Events on Dec 2

  • 1620English language newspaper "Namloos" begins publishing in Amsterdam
  • 1682English Earl of Shaftesbury flight to Amsterdam
  • 1763Touro shul of Newport RI dedicated (oldest existing US synagogue)
  • 1790Austrian army occupies Brussels
  • 1802English sell Suriname to Dutch
  • 1804Napoleon Bonaparte crowned Emperor of France in Paris by Pope Pius VII
  • 1805Napoleon defeats Russians and Austrians at Austerlitz
  • 1812James Madison re-elected President of US, E Gerry vice-pres
  • 1813Prince Willem Frederik accepts constitutional monarchy
  • 18161st savings bank in US opens (Philadelphia Savings Fund Society)
  • 1822In San Salvador, a Congress proposes incorporation into US
  • 1823President James Monroe declares his "Monroe Doctrine"
  • 1840Opera "Die Favoritin" is produced (Paris)
  • 1840William H Harrison elected President of US
  • 1848Franz Josef I becomes Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary
  • 18522nd French empire established; Louis Napoleon becomes Emperor
  • 1864Skirmish at Rocky Creek Church, Georgia
  • 18681st British government of Disraeli resigns
  • 1882Amsterdam Artis Zoo opens aquarium
  • 1885Opera "Regina di Saba, " premieres in Vienna
  • 189152nd Congress (1891-93) convenes
  • 189554th Congress (1895-97) convenes
  • 1899US and Germany agree to divide Samoa between them
  • 1900South African President Paul Kruger arrives in Germany
  • 1901Gillette patents 1st disposable razor
  • 1901King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades
  • 1902Soccer team Go Ahead forms in Deventer
  • 1907Tommy Burns KOs Gunner Moir in 10 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1913Archdiocese of Managua created
  • 1914Austria army occupies Belgrade Serbia

Born on Dec 2

  • 1578Agostino Agazzari: Composer
  • 1678Nicolaas S Cruquius: Dutch hydraulic engineer (drained Haarlemmermeer)
  • 1728Ferdinando Galiani: Italian economist / philosopher / diplomat
  • 1760Joseph Graetz: Composer
  • 1777Henry Doeff: Colonialist (wrote Dutch-Japanese dictionary)
  • 1802Melancthon Smith Wade: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1813Jacob Rosenhaim: Composer
  • 1821Rufus Barringer: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
  • 1825JKLSBFXvPSMGRG Pedro II van Alcantara: Emperor of Brazil (1831-89)
  • 1837Charles Garrison Harker: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1846Pierre M Waldeck-Rousseau: French Minister of Foreign Affairs / Premier
  • 1856Robert Kajanus: Composer
  • 1859Georges Seurat: France -- Painter / pointillist (Grande Jatte)
  • 1863Gustav Wohlgemuth: Composer
  • 1866Henry Thacker Burleigh: Erie, Pennsylvania -- Black composer (Springarn Medal)
  • 1868Francis Jammes: French poet / writer (Jammisme)
  • 1869Jonas Cohn: German / English philosopher (Theory of the Dialects)
  • 1870Francis Louis Casadesus: French violinist / composer / conductor
  • 1875Frank Reicher: Munich, Germany -- Actor (King Kong, Son of Kong)
  • 1885George Minot: United States -- Physician, worked on anemia (Nobel 1934)
  • 1893Julius Bissier: German painter
  • 1893Louis Freeman: Band leader
  • 1893William Gaxton: San Francisco, California -- Actor (Destry, Convoy)
  • 1895Klaas Voskuil: Journalist
  • 1896Georgi K Zjukov: Marshal of Moskow / Stalingrad
  • 1897Rewi Alley: New Zealand -- Writer (Americans in China)
  • 1899John Barbirolli: English conductor (NY Philharmonic Orchestra)
  • 1901Staf Gustaf Frans Nees: Belgian composer
  • 1901Staff Nees: Flemish Organist / composer (Simon Peter)
  • 1902Horace A Hildreth: (Gov-Maine, 1945-49)

