Events on Dec 4

  • 1110Syria harbor city Saida (Sidon) surrenders to Crusaders
  • 1197Crusaders wound Rabbi Elezar ben Judah
  • 1259Treaty of Paris: English King Henry III and French King Louis IX
  • 1489Battle of Baza-Spanish army captures Baza from Moors
  • 1534Turkish Sultan Suleiman occupies Baghdad
  • 1563Council of Trent holds last session, after 18 years
  • 1655Middelburg Neth forbids building of synagogue
  • 1674Father Marquette builds 1st dwelling in what is now Chicago
  • 1680Hen in Rome lays an egg imprinted with comet not seen until Dec 16th
  • 16821st General Assembly in Pennsylvania (Chester)
  • 1688General strategist John Churchill joins with Willem III
  • 1691Emperor Leopold I takes control of Transsylvania
  • 1691Spanish King Carlos II names Maximilian II Viceroy of S Netherlands
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charles reaches Derby
  • 1798Rebellious Flemish farmers occupy Hasselt
  • 1812Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pa patents a horse-drawn mower
  • 1816James Monroe (VA), elected 5th pres, defeating Federalist Rufus King
  • 1832French army begins bombing citadel of Antwerp
  • 1833American Anti-Slavery Society formed by Arthur Tappan in Philadelphia
  • 1836Whig party holds its 1st national convention - Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1843Manila paper (made from sails, canvas & rope) patented, Massachusetts
  • 1844James K Polk elected 11th President of US
  • 1863Storm flood ravages Nethe coastal provinces
  • 1864Battle of Waynesborough (Brier Creek) Georgia
  • 1864Romanian Jews are forbidden to practice law
  • 1867Grange organized to protect farm interests
  • 1875William Marcy "Boss" Tweed (NYC-Tammany Hall) escapes from jail
  • 1890Willem III, Dutch King, buried
  • 189956th Congress (1899-1901) convenes
  • 1899Webb Hayes Son of President Rutherford Hayes receives medal of honor

Born on Dec 4

  • 1443Pope Julius II: (1503-13), Patron of Michelangelo, Bramante, Raphael
  • 1584John Cotton: Puritan clergyman in Mass Bay colony
  • 1660Andre Campra: Composer
  • 1667Michel Pignolet de Monteclair: Composer
  • 1708Marianus Konigsperger: Composer
  • 1720Jean-Jacques Robson: Composer
  • 1791Johann Gottlob Topfer: Composer
  • 1795Thomas Carlyle: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Essayist / historian (French Revolution)
  • 1800Emil Aarestrup: Danish Physician / poet (Ritornellen)
  • 1803Augustus Zerega diZerega: Martinique -- Ship owner (Red Z Lane)
  • 1808Ernest Panckoucke: French publisher (Horatius)
  • 1812Elias Smith Dennis: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
  • 1818William Wing "Old Blizzards" Loring: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1822Frances Crabbe: England, United Kingdom -- Feminist founded Anti-Vivisection Society
  • 1825Hynek Ignac Frantisek Vojacek: Composer
  • 1835Samuel Butler: England, United Kingdom -- Author (Erewhom, Way of All Flesh)
  • 1838Melesio Morales: Composer
  • 1861Lillian Russell [Helen Leonard]: United States -- Singer / actress (Great Mogul)
  • 1865Edith Louisa Cavell: England, United Kingdom -- Nurse (WWI)
  • 1866Vassily V Kandinsky: Russian / German / French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration)
  • 1868Richard N Roland Holst: Dutch artist / painter
  • 1874Jean H L Bossard: Actor / impresario (Merchant of Venice)
  • 1875R M Rilke: Writer
  • 1875Rainer Maria Rilke: Austria -- Poet (Duino Elegies)
  • 1876Dimitur Poljanov [Popov]: Bulgaria -- Poet (Iron Poems)
  • 1879Herbert Hamilton Harty: Composer
  • 1881Erwin von Witzleben: German Field Marshal (July 20th plot)
  • 1888Aleksandar I Karadordjevic: King of Yugoslavia (1921-34)
  • 1889Buck Jones [Charles F Gebhart]: US actor (War Horse)
  • 1889Isabel Randolph: Illinois, United States -- Actress (Fuller Brush Girl, Our Miss Brooks)

