Events on Dec 3

  • 0741St. Zachary begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Gregory III
  • 1347Pope Clemens VI declares Roman tribunal Coke di Rienzo as heretics
  • 15571st Covenant of Scottish protestants form
  • 1586Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England, from Colombia
  • 1621Galileo invents telescope
  • 16391st annulment by court decree passes
  • 1676Battle at Lund: Sweden beats Denen
  • 1685Charles II bars Jews from settling in Stockholm Sweden
  • 1694English parliamentary election set for every 3 years
  • 1699Baron Jacob Hop appointed Treasurer General of the Hague
  • 17751st official US flag raising (aboard naval vessel Alfred)
  • 1818Illinois becomes 21st state USA (Admission day)
  • 1828Andrew Jackson elected 7th President of US
  • 1833Oberlin College in Oh, 1st truly coeducational college opens
  • 18341st US dental society organized (NY)
  • 18351st US mutual fire insurance company issues 1st policy (RI)
  • 1844RC Society Apostole of Prayer forms
  • 1847Frederick Douglass publishes 1st issue of his newspaper "North Star"
  • 1863Longstreet abandons his siege at Knoxville, Tennessee
  • 1866Paid fire department replaces volunteer companies
  • 1868Trial of Jefferson Davis starts; 1st blacks on US trial jury
  • 1878Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah Israel
  • 1881Henry M Stanley finds Leopoldville / Kinshasa
  • 188348th Congress (1883-85) convenes
  • 1893Ndebeles destroy Rhodesia
  • 1901Milwaukee is dropped from the AL and replaced by St. Louis Browns
  • 1903Panglima Polim surrenders to Captain Colijn at Atjeh
  • 1907George Cohans musical "Talk of the Town, " premieres in New York City
  • 1910Neon lights, 1st publically seen (Paris Auto Show)
  • 1912Gerrit Brinkman becomes 1st Dutch traffic officer

Born on Dec 3

  • 1483Nicolaus von Amsdorf: German reformation theologist
  • 1576Marsilio Casentini: Composer
  • 1668Casimir Schweizelsperg: Composer
  • 1684Ludvig Baron Holberg: Founder (Danish and Norwegian literature)
  • 1729Padre Antonio Francisco J Jose Soler: Olot, Spain -- Composer (Fandango)
  • 1750Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel: Composer
  • 1752Georg-Friederich Fuchs: Composer
  • 1753Samuel Crompton: English inventor (mule-jenny spinning machine)
  • 1755Gilbert Stuart: United States -- Portrait painter (painted Washington)
  • 1758Josef Gelinek: Composer
  • 1795Rowland Hill: Introduced 1st adhesive postage stamp (1840)
  • 1797Francis P Kenrick: Irish / US Archbishop of Baltimore
  • 1800France Preseren: Slovenian poet (Krst pri Savici)
  • 1806Henry Alexander Wise: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1876
  • 1809Thomas Alfred Davies: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
  • 1822Charles Adam Heckman: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1896
  • 1826Edmond van der Straeten: Belgian lawyer / musicologist
  • 1826George Brinton McClellan: Major General (Union Army), died in 1885
  • 1829Green Berry Raum: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1909
  • 1838Cleveland Abbe: United States -- Meteorologist (Father of Weather Bureau)
  • 1838Octavia Hill: British reformer, leader of open-space movement
  • 1842Ellen Henrietta Richards: United States -- Chemist (American Home Economics Association - 1st President)
  • 1857Joseph Conrad: Poland -- Novelist (Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness)
  • 1862Jules Renkin: Belgian jurist / Minister / Premier (1931-32)
  • 1864Herman Heijermans, Jr.: Dutch writer (Kamertjeszonde, Diamond City)
  • 1875Bernhard Lichtenberg: German clergyman / antifascist
  • 1883Anton [Friedrich Wilhelm] von Webern: Vienna, Austria -- 12-tone composer
  • 1885Marchien Zwitsers: Farmer in Lutten (died at 109 years old)
  • 1888Ion Nonna Otescu: Composer
  • 1895Anna Freud: Austrian / English psychoanalytist / Daughter of Sigmund F

