice Greene: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1797Oliver Wolcott: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 71
  • 1808Anton Fischer: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1813Ferdinando Bertoni: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1817Justin Heinrich Knechtl: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1825Aleksandr I P Romanov: Czar of Russia (1801-25), dies at 47
  • 1842Philip Spencer: 1st US naval officer condemned for mutiny, hanged
  • 1865Constant van Crombrugghe: Flemish monastery founder, dies at 76
  • 1887Albertus J Duymaer van Twist: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies, dies at 78
  • 1892Joseph Lippens: Belgian lieutenant in Congo, murdered

Historical events on December 2

  • 1620English language newspaper "Namloos" begins publishing in Amsterdam
  • 1682English Earl of Shaftesbury flight to Amsterdam
  • 1763Touro shul of Newport RI dedicated (oldest existing US synagogue)
  • 1790Austrian army occupies Brussels
  • 1802English sell Suriname to Dutch
  • 1804Napoleon Bonaparte crowned Emperor of France in Paris by Pope Pius VII
  • 1805Napoleon defeats Russians and Austrians at Austerlitz
  • 1812James Madison re-elected President of US, E Gerry vice-pres
  • 1813Prince Willem Frederik accepts constitutional monarchy
  • 18161st savings bank in US opens (Philadelphia Savings Fund Society)
  • 1822In San Salvador, a Congress proposes incorporation into US
  • 1823President James Monroe declares his "Monroe Doctrine"
  • 1840Opera "Die Favoritin" is produced (Paris)
  • 1840William H Harrison elected President of US
  • 1848Franz Josef I becomes Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary
  • 18522nd French empire established; Louis Napoleon becomes Emperor
  • 1864Skirmish at Rocky Creek Church, Georgia
  • 18681st British government of Disraeli resigns
  • 1882Amsterdam Artis Zoo opens aquarium
  • 1885Opera "Regina di Saba, " premieres in Vienna
  • 189152nd Congress (1891-93) convenes
  • 189554th Congress (1895-97) convenes
  • 1899US and Germany agree to divide Samoa between them
  • 1900South African President Paul Kruger arrives in Germany
  • 1901Gillette patents 1st disposable razor
  • 1901King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades
  • 1902Soccer team Go Ahead forms in Deventer
  • 1907Tommy Burns KOs Gunner Moir in 10 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1913Archdiocese of Managua created
  • 1914Austria army occupies Belgrade Serbia

Born on December 2

  • 1578Agostino Agazzari: Composer
  • 1678Nicolaas S Cruquius: Dutch hydraulic engineer (drained Haarlemmermeer)
  • 1728Ferdinando Galiani: Italian economist / philosopher / diplomat
  • 1760Joseph Graetz: Composer
  • 1777Henry Doeff: Colonialist (wrote Dutch-Japanese dictionary)
  • 1802Melancthon Smith Wade: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1813Jacob Rosenhaim: Composer
  • 1821Rufus Barringer: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
  • 1825JKLSBFXvPSMGRG Pedro II van Alcantara: Emperor of Brazil (1831-89)
  • 1837Charles Garrison Harker: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1846Pierre M Waldeck-Rousseau: French Minister of Foreign Affairs / Premier
  • 1856Robert Kajanus: Composer
  • 1859Georges Seurat: France -- Painter / pointillist (Grande Jatte)
  • 1863Gustav Wohlgemuth: Composer
  • 1866Henry Thacker Burleigh: Erie, Pennsylvania -- Black composer (Springarn Medal)
  • 1868Francis Jammes: French poet / writer (Jammisme)
  • 1869Jonas Cohn: German / English philosopher (Theory of the Dialects)
  • 1870Francis Louis Casadesus: French violinist / composer / conductor
  • 1875Frank Reicher: Munich, Germany -- Actor (King Kong, Son of Kong)
  • 1885George Minot: United States -- Physician, worked on anemia (Nobel 1934)
  • 1893Julius Bissier: German painter
  • 1893Louis Freeman: Band leader
  • 1893William Gaxton: San Francisco, California -- Actor (Destry, Convoy)
  • 1895Klaas Voskuil: Journalist
  • 1896Georgi K Zjukov: Marshal of Moskow / Stalingrad
  • 1897Rewi Alley: New Zealand -- Writer (Americans in China)
  • 1899John Barbirolli: English conductor (NY Philharmonic Orchestra)
  • 1901Staf Gustaf Frans Nees: Belgian composer
  • 1901Staff Nees: Flemish Organist / composer (Simon Peter)
  • 1902Horace A Hildreth: (Gov-Maine, 1945-49)

Died on December 2

  • 0537Sylvester: Italian Pope (536-37)
  • 1463Albrecht VI: Archduke of Habsburg
  • 1592Alexander Farnese: Land guardian of the Netherlands (1579-92), dies at 46
  • 1719Pasquier Quesnel: French Theologist (La Foi), dies at 85
  • 1763Carl August Thielo: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1774Johann Friedrich Agricola: German (court)composer / organist, dies at 54
  • 1814Marquis de Sade: Writer, dies at 74
  • 1828Simon Paap: Dutch 56 cm long dwarf / cabaret artist, dies at 39
  • 1831Traugott Maximilian Eberwein: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1845Johannes Simon Mayr: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1859John Brown: US abolitionist (Harpers Ferry), hanged at 59
  • 1864Archibald Gracie, Jr.: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 31
  • 1880Josephine Lang: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1888Franz Xaver Witt: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1888Mehmed N Kemal Bey: Turkish writer / journalist (Vatan), dies at 47
  • 1903Victor Roger: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1915Jan Malat: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1916Francesco Paolo Tosti: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1918Margit Kaffka: Writer, dies at 38
  • 1919Henry Clay Frick: Built largest coke and steel operation, dies at 69
  • 1923Tomas Breton y Hernandez: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1925Julio Garreta: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1933Josef Gruber: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1935Albert Kessel: 1st to die in California gas chamber
  • 1943Nordahl Grieg: Writer
  • 1944Filippo T Marinetti: Italian writer (father of futurism), dies at 67
  • 1944JW Ummels: Dutch resistance fighter (House of Saxon-Nazi)
  • 1950Dinu Lipatti: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1953Francis Picabia: French Painter / illustrator, dies at 75
  • 1957Harrison Ford: Silent screen actor (Rubber Tires), dies at 73