Events on Dec 17

  • 0283St. Gaius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1526Ferdinand of Austria chosen as King of Bohemia
  • 1526Pope Clemens VII publishes degree Cum ad zero - forms Inquisition
  • 1572Spanish army begins fires in Haarlem Netherlands
  • 1587Earl Leicesters army leaves Netherlands
  • 1638French / Swedish troops occupy Breisach on the Rhine
  • 1718England declares war on Spain
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charles army retreats to Scotland
  • 1777France recognizes independence of English colonies in America
  • 1777George Washingtons army returns to Valley Forge, Pennsylvania
  • 1791New York City traffic regulation creates 1st 1-way street
  • 17981st impeachment trial against a US senator (Wm Blount, TN) begins
  • 1821Kentucky abolishes debtors prisons
  • 1832HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin sails in Strait Le Maire
  • 18521st Hawaiian cavalry organized
  • 1860Anaheim Township created in Los Angeles County
  • 1862Gen US Grant issues order #11, expelling Jews from Tennessee
  • 1864Battle of Franklin, Tennessee
  • 1885France declares Madagascar a protectorate
  • 1893Russia ratifies Duple Alliance with France
  • 1895Anti-Saloon League of America formed, Washington, DC
  • 1895George Brownell patents a machine to make paper twine (Mass)
  • 19001st prize of 100, 00 francs offered for communications with extraterrestrials. Martians excluded-considered too easy
  • 1900New Ellis Island Immigration station completed costing $1.5 million
  • 1903At 10:35 AM, 1st sustained motorized aircraft flight (Orville Wright)
  • 1907Ugyen Wangchuck became 1st hereditary King of Bhutan
  • 1909Leopold II, King of Belgium, buried in Brussels
  • 1914Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
  • 1914Great Britain declares Egypt a protectorate
  • 1914Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv by Turkish authorities

Born on Dec 17

  • 1493Philippus A Paracelsus: Switzerland -- Physician / Alchemist (Liber paramixum)
  • 1554Ernst of Bayern: Prince / Bishop of Liege / Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1619Ruprecht: Prince of Palts / Admiral / chemist / engraver / mathematician
  • 1638Johann Ulrich Sultzberger: Composer
  • 1734William Floyd: US soldier / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1749Domenico Cimarosa: Italian composer (Il Matrimonio Segreto)
  • 1770Johann Friedrich Schubert: Composer
  • 1778Hunphry Davy: English chemist (discovered some elements)
  • 1797Joseph Henry: United States -- Scientist / inventor / pioneer of electromagnetism
  • 1800Gergely Czuczor: Hung / Czech poet / translator (Great Hung dictionary)
  • 1801Johan NMJ: King of Saxon (1854-73) (translated Divina Commedia)
  • 1807John Greenleaf Whittier: United States -- Poet (Snow-bound)
  • 1819Samuel Jones: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1887
  • 1820Frederick Tracy Dent: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1821Frederick West Lander: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1824John Kerr: System physicist (electro-visually Kerr-effect)
  • 1824Manning Ferguson Force: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
  • 1824Thomas Starr King: New York, United States -- Unitarian clergyman (Christianity & Humanity)
  • 1830Jules de Goncourt: France -- Novelist (Germinie)
  • 1833James Thadeus Holtzclaw: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1893
  • 1835Alexander E Agassiz: United States -- Businessman / biologist / geology
  • 1838Berthold Tours: Composer
  • 1840Christian Frederik Emil Horneman: Composer
  • 1842Marius Sophus Lie: Norwegian mathematician (continous groups)
  • 1848Frederick Grant Gleason: Composer
  • 1853Herbert Beerbohm Tree: England, United Kingdom -- Actor / theater manager (Trilby)
  • 1861Fritz Volbach: German musicologist / conductor / composer
  • 1863Ion Vidu: Composer
  • 1864John Felix August Korling: Composer
  • 1869Nikolay Ivanovich Kazanli: Composer

