Events on Dec 16

  • 0882Marinus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding John VIII
  • 1431King Henry VI of England crowned King of France
  • 1538King Francois I orders renewed pursuit of Protestants
  • 1631Mount Vesuvious, Italy erupts, destroys 6 villages and kills 4,000
  • 1653Oliver Cromwell sworn in as English Lord Protector
  • 1659General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland
  • 1689English Parliament adopts Bill of Rights after Glorious Revolution
  • 1740Prussian Libya falls to Silezie
  • 1761Russian army occupies Kolberg
  • 1767Van Ritter von Glucks opera "Alceste" premiers
  • 1773Big tea party in Boston harbor-indians welcome (Boston Tea Party)
  • 1809Napoleon Bonaparte divorces Empress Josephine by French Senate
  • 18118.0 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • 1817Leaders of Molukkas uprising hanged in Ambon
  • 1824Great North Holland Canal opens
  • 1835Fire consumes over 600 buildings in New York City
  • 1838Boers beat Zulu chieftain Dingaan in South Africa
  • 1857Earthquake in Naples, Italy
  • 1858Dutch government decides to vacate Schokland Island
  • 1862Kingdom of Nepal accepts its constitution
  • 1864Battle of Nashville ends after 4400 casualities
  • 1880Republic of South-Africa forms
  • 1886Rift at Dutch Reformed Church over "Doleantie"
  • 1890Negro Methodist Episcopal Church founded in Jackson, Tennessee
  • 18971st submarine with an internal combustion engine demonstrated
  • 1900Boer army under General Kritzinger take Cape colony
  • 1901Boer general Kritzinger captured
  • 1903Majestic Theater, NYC, becomes 1st in US to employ women ushers
  • 1905"Variety, " covering all phases of show business, 1st published
  • 1907Eugene H Farrar is 1st to sing on radio (Brooklyn Navy Yard NY)

Born on Dec 16

  • 1485Catherine of Aragon: Spanish Princess / 1st Wife of Henry VIII
  • 1622Kurt S Adeler: Danish Admiral / ship builder
  • 1652Giovanni Maria Casini: Composer
  • 1734Georg Peter Weimar: Composer
  • 1748Ferdinand-Philippe-Joseph Staes: Composer
  • 1775Francois-Adrien Boieldieu: Composer
  • 1775Jane Austin: England, United Kingdom -- Novelist (Pride & Prejudice)
  • 1777Janos Fusz: Composer
  • 1809Peter P van Bosse: Dutch attorney / liberal Minister of Finance
  • 1812William Grose: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1900
  • 1819Robert Selden Garnett: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861
  • 1822Charles Edward Horsley: Composer
  • 1825Henry Heth: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1899
  • 1825Robert Prescott Stewart: Composer
  • 1827John A C Oudemans: Dutch geographer / astronomer
  • 1828John Beatty: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1914
  • 1830John Frederick Hartranft: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1889
  • 1847Augusta Mary Anne Holmes: Composer
  • 1851Theodoor H de Meester: Dutch Premier (1905-08)
  • 1863George Santayana: Spain -- Philosopher / poet / humanist (Last Puritan)
  • 1863Ralph Adams Cram: United States -- Gothic architect (Cathedral of St Joan NYC)
  • 1865Victor Rousseau: Belgian sculptor
  • 1869Albert F Pollard: British historian (Dict of natural biography)
  • 1879William Duncan: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Actor (Thunder Trail)
  • 1882Walther Meissner: German physicist (Meissner effect)
  • 1883Max Linder: Caverne, France -- Actor / comic / director (Max Prend un Bain)
  • 1888Alphonse Juin: French marshal
  • 1890Harlan Sanders: Founder / CEO (Kentucky Fried Chicken)
  • 1893Vladimir Golschmann: Paris, France -- Conductor with Immortal Downbeat
  • 1895Lidj Jasu: Emperor of Ethiopia

