Events on Dec 6

  • 0963Leo VIII elected Pope
  • 1160Jean Bodels "Jeu de St. Nicholas, " premieres in Arras
  • 1196Northern Dutch coast flooded, "Saint-Nicolaas Flood"
  • 1240Mongols under Batu Khan occupy and destroy Kiev
  • 1424Don Alfonso V of Aragon grants Barcelona the right to exclude Jews
  • 1491King Charles VIII of France marries Anna of Bretagne
  • 1527Pope Clemens VII fleas to Orvieto
  • 1534Quito, Ecuador founded by Spanish
  • 16311st predicted transit of Venus (Kepler) is observed
  • 1641Don Francisco de Mello appointed land guardian of South Netherlands
  • 17321st play in American colonies acted by professional players, New York City
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies army retreats to Scotland
  • 1756British troops under Robert Clive occupy Fulta India
  • 17681st edition of "Encyclopedia Brittanica" published (Scotland)
  • 1787Laurens Pieter van de Speigel appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • 1790Congress meets in Philadelphia, new temporary US capital
  • 1820US President James Monroe re-elected
  • 1822Veterinary school in Utrecht opens
  • 1825President John Adams suggests establishment of a US observatory
  • 1833HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin departs Rio de la Plata
  • 1843Amsterdam-Utrecht railway opens
  • 1846Opera "La Damnation de Faust" is produced (Paris)
  • 1849Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery in Maryland
  • 1862President Lincoln orders hanging of 39 Santee Sioux indians
  • 186513th Amendment is ratified, abolishing slavery
  • 1866Chicago water supply tunnel 3,227 m into Lake Michigan completed
  • 1870Joseph H Rainey, 1st black in House of Reps (SC)
  • 18731st international football game in US: Yale 2, Eton (England) 1
  • 187544th Congress (1875-77) convenes
  • 18761st crematorium in US begins operation, Washington, Penn

Born on Dec 6

  • 1421Henry VI: King of England (1422-61, 1470-71)
  • 1550Orazio Tiberio Vecchi: Composer
  • 1608George Monck / Monk: English General / gov of Scotland
  • 1731S von Laroche: Writer
  • 1732Warren Hastings: England, United Kingdom -- 1st Governor-General of India (1773-84)
  • 1743Franz Nikolaus Novotny: Composer
  • 1768Johann Baptist Henneberg: Composer
  • 1775Nicolas Isouard: Composer
  • 1776Paul Friedrich Struck: Composer
  • 1792Abraham J van de Aa: Lexicographer (Biographic Dictionary)
  • 1792Willem II Frederik GL: King of the Netherlands (1840-49)
  • 1806Louis-Gilbert Duprez: Composer
  • 1808Johan M Dautzenberg: Flemish author (Future)
  • 1808Johann Christian Gebauer: Composer
  • 1809Stephen Thomas: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1903
  • 1816Henry Eustace McCulloch: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
  • 1822John Eberhard: Built 1st large-scale pencil factory in US
  • 1831Joshua Woodrow Sill: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1833John Singleton Mosby: Lawyer / Colonel (Confederate Army), died in 1916
  • 1843Albert de Vriendt: Flemish historical painter / etcher
  • 1846Henryk Jarecki: Composer
  • 1870William S Hart: Silent Westerns actor (Wild Bill Hickok, Tumbleweeds)
  • 1872Mikulas Moyzes: Composer
  • 1884Rose Schneiderman: New York State Department of Labor Secretary (1937-44)
  • 1885Albrecht Schaeffer: German writer (The General)
  • 1886Joyce Kilmer: United States -- (male) poet (Trees)
  • 1887Joseph Lamb: Composer
  • 1887Lynn Fontanne: Woodford, England -- Broadway actress (Dulcy, Arms & the Man)
  • 1892F Osbert S Sitwell: London, England -- Poet / writer (Out of the Flame)
  • 1892Lina Carstens: Wiesbaden, Germany -- Actress (Homeland, Broken Jug)

