Events on Dec 8

  • 1326Daitokuji temple, Rinzai line, established in Kyoto by Daito Kokushi
  • 1710Battle at Brihuega: English General Stanhope captured
  • 1777Captain Cook leaves Society Islands
  • 17921st cremation in US, Henry Laurens
  • 17941st issue of Herald of Rutland, VT published
  • 1854Pope Pius IX proclaims Immaculate Conception, makes Mary, free of Original Sin
  • 18571st production of Dion Boucicaults "Poor of NY"
  • 18632,500 reported killed at Church of La Compana, Santiago Chile
  • 1863Abraham Lincoln announces plan for Reconstruction of South
  • 1863Jesuit church in Chile catches fire, 2,500 die in panic
  • 1863President Lincoln offers amnesty for confederate deserters
  • 1864Pope Pius IX publishes encyclical Quanta cura ("Syllabus errorum")
  • 186920th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
  • 1874Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie, Kansas
  • 1876Suriname begins compulsory education for 7-12 years
  • 18805,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal South-Africa
  • 1886American Federation of Labor (AFL) formed by 26 craft unions Samuel Gompers elected AFL President
  • 1896Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Missing 3 Quarter" (BG)
  • 1899Natal: British fall / burst out belegerd Ladysmith
  • 1902Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr became Associate Justice on Supreme Court
  • 1909Bird banding society found
  • 1913Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco
  • 1914British and German fleets battle at Falkland Islands
  • 1914Connie Mack sells Eddie Collins to the White Sox
  • 1921Eamon de Valera publicly repudiates Anglo-Irish Treaty
  • 1923German-US friendship treaty signed
  • 1923Labour / Liberals win British parliament
  • 1923Salary and price freeze in Germany
  • 1930Broadway Theater opens at 1681 Broadway, New York City
  • 1931Coaxial cable patented

Born on Dec 8

  • 1508Gemma Frisius [Jemme Reinersz]: Frisian geographer / astronomer
  • 1626Christina: Queen of Sweden who abdicated after becoming Catholic
  • 1704Anton de Haen: Medical expert (Ratio Medendi)
  • 1708Francis I: Holy Roman Emperor (1745-1765)
  • 1715John Althuysen: Frisian vicar / poet (Frisianche rymlery)
  • 1728Johann G von Zimmermann: Switzerland -- Author
  • 1730John Ingen Housz: Dutch / English personal Physician of Maria Theresia
  • 1731Frantisek Xaver Dusek: Composer
  • 1737Robert Kimmerling: Composer
  • 1741Maximilian JLP Gardel: French dancer / choreographer (Menuet Reine)
  • 1744Pierre Joseph Candielle: Composer
  • 1765Eli Whitney: Inventor (Cotton Gin)
  • 1789John Fawcett: Composer
  • 1795Jacques Francois Gallay: Composer
  • 1811Louis Alexander Balthasar Schindelmeisser: Composer
  • 1822Luther Prentice Bradley: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1910
  • 1826Friedrich Siemens: German industrialist
  • 1828Clinton Bowen Fisk: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1828Robert Bullock: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1905
  • 1861Aristide Maillol: France -- Painter / sculptor (Seated Woman)
  • 1861William Crapo Durant: Founded General Machine
  • 1865Jacques Hadamard: French mathematician (Taylor series)
  • 1865Jean Sibelius: Tavastehus, Finland -- Composer (Valse Triste, Finlandia)
  • 1872J C Powys: Writer
  • 1877Paul Emile Ladmirault: Composer
  • 1881Padraic Colum: Irish poet / Novelist / poet (Collected Poems)
  • 1886Diego Rivera [Lenin of Mexico]: Mexico -- Painter / Wife of Frida Kahlo
  • 1887Vicente Emilio Sojo: Composer
  • 1888Fiske Kimball: US architect / art historian
  • 1888Paul Cavanagh: Chislehurst, England -- Actor (Tarzan & his Mate)

