Events on Dec 10

  • 0741Zacharias becomes Pope
  • 1294Pope Coelestinus V becomes Pope (until Dec 13th)
  • 1508League of the Kingdom signed (covenant against Venice)
  • 1520Martin Luther publicly burned papal edict demands he recant
  • 1582France begins use of Gregorian calendar
  • 1652Sea battle at Dungeness: Lieutenant Admiral Maarten Tromp beats English fleet
  • 1672New York Gov Lovelace announces monthly mail service between New York and Boston
  • 1688King James II flees London
  • 1690Mass Bay becomes 1st American colonial goverment to borrow money
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies army draws into Manchester
  • 1799Metric system established in France
  • 1810Tom Cribb (GB) beats Tom Molineaus (US-Negro) in 1st interracial boxing championship (40 rounds)
  • 1816Dutch regain Sumatra
  • 1817Mississippi admitted as 20th state
  • 1831"Spirit of the Times" begins publishing (weekly horse racing sheet)
  • 1864General Shermans armies reach Savannah and 12 day siege begins
  • 1869Women suffrage (right to vote) granted in Wyoming Territory (US 1st)
  • 1887Austria-Hungary / Italy / Great-Britain signs military treaty of Balkan
  • 18961st intercollegiate basketball game (Wesleyan beats Yale 4-3)
  • 1898Spanish-American War ends; US acquires Philippines, PR and Guam
  • 1899Battle at Storm Berge South Africa - Boers vs. British army
  • 1903Nobel for physics awarded to Pierre / Marie Curie
  • 1904King Peter I of Sweden named nationalist regime
  • 1906President Theodore Roosevelt (1st American) awarded Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1907Ruyard Kipling receives Nobel prize for literature
  • 1910JD Van de Waals wins Nobel Prize for physics
  • 1911Calbraith Rogers completes 1st crossing of US by airplane (84 days)
  • 1911Tobias Asser given Nobel prize for peace
  • 1913Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel prize for physics
  • 1914French government returns to Paris

Born on Dec 10

  • 1538Giovanni Battista Guarini: Italian writer (Faithfull Shepherd)
  • 1679Willem Maurits: Dutch Count of Nassau / gov of Zeeuws-Flanders
  • 1691Cornelis Pronk: Dutch portrait painter / cartoonist
  • 1741Agatha "Aagje" Deken: Dutch writer (For the Elderly & Children)
  • 1764Louis-Sebastien Lebrun: Composer
  • 1787Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Pioneer of educating the deaf
  • 1794James Wolfe Ripley: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1870
  • 1805John E Feisser: Theologist / founder 1st Dutch baptist church
  • 1805William Lloyd Garrison: Abolitionist publisher (The Liberator)
  • 1813Errico Petrella: Composer
  • 1813Zachariah Chandler: United States -- Merchant / politician (founder of the Republican Party)
  • 1820David Allen Russell: Army Bvt Major General (Union), died in 1864
  • 1821Nekrassow: Writer
  • 1821Nikolai A Nekrasov: Russian poet (Russkije Zjenjshiny)
  • 1822Thomas Casimer Devin: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
  • 1823Wilhelm Kuhe: Composer
  • 1824George MacDonald: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Sci-fi author (Princess & Curdie)
  • 1830Emily Dickinson: Amherst, Massachusetts -- Poet (Collected Poems)
  • 1831Alexander Conze: German archaeologist
  • 1851Melvil[le Louis K] Dewey: Created Dewey Decimal System for libraries
  • 1868Louis Victor Saar: Composer
  • 1870Adolf Loos: Austria -- Architect (building of houses)
  • 1870Pierre Louijs: France -- Novelist / poet (Aphrodite, Woman & Puppet)
  • 1870Rudolf W Canne: Fries playwright (Der de Wier Us)
  • 1872Johann Babtist Thaller: Composer
  • 1872Ludwig Klages: German philosopher (study of graves)
  • 1882Otto Neurath: Australia -- Philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences)
  • 1883Andrej J Vysjinski: Russian lawyer / foreign min / UN-ambassador
  • 1885Janos Hammerschlag: Composer
  • 1885Mario Varvoglis: Composer