Died on Dec 6

  • 1185Afonso I [the Conqueror]: King of Portugal (1143-85), dies at 76
  • 1352Clement VI [Pierre Roger]: Pope (1342-52)
  • 1531John Volkertsz Trimaker: Dutch anabaptist leader, beheaded
  • 1550Pieter Coecke van Aelst: Flemish painter, dies at 48
  • 1562Jan van Scorel: Dutch Painter / architect
  • 1598Elbertus Leoninus: Dutch lawyer / politician, dies at about 78
  • 1640Matthijs Elsevier: Flemish / Dutch book publisher / merchant, dies at 75
  • 1651Anna Roemers Visscher: Dutch poetess, dies at 68
  • 1658Gracian: Writer
  • 1793Marie Jeanne Becu comtesse du Barry: Mistress of Louis XV, beheaded
  • 1799Joseph Black: Scottish medical / chemist / physicist, dies at 71
  • 1834Jonas Daniel Meyer: Dutch lawyer, dies at 54
  • 1865Sebastian de Iradier: Spanish Composer (Arreglito), dies at 56
  • 1867Giovanni Pacini: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1882A Trollope: Writer
  • 1889Jefferson Davis: President of Confederate States (1861-5), dies at 81
  • 1889Joseph H "Jozef" Neuhuys: Painter, dies at 48
  • 1892E Werner von Siemens: German industrialist (Siemens AG), dies at 75
  • 1903Frederick Grant Gleason: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1914Eduard Jacobs: Dutch cabaret artist, dies at 47
  • 1920Karel Kovarovic: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1933Auguste Chapuis: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1943Firmin Baes: Flemish painter, dies at 69
  • 1943Hermann Lohr: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1946Maximilian Oseyevich Shteynberg: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1949Leadbelly [Huddie William Ledbetter]: Blues singer, dies at 64
  • 1951J Edward Bromberg: Dies at 47
  • 1953Konstanty I Galczynski: Polish Poet (Zielona Ges), dies at 48
  • 1958Erwin Bodky: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1959Len Doyle: Actor (Harrington-Mr District Attorney), dies at 66

Historical events on December 7

  • 0283St. Eutychian ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1646Princess Louise Henriette (19) marries monarch Frederik Henry
  • 1741Elisabeth Petrovna becomes tsarina of Russia
  • 1783Theatre Royal opens in Covent Garden, London
  • 1783William Pitt Jr (24) becomes British Premier
  • 1787Delaware becomes 1st state to ratify constitution
  • 1808James Madison elected US President / George Clinton vice-pres
  • 1836Martin Van Buren elected 8th President
  • 1862Battle of Hartsville, Tennessee
  • 1862Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas
  • 1864Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek / Cypress Swamp, Georgia
  • 1868Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1
  • 1875Natives Sons of the West organized
  • 1876New York Mutuals and Philadelphia Athletics expelled from NL for not completing sked
  • 1877Thomas A Edison demonstrates the gramophone
  • 188549th Congress (1885-87) convenes
  • 1889Gilbert and Sullivans "Gondoliers, " premieres in London
  • 189152nd Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds 1st session
  • 1895Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies
  • 1907Eugene Corri becomes 1st referee in a boxing ring
  • 1909Leo Baekeland, Yonkers, patents 1st thermosetting plastic (Bakelite)
  • 1911Leslie J Stuarts musical "Betsy, " premieres in New York City
  • 1911National Hockey Association forms with New Westminister, Vancouver and Victoria
  • 1912Bust of Queen Nefertete found in El-Amarna, Egypt
  • 1916British government of David Lloyd George forms
  • 1916David Lloyd George replaces resigning H H Asquith as British Prime Minister
  • 1917US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I
  • 1920New South Wales make 802 against South Australia, then Mailey takes 8-81
  • 1920USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany
  • 1921KWG-AM in Stockton CA begins radio transmissions

