Events on Dec 9

  • 0536Byzantines Libya occupies Rome on Ostrogoten
  • 0656Battle of Kameel: Kalief Al ibn Abu Talib beats rebellion
  • 1315Swiss Woudsteden renews Eternal Covenant (Oath Society)
  • 1425Pope Martinus V forms University of Leuven
  • 1570Geuzen under Herman de Ruyter occupies Loevestein
  • 1625Netherlands and England sign military treaty
  • 1640Settler Hugh Bewitt banished from Mass colony when he declares himself to be free of original sin
  • 1658Dutch troops occupy harbor city Quilon (Coilan) India
  • 1738Jews are expelled from Breslau Silesia
  • 1747England and Netherlands sign military treaty
  • 1762British parliament accept Treaty of Paris
  • 17831st execution at English Newgate-jail
  • 1805Comet 3D / 1805 V1 (Biela) approaches within 0.0366 AUs of Earth
  • 1824Battle of Ayacucho (Candorcangui), Peru defeats Spain
  • 1861Battle of Bird Creek, Indian Terr (High Shoal, Chusto-Talasah)
  • 18681st British government of Gladstone forms
  • 1869Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia
  • 1878Joseph Pulitzer buys St. Louis Dispatch for $2,500
  • 1883New Brunswick adopts Eastern Standard Time (until 1902)
  • 1884Levant Richardson patents ball-bearing skate
  • 1889President Harrison visits opening of Chicago Auditorium
  • 1894Roman Catholics win Parliamentary election in Belgium
  • 1900Dutch President Paul Kruger and Queen Wilhelmina have a triumphant procession
  • 1902AL announces purchase of grounds for a stadium in New York
  • 1903Norwegian parliament vote unanimiously for female suffrage
  • 1905French Assembly National votes for separation of church and state
  • 1906New York American reports Belgian King Leopold II bribed US Senate commission on the Congo
  • 19071st Christmas Seals sold (Wilmington Del post office)
  • 1907Gustav Mahler departs Vienna
  • 19091st US monoplane flown (Henry W Walden, Long Island, NY)

Born on Dec 9

  • 1392Peter: Prince / Regent of Portugal / writer (Virtuosa benfeitoria)
  • 1561Edwin Sandys: A founder of Virginia colony
  • 1569Martinus de Porres: Peru -- Saint (patron of social justice)
  • 1571Adrian A Metius: Dutch mathematician / fort architect
  • 1581Emilia Secunda Antwerpiana: Daughter of Willem of Orange
  • 1594Gustavus II Adolphus: King who made Sweden a major power (1611-32)
  • 1608John Milton: London, England -- Poet / puritan (Paradise Lost)
  • 1715Georg Gottfried Petri: Composer
  • 1717Johann J Winckelmann: German archaeologist (History of Ancient Art)
  • 1728Pietro Alessandro Guglieli: Composer
  • 1742Carl W Scheele: Swedish pharmacist / chemist (lemon acid)
  • 1754Etienne Ozi: Composer
  • 1791Peter Joseph von Lindpaintner: Composer
  • 1796Prudent-Louis Aubery du Boulley: Composer
  • 1842Pjotr A Kopotkin: Russian ruler / anarchist
  • 1848Joel Chandler Harris: US journalist (created Uncle Remus stories)
  • 1853Charles "Old Hoss" Radbourn: Rochester, New York -- Pitcher (60-12 in 1884)
  • 1854Pekka Hannikainen: Composer
  • 1859Algernon Ashton: Composer
  • 1862Karel Kovarovic: Composer
  • 1864Sidney Homer: Composer
  • 1868Fritz Haber: German phycist-chemist (Nobel 1919)
  • 1873Antoine Pompe: Belgian architect
  • 1883Alexander Papagos: Greek Field Marshal / Supreme Commander
  • 1884Antonin Zapotocky: Czechoslovakia -- President (Ceskoslovensky Spisouatel)
  • 1889John P "Hannes" Kolehmainen: Fin long-distance runner (1912 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1894Eddie Dowling: Woonsocket, Rhode Island -- Actor (Anywhere USA)
  • 1897Hermione Gingold: London, England -- Actress (Gigi, Music Man)
  • 1898Emmett Kelly: Sedan, Kansas -- Circus clown (Weary Willie)
  • 1899Frans van Amelsvoort: Dutch choir conductor

