Events on Dec 12

  • 0627Battle at Nineveh: Byzantine Emperor Heraclius beats Perzen
  • 10981st Crusaders capture and plunder Mara Syria
  • 1479Jews are expelled from Schlettstadt Alsace by Emperor Frederick III
  • 1524Pope Clement VII approves Organization of Jewish Community of Rome
  • 1527Composer Adrian Willaert moves from Milan to Venice
  • 1653Barebone-parliament ends
  • 1677Brandenburgs army occupies Stettin
  • 1700Utrecht / Overijssel / Buren / Leerdam / Ijsselstein adopt Gregorian calendar
  • 1787Pennsylvania becomes 2nd state to ratify US constitution
  • 1791Bank of US opens
  • 1792In Vienna, Ludwig Von Beethoven (22) receives 1st lesson in music composition from Franz Joseph Haydn
  • 1800Washington DC established as capital of US
  • 1822Mexico officially recognized as an independent nation by US
  • 1862Battle of Dumfries, Virginia
  • 1862Naval Engagement at Yazoo River, MS (USS CAIRO torpedoed)
  • 1870Joseph Rainey (SC) became 1st black sworn into House of Reps
  • 1871Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum
  • 1878Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St. Louis Dispatch"
  • 18841st Test match played at the Adelaide Oval
  • 1897Anti-Jewish violence breaks out in Bucharest Romania
  • 18981st 1st-class game between NSW and Tasmania
  • 18991st case of plague on Oahu, Hawaii
  • 1899George F Bryant of Boston patents the wooden golf tee
  • 1900National Negro Anthem, "Lift Every Voice & Sing, " composed
  • 1901Marconi receives 1st transatlantic radio signal, England to US
  • 1903Roger Casement completes report about abuses in Belgian Congo
  • 1904CMS McClellans "Leah Kleschna, " premieres in New York City
  • 1906Oscar Straus, 1st Jewish government member, appointed Secretary of Commerce
  • 1912R Friml / O Harbachs musical "Firefly, " premieres in New York City
  • 1913"Mona Lisa, " stolen from Louvre Museum in 1911, recovered

Born on Dec 12

  • 1574Anne van Denemarken: Daughter of Danish King Frederik II
  • 1579Heinrich Steuccius: Composer
  • 1630Olof Rudbeck: Composer
  • 1660Peter Rabus: Poet / translator (Liberated Britanje)
  • 1673Ahmed III: 23rd Sultan of Turkey (1703-30)
  • 1685Lodovico Giustini: Composer
  • 1712Charles Alexander: Duke of Lotharingen
  • 1715Gennaro Manna: Composer
  • 1745John Jay: Diplomat / Governor (NY)
  • 1792Alexandros Ypsilanti: Greek resistance fighter
  • 1805Henry Wells: Founder (American Express Co and Wells Fargo & Co)
  • 1806Stand Watie: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1871
  • 1818Paul Octave Hebert: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1880
  • 1821Gustave Flaubert: France -- Novelist (Madame Bovary)
  • 1830Joseph Orville Shelby: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 1832Abraham C Wertheim: Dutch banker / MP (liberal)
  • 1833Matthias Hohner: German manufacturer (harmonica)
  • 1835Georges Jean Pfeiffer: Composer
  • 1838Sherburne W Burnham: United States -- Astronomer (binary stars)
  • 1848William Vanderbilt: Yachtsman (donated Vanderbilt Cup)
  • 1859Edward Bradley: Horse owner (1st to own 4 Kentucky Derby winners)
  • 1859Maurice Donnay: French playwright (Lovers)
  • 1863Edvard Munch: Norway -- Painter / print maker (The Scream)
  • 1866Alfred Werner: Switzerland -- Chemist (Nobel 1913)
  • 1874Volter A Kilpi: Finnish writer (Alastalon salissa)
  • 1875Desiderius A Stracke: Flemish Jesuit / literature historian
  • 1875Karl R G von Rundstedt: German gen-Field Marshal (Normandy)
  • 1879Friedrich Christiansen: Nazi Commander Wehrmacht Netherland
  • 1879Laura Hope Crews: United States -- Actress (Camille, Gone with the Wind)
  • 1879Percy Fletcher: Composer