Died on Dec 17

  • 1187Gregory VIII [Alberto de Morra]: Italian Pope (1187)
  • 1195Boudouin V: Count of Hainault / Flanders (Boudouin VIII)
  • 1213Jean de Matha: French saint, dies at 53
  • 1471Isabella of Portugal: Duchess of Burgundy
  • 1562Adrian Willaert: Flemish singer / bandmaster / composer, dies at about 82
  • 1651Wolfgang Schonsleder: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1679Don Juan: Ruler of Spain
  • 1711Arnold Moonen: Vicar / literature (Defeated German Spraekkunst)
  • 1811John Antes: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1811Louis-Abet Deffroy de Reigny: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1829Bernard Jumentier: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1833Kaspar Hauser: German Son of grand Duke Karel of Bathe, murdered at 21
  • 1870Giuseppe Saverio Raffaele Mercadante: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1881Lewis H Morgan: US ethnologist (Iroquois-indians), dies at 62
  • 1891Msiri: King of Garanganja (Katanga), dies in battle
  • 1891Omer Bodson: Belgian captain, dies in battle
  • 1893Levinus T Keuchenius: Dutch Minister of Colonies (1888-90), dies at 71
  • 1899Frederick "Freddy" Roberts: Son of British field marshal, dies in battle
  • 1907Kelvin of Largs [William Thomson]: Br physicist (Kelvin), dies at 83
  • 1913Stefano Gobatti: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1916Grigori Efimovich Rasputin: Russian monk, assassinated
  • 1930Peter Warlock: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1933Hans Vaihinger: German philosopher (Side-Studies), dies at 81
  • 1937Gerard Vissering: Banker / President of Dutch Bank, dies at 72
  • 1944Pieter A Roodenburgh: Student / resistance fighter, dies at 26
  • 1944Vassily V Kandinsky: Russian / German / French painter
  • 1946Constance [Clara] Garnett: Russian-English translator, dies at 84
  • 1948Edgar Istel: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1949David Stanley Smith: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1956Eddie Acuff: Actor (Guns of Pecos), dies at 48

Historical events on December 18

  • 1352Etienne Aubert elected as Pope Innocentius VI
  • 1603Admiral Steven van der Haghens fleet departs to East-Indies
  • 1621English parliament accept unanimously, Protestation
  • 1774Empress Maria Theresa expels Jews from Prague, Bohemia and Moravia
  • 1783English King George III fires government of Portland
  • 1787New Jersey becomes 3rd state to ratify constitution
  • 17961st US newspaper to appear on Sunday (Baltimore Monitor)
  • 1813British take Ft Niagara in War of 1812
  • 1832Charles Darwins visits Vurland
  • 18391st celestial photograph (of Moon) made in US, John Draper, New York City
  • 1849William Bond obtains 1st photograph of Moon through a telescope
  • 1858Passy, at Paris: 1st "Samedi soir" i / d villa of lovers Rossini
  • 1859South Carolina declared an "independent commonwealth"
  • 186513th Amendment ratified, slavery abolished
  • 18651st US cattle importation law passed
  • 1878French SS Byzantin sinks after collision in Dardanellen, 210 killed
  • 1890Lugards expedition to Mengo / Kampala, Uganda
  • 1898Automobile speed record set-63 km/h (39 mph)
  • 1899Field Marshal Lord Roberts appointed British Supreme Commander in South Africa
  • 1905H V Hordern takes 8-81 in 2nd innings of F-C debut (New South Wales vs. Queensland)
  • 1915President Wilson, widowed the year before, marries Edith Bolling Galt
  • 1917Soviet regiment (Stalin / Lenin) declares Finland Independent
  • 19201st US postage stamps printed without the words United States or US
  • 1923International zone of Tangier set up in Morocco
  • 1930Bradman scores 258 NSW vs. South Australia, 289 mins, 37 fours
  • 1932Chicago Bears beat Portsmouth Spartans 9-0 in 1st NFL playoff game
  • 1935Edward Benes becomes President of Czechoslovakia
  • 19361st giant panda imported into US
  • 1936Su-Lin, 1st giant panda to come to US from China, arrives in San Francisco
  • 1941German submarine U-434 sinks

