Events on Dec 11

  • 0384St. Damasus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1419Heretic Nicolaas Serrurier exiled from Florence
  • 1572Spanish troops begin siege of Haarlem
  • 1618Russia and Poland signs Peace treaty of Dailino
  • 1620103 Mayflower pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock (12 / 21 NS)
  • 1665"Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi festival in Smyrna
  • 1688King James II arrested
  • 1710Battle of Villa Viciosa (France beat Habsburgers)
  • 1718Battle at Frederikshall Norway
  • 17191st recorded display of Aurora Borealis in US (New England)
  • 18121st newspaper on Curacao (Curacao Gazette & Commercial Advertiser)
  • 1816Citizens of Geneva thwarted Savoyard invaders
  • 1816Indiana becomes 19th state
  • 18441st dental use of nitrous oxide, Hartford, Connecticut
  • 18661st yacht race across Atlantic Ocean
  • 18721st black US gov took office, Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback (La)
  • 1882Victorien Sardous "Fedora, " with Sarah Bernhardt, premieres in Paris
  • 1888French Panama Canal company fails
  • 189311 fishing ships wash up at Wadden Sea, 22 killed
  • 1901Marconi sends 1st transatlantic radio signal, Cornwall to Nfld
  • 1903British forces under MacDonald and Young march into Tibet
  • 1905British government of Campbell-Bannerman forms
  • 1906US President Roosevelt attacks abuses in the Congo
  • 1909Canadian Football exhibition game played in Van Cortlandt Park in Bronx, Hamilton Tigers beat Ottawa Rough Riders, 11-6 before 15,000
  • 1909Colored moving pictures demonstrated at Madison Square Garden, New York City
  • 1914Stockton Street Tunnel (San Francisco) completed
  • 1916David Lloyd George forms British war government
  • 191713 black soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot
  • 1917German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia
  • 1919Boll weevil monument dedicated in Enterprise, Ala

Born on Dec 11

  • 1566Manuel Cardoso: Composer
  • 1676Johann Georg Weichenberger: Composer
  • 1712Francesco Algarotti: Italian Earl / encyclopedic (Viaggio in Russia)
  • 1757Charles Wesley: Composer
  • 1758Carl Friedrich Zelter: Composer
  • 1781David Brewster: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Physicist / inventor (kaleidoscope)
  • 1783Max von Schenkendorf: German poet
  • 1793Pietro Coppola: Composer
  • 1797Hiram Paulding: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1878
  • 1801Grabbe: Writer
  • 1810Alfred de Musset: Paris, France -- Writer (Un Caprice, Bettine)
  • 1823Yury Nikolayevich Golitsin: Composer
  • 1835Adolf Stoecker: German anti semite / Prime Minister
  • 1836Jan Boissevain: Dutch politician / ship owner
  • 1838Emil Rathenau: German industrialist (AEG)
  • 1838Whitney Eugene Thayer: Composer
  • 1840Kemal Bey: Turkey -- Poet / author (Fatherland-1872)
  • 1843Robert Koch: German bacteriologist (TB, cholera, Nobel 1905)
  • 1849Ellen Key: Swedish theory / author / feminist (Courageous Woman)
  • 1855Julian Edwards: Composer
  • 1856Georgi V Plechanov: Russian revolutionary theorist
  • 1856Plechanow: Writer
  • 1863Annie Jump Cannon: United States -- Stellar spectroscopist (Harvard-classification)
  • 1868Ernst Henrik Ellberg: Composer
  • 1874Paul Wegener: German actor / director (Student of Prag)
  • 1876Mieczyslaw Karlowicz: Composer
  • 1882Fiorello La Guardia: (Mayor-R-New York City, 1933-45)
  • 1882Max Born: Germany -- Physicist (quantum mechanics, Nobel 1954)
  • 1889Paul Kornfeld: Writer
  • 1898Nils J E Ferlin: Swedish poet (Barfotabarn)