Died on Dec 10

  • 0969Nicephorus II Phocas: Byzantine co-Emperor (963-69), murdered
  • 1041Michael IV: Paphlagonicus, Emperor of Byzantine
  • 1490Antoine Haneron: Bourgundy diplomat, dies at about 90
  • 1572Cornelis Musius: Dutch humanist / poet, murdered at 72
  • 1595Reynier Cant: Mayor of Amsterdam, dies at about 59
  • 1616Diogo do Couto: Portuguese Historian / archivist of Goa, dies at 74
  • 1638Ivan [Dzivo F] Gundulic: Dalmatian writer (Osman), dies at 49
  • 1665Tarquinio Mercula: Composer
  • 1770Theophil "Gottlieb" Muffat: German court Organist / composer, dies at 80
  • 1805Friedrich Franz Hurka: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1826Benedikt Emanuel Schack: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1833Dieudonne-Pascal Pieltain: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1875Otogaki Rengetsu: Zen nun / benefactress of Tessai, dies at about 84
  • 1877Federico Ricci: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1877Jared Kirtland: US Physician / naturalist
  • 1888Mariano Obiols: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1889Anzengruber: Writer
  • 1889Ludwig Anzengruber: Austrian playwright, dies at 50
  • 1890Ludolf AJW Sloet van de Beele: Governor-General (Net India 1861-66), dies at 84
  • 1896Alfred Nobel: Swedish Nobel Prize ceremony on this date, dies at 63
  • 1909Red Cloud: Sioux indian chief
  • 1910Pablo Hernandez Salces: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1911Joseph D Hooker: British botanist, dies at 94
  • 1921Viktor Jacobi: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1931Max Elskamp: Belgian Author / Poet (Six Chansons), dies at 69
  • 1935John H Aberson: 1st rector of Landbouw high school, dies at 78
  • 1936Luigi Pirandello: Italian writer (Enrico IV, Nobel 1934), dies at 69
  • 1938Mario Pilati: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1939Wilhelm Grosz: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1946Damon Runyon: US journalist / writer (Guys & Dolls), dies at 66

Historical events on December 11

  • 0384St. Damasus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1419Heretic Nicolaas Serrurier exiled from Florence
  • 1572Spanish troops begin siege of Haarlem
  • 1618Russia and Poland signs Peace treaty of Dailino
  • 1620103 Mayflower pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock (12 / 21 NS)
  • 1665"Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi festival in Smyrna
  • 1688King James II arrested
  • 1710Battle of Villa Viciosa (France beat Habsburgers)
  • 1718Battle at Frederikshall Norway
  • 17191st recorded display of Aurora Borealis in US (New England)
  • 18121st newspaper on Curacao (Curacao Gazette & Commercial Advertiser)
  • 1816Citizens of Geneva thwarted Savoyard invaders
  • 1816Indiana becomes 19th state
  • 18441st dental use of nitrous oxide, Hartford, Connecticut
  • 18661st yacht race across Atlantic Ocean
  • 18721st black US gov took office, Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback (La)
  • 1882Victorien Sardous "Fedora, " with Sarah Bernhardt, premieres in Paris
  • 1888French Panama Canal company fails
  • 189311 fishing ships wash up at Wadden Sea, 22 killed
  • 1901Marconi sends 1st transatlantic radio signal, Cornwall to Nfld
  • 1903British forces under MacDonald and Young march into Tibet
  • 1905British government of Campbell-Bannerman forms
  • 1906US President Roosevelt attacks abuses in the Congo
  • 1909Canadian Football exhibition game played in Van Cortlandt Park in Bronx, Hamilton Tigers beat Ottawa Rough Riders, 11-6 before 15,000
  • 1909Colored moving pictures demonstrated at Madison Square Garden, New York City
  • 1914Stockton Street Tunnel (San Francisco) completed
  • 1916David Lloyd George forms British war government
  • 191713 black soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot
  • 1917German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia
  • 1919Boll weevil monument dedicated in Enterprise, Ala