Died on Dec 3

  • 0450Petrus Chrysologus: 1st Archbishop of Ravenna
  • 1137Lotharius III: Of Supplinburg, Roman-Ger Emperor (1133-37), dies at 67
  • 1154Anastasius IV: Pope (1153-54)
  • 1463Louis Chalon: Prince of Orange
  • 1491Thomas Basin: French Historian / Bishop of Lisieux
  • 1533Vasili III: Great Prince of Moscow (1505-33), dies at 54
  • 1660Jacques Sarazin: French Sculptor / painter, dies at about 70
  • 1676Daniel Stalpaert: Amsterdams master builder, buried
  • 1789Claude-Joseph Vernet: French seascape painter
  • 1807Clara Reeve: English Author (old English baron)
  • 1823Joseph Pouteau: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1839Frederik VI: King of Denmark (1808-39) / Norway (1803-14), dies at 71
  • 1857Christian D Rauch: German sculptor, dies at 80
  • 1866Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1876Hermann Goetz: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1889Baltasar Saldoni: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1892William Bonaparte: Grandson of Lucien
  • 1893Allan Wilson: British / Rhodesian major, dies in battle
  • 1894HM Jozef Schadde: Flem Architect (Antwerp Stock exchange), dies at 76
  • 1894Robert Louis Stevenson: Engl writer (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde), dies at 45
  • 1910Mary Baker Eddy: Founder (Christian Science (Monitor))
  • 1919Pierre A Renoir: French Painter / sculptor, dies at 78
  • 1933Richard Henry Warren: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1937Prosper Poullet: Belgian mayor
  • 1941Johann Christian August Sinding: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1942Wilhelm Peterson-Berger: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1944Delfien Vanhaute: Flemish pastor / Poet (Ark of Noah), dies at 75
  • 1949Elin Pelin: Writer
  • 1949Maria Ouspenskaya: Actress (Spookies), dies at 62
  • 1954Enrique Soro Barriga: Composer, dies at 70

Historical events on December 4

  • 1110Syria harbor city Saida (Sidon) surrenders to Crusaders
  • 1197Crusaders wound Rabbi Elezar ben Judah
  • 1259Treaty of Paris: English King Henry III and French King Louis IX
  • 1489Battle of Baza-Spanish army captures Baza from Moors
  • 1534Turkish Sultan Suleiman occupies Baghdad
  • 1563Council of Trent holds last session, after 18 years
  • 1655Middelburg Neth forbids building of synagogue
  • 1674Father Marquette builds 1st dwelling in what is now Chicago
  • 1680Hen in Rome lays an egg imprinted with comet not seen until Dec 16th
  • 16821st General Assembly in Pennsylvania (Chester)
  • 1688General strategist John Churchill joins with Willem III
  • 1691Emperor Leopold I takes control of Transsylvania
  • 1691Spanish King Carlos II names Maximilian II Viceroy of S Netherlands
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charles reaches Derby
  • 1798Rebellious Flemish farmers occupy Hasselt
  • 1812Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pa patents a horse-drawn mower
  • 1816James Monroe (VA), elected 5th pres, defeating Federalist Rufus King
  • 1832French army begins bombing citadel of Antwerp
  • 1833American Anti-Slavery Society formed by Arthur Tappan in Philadelphia
  • 1836Whig party holds its 1st national convention - Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1843Manila paper (made from sails, canvas & rope) patented, Massachusetts
  • 1844James K Polk elected 11th President of US
  • 1863Storm flood ravages Nethe coastal provinces
  • 1864Battle of Waynesborough (Brier Creek) Georgia
  • 1864Romanian Jews are forbidden to practice law
  • 1867Grange organized to protect farm interests
  • 1875William Marcy "Boss" Tweed (NYC-Tammany Hall) escapes from jail
  • 1890Willem III, Dutch King, buried
  • 189956th Congress (1899-1901) convenes
  • 1899Webb Hayes Son of President Rutherford Hayes receives medal of honor

