Events on Dec 7

  • 0283St. Eutychian ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1646Princess Louise Henriette (19) marries monarch Frederik Henry
  • 1741Elisabeth Petrovna becomes tsarina of Russia
  • 1783Theatre Royal opens in Covent Garden, London
  • 1783William Pitt Jr (24) becomes British Premier
  • 1787Delaware becomes 1st state to ratify constitution
  • 1808James Madison elected US President / George Clinton vice-pres
  • 1836Martin Van Buren elected 8th President
  • 1862Battle of Hartsville, Tennessee
  • 1862Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas
  • 1864Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek / Cypress Swamp, Georgia
  • 1868Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1
  • 1875Natives Sons of the West organized
  • 1876New York Mutuals and Philadelphia Athletics expelled from NL for not completing sked
  • 1877Thomas A Edison demonstrates the gramophone
  • 188549th Congress (1885-87) convenes
  • 1889Gilbert and Sullivans "Gondoliers, " premieres in London
  • 189152nd Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds 1st session
  • 1895Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies
  • 1907Eugene Corri becomes 1st referee in a boxing ring
  • 1909Leo Baekeland, Yonkers, patents 1st thermosetting plastic (Bakelite)
  • 1911Leslie J Stuarts musical "Betsy, " premieres in New York City
  • 1911National Hockey Association forms with New Westminister, Vancouver and Victoria
  • 1912Bust of Queen Nefertete found in El-Amarna, Egypt
  • 1916British government of David Lloyd George forms
  • 1916David Lloyd George replaces resigning H H Asquith as British Prime Minister
  • 1917US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I
  • 1920New South Wales make 802 against South Australia, then Mailey takes 8-81
  • 1920USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany
  • 1921KWG-AM in Stockton CA begins radio transmissions

Born on Dec 7

  • 1542Mary Stuart: Queen of Scotland (1560-1587)
  • 1557Girolamo Trombeti: Composer
  • 1598Giovanni Bernini: Italy -- Baroque sculptor (St Teresa in Ecstasy)
  • 1604Ambrosius Reiner: Composer
  • 1637Barnardo Pasquini: Composer
  • 1648Giovanni Maria Capelli: Composer
  • 1731Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron: French interpreter
  • 1751Jurrian F de Frederici: Governor-General (Suriname)
  • 1754Jack Jouett: American patriot
  • 1761Madame [Marie Grosholtz] Tussaud: Created wax museum
  • 1772Joseph Franz Maximilian Lobkowitz: Composer
  • 1801Johann Nepomuk Nestroy: Austrian actor (Judith und Holofernes)
  • 1808Hugh McCulloch: US Secy of Treasury
  • 1810Theodor Schwann: German co-originator of cell theory
  • 1823Leopold Kronecker: German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker)
  • 1830Luigi Cremona: Italian mathematician / Minister of Education
  • 1835Dom Joseph Pothier: French Monk / musicologist
  • 1839Redvers H Buller: English General / large landowner - Natal
  • 1840Hermann Goetz: Composer
  • 1842Otto Ammon: German anthropologist / sociologist (schedelmetingen)
  • 1847James Deacon White: Canton, New York -- Ball player jumped teams in 1876 (Chi)
  • 1847Solomon Schechter: US Talmudic Scholar / Jewish leader
  • 1857Nicola van Westerhout: Composer
  • 1863John Ebenezer West: Composer
  • 1863Pietro Mascagni: Italian composer / fascist (Cavalleria Rusticana)
  • 1863Svetolik Rankovic: Serbian writer (Forest King)
  • 1872Johan Huizinga: Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens)
  • 1873Willa Cather: United States -- Author (My Antonia)
  • 1876Ludwig Schiedermair: German musicologist (Beethoven-Archiv)
  • 1878Akiko Yosano: Japan -- Poet (Tangled Hair)