Died on Dec 11

  • 0711Justitianus II: Emperor of Byzantium, dies at about 42
  • 1282Llywelyn ab Gruffydd: Monarch of North Wales (1246-77)
  • 1282Michael VIII: Paleologus, Byzantine Emperor (1259-82)
  • 1573Alardus / Eilard de Waterlant: Duke of Alva, hanged
  • 1582Fernando Alvarez de Toledo: Marquis of Soria, dies at about 75
  • 1595Philip III van Croij: Prince of Chimay / General, dies at 69
  • 1610Adam Elsheimer: German Painter / cartoonist / etcher, buried at 32
  • 1610Forges Dimitri 2: Czar of Russia, murdered
  • 1748Ewald G von Kleist: German lawyer / inventor of condensator, dies at 55
  • 1756Theodor A Freiherr von Neuhoff: German adventurer / King
  • 1817Max von Schenkendorf: German poet, dies at 34
  • 1831John George Schetky: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1847Moritz Grave von Strachwitz: German poet, dies at 25
  • 1857Francois Henri Joseph Castil-Blaze: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1891Johan C J van Schagen: Dutch Poet / writer (Narrenwijsheid)
  • 1899Andrew "Andy" Wauchope: British General Major, dies in battle
  • 1899Lord Winchester: British Marquis / major, dies in battle
  • 1902Matthias Hohner: German manufacturer (harmonica), dies at 68
  • 1911Thomas Ball: US Sculptor / Painter / singer, dies at 92
  • 1918Ivan Cankar: Slavic Author (Hlapec Jernej), dies at 42
  • 1930Friedrich von Bernhardi: German war theorist / historian, dies at 81
  • 1933Emile C Wauters: Belgian Painter (Van der Goes Klooster), dies at 87
  • 1955Franz Adolf Syberg: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1955Johan C Altorf: Sculptor (October 3 Monument), dies at 79
  • 1964Percy Kilbride: Actor (Ma & Pa Kettle), dies at 76
  • 1964Sam Cooke: Rock vocalist, shot to death at 29
  • 1967Howard Freeman: Actor (Double Dynamite), dies after illness in New York City
  • 1967Richard Stohr: Composer, dies at 93
  • 1967Victor De Sabata: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1968Nadine Riga: Dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 59

Historical events on December 12

  • 0627Battle at Nineveh: Byzantine Emperor Heraclius beats Perzen
  • 10981st Crusaders capture and plunder Mara Syria
  • 1479Jews are expelled from Schlettstadt Alsace by Emperor Frederick III
  • 1524Pope Clement VII approves Organization of Jewish Community of Rome
  • 1527Composer Adrian Willaert moves from Milan to Venice
  • 1653Barebone-parliament ends
  • 1677Brandenburgs army occupies Stettin
  • 1700Utrecht / Overijssel / Buren / Leerdam / Ijsselstein adopt Gregorian calendar
  • 1787Pennsylvania becomes 2nd state to ratify US constitution
  • 1791Bank of US opens
  • 1792In Vienna, Ludwig Von Beethoven (22) receives 1st lesson in music composition from Franz Joseph Haydn
  • 1800Washington DC established as capital of US
  • 1822Mexico officially recognized as an independent nation by US
  • 1862Battle of Dumfries, Virginia
  • 1862Naval Engagement at Yazoo River, MS (USS CAIRO torpedoed)
  • 1870Joseph Rainey (SC) became 1st black sworn into House of Reps
  • 1871Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum
  • 1878Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St. Louis Dispatch"
  • 18841st Test match played at the Adelaide Oval
  • 1897Anti-Jewish violence breaks out in Bucharest Romania
  • 18981st 1st-class game between NSW and Tasmania
  • 18991st case of plague on Oahu, Hawaii
  • 1899George F Bryant of Boston patents the wooden golf tee
  • 1900National Negro Anthem, "Lift Every Voice & Sing, " composed
  • 1901Marconi receives 1st transatlantic radio signal, England to US
  • 1903Roger Casement completes report about abuses in Belgian Congo
  • 1904CMS McClellans "Leah Kleschna, " premieres in New York City
  • 1906Oscar Straus, 1st Jewish government member, appointed Secretary of Commerce
  • 1912R Friml / O Harbachs musical "Firefly, " premieres in New York City
  • 1913"Mona Lisa, " stolen from Louvre Museum in 1911, recovered