Died on Dec 12

  • 0884Carloman: Co-king of France (879, 882-884)
  • 1112Tancred: Monarch of Galilea / Edessa / Antioch
  • 1263Hakon IV: Gamli, King of Norway (1217-63)
  • 1677Jacob Binckes / Benckes: Dutch Admiral (Chatham), dies in battle
  • 1772Johann Gottfried Seyfert: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1777Albrecht von Haller: Swiss Physician / biologist / author, dies at 69
  • 1777Benjamin Russen: Rev, executed at Tyburn England for rape
  • 1788Joseph Gibbs: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1812John Malchair: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1836Giuseppe Farinelli: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1843Willem I Frederik: King of the Netherlands (1814-40), dies at 71
  • 1872Willem A Schimmelpenninck van der Oye: Dutch politician, dies at 72
  • 1877Jose M de Alencar: Brazilian writer / Minister of Justice, dies at 48
  • 1880Michel Chasles: French Mathematician (geometry), dies at 83
  • 1889Robert Browning: English Poet (Ring & Book), dies at 77
  • 1912Luitpold von Bayern: Prince-regent of Bayern, dies at 91
  • 1914Watkins Lewis: Black man lynched in Shrevport, Louisiana
  • 1920Olive Schreiner: South African writer (Healing Imagination), dies at 75
  • 1920Paul Lacome: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1921Henrietta Leavitt: Cepheid period-luminosity relation discover
  • 1923Raymond Radiguet: French journalist / writer (Ball du Comte), dies at 20
  • 1926Jean Richepin: French Poet / writer (Contes sans morale), dies at 77
  • 1927Heinrich Reitsch: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1932Egon Richter: Writer
  • 1933Theodore Moses Tobani: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1937Alfred Abel: Actor (Dr Mabuse, Metropolis), dies at 57
  • 1939Douglas Fairbanks: Actor (Zorro, 3 Musketeers, Robin Hood), dies at 56
  • 1956Lorenzo Perosi: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1957Robert Frank Kurka: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1959Russell Simpson: Actor (Abraham Lincoln), dies at 79

Historical events on December 13

  • 1294Pope Coelestinus V ends term
  • 1545Council of Trent (19th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1570Sweden / Denmark signs Peace of Stettin
  • 1572Spanish army beats Geuzen fleet under Admiral Lumey
  • 1577Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England to go around world
  • 1621Emperor Ferdinand II delegates 1st anti-Reformation decree
  • 1642New Zealand discovered by Dutch navigator Abel Tasman
  • 1668Jean Racines "Britannicus, " premieres in Paris
  • 1734England and Russia sign trade agreement
  • 1742Willem KH Friso tests his mothers potatoes
  • 17591st music store in America opens (Philadelphia)
  • 1769Dartmouth College in New Hampshire received its charter
  • 17741st incident of Revolution-400 attack Ft William and Mary, New Hampshire
  • 1816Patent for a dry dock issued to John Adamson, Boston
  • 1823Gioacchino Rossini arrives in London
  • 1843"A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens published, 6,000 copies sold
  • 1861Battle of Alleghany Summit, West Virginia
  • 1864Battle of Ft McAllister, Georgia
  • 18791st federal fish hatching steamer lauched (Wilmington Delaware)
  • 1889Belgium rules on women / child labor law
  • 18951st complete execution of Gustav Mahlers 2nd Symphony
  • 1900Battle at Nooitgedacht: generals The la Rey / Smuts beat Britten
  • 1901Test debut of S F Barnes vs. Aust SCG, took 5-65 in 1st innings
  • 1903Italo Marcioni patents ice cream cone (NJ)
  • 1903Wright Bros make 1st flight at Kittyhawk
  • 1907George Gunn scores 119 on Test debut vs. Australia SCG
  • 1907German Emperor Wilhelm II visits Amsterdam
  • 1913Mona Lisa stolen in August 1911 returned to Louvre
  • 1916Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian and Italian troops in 24 hours in Tyrol
  • 1916Esme Stuart Lennox Robinsons premieres in Dublin