Died on Dec 4

  • 0771Karloman II: French King of Burgundy, dies at about 20
  • 0811Charles: Eldest Son of Emperor Charles the Great, dies at about 39
  • 1137Lotharius III of Supplinburg: Emperor (1125, 33-37), dies at 67
  • 1182Henry: Earl of Gelre / Zutphen (1141 / 79-82)
  • 1371Reinald III [the Fat Duke]: Duke of Gelre (1343-61), dies at 38
  • 1371Stefanus X Uros V: King of Serbia (1355-71)
  • 1576Rheticus: Mathematician
  • 1603Maarten de Vos: Flemish painter, dies at about 71
  • 1649Outgert Arisz Akersloot: Dutch silversmith, dies at about 73
  • 1676Johann Georg Ebeling: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1798Luigi Galvani: Italian anatomy / physicist, dies at 61
  • 1807Prince Hall: Activist / Masonic leader, dies in Boston
  • 1836Daniel Read: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1884Alice Mary Smith: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1909Paul-Albert Besnard: French Painter / graphic artist (Elle), dies at 60
  • 1915Gustav Hollaender: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1932Gustav Meyrink: Writer, dies at 64
  • 1933Stefan George: German Poet (Das neue Reich), dies at 65
  • 1935Johan Halvorsen: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1938Dina Appeldoorn: Dutch pianist / composer, dies at 54
  • 1943Carlo Mierendorff: German politician / antifascist, dies at 46
  • 1948Karl Bonhoeffer: German psychiatrist / neurologist
  • 1952Karen Horney: German / US neo freudian psycho analyst, dies at 67
  • 1953Daniel Gregory Mason: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1954Nina Vasar: Wife of Russian Composer Dmitri Sjostakovitsj
  • 1959Rosetta Duncan: (Duncan Sisters), dies in an auto accident at 58
  • 1967Bert Lahr [Irving Lahrheim]: US comic (Wizard of Oz), dies at 72
  • 1969Alceo Toni: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1969Fred Hampton: US Black-Panther leader, murdered
  • 1971Shunryu Suzuki: Zen teacher, founder of SF Zen Center

Historical events on December 5

  • 1349500 Jews of Nuremberg massacre during Black Death riots
  • 1448Bishop Jona of Moscow chosen as metropolitan of Kiev / Intoxication
  • 1456Earthquake strikes Naples; about 35,000 die
  • 1496Jews are expelled from Portugal by order of King Manuel I
  • 1757Battle at Leuthen: Prussian army beats Austrians
  • 17761st US fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa (William & Mary College), forms
  • 1792George Washington re-elected US President
  • 1798Government troops occupy Hasselt
  • 1804Thomas Jefferson re-elected US President / George Clinton vice-pres
  • 1831Former President John Q Adams takes his seat as member of House of Reps
  • 1832Andrew Jackson re-elected President of US
  • 1837Uprising under William Lyon Mackenzie in Canada
  • 1846C F Schoenbein obtains patent for cellulose nitrate explosive
  • 1854Aaron Allen of Boston patents folding theater chair
  • 1861Gatling gun patented
  • 1862Battle of Coffeeville, Mississippi
  • 18681st American bicycle college opens (NY)
  • 1876Daniel Stillson (Mass) patents 1st practical pipe wrench
  • 1876Fire at Brooklyn Theater kills 295, trampled or burned to death
  • 18791st automatic telephone switching system patented
  • 188147th Congress (1881-83) convenes
  • 18931st electric car (built in Toronto) could go 15 miles between charges
  • 1905Henry Campbell-Bannermam (Lib) becomes Prime Minister of England
  • 19081st football uniform numerals used (University of Pittsburgh)
  • 19146th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats University of Toronto, 14-2
  • 1918Oil refinery on Curacao opens
  • 1920Pro football playoff game Akron and Buffalo 0-0 tie, title undecided
  • 1924Hamilton Tiger Red Green scores 5 goals to beat Toronto Maple Leafs 10-5
  • 192513th CFL Grey Cup: Ottawa Senators defeats Win Tammany Tigers, 24-1
  • 1928England defeats Australia by record 675 runs at Brisbane