Died on Dec 7

  • 0983Otto II the Red: German King / Emperor (973-83), dies at about 28
  • 1254Innocent IV [Sinibaldo dei Fieschi]: Pope (1243-54)
  • 1383Wenceslaus: Duke of Brabant
  • 1811Ignaz Spangler: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1815Michel Ney: French marshal (Waterloo), murdered at 46
  • 1817William Bligh: British naval officer of "Bounty" fame, dies at 63
  • 1823Johann Gottlieb Schwencke: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1829Johann Christoph Kienlen: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1834Ludwig Schuncke: Composer, dies at 23
  • 1839Jan Matyas Nepomuk August Vitasek: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1841Johann Daniel Ferstenberg: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1860Constantine S Aksakov: Russian Historian / poet, dies at 43
  • 1862Sylvester Churchill: US Union Brigadier General
  • 1867Rudolf Viole: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1881Julius FA Bahnsen: German philosopher (Tragic as Weltgesetz), dies at 51
  • 1894Ferdinand de Lesseps: French engineer / diplomat / earl, dies at 89
  • 1899Antoni Katski: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1902Thomas Nast: Political cartoonist
  • 1912George Darwin: Theorized Moon was pulled out of Pacific Ocean
  • 1917Leon Minkus: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1941Cecil Forsyth: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1941Iida: Japanese pilot / lt, dies in battle at 28
  • 1943John Bouber [Blom]: Actor / Author (Bluejackets), dies at 22
  • 1948Godfrey Turner: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1962Kirsten Flagstead: Norwegian soprano (Wagner), dies at 67
  • 1967House Peters: Silent film actor (Kansas Territory), dies at 87
  • 1969Eric Portman: Actor (Naked Edge), dies from heart ailment at 66
  • 1969Hugh Williams: Actor (Human Monster), dies after surgery at 65
  • 1970Rube Goldberg: US cartoonist (Mike & Ike, Pulitzer 1948), dies at 87
  • 1971Milton Rosmer: Director (Murder in the Red Barn), dies at 90

Historical events on December 8

  • 1326Daitokuji temple, Rinzai line, established in Kyoto by Daito Kokushi
  • 1710Battle at Brihuega: English General Stanhope captured
  • 1777Captain Cook leaves Society Islands
  • 17921st cremation in US, Henry Laurens
  • 17941st issue of Herald of Rutland, VT published
  • 1854Pope Pius IX proclaims Immaculate Conception, makes Mary, free of Original Sin
  • 18571st production of Dion Boucicaults "Poor of NY"
  • 18632,500 reported killed at Church of La Compana, Santiago Chile
  • 1863Abraham Lincoln announces plan for Reconstruction of South
  • 1863Jesuit church in Chile catches fire, 2,500 die in panic
  • 1863President Lincoln offers amnesty for confederate deserters
  • 1864Pope Pius IX publishes encyclical Quanta cura ("Syllabus errorum")
  • 186920th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
  • 1874Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie, Kansas
  • 1876Suriname begins compulsory education for 7-12 years
  • 18805,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal South-Africa
  • 1886American Federation of Labor (AFL) formed by 26 craft unions Samuel Gompers elected AFL President
  • 1896Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Missing 3 Quarter" (BG)
  • 1899Natal: British fall / burst out belegerd Ladysmith
  • 1902Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr became Associate Justice on Supreme Court
  • 1909Bird banding society found
  • 1913Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco
  • 1914British and German fleets battle at Falkland Islands
  • 1914Connie Mack sells Eddie Collins to the White Sox
  • 1921Eamon de Valera publicly repudiates Anglo-Irish Treaty
  • 1923German-US friendship treaty signed
  • 1923Labour / Liberals win British parliament
  • 1923Salary and price freeze in Germany
  • 1930Broadway Theater opens at 1681 Broadway, New York City
  • 1931Coaxial cable patented