Died on Dec 9

  • 1165Malcom IV: King of Scotland (1153-65), dies at 24
  • 1437Sigismund: German Emperor / King of Hungary / Bohemia, dies at 70
  • 1625Ubbo Emmius [van Embden]: Frisian humanist / historian, dies at 78
  • 1636Giovanni B Aleotti: Ital writer / theater architect, dies at about 90
  • 1641Anthonie "Antoon" van Dyck: Flemish painter, dies at 42
  • 1669Clement IX [Giulio Rospigliosi]: Ital Pope (1667-69)
  • 1674Edward Hyde 1st Earl of Clarendon: English Prime Minister (1660-67), dies at 65
  • 1706Pedro II: King of Portugal (1683-1706), dies at 58
  • 1767Benedetto Alfieri: Italian Architect (San Giovanni Battista)
  • 1770Gottlieb Theophil Muffat: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1814Jose Angel Lamas: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1819Ann C Coleman: Fiancee of President Buchanan, commits suicide
  • 1827Francois Leonard Rouwyzer: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1893George Elvey: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1905Henry Holmes: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1916P Paul Leroy-Beaulieu: French economist (Economist France), dies at 73
  • 1924Bernard Zweers: Dutch Composer (Gisbertus of Aemstel), dies at 70
  • 1925Eugene Gigout: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1940Maletti: Italian General, dies in battle
  • 1941Leonard "Leo" Polak: Dutch philosopher, dies in Sachsenhausen at 61
  • 1956Hans Barth: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1957Carswell Adams: Sportscaster (Your Sports Special)
  • 1959Walter Compton: News anchor (DuMont Evening News), dies at 47
  • 1964Edith L Sitwell: English Poet / Author (Wheels), dies at 77
  • 1966Yury Alexandrovich Shaporin: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1970Artem Mikoyan: Russian aircraft designer (MIG), dies at 65
  • 1974Jorge Croner de Vasconcelos: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1975William A Wellman: US director (Ox Bow Incident), dies at 79
  • 1977Clarice Lispector: Writer
  • 1981Tonny Til: Rocker, dies at 56

Historical events on December 10

  • 0741Zacharias becomes Pope
  • 1294Pope Coelestinus V becomes Pope (until Dec 13th)
  • 1508League of the Kingdom signed (covenant against Venice)
  • 1520Martin Luther publicly burned papal edict demands he recant
  • 1582France begins use of Gregorian calendar
  • 1652Sea battle at Dungeness: Lieutenant Admiral Maarten Tromp beats English fleet
  • 1672New York Gov Lovelace announces monthly mail service between New York and Boston
  • 1688King James II flees London
  • 1690Mass Bay becomes 1st American colonial goverment to borrow money
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies army draws into Manchester
  • 1799Metric system established in France
  • 1810Tom Cribb (GB) beats Tom Molineaus (US-Negro) in 1st interracial boxing championship (40 rounds)
  • 1816Dutch regain Sumatra
  • 1817Mississippi admitted as 20th state
  • 1831"Spirit of the Times" begins publishing (weekly horse racing sheet)
  • 1864General Shermans armies reach Savannah and 12 day siege begins
  • 1869Women suffrage (right to vote) granted in Wyoming Territory (US 1st)
  • 1887Austria-Hungary / Italy / Great-Britain signs military treaty of Balkan
  • 18961st intercollegiate basketball game (Wesleyan beats Yale 4-3)
  • 1898Spanish-American War ends; US acquires Philippines, PR and Guam
  • 1899Battle at Storm Berge South Africa - Boers vs. British army
  • 1903Nobel for physics awarded to Pierre / Marie Curie
  • 1904King Peter I of Sweden named nationalist regime
  • 1906President Theodore Roosevelt (1st American) awarded Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1907Ruyard Kipling receives Nobel prize for literature
  • 1910JD Van de Waals wins Nobel Prize for physics
  • 1911Calbraith Rogers completes 1st crossing of US by airplane (84 days)
  • 1911Tobias Asser given Nobel prize for peace
  • 1913Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel prize for physics
  • 1914French government returns to Paris

