Events on Dec 13

  • 1294Pope Coelestinus V ends term
  • 1545Council of Trent (19th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1570Sweden / Denmark signs Peace of Stettin
  • 1572Spanish army beats Geuzen fleet under Admiral Lumey
  • 1577Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England to go around world
  • 1621Emperor Ferdinand II delegates 1st anti-Reformation decree
  • 1642New Zealand discovered by Dutch navigator Abel Tasman
  • 1668Jean Racines "Britannicus, " premieres in Paris
  • 1734England and Russia sign trade agreement
  • 1742Willem KH Friso tests his mothers potatoes
  • 17591st music store in America opens (Philadelphia)
  • 1769Dartmouth College in New Hampshire received its charter
  • 17741st incident of Revolution-400 attack Ft William and Mary, New Hampshire
  • 1816Patent for a dry dock issued to John Adamson, Boston
  • 1823Gioacchino Rossini arrives in London
  • 1843"A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens published, 6,000 copies sold
  • 1861Battle of Alleghany Summit, West Virginia
  • 1864Battle of Ft McAllister, Georgia
  • 18791st federal fish hatching steamer lauched (Wilmington Delaware)
  • 1889Belgium rules on women / child labor law
  • 18951st complete execution of Gustav Mahlers 2nd Symphony
  • 1900Battle at Nooitgedacht: generals The la Rey / Smuts beat Britten
  • 1901Test debut of S F Barnes vs. Aust SCG, took 5-65 in 1st innings
  • 1903Italo Marcioni patents ice cream cone (NJ)
  • 1903Wright Bros make 1st flight at Kittyhawk
  • 1907George Gunn scores 119 on Test debut vs. Australia SCG
  • 1907German Emperor Wilhelm II visits Amsterdam
  • 1913Mona Lisa stolen in August 1911 returned to Louvre
  • 1916Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian and Italian troops in 24 hours in Tyrol
  • 1916Esme Stuart Lennox Robinsons premieres in Dublin

Born on Dec 13

  • 1521Sixtus V [Felice Peretti / "Montalto"]: Bishop of Fermo / Pope (1585-90)
  • 1533Erik XIV Wasa: King of Sweden (1560-69)
  • 1553Henry IV: 1st Bourbon-king of Navarre / France (1572 / 89-1610)
  • 1724Aepinus [Franz UT Hoch]: German Physician / physicist
  • 1732Jean-Claude Trial: Composer
  • 1740Franz Xaver Schnitzer: Composer
  • 1770John Clarke-Whitfeld: Composer
  • 1797Heinrich Heine: Germany -- Poet / lyricist (Schubert, Liszt)
  • 1810Clark Mills: United States -- Sculptor (Freedom, Armed Liberty)
  • 1816Clement Claiborne Clay: MC (Confederacy), died in 1882
  • 1816E Werner von Siemens: German artillery officer / inventor
  • 1818Mary Todd Lincoln: 1st lady (1861-65)
  • 1819Edwin George Monk: Composer
  • 1835Phillips Brooks: Episcopal Bishop / composer (Little Town of Bethlehem)
  • 1838Marie-Alexis Castillon de Saint-Victor: Composer
  • 1843George Stephanescu: Composer
  • 1850Iver Paul Fredrik Holter: Composer
  • 1853Joseph Sickman Corsen: Musician / composer / screenwriter
  • 1858Jakab Gyula Major: Composer
  • 1863Johannes Weiss: German New Testament Scholar
  • 1865Gustav Luders: Composer
  • 1871Herman T Colenbrander: Dutch historian
  • 1871Russell W Porter: Vermont, United States -- Explorer (Alaska)
  • 1874Ludwig Curtius: German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst)
  • 1877Mykola Dmytrovich Leontovych: Composer
  • 1886Lambertus J van Apeldoorn: Lawyer (martial law)
  • 1889Clarence Loomis: Composer
  • 1890Marc Connelly: McKeesport, Pennsylvania -- Playwright (One Minute Please)
  • 1892Brand Dirck Ochse: Filmer / co-founder (Polygoon)
  • 1893Curt Jurgens: Munich, Germany -- Actor (Enemy Below, Longest Day)