Born on December 8

  • 1508Gemma Frisius [Jemme Reinersz]: Frisian geographer / astronomer
  • 1626Christina: Queen of Sweden who abdicated after becoming Catholic
  • 1704Anton de Haen: Medical expert (Ratio Medendi)
  • 1708Francis I: Holy Roman Emperor (1745-1765)
  • 1715John Althuysen: Frisian vicar / poet (Frisianche rymlery)
  • 1728Johann G von Zimmermann: Switzerland -- Author
  • 1730John Ingen Housz: Dutch / English personal Physician of Maria Theresia
  • 1731Frantisek Xaver Dusek: Composer
  • 1737Robert Kimmerling: Composer
  • 1741Maximilian JLP Gardel: French dancer / choreographer (Menuet Reine)
  • 1744Pierre Joseph Candielle: Composer
  • 1765Eli Whitney: Inventor (Cotton Gin)
  • 1789John Fawcett: Composer
  • 1795Jacques Francois Gallay: Composer
  • 1811Louis Alexander Balthasar Schindelmeisser: Composer
  • 1822Luther Prentice Bradley: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1910
  • 1826Friedrich Siemens: German industrialist
  • 1828Clinton Bowen Fisk: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1828Robert Bullock: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1905
  • 1861Aristide Maillol: France -- Painter / sculptor (Seated Woman)
  • 1861William Crapo Durant: Founded General Machine
  • 1865Jacques Hadamard: French mathematician (Taylor series)
  • 1865Jean Sibelius: Tavastehus, Finland -- Composer (Valse Triste, Finlandia)
  • 1872J C Powys: Writer
  • 1877Paul Emile Ladmirault: Composer
  • 1881Padraic Colum: Irish poet / Novelist / poet (Collected Poems)
  • 1886Diego Rivera [Lenin of Mexico]: Mexico -- Painter / Wife of Frida Kahlo
  • 1887Vicente Emilio Sojo: Composer
  • 1888Fiske Kimball: US architect / art historian
  • 1888Paul Cavanagh: Chislehurst, England -- Actor (Tarzan & his Mate)

Died on December 8

  • 0899Arnulf of Carinthia: Last Emperor of Austria-France
  • 1292John Peckham: English Archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 62
  • 1587Mary: Queen of Scots (1560-1587), executed
  • 1596Luis de Carabajal: 1st Jewish Author in America, executed in Mexico
  • 1643John Pym: English House of Commons member, dies at about 59
  • 1652Adriaan W "Joris" van Geel: Flemish missionary, murdered at 35
  • 1681Gerard Terborch [the Younger]: Dutch Painter / etcher
  • 1709Thomas Corneille: French dramatist, dies at 74
  • 1722Elisabeth C "Liselotte" van Palts: German / French duchess, dies at 70
  • 1785Antonio Maria Mazzoni: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1830H Benjamin Constant: French politician / writer, dies at 63
  • 1831James Hoban: Architect who designed White House
  • 1894Willem JF Nuyens: Dutch Physician / RC historian, dies at 71
  • 1896Earnest Angel: German statistician (Law of Angel), dies at 75
  • 1900Henry Russell: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1903Herbert Spencer: British engineer / philosopher, dies at 83
  • 1907Oscar II Frederick: King of Sweden (-1907) / Norway (-1905)
  • 1923Dom Joseph Pothier: French Benedictine / musicologist, dies at 88
  • 1924Franz X Scharwenka: German pianist / Composer (Mataswintha), dies at 74
  • 1926Jan Six: Dutch art Historian / collector
  • 1934Bernhard Seklas: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1939Ernest Schelling: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1954Gladys George: Actress (Roaring Twenties), dies at 50
  • 1955Jacques Handschin: Swiss musicologist, dies at 69
  • 1956Edgar Leslie Bainton: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1957Reginald Sheffield: Actor (Second Chance), dies at 55
  • 1961William Beatton Moonie: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1967Robert H Lawrence: USAF / Astronaut, dies at 32
  • 1969Vincenzo Davico: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1970Christopher K Ingold: English chemist, dies at 77