Died on Dec 8

  • 0899Arnulf of Carinthia: Last Emperor of Austria-France
  • 1292John Peckham: English Archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 62
  • 1587Mary: Queen of Scots (1560-1587), executed
  • 1596Luis de Carabajal: 1st Jewish Author in America, executed in Mexico
  • 1643John Pym: English House of Commons member, dies at about 59
  • 1652Adriaan W "Joris" van Geel: Flemish missionary, murdered at 35
  • 1681Gerard Terborch [the Younger]: Dutch Painter / etcher
  • 1709Thomas Corneille: French dramatist, dies at 74
  • 1722Elisabeth C "Liselotte" van Palts: German / French duchess, dies at 70
  • 1785Antonio Maria Mazzoni: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1830H Benjamin Constant: French politician / writer, dies at 63
  • 1831James Hoban: Architect who designed White House
  • 1894Willem JF Nuyens: Dutch Physician / RC historian, dies at 71
  • 1896Earnest Angel: German statistician (Law of Angel), dies at 75
  • 1900Henry Russell: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1903Herbert Spencer: British engineer / philosopher, dies at 83
  • 1907Oscar II Frederick: King of Sweden (-1907) / Norway (-1905)
  • 1923Dom Joseph Pothier: French Benedictine / musicologist, dies at 88
  • 1924Franz X Scharwenka: German pianist / Composer (Mataswintha), dies at 74
  • 1926Jan Six: Dutch art Historian / collector
  • 1934Bernhard Seklas: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1939Ernest Schelling: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1954Gladys George: Actress (Roaring Twenties), dies at 50
  • 1955Jacques Handschin: Swiss musicologist, dies at 69
  • 1956Edgar Leslie Bainton: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1957Reginald Sheffield: Actor (Second Chance), dies at 55
  • 1961William Beatton Moonie: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1967Robert H Lawrence: USAF / Astronaut, dies at 32
  • 1969Vincenzo Davico: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1970Christopher K Ingold: English chemist, dies at 77

Historical events on December 9

  • 0536Byzantines Libya occupies Rome on Ostrogoten
  • 0656Battle of Kameel: Kalief Al ibn Abu Talib beats rebellion
  • 1315Swiss Woudsteden renews Eternal Covenant (Oath Society)
  • 1425Pope Martinus V forms University of Leuven
  • 1570Geuzen under Herman de Ruyter occupies Loevestein
  • 1625Netherlands and England sign military treaty
  • 1640Settler Hugh Bewitt banished from Mass colony when he declares himself to be free of original sin
  • 1658Dutch troops occupy harbor city Quilon (Coilan) India
  • 1738Jews are expelled from Breslau Silesia
  • 1747England and Netherlands sign military treaty
  • 1762British parliament accept Treaty of Paris
  • 17831st execution at English Newgate-jail
  • 1805Comet 3D / 1805 V1 (Biela) approaches within 0.0366 AUs of Earth
  • 1824Battle of Ayacucho (Candorcangui), Peru defeats Spain
  • 1861Battle of Bird Creek, Indian Terr (High Shoal, Chusto-Talasah)
  • 18681st British government of Gladstone forms
  • 1869Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia
  • 1878Joseph Pulitzer buys St. Louis Dispatch for $2,500
  • 1883New Brunswick adopts Eastern Standard Time (until 1902)
  • 1884Levant Richardson patents ball-bearing skate
  • 1889President Harrison visits opening of Chicago Auditorium
  • 1894Roman Catholics win Parliamentary election in Belgium
  • 1900Dutch President Paul Kruger and Queen Wilhelmina have a triumphant procession
  • 1902AL announces purchase of grounds for a stadium in New York
  • 1903Norwegian parliament vote unanimiously for female suffrage
  • 1905French Assembly National votes for separation of church and state
  • 1906New York American reports Belgian King Leopold II bribed US Senate commission on the Congo
  • 19071st Christmas Seals sold (Wilmington Del post office)
  • 1907Gustav Mahler departs Vienna
  • 19091st US monoplane flown (Henry W Walden, Long Island, NY)