Died on Dec 2

  • 0537Sylvester: Italian Pope (536-37)
  • 1463Albrecht VI: Archduke of Habsburg
  • 1592Alexander Farnese: Land guardian of the Netherlands (1579-92), dies at 46
  • 1719Pasquier Quesnel: French Theologist (La Foi), dies at 85
  • 1763Carl August Thielo: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1774Johann Friedrich Agricola: German (court)composer / organist, dies at 54
  • 1814Marquis de Sade: Writer, dies at 74
  • 1828Simon Paap: Dutch 56 cm long dwarf / cabaret artist, dies at 39
  • 1831Traugott Maximilian Eberwein: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1845Johannes Simon Mayr: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1859John Brown: US abolitionist (Harpers Ferry), hanged at 59
  • 1864Archibald Gracie, Jr.: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 31
  • 1880Josephine Lang: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1888Franz Xaver Witt: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1888Mehmed N Kemal Bey: Turkish writer / journalist (Vatan), dies at 47
  • 1903Victor Roger: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1915Jan Malat: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1916Francesco Paolo Tosti: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1918Margit Kaffka: Writer, dies at 38
  • 1919Henry Clay Frick: Built largest coke and steel operation, dies at 69
  • 1923Tomas Breton y Hernandez: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1925Julio Garreta: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1933Josef Gruber: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1935Albert Kessel: 1st to die in California gas chamber
  • 1943Nordahl Grieg: Writer
  • 1944Filippo T Marinetti: Italian writer (father of futurism), dies at 67
  • 1944JW Ummels: Dutch resistance fighter (House of Saxon-Nazi)
  • 1950Dinu Lipatti: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1953Francis Picabia: French Painter / illustrator, dies at 75
  • 1957Harrison Ford: Silent screen actor (Rubber Tires), dies at 73

Historical events on December 3

  • 0741St. Zachary begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Gregory III
  • 1347Pope Clemens VI declares Roman tribunal Coke di Rienzo as heretics
  • 15571st Covenant of Scottish protestants form
  • 1586Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England, from Colombia
  • 1621Galileo invents telescope
  • 16391st annulment by court decree passes
  • 1676Battle at Lund: Sweden beats Denen
  • 1685Charles II bars Jews from settling in Stockholm Sweden
  • 1694English parliamentary election set for every 3 years
  • 1699Baron Jacob Hop appointed Treasurer General of the Hague
  • 17751st official US flag raising (aboard naval vessel Alfred)
  • 1818Illinois becomes 21st state USA (Admission day)
  • 1828Andrew Jackson elected 7th President of US
  • 1833Oberlin College in Oh, 1st truly coeducational college opens
  • 18341st US dental society organized (NY)
  • 18351st US mutual fire insurance company issues 1st policy (RI)
  • 1844RC Society Apostole of Prayer forms
  • 1847Frederick Douglass publishes 1st issue of his newspaper "North Star"
  • 1863Longstreet abandons his siege at Knoxville, Tennessee
  • 1866Paid fire department replaces volunteer companies
  • 1868Trial of Jefferson Davis starts; 1st blacks on US trial jury
  • 1878Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah Israel
  • 1881Henry M Stanley finds Leopoldville / Kinshasa
  • 188348th Congress (1883-85) convenes
  • 1893Ndebeles destroy Rhodesia
  • 1901Milwaukee is dropped from the AL and replaced by St. Louis Browns
  • 1903Panglima Polim surrenders to Captain Colijn at Atjeh
  • 1907George Cohans musical "Talk of the Town, " premieres in New York City
  • 1910Neon lights, 1st publically seen (Paris Auto Show)
  • 1912Gerrit Brinkman becomes 1st Dutch traffic officer