Born on December 12

  • 1574Anne van Denemarken: Daughter of Danish King Frederik II
  • 1579Heinrich Steuccius: Composer
  • 1630Olof Rudbeck: Composer
  • 1660Peter Rabus: Poet / translator (Liberated Britanje)
  • 1673Ahmed III: 23rd Sultan of Turkey (1703-30)
  • 1685Lodovico Giustini: Composer
  • 1712Charles Alexander: Duke of Lotharingen
  • 1715Gennaro Manna: Composer
  • 1745John Jay: Diplomat / Governor (NY)
  • 1792Alexandros Ypsilanti: Greek resistance fighter
  • 1805Henry Wells: Founder (American Express Co and Wells Fargo & Co)
  • 1806Stand Watie: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1871
  • 1818Paul Octave Hebert: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1880
  • 1821Gustave Flaubert: France -- Novelist (Madame Bovary)
  • 1830Joseph Orville Shelby: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 1832Abraham C Wertheim: Dutch banker / MP (liberal)
  • 1833Matthias Hohner: German manufacturer (harmonica)
  • 1835Georges Jean Pfeiffer: Composer
  • 1838Sherburne W Burnham: United States -- Astronomer (binary stars)
  • 1848William Vanderbilt: Yachtsman (donated Vanderbilt Cup)
  • 1859Edward Bradley: Horse owner (1st to own 4 Kentucky Derby winners)
  • 1859Maurice Donnay: French playwright (Lovers)
  • 1863Edvard Munch: Norway -- Painter / print maker (The Scream)
  • 1866Alfred Werner: Switzerland -- Chemist (Nobel 1913)
  • 1874Volter A Kilpi: Finnish writer (Alastalon salissa)
  • 1875Desiderius A Stracke: Flemish Jesuit / literature historian
  • 1875Karl R G von Rundstedt: German gen-Field Marshal (Normandy)
  • 1879Friedrich Christiansen: Nazi Commander Wehrmacht Netherland
  • 1879Laura Hope Crews: United States -- Actress (Camille, Gone with the Wind)
  • 1879Percy Fletcher: Composer

Died on December 12

  • 0884Carloman: Co-king of France (879, 882-884)
  • 1112Tancred: Monarch of Galilea / Edessa / Antioch
  • 1263Hakon IV: Gamli, King of Norway (1217-63)
  • 1677Jacob Binckes / Benckes: Dutch Admiral (Chatham), dies in battle
  • 1772Johann Gottfried Seyfert: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1777Albrecht von Haller: Swiss Physician / biologist / author, dies at 69
  • 1777Benjamin Russen: Rev, executed at Tyburn England for rape
  • 1788Joseph Gibbs: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1812John Malchair: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1836Giuseppe Farinelli: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1843Willem I Frederik: King of the Netherlands (1814-40), dies at 71
  • 1872Willem A Schimmelpenninck van der Oye: Dutch politician, dies at 72
  • 1877Jose M de Alencar: Brazilian writer / Minister of Justice, dies at 48
  • 1880Michel Chasles: French Mathematician (geometry), dies at 83
  • 1889Robert Browning: English Poet (Ring & Book), dies at 77
  • 1912Luitpold von Bayern: Prince-regent of Bayern, dies at 91
  • 1914Watkins Lewis: Black man lynched in Shrevport, Louisiana
  • 1920Olive Schreiner: South African writer (Healing Imagination), dies at 75
  • 1920Paul Lacome: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1921Henrietta Leavitt: Cepheid period-luminosity relation discover
  • 1923Raymond Radiguet: French journalist / writer (Ball du Comte), dies at 20
  • 1926Jean Richepin: French Poet / writer (Contes sans morale), dies at 77
  • 1927Heinrich Reitsch: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1932Egon Richter: Writer
  • 1933Theodore Moses Tobani: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1937Alfred Abel: Actor (Dr Mabuse, Metropolis), dies at 57
  • 1939Douglas Fairbanks: Actor (Zorro, 3 Musketeers, Robin Hood), dies at 56
  • 1956Lorenzo Perosi: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1957Robert Frank Kurka: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1959Russell Simpson: Actor (Abraham Lincoln), dies at 79