Born on December 10

  • 1538Giovanni Battista Guarini: Italian writer (Faithfull Shepherd)
  • 1679Willem Maurits: Dutch Count of Nassau / gov of Zeeuws-Flanders
  • 1691Cornelis Pronk: Dutch portrait painter / cartoonist
  • 1741Agatha "Aagje" Deken: Dutch writer (For the Elderly & Children)
  • 1764Louis-Sebastien Lebrun: Composer
  • 1787Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Pioneer of educating the deaf
  • 1794James Wolfe Ripley: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1870
  • 1805John E Feisser: Theologist / founder 1st Dutch baptist church
  • 1805William Lloyd Garrison: Abolitionist publisher (The Liberator)
  • 1813Errico Petrella: Composer
  • 1813Zachariah Chandler: United States -- Merchant / politician (founder of the Republican Party)
  • 1820David Allen Russell: Army Bvt Major General (Union), died in 1864
  • 1821Nekrassow: Writer
  • 1821Nikolai A Nekrasov: Russian poet (Russkije Zjenjshiny)
  • 1822Thomas Casimer Devin: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
  • 1823Wilhelm Kuhe: Composer
  • 1824George MacDonald: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Sci-fi author (Princess & Curdie)
  • 1830Emily Dickinson: Amherst, Massachusetts -- Poet (Collected Poems)
  • 1831Alexander Conze: German archaeologist
  • 1851Melvil[le Louis K] Dewey: Created Dewey Decimal System for libraries
  • 1868Louis Victor Saar: Composer
  • 1870Adolf Loos: Austria -- Architect (building of houses)
  • 1870Pierre Louijs: France -- Novelist / poet (Aphrodite, Woman & Puppet)
  • 1870Rudolf W Canne: Fries playwright (Der de Wier Us)
  • 1872Johann Babtist Thaller: Composer
  • 1872Ludwig Klages: German philosopher (study of graves)
  • 1882Otto Neurath: Australia -- Philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences)
  • 1883Andrej J Vysjinski: Russian lawyer / foreign min / UN-ambassador
  • 1885Janos Hammerschlag: Composer
  • 1885Mario Varvoglis: Composer

Died on December 10

  • 0969Nicephorus II Phocas: Byzantine co-Emperor (963-69), murdered
  • 1041Michael IV: Paphlagonicus, Emperor of Byzantine
  • 1490Antoine Haneron: Bourgundy diplomat, dies at about 90
  • 1572Cornelis Musius: Dutch humanist / poet, murdered at 72
  • 1595Reynier Cant: Mayor of Amsterdam, dies at about 59
  • 1616Diogo do Couto: Portuguese Historian / archivist of Goa, dies at 74
  • 1638Ivan [Dzivo F] Gundulic: Dalmatian writer (Osman), dies at 49
  • 1665Tarquinio Mercula: Composer
  • 1770Theophil "Gottlieb" Muffat: German court Organist / composer, dies at 80
  • 1805Friedrich Franz Hurka: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1826Benedikt Emanuel Schack: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1833Dieudonne-Pascal Pieltain: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1875Otogaki Rengetsu: Zen nun / benefactress of Tessai, dies at about 84
  • 1877Federico Ricci: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1877Jared Kirtland: US Physician / naturalist
  • 1888Mariano Obiols: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1889Anzengruber: Writer
  • 1889Ludwig Anzengruber: Austrian playwright, dies at 50
  • 1890Ludolf AJW Sloet van de Beele: Governor-General (Net India 1861-66), dies at 84
  • 1896Alfred Nobel: Swedish Nobel Prize ceremony on this date, dies at 63
  • 1909Red Cloud: Sioux indian chief
  • 1910Pablo Hernandez Salces: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1911Joseph D Hooker: British botanist, dies at 94
  • 1921Viktor Jacobi: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1931Max Elskamp: Belgian Author / Poet (Six Chansons), dies at 69
  • 1935John H Aberson: 1st rector of Landbouw high school, dies at 78
  • 1936Luigi Pirandello: Italian writer (Enrico IV, Nobel 1934), dies at 69
  • 1938Mario Pilati: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1939Wilhelm Grosz: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1946Damon Runyon: US journalist / writer (Guys & Dolls), dies at 66