Born on December 5

  • 1545Janus Dousa [Johan van de Does]: Dutch politician / poet
  • 1547Ubbo Emmius [van Embden]: Dutch-Frisian humanist / historian
  • 1661Robert Haley: Earl of Oxford / English Premier (Whig, 1710-14)
  • 1666Francesco Antonio Nicola Scarlotti: Composer
  • 1687Francesco Xaverio Geminiani: Composer
  • 1697Carlo Arrigoni: Composer
  • 1697Giuseppe de Majo: Composer
  • 1724Joseph Friebert: Composer
  • 1782Martin Van Buren: Kinderhook, New York -- (D) 8th President (1837-41)
  • 1786Henry Drummond: English banker / apostole
  • 1824Titian James Coffey: Attorney General (Union), died in 1867
  • 1826John Benjamin Sanborn: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1904
  • 1830Christina Rossetti: London, England -- Poet (Winter Rain, Passing Away)
  • 1839George Armstrong Custer: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1876
  • 1844John Frederick Bridge: Composer
  • 1852Thomas Linnemann Laub: Composer
  • 1861Armando V Diaz: Italian marshal / Minister of War (1922-24)
  • 1872Harry N Pillsbury: US chess player
  • 1878Arrigo Pedrollo: Composer
  • 1880Alexander Schmuller: Russian / Netherlands violinist / conductor
  • 1884Evert Cornelis: Dutch conductor / pianist
  • 1885Dirk H W Filarski: Dutch painter / lithographer (Bergense School)
  • 1886Pieter J Old: Lawyer / Minister of Finance / Mayor of Rotterdam (1945-52)
  • 1888Askell Snorrason: Composer
  • 1890Fritz Lang: Germany -- Director (M, Metropolis)
  • 1892Cyril Ring: Massachusetts, United States -- Actor (Body & Soul)
  • 1896Juliette Baillot [Lady Huxley]: Author
  • 1896Willem F M Lampe: Dutch ambassador of the Dutch Antilles
  • 1899Sonny Boy Williamson [Aleck Miller]: Blues player
  • 1901Grace Moore: United States -- Soprano (One Night to Live)

Died on December 5

  • 1212Derek II of Are: Bishop of Utrecht (1197-1212)
  • 1244Johanna of Constantinople: Countess of Flanders (1205-44)
  • 1355Jan III: Duke of Brabant / Limburg
  • 1560Francois II: King of France (1559-60), dies at 16
  • 1594Gerardus Mercator: Flemish philosopher / cartographer, dies at 82
  • 1663Severo Bonini: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1675John Lightfoot: English Theologist (Horae Hebraicae), dies at 73
  • 1745Christoph Forster: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1758Johann Friedrich Fasch: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1784Phillis Wheatley: 1st important black Poet in America, dies in Boston
  • 1791Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Composer, dies at 35 in Vienna, Austria
  • 1799Robert Kimmerling: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1818Bruno Daalberg / Anonymus Belga: Secretary of High Council Adel, dies at 60
  • 1835August v Platen: Writer, dies at 39
  • 1842MJ Auguste Vestrius: French ballet dancers, dies at 82
  • 1853Johann Peter Heuschkel: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1859Louis Poinsot: French Mathematician / instrument maker, dies at 82
  • 1886Peter Hofstede de Groot: Dutch reformed theologist, dies at 84
  • 1891JKLSBFXvPSMGRG Pedro II of Alcantara: Emp of Brazil (1831-89)
  • 1902Henry Stephen Cutler: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1916Hans Richter: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1922Samuel Muller Fzn: Dutch Historian / archivist
  • 1925Wilhelmina E Drucker [Lensing]: Dutch feminist, dies at 78
  • 1928Johannes F "Johan" Bakker, Sr.: Actor / husband of Truus Soete, dies at 61
  • 1935Frans [MJ Francois] Erens: Literary (Years Gone By), dies at 78
  • 1938Christina "Dina" Koudijs-van Appeldoorn: Pianist / composer, dies at 54
  • 1940Jan Kubelik: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1955Paul Harvey: Actor (Calamity Jane, Heldorado, Jamboree), dies at 73
  • 1958Ferdinand Bruckner: Writer, dies at 67
  • 1963Herbert H Lehman: (Gov-D-NY)