Born on December 3

  • 1483Nicolaus von Amsdorf: German reformation theologist
  • 1576Marsilio Casentini: Composer
  • 1668Casimir Schweizelsperg: Composer
  • 1684Ludvig Baron Holberg: Founder (Danish and Norwegian literature)
  • 1729Padre Antonio Francisco J Jose Soler: Olot, Spain -- Composer (Fandango)
  • 1750Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel: Composer
  • 1752Georg-Friederich Fuchs: Composer
  • 1753Samuel Crompton: English inventor (mule-jenny spinning machine)
  • 1755Gilbert Stuart: United States -- Portrait painter (painted Washington)
  • 1758Josef Gelinek: Composer
  • 1795Rowland Hill: Introduced 1st adhesive postage stamp (1840)
  • 1797Francis P Kenrick: Irish / US Archbishop of Baltimore
  • 1800France Preseren: Slovenian poet (Krst pri Savici)
  • 1806Henry Alexander Wise: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1876
  • 1809Thomas Alfred Davies: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
  • 1822Charles Adam Heckman: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1896
  • 1826Edmond van der Straeten: Belgian lawyer / musicologist
  • 1826George Brinton McClellan: Major General (Union Army), died in 1885
  • 1829Green Berry Raum: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1909
  • 1838Cleveland Abbe: United States -- Meteorologist (Father of Weather Bureau)
  • 1838Octavia Hill: British reformer, leader of open-space movement
  • 1842Ellen Henrietta Richards: United States -- Chemist (American Home Economics Association - 1st President)
  • 1857Joseph Conrad: Poland -- Novelist (Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness)
  • 1862Jules Renkin: Belgian jurist / Minister / Premier (1931-32)
  • 1864Herman Heijermans, Jr.: Dutch writer (Kamertjeszonde, Diamond City)
  • 1875Bernhard Lichtenberg: German clergyman / antifascist
  • 1883Anton [Friedrich Wilhelm] von Webern: Vienna, Austria -- 12-tone composer
  • 1885Marchien Zwitsers: Farmer in Lutten (died at 109 years old)
  • 1888Ion Nonna Otescu: Composer
  • 1895Anna Freud: Austrian / English psychoanalytist / Daughter of Sigmund F

Died on December 3

  • 0450Petrus Chrysologus: 1st Archbishop of Ravenna
  • 1137Lotharius III: Of Supplinburg, Roman-Ger Emperor (1133-37), dies at 67
  • 1154Anastasius IV: Pope (1153-54)
  • 1463Louis Chalon: Prince of Orange
  • 1491Thomas Basin: French Historian / Bishop of Lisieux
  • 1533Vasili III: Great Prince of Moscow (1505-33), dies at 54
  • 1660Jacques Sarazin: French Sculptor / painter, dies at about 70
  • 1676Daniel Stalpaert: Amsterdams master builder, buried
  • 1789Claude-Joseph Vernet: French seascape painter
  • 1807Clara Reeve: English Author (old English baron)
  • 1823Joseph Pouteau: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1839Frederik VI: King of Denmark (1808-39) / Norway (1803-14), dies at 71
  • 1857Christian D Rauch: German sculptor, dies at 80
  • 1866Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1876Hermann Goetz: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1889Baltasar Saldoni: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1892William Bonaparte: Grandson of Lucien
  • 1893Allan Wilson: British / Rhodesian major, dies in battle
  • 1894HM Jozef Schadde: Flem Architect (Antwerp Stock exchange), dies at 76
  • 1894Robert Louis Stevenson: Engl writer (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde), dies at 45
  • 1910Mary Baker Eddy: Founder (Christian Science (Monitor))
  • 1919Pierre A Renoir: French Painter / sculptor, dies at 78
  • 1933Richard Henry Warren: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1937Prosper Poullet: Belgian mayor
  • 1941Johann Christian August Sinding: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1942Wilhelm Peterson-Berger: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1944Delfien Vanhaute: Flemish pastor / Poet (Ark of Noah), dies at 75
  • 1949Elin Pelin: Writer
  • 1949Maria Ouspenskaya: Actress (Spookies), dies at 62
  • 1954Enrique Soro Barriga: Composer, dies at 70