Born on December 4

  • 1443Pope Julius II: (1503-13), Patron of Michelangelo, Bramante, Raphael
  • 1584John Cotton: Puritan clergyman in Mass Bay colony
  • 1660Andre Campra: Composer
  • 1667Michel Pignolet de Monteclair: Composer
  • 1708Marianus Konigsperger: Composer
  • 1720Jean-Jacques Robson: Composer
  • 1791Johann Gottlob Topfer: Composer
  • 1795Thomas Carlyle: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Essayist / historian (French Revolution)
  • 1800Emil Aarestrup: Danish Physician / poet (Ritornellen)
  • 1803Augustus Zerega diZerega: Martinique -- Ship owner (Red Z Lane)
  • 1808Ernest Panckoucke: French publisher (Horatius)
  • 1812Elias Smith Dennis: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
  • 1818William Wing "Old Blizzards" Loring: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1822Frances Crabbe: England, United Kingdom -- Feminist founded Anti-Vivisection Society
  • 1825Hynek Ignac Frantisek Vojacek: Composer
  • 1835Samuel Butler: England, United Kingdom -- Author (Erewhom, Way of All Flesh)
  • 1838Melesio Morales: Composer
  • 1861Lillian Russell [Helen Leonard]: United States -- Singer / actress (Great Mogul)
  • 1865Edith Louisa Cavell: England, United Kingdom -- Nurse (WWI)
  • 1866Vassily V Kandinsky: Russian / German / French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration)
  • 1868Richard N Roland Holst: Dutch artist / painter
  • 1874Jean H L Bossard: Actor / impresario (Merchant of Venice)
  • 1875R M Rilke: Writer
  • 1875Rainer Maria Rilke: Austria -- Poet (Duino Elegies)
  • 1876Dimitur Poljanov [Popov]: Bulgaria -- Poet (Iron Poems)
  • 1879Herbert Hamilton Harty: Composer
  • 1881Erwin von Witzleben: German Field Marshal (July 20th plot)
  • 1888Aleksandar I Karadordjevic: King of Yugoslavia (1921-34)
  • 1889Buck Jones [Charles F Gebhart]: US actor (War Horse)
  • 1889Isabel Randolph: Illinois, United States -- Actress (Fuller Brush Girl, Our Miss Brooks)

Died on December 4

  • 0771Karloman II: French King of Burgundy, dies at about 20
  • 0811Charles: Eldest Son of Emperor Charles the Great, dies at about 39
  • 1137Lotharius III of Supplinburg: Emperor (1125, 33-37), dies at 67
  • 1182Henry: Earl of Gelre / Zutphen (1141 / 79-82)
  • 1371Reinald III [the Fat Duke]: Duke of Gelre (1343-61), dies at 38
  • 1371Stefanus X Uros V: King of Serbia (1355-71)
  • 1576Rheticus: Mathematician
  • 1603Maarten de Vos: Flemish painter, dies at about 71
  • 1649Outgert Arisz Akersloot: Dutch silversmith, dies at about 73
  • 1676Johann Georg Ebeling: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1798Luigi Galvani: Italian anatomy / physicist, dies at 61
  • 1807Prince Hall: Activist / Masonic leader, dies in Boston
  • 1836Daniel Read: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1884Alice Mary Smith: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1909Paul-Albert Besnard: French Painter / graphic artist (Elle), dies at 60
  • 1915Gustav Hollaender: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1932Gustav Meyrink: Writer, dies at 64
  • 1933Stefan George: German Poet (Das neue Reich), dies at 65
  • 1935Johan Halvorsen: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1938Dina Appeldoorn: Dutch pianist / composer, dies at 54
  • 1943Carlo Mierendorff: German politician / antifascist, dies at 46
  • 1948Karl Bonhoeffer: German psychiatrist / neurologist
  • 1952Karen Horney: German / US neo freudian psycho analyst, dies at 67
  • 1953Daniel Gregory Mason: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1954Nina Vasar: Wife of Russian Composer Dmitri Sjostakovitsj
  • 1959Rosetta Duncan: (Duncan Sisters), dies in an auto accident at 58
  • 1967Bert Lahr [Irving Lahrheim]: US comic (Wizard of Oz), dies at 72
  • 1969Alceo Toni: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1969Fred Hampton: US Black-Panther leader, murdered
  • 1971Shunryu Suzuki: Zen teacher, founder of SF Zen Center