Died on Dec 13

  • 0838Pippijn I: King of Aquitania
  • 1048Al-Biruni: Arabic royal astrologer, dies at 74
  • 1124Callistus II [Guido di Borgogna]: Italian Pope (1119-24)
  • 1126Hendrik IX [the Black]: Duke of Bayern (1120-26)
  • 1250Frederick II: German Emperor (1212-1250), dies at 55
  • 1404Albrecht: Duke of Bavaria, dies at 74
  • 1521Manoel I "the Great": King of Portugal (1495-1521), dies at 52
  • 1565Konrad von Gesner: Naturalist, dies at 49
  • 1603Franciscus Vieta: Mathematician, dies in Paris at 63
  • 1622Jan Campanus: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1672Jan II Kazimierz: King of Poland (1648-68), dies at 63
  • 1693Dodoftei: Romanian metropolitan of Moldavia / writer (Saint Lives)
  • 1729Anthony Collins: Engl philosopher (On Liberty & Necessity), dies at 53
  • 1738Gotthard Wagner: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1769C F Gellert: Writer, dies at 54
  • 1774Susanne K von Klettenberg: German friend of Goethes mother, dies at 50
  • 1793Johann Joachim Christoph Bode: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1812Marianne von Martinez: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1814Charles Joseph Prince of Ligne: Belg Field Marshal / author, dies at 79
  • 1862Conrad Feger Jackson: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 49
  • 1862Maxcy Gregg: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 48
  • 1862Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 39
  • 1863Friedrich Hebbel: Writer, dies at 50
  • 1881August Senoa: Croatian writer (Kletva [The Curse]), dies at 43
  • 1894Sarah Parker Remond: US / Italian abolitionist, dies at 68
  • 1898George Frederick Bristow: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1919Amintore Galli: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1924Samuel Gompers: Organizer (American Federation of Labor), dies at 74
  • 1929Knut Algot Hakanson: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1942Eleanor Everest Freer: Composer, dies at 78

Historical events on December 14

  • 0644Osman ibn Affan appointed 3rd kalief of islam
  • 0867Adrian II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0872John VIII elected as Catholic Pope
  • 1124Theobald Buccapecus elected Pope Coelestinus II (he refuses)
  • 1287Zuider Zee seawall collapses with loss of 50,000 lives
  • 1490Anna van Bretagne marries a proxy Maximilian of Austria
  • 1582Zealand / Brabant Neth adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 12 / 25
  • 1656Artificial pearls 1st manufactured by M Jacquin in Paris made of gypsum pellets covered with fish scales
  • 1774Mass militiamen successfully attacked arsenal of Ft William and Mary
  • 1782Charleston, SC evacuated by British
  • 17931st state road authorized, Frankfort, Ky to Cincinnati
  • 1798David Wilkinson of Rhode Island patents a nut and bolt machine
  • 1819Alabama admitted to Union as 22nd state
  • 1825Decembrist uprising in Russia against Tsar Nicholas I begins
  • 18491st chamber music group in US gives their 1st concert (Boston)
  • 1882Henry Morton Stanley returns to Brussels from the Congo
  • 1889American Academy of Political and Social Science organized, Philadelphia
  • 19011st table tennis tournament is held (London Royal Aquarium)
  • 1911South Pole 1st reached, by Norwegian Roald Amundsen
  • 1913Greece formally takes possession of Crete
  • 1915Jack Johnson is 1st black world heavyweight boxing champion
  • 1917UFA, Universal Film AG, forms in Germany
  • 1920Heavyweight Jack Dempsey KOs Bill Brennan in New York City
  • 1920Jack Dempsey KOs Bill Brennan in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1924Chiang Kai-shek occupies Hankou
  • 1926Danish Madsen Government forms
  • 1927Iraq gains independence from Britain, but British troops remain
  • 1929Alexander Zaimis elected President of Greece
  • 1930New York Giants defeat Notre Dame 22-0 in a charity game
  • 19311st assembly of Anton Musserts NSB in Utrecht