Died on Dec 16

  • 0875Ado of Vienne: French Archbishop of Vienne, dies at about 75
  • 0882John VIII: Italian Pope (872-82)
  • 0999Adelheid the Saint: German empress of Otto I / saint, dies at about 68
  • 1404Albrecht of Bavaria: Duke of Bavaria, dies at about 74
  • 1670Dorothy: 1st English Marquis of Halifax
  • 1672John II Casimir Vasa: Cardinal / King of Poland (1648-68), dies at 63
  • 1719Adrian "Aart" van Wijck: Dutch Theologist (anti-jansenism), dies at 78
  • 1774Francois Quesnay: French personal Physician of Louis XIV, dies at 80
  • 1781Georg Simon Lohlein: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1783Johann Adolf Hasse: Dutch operatic Composer (Sesostrate), dies at 84
  • 1790Ludwig August Lebrun: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1816Vincenzo Galeotti [Tomazelli]: Ital dancer / choreographer, dies at 73
  • 1833Friedrich August Kanne: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1852Andries H Potgieter: South African / Transvaal explorer, dies at 59
  • 1852Henri-Jean Rigel: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1859Wilhelm Grimm: Writer, dies at 73
  • 1861Karol Joseph Lipinski: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1870Stanislaw Duniecki: Composer, dies at 31
  • 1871Willibald Alexis: German writer (Schloss Avalon), dies at 73
  • 1874Abraham Capadose: Physician / missionary, dies at 79
  • 1897Alphonse Daudet: Writer, dies at 57
  • 1897L-M Alphonse Daudet: Frans writer (Tartarin sur les Alpes), dies at 57
  • 1914Ivan Zajc: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1916Grigori Rasputin: A powerful Russian monk, murdered
  • 1920Ma [the Benovelent]: Chinese muslim rebel (holy war)
  • 1921Charles Camille Saint-Saens: French composer, dies at 86
  • 1922Gabriel Narutowicz: 1st President of Poland (Dec 7-16, 1922), assassinated
  • 1923Pongrac Kacsoh: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1927Hugh Archibald Clarke: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1931Gustave J Waffelaert: Flemish Theologist / Bishop of Bruges, dies at 82

Historical events on December 17

  • 0283St. Gaius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1526Ferdinand of Austria chosen as King of Bohemia
  • 1526Pope Clemens VII publishes degree Cum ad zero - forms Inquisition
  • 1572Spanish army begins fires in Haarlem Netherlands
  • 1587Earl Leicesters army leaves Netherlands
  • 1638French / Swedish troops occupy Breisach on the Rhine
  • 1718England declares war on Spain
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charles army retreats to Scotland
  • 1777France recognizes independence of English colonies in America
  • 1777George Washingtons army returns to Valley Forge, Pennsylvania
  • 1791New York City traffic regulation creates 1st 1-way street
  • 17981st impeachment trial against a US senator (Wm Blount, TN) begins
  • 1821Kentucky abolishes debtors prisons
  • 1832HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin sails in Strait Le Maire
  • 18521st Hawaiian cavalry organized
  • 1860Anaheim Township created in Los Angeles County
  • 1862Gen US Grant issues order #11, expelling Jews from Tennessee
  • 1864Battle of Franklin, Tennessee
  • 1885France declares Madagascar a protectorate
  • 1893Russia ratifies Duple Alliance with France
  • 1895Anti-Saloon League of America formed, Washington, DC
  • 1895George Brownell patents a machine to make paper twine (Mass)
  • 19001st prize of 100, 00 francs offered for communications with extraterrestrials. Martians excluded-considered too easy
  • 1900New Ellis Island Immigration station completed costing $1.5 million
  • 1903At 10:35 AM, 1st sustained motorized aircraft flight (Orville Wright)
  • 1907Ugyen Wangchuck became 1st hereditary King of Bhutan
  • 1909Leopold II, King of Belgium, buried in Brussels
  • 1914Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
  • 1914Great Britain declares Egypt a protectorate
  • 1914Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv by Turkish authorities