Born on December 7

  • 1542Mary Stuart: Queen of Scotland (1560-1587)
  • 1557Girolamo Trombeti: Composer
  • 1598Giovanni Bernini: Italy -- Baroque sculptor (St Teresa in Ecstasy)
  • 1604Ambrosius Reiner: Composer
  • 1637Barnardo Pasquini: Composer
  • 1648Giovanni Maria Capelli: Composer
  • 1731Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron: French interpreter
  • 1751Jurrian F de Frederici: Governor-General (Suriname)
  • 1754Jack Jouett: American patriot
  • 1761Madame [Marie Grosholtz] Tussaud: Created wax museum
  • 1772Joseph Franz Maximilian Lobkowitz: Composer
  • 1801Johann Nepomuk Nestroy: Austrian actor (Judith und Holofernes)
  • 1808Hugh McCulloch: US Secy of Treasury
  • 1810Theodor Schwann: German co-originator of cell theory
  • 1823Leopold Kronecker: German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker)
  • 1830Luigi Cremona: Italian mathematician / Minister of Education
  • 1835Dom Joseph Pothier: French Monk / musicologist
  • 1839Redvers H Buller: English General / large landowner - Natal
  • 1840Hermann Goetz: Composer
  • 1842Otto Ammon: German anthropologist / sociologist (schedelmetingen)
  • 1847James Deacon White: Canton, New York -- Ball player jumped teams in 1876 (Chi)
  • 1847Solomon Schechter: US Talmudic Scholar / Jewish leader
  • 1857Nicola van Westerhout: Composer
  • 1863John Ebenezer West: Composer
  • 1863Pietro Mascagni: Italian composer / fascist (Cavalleria Rusticana)
  • 1863Svetolik Rankovic: Serbian writer (Forest King)
  • 1872Johan Huizinga: Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens)
  • 1873Willa Cather: United States -- Author (My Antonia)
  • 1876Ludwig Schiedermair: German musicologist (Beethoven-Archiv)
  • 1878Akiko Yosano: Japan -- Poet (Tangled Hair)

Died on December 7

  • 0983Otto II the Red: German King / Emperor (973-83), dies at about 28
  • 1254Innocent IV [Sinibaldo dei Fieschi]: Pope (1243-54)
  • 1383Wenceslaus: Duke of Brabant
  • 1811Ignaz Spangler: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1815Michel Ney: French marshal (Waterloo), murdered at 46
  • 1817William Bligh: British naval officer of "Bounty" fame, dies at 63
  • 1823Johann Gottlieb Schwencke: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1829Johann Christoph Kienlen: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1834Ludwig Schuncke: Composer, dies at 23
  • 1839Jan Matyas Nepomuk August Vitasek: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1841Johann Daniel Ferstenberg: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1860Constantine S Aksakov: Russian Historian / poet, dies at 43
  • 1862Sylvester Churchill: US Union Brigadier General
  • 1867Rudolf Viole: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1881Julius FA Bahnsen: German philosopher (Tragic as Weltgesetz), dies at 51
  • 1894Ferdinand de Lesseps: French engineer / diplomat / earl, dies at 89
  • 1899Antoni Katski: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1902Thomas Nast: Political cartoonist
  • 1912George Darwin: Theorized Moon was pulled out of Pacific Ocean
  • 1917Leon Minkus: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1941Cecil Forsyth: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1941Iida: Japanese pilot / lt, dies in battle at 28
  • 1943John Bouber [Blom]: Actor / Author (Bluejackets), dies at 22
  • 1948Godfrey Turner: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1962Kirsten Flagstead: Norwegian soprano (Wagner), dies at 67
  • 1967House Peters: Silent film actor (Kansas Territory), dies at 87
  • 1969Eric Portman: Actor (Naked Edge), dies from heart ailment at 66
  • 1969Hugh Williams: Actor (Human Monster), dies after surgery at 65
  • 1970Rube Goldberg: US cartoonist (Mike & Ike, Pulitzer 1948), dies at 87
  • 1971Milton Rosmer: Director (Murder in the Red Barn), dies at 90