Born on December 14

  • 1363John Van [Jean C] Gerson: French theologist
  • 1546Tycho Brahe: Knudstrup, Denmark -- Astronomer (Golden nose)
  • 1730Capel Bond: Composer
  • 1738Johann Antonin Kozeluch: Composer
  • 1777Juan N Gallego: Spanish poet / interpreter (El dos the mayo)
  • 1779Mariano Rodriguiz de Ledesma: Composer
  • 1780Karl Robert von Nesselrode: German / Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1783Johann Christoph Kienlen: Composer
  • 1789Maria Agata Szymanowska: Composer
  • 1812Charles J Canning: English Earl / 1st Viceroy of British-Indies
  • 1829John Mercer Langston: 1st black to hold US political office
  • 1830Allen Thomas: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1907
  • 1832Daniel Harris Reynolds: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1902
  • 1837William Wells: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1853Salvador Diaz Miron: Mexican poet (Los Cien Mejores Poemas)
  • 1862John M Acket: Dutch literary (Grammatic Conceptions)
  • 1868Richard Batka: Composer
  • 1870Dirk J de Geer: Dutch Premier (1926-29, 39-40)
  • 1870Karl Renner: Austrian Chancellor / President (1918-20, 45-50)
  • 1873Marie-Alphonse-Nicolas-Joseph Jongen: Composer
  • 1875Dobri Khristov: Composer
  • 1877Lieven Duvosel: Flemish music writer / composer (Leiecyclys)
  • 1883Manolis Kalomiris: Greek opera composer
  • 1883Morihei Ueshiba: Founder (Aikido)
  • 1884Regina Ullmann: Writer
  • 1894Joaquin Zamacois Soler: Composer
  • 1895George VI: King of England (1936-52)
  • 1896James H Doolittle: USAF General (Raid on Tokyo 1942)
  • 1897Margaret Chase Smith: (Rep / Sen-R-Maine)
  • 1898Frederick Douglass Hall: Composer

Died on December 14

  • 0872Adrian II: Italian Pope (867-72) / last married pope, dies at about 80
  • 1136Harald IV: "Gylle Krist", King of Norway, murdered
  • 1417John Oldcastle: Lord Cobham, English nobleman, hanged and burned
  • 1542James: King of Scotland (1513-42), dies at 30
  • 1591Juan de la Cruz [de Yepes]: Spanish Carmelet / Poet / saint
  • 1732Johann Philipp Fortsch: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1754Mahmud I: Sultan of Turkey, dies at 58
  • 1760Kacic Miosic: Croatian Poet (Razgovar Ugodni Naroda Slovinskoga)
  • 1788Carl Phillip Emanuel Bach: German composer, dies at 74
  • 1788Carlos III: King of Naples / Spain (1759-88), dies at 72
  • 1799George Washington: 1st President USA (1789-97), dies at 66
  • 1823Vincenzo Cuoco: Italian Historian (Naple revolution 1799), dies at 53
  • 1829Luigi Marchesi: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1849Conradin Kreutzer: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1861Albert: Prince consort of Engld / husband of Queen Victoria, dies at 42
  • 1861George HG Earl of Aberdeen: English Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 76
  • 1861Heinrich August Marschner: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1862George Dashiell Bayard: Union Brigadier General, dies at 27
  • 1873J Louis R Agassiz: Swiss geologist / paleo-biologist)
  • 1886Antoni Wincenty Rutkowski: Composer, dies at 27
  • 1893Karolina Pawlowa: Writer, dies at 86
  • 1900Jean B A Kessler: Director of Oil on Dutch Indies, dies at 46
  • 1903William Ennis: 1st cop to die in electric chair
  • 1906John A C Oudemans: Dutch geographer / astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1909Leopold II: King of Belgium
  • 1914Giovanni Sgambati: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1918Sidonio Pais: Prince of Portugal, murdered
  • 1923Giuseppi Gallignani: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1926Theo van Rysselberghe: Belgian Painter (pointillism), dies at 64
  • 1928Theodore Roberts: Actor (Roaring Road, 10 Commandments), dies at 77