Born on December 17

  • 1493Philippus A Paracelsus: Switzerland -- Physician / Alchemist (Liber paramixum)
  • 1554Ernst of Bayern: Prince / Bishop of Liege / Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1619Ruprecht: Prince of Palts / Admiral / chemist / engraver / mathematician
  • 1638Johann Ulrich Sultzberger: Composer
  • 1734William Floyd: US soldier / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1749Domenico Cimarosa: Italian composer (Il Matrimonio Segreto)
  • 1770Johann Friedrich Schubert: Composer
  • 1778Hunphry Davy: English chemist (discovered some elements)
  • 1797Joseph Henry: United States -- Scientist / inventor / pioneer of electromagnetism
  • 1800Gergely Czuczor: Hung / Czech poet / translator (Great Hung dictionary)
  • 1801Johan NMJ: King of Saxon (1854-73) (translated Divina Commedia)
  • 1807John Greenleaf Whittier: United States -- Poet (Snow-bound)
  • 1819Samuel Jones: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1887
  • 1820Frederick Tracy Dent: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1821Frederick West Lander: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1824John Kerr: System physicist (electro-visually Kerr-effect)
  • 1824Manning Ferguson Force: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
  • 1824Thomas Starr King: New York, United States -- Unitarian clergyman (Christianity & Humanity)
  • 1830Jules de Goncourt: France -- Novelist (Germinie)
  • 1833James Thadeus Holtzclaw: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1893
  • 1835Alexander E Agassiz: United States -- Businessman / biologist / geology
  • 1838Berthold Tours: Composer
  • 1840Christian Frederik Emil Horneman: Composer
  • 1842Marius Sophus Lie: Norwegian mathematician (continous groups)
  • 1848Frederick Grant Gleason: Composer
  • 1853Herbert Beerbohm Tree: England, United Kingdom -- Actor / theater manager (Trilby)
  • 1861Fritz Volbach: German musicologist / conductor / composer
  • 1863Ion Vidu: Composer
  • 1864John Felix August Korling: Composer
  • 1869Nikolay Ivanovich Kazanli: Composer

Died on December 17

  • 1187Gregory VIII [Alberto de Morra]: Italian Pope (1187)
  • 1195Boudouin V: Count of Hainault / Flanders (Boudouin VIII)
  • 1213Jean de Matha: French saint, dies at 53
  • 1471Isabella of Portugal: Duchess of Burgundy
  • 1562Adrian Willaert: Flemish singer / bandmaster / composer, dies at about 82
  • 1651Wolfgang Schonsleder: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1679Don Juan: Ruler of Spain
  • 1711Arnold Moonen: Vicar / literature (Defeated German Spraekkunst)
  • 1811John Antes: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1811Louis-Abet Deffroy de Reigny: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1829Bernard Jumentier: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1833Kaspar Hauser: German Son of grand Duke Karel of Bathe, murdered at 21
  • 1870Giuseppe Saverio Raffaele Mercadante: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1881Lewis H Morgan: US ethnologist (Iroquois-indians), dies at 62
  • 1891Msiri: King of Garanganja (Katanga), dies in battle
  • 1891Omer Bodson: Belgian captain, dies in battle
  • 1893Levinus T Keuchenius: Dutch Minister of Colonies (1888-90), dies at 71
  • 1899Frederick "Freddy" Roberts: Son of British field marshal, dies in battle
  • 1907Kelvin of Largs [William Thomson]: Br physicist (Kelvin), dies at 83
  • 1913Stefano Gobatti: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1916Grigori Efimovich Rasputin: Russian monk, assassinated
  • 1930Peter Warlock: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1933Hans Vaihinger: German philosopher (Side-Studies), dies at 81
  • 1937Gerard Vissering: Banker / President of Dutch Bank, dies at 72
  • 1944Pieter A Roodenburgh: Student / resistance fighter, dies at 26
  • 1944Vassily V Kandinsky: Russian / German / French painter
  • 1946Constance [Clara] Garnett: Russian-English translator, dies at 84
  • 1948Edgar Istel: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1949David Stanley Smith: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1956Eddie Acuff: Actor (Guns of Pecos), dies at 48