Born on December 11

  • 1566Manuel Cardoso: Composer
  • 1676Johann Georg Weichenberger: Composer
  • 1712Francesco Algarotti: Italian Earl / encyclopedic (Viaggio in Russia)
  • 1757Charles Wesley: Composer
  • 1758Carl Friedrich Zelter: Composer
  • 1781David Brewster: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Physicist / inventor (kaleidoscope)
  • 1783Max von Schenkendorf: German poet
  • 1793Pietro Coppola: Composer
  • 1797Hiram Paulding: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1878
  • 1801Grabbe: Writer
  • 1810Alfred de Musset: Paris, France -- Writer (Un Caprice, Bettine)
  • 1823Yury Nikolayevich Golitsin: Composer
  • 1835Adolf Stoecker: German anti semite / Prime Minister
  • 1836Jan Boissevain: Dutch politician / ship owner
  • 1838Emil Rathenau: German industrialist (AEG)
  • 1838Whitney Eugene Thayer: Composer
  • 1840Kemal Bey: Turkey -- Poet / author (Fatherland-1872)
  • 1843Robert Koch: German bacteriologist (TB, cholera, Nobel 1905)
  • 1849Ellen Key: Swedish theory / author / feminist (Courageous Woman)
  • 1855Julian Edwards: Composer
  • 1856Georgi V Plechanov: Russian revolutionary theorist
  • 1856Plechanow: Writer
  • 1863Annie Jump Cannon: United States -- Stellar spectroscopist (Harvard-classification)
  • 1868Ernst Henrik Ellberg: Composer
  • 1874Paul Wegener: German actor / director (Student of Prag)
  • 1876Mieczyslaw Karlowicz: Composer
  • 1882Fiorello La Guardia: (Mayor-R-New York City, 1933-45)
  • 1882Max Born: Germany -- Physicist (quantum mechanics, Nobel 1954)
  • 1889Paul Kornfeld: Writer
  • 1898Nils J E Ferlin: Swedish poet (Barfotabarn)

Died on December 11

  • 0711Justitianus II: Emperor of Byzantium, dies at about 42
  • 1282Llywelyn ab Gruffydd: Monarch of North Wales (1246-77)
  • 1282Michael VIII: Paleologus, Byzantine Emperor (1259-82)
  • 1573Alardus / Eilard de Waterlant: Duke of Alva, hanged
  • 1582Fernando Alvarez de Toledo: Marquis of Soria, dies at about 75
  • 1595Philip III van Croij: Prince of Chimay / General, dies at 69
  • 1610Adam Elsheimer: German Painter / cartoonist / etcher, buried at 32
  • 1610Forges Dimitri 2: Czar of Russia, murdered
  • 1748Ewald G von Kleist: German lawyer / inventor of condensator, dies at 55
  • 1756Theodor A Freiherr von Neuhoff: German adventurer / King
  • 1817Max von Schenkendorf: German poet, dies at 34
  • 1831John George Schetky: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1847Moritz Grave von Strachwitz: German poet, dies at 25
  • 1857Francois Henri Joseph Castil-Blaze: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1891Johan C J van Schagen: Dutch Poet / writer (Narrenwijsheid)
  • 1899Andrew "Andy" Wauchope: British General Major, dies in battle
  • 1899Lord Winchester: British Marquis / major, dies in battle
  • 1902Matthias Hohner: German manufacturer (harmonica), dies at 68
  • 1911Thomas Ball: US Sculptor / Painter / singer, dies at 92
  • 1918Ivan Cankar: Slavic Author (Hlapec Jernej), dies at 42
  • 1930Friedrich von Bernhardi: German war theorist / historian, dies at 81
  • 1933Emile C Wauters: Belgian Painter (Van der Goes Klooster), dies at 87
  • 1955Franz Adolf Syberg: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1955Johan C Altorf: Sculptor (October 3 Monument), dies at 79
  • 1964Percy Kilbride: Actor (Ma & Pa Kettle), dies at 76
  • 1964Sam Cooke: Rock vocalist, shot to death at 29
  • 1967Howard Freeman: Actor (Double Dynamite), dies after illness in New York City
  • 1967Richard Stohr: Composer, dies at 93
  • 1967Victor De Sabata: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1968Nadine Riga: Dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 59