Born on December 9

  • 1392Peter: Prince / Regent of Portugal / writer (Virtuosa benfeitoria)
  • 1561Edwin Sandys: A founder of Virginia colony
  • 1569Martinus de Porres: Peru -- Saint (patron of social justice)
  • 1571Adrian A Metius: Dutch mathematician / fort architect
  • 1581Emilia Secunda Antwerpiana: Daughter of Willem of Orange
  • 1594Gustavus II Adolphus: King who made Sweden a major power (1611-32)
  • 1608John Milton: London, England -- Poet / puritan (Paradise Lost)
  • 1715Georg Gottfried Petri: Composer
  • 1717Johann J Winckelmann: German archaeologist (History of Ancient Art)
  • 1728Pietro Alessandro Guglieli: Composer
  • 1742Carl W Scheele: Swedish pharmacist / chemist (lemon acid)
  • 1754Etienne Ozi: Composer
  • 1791Peter Joseph von Lindpaintner: Composer
  • 1796Prudent-Louis Aubery du Boulley: Composer
  • 1842Pjotr A Kopotkin: Russian ruler / anarchist
  • 1848Joel Chandler Harris: US journalist (created Uncle Remus stories)
  • 1853Charles "Old Hoss" Radbourn: Rochester, New York -- Pitcher (60-12 in 1884)
  • 1854Pekka Hannikainen: Composer
  • 1859Algernon Ashton: Composer
  • 1862Karel Kovarovic: Composer
  • 1864Sidney Homer: Composer
  • 1868Fritz Haber: German phycist-chemist (Nobel 1919)
  • 1873Antoine Pompe: Belgian architect
  • 1883Alexander Papagos: Greek Field Marshal / Supreme Commander
  • 1884Antonin Zapotocky: Czechoslovakia -- President (Ceskoslovensky Spisouatel)
  • 1889John P "Hannes" Kolehmainen: Fin long-distance runner (1912 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1894Eddie Dowling: Woonsocket, Rhode Island -- Actor (Anywhere USA)
  • 1897Hermione Gingold: London, England -- Actress (Gigi, Music Man)
  • 1898Emmett Kelly: Sedan, Kansas -- Circus clown (Weary Willie)
  • 1899Frans van Amelsvoort: Dutch choir conductor

Died on December 9

  • 1165Malcom IV: King of Scotland (1153-65), dies at 24
  • 1437Sigismund: German Emperor / King of Hungary / Bohemia, dies at 70
  • 1625Ubbo Emmius [van Embden]: Frisian humanist / historian, dies at 78
  • 1636Giovanni B Aleotti: Ital writer / theater architect, dies at about 90
  • 1641Anthonie "Antoon" van Dyck: Flemish painter, dies at 42
  • 1669Clement IX [Giulio Rospigliosi]: Ital Pope (1667-69)
  • 1674Edward Hyde 1st Earl of Clarendon: English Prime Minister (1660-67), dies at 65
  • 1706Pedro II: King of Portugal (1683-1706), dies at 58
  • 1767Benedetto Alfieri: Italian Architect (San Giovanni Battista)
  • 1770Gottlieb Theophil Muffat: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1814Jose Angel Lamas: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1819Ann C Coleman: Fiancee of President Buchanan, commits suicide
  • 1827Francois Leonard Rouwyzer: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1893George Elvey: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1905Henry Holmes: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1916P Paul Leroy-Beaulieu: French economist (Economist France), dies at 73
  • 1924Bernard Zweers: Dutch Composer (Gisbertus of Aemstel), dies at 70
  • 1925Eugene Gigout: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1940Maletti: Italian General, dies in battle
  • 1941Leonard "Leo" Polak: Dutch philosopher, dies in Sachsenhausen at 61
  • 1956Hans Barth: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1957Carswell Adams: Sportscaster (Your Sports Special)
  • 1959Walter Compton: News anchor (DuMont Evening News), dies at 47
  • 1964Edith L Sitwell: English Poet / Author (Wheels), dies at 77
  • 1966Yury Alexandrovich Shaporin: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1970Artem Mikoyan: Russian aircraft designer (MIG), dies at 65
  • 1974Jorge Croner de Vasconcelos: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1975William A Wellman: US director (Ox Bow Incident), dies at 79
  • 1977Clarice Lispector: Writer
  • 1981Tonny Til: Rocker, dies at 56