Born on December 13

  • 1521Sixtus V [Felice Peretti / "Montalto"]: Bishop of Fermo / Pope (1585-90)
  • 1533Erik XIV Wasa: King of Sweden (1560-69)
  • 1553Henry IV: 1st Bourbon-king of Navarre / France (1572 / 89-1610)
  • 1724Aepinus [Franz UT Hoch]: German Physician / physicist
  • 1732Jean-Claude Trial: Composer
  • 1740Franz Xaver Schnitzer: Composer
  • 1770John Clarke-Whitfeld: Composer
  • 1797Heinrich Heine: Germany -- Poet / lyricist (Schubert, Liszt)
  • 1810Clark Mills: United States -- Sculptor (Freedom, Armed Liberty)
  • 1816Clement Claiborne Clay: MC (Confederacy), died in 1882
  • 1816E Werner von Siemens: German artillery officer / inventor
  • 1818Mary Todd Lincoln: 1st lady (1861-65)
  • 1819Edwin George Monk: Composer
  • 1835Phillips Brooks: Episcopal Bishop / composer (Little Town of Bethlehem)
  • 1838Marie-Alexis Castillon de Saint-Victor: Composer
  • 1843George Stephanescu: Composer
  • 1850Iver Paul Fredrik Holter: Composer
  • 1853Joseph Sickman Corsen: Musician / composer / screenwriter
  • 1858Jakab Gyula Major: Composer
  • 1863Johannes Weiss: German New Testament Scholar
  • 1865Gustav Luders: Composer
  • 1871Herman T Colenbrander: Dutch historian
  • 1871Russell W Porter: Vermont, United States -- Explorer (Alaska)
  • 1874Ludwig Curtius: German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst)
  • 1877Mykola Dmytrovich Leontovych: Composer
  • 1886Lambertus J van Apeldoorn: Lawyer (martial law)
  • 1889Clarence Loomis: Composer
  • 1890Marc Connelly: McKeesport, Pennsylvania -- Playwright (One Minute Please)
  • 1892Brand Dirck Ochse: Filmer / co-founder (Polygoon)
  • 1893Curt Jurgens: Munich, Germany -- Actor (Enemy Below, Longest Day)

Died on December 13

  • 0838Pippijn I: King of Aquitania
  • 1048Al-Biruni: Arabic royal astrologer, dies at 74
  • 1124Callistus II [Guido di Borgogna]: Italian Pope (1119-24)
  • 1126Hendrik IX [the Black]: Duke of Bayern (1120-26)
  • 1250Frederick II: German Emperor (1212-1250), dies at 55
  • 1404Albrecht: Duke of Bavaria, dies at 74
  • 1521Manoel I "the Great": King of Portugal (1495-1521), dies at 52
  • 1565Konrad von Gesner: Naturalist, dies at 49
  • 1603Franciscus Vieta: Mathematician, dies in Paris at 63
  • 1622Jan Campanus: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1672Jan II Kazimierz: King of Poland (1648-68), dies at 63
  • 1693Dodoftei: Romanian metropolitan of Moldavia / writer (Saint Lives)
  • 1729Anthony Collins: Engl philosopher (On Liberty & Necessity), dies at 53
  • 1738Gotthard Wagner: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1769C F Gellert: Writer, dies at 54
  • 1774Susanne K von Klettenberg: German friend of Goethes mother, dies at 50
  • 1793Johann Joachim Christoph Bode: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1812Marianne von Martinez: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1814Charles Joseph Prince of Ligne: Belg Field Marshal / author, dies at 79
  • 1862Conrad Feger Jackson: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 49
  • 1862Maxcy Gregg: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 48
  • 1862Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 39
  • 1863Friedrich Hebbel: Writer, dies at 50
  • 1881August Senoa: Croatian writer (Kletva [The Curse]), dies at 43
  • 1894Sarah Parker Remond: US / Italian abolitionist, dies at 68
  • 1898George Frederick Bristow: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1919Amintore Galli: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1924Samuel Gompers: Organizer (American Federation of Labor), dies at 74
  • 1929Knut Algot Hakanson: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1942Eleanor Everest Freer: Composer, dies at 78