Born on December 18

  • 1562Philipp Dulichius: Composer
  • 1569Jakob Hassler: Composer
  • 1610Charles Du Fresne Du Cange: French Scholar / philologist
  • 1633Adriaen Melar: Flemish engraver, baptised
  • 1633Willem van de Velde the Young: Dutch seascape painter, baptised
  • 1635Antonius Matthaeus: Dutch lawyer / historian
  • 1667Wenzel Ludwig von Radolt: Composer
  • 1707Charles Wesley: Co-founder (Methodist movement)
  • 1709Elizabeth: Empress of Russia (to Peter the Great and Catherine I)
  • 1734Jean-Baptiste Rey: Composer
  • 1760Knud L Rahbek: Danish literary (Om sku skuespillerkunsten)
  • 1779Joseph Grimaldi: England, United Kingdom -- Pantomimist ("greatest clown in history")
  • 1786Carl Maria von Weber: Germany -- Romantic composer (Der Freischutz)
  • 1788Camille Pleyel: Austria -- Piano builder / composer
  • 1803William Allen: (Rep / Gov-Ohio)
  • 1811Alexander Sandor Asboth: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1812Wiktor Kazynski: Composer
  • 1816Alfred Elzey Jones: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1871
  • 1819Jakov P Polonski: Russian poet (Stichotvorenija)
  • 1825Charles Griffin: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 1826Mercer Brooke John: (Confederate Navy), died in 1906
  • 1835George Dashiell Bayard: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1837A Adolf Daens: Belgian priest / Dutch party founder (CVP)
  • 1844Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano: German economist
  • 1848Karl Schroder: Composer
  • 1852Gaetano Coronaro: Composer
  • 1856Joseph John Thomson: England, United Kingdom -- Physicist discovered electron (Nobel 1906)
  • 1860Edward Alexander MacDowell: United States -- Composer (Indian Suite)
  • 1861Lionel Monckton: Composer
  • 1863French Ferdinand: Archduke of Austria (Sarajevo / WWI)

Died on December 18

  • 0468Huna Mari bar Mar Zutra: Rabbi, executed in Pumpedita
  • 1505John IX van Horne: Prince-bishop of Lieges, executed
  • 1597Barbara Blomberg: German mistress of Emperor Karel, dies at 67
  • 1633Theodoor Galle: Flemish engraver, buried at 62
  • 1651Francisco the Melo: Portuguese / Spanish Earl of Assumar, dies at 54
  • 1710Peter Codde: Apostile vicar (1688-1704), dies at 62
  • 1732Johann Valentin Eckelt: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1737Antonio Stradivari: Renowned violin-maker, dies in Cremona Italy at 93
  • 1779Jan Punt: Engraver / illustrator / actor (Gideonschool), dies at 68
  • 1803Johann G von Herder: German philosopher / Theologist / poet, dies at 59
  • 1829Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck: French nature investigator, dies at about 85
  • 1831Willem Bilderdijk: Dutch Poet / literary (My Relief), dies at 75
  • 1835Johann Georg Anton Mederitsch-Gallus: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1839Charles-Henri Plantade: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1841Felice Blangini: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1858Joseph-Henri-Ignace Mees: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1862Johnson Kelly Duncan: Architect / Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 35
  • 1865Francisco Manuel da Silva: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1869Louis Moreau Gottschalk: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1892Richard Owen: English zoologist (Dinosaurus), dies at 88
  • 1897Carlo A Alfieri: Italian Member of parliament, dies at 70
  • 1899John William Glover: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1911Alberto Randegger: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1918Henryk Jarecki: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1919Horatio William Parker: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1919John Alcock: Pilot (1st non-stop over Atlantic), dies in crash at 27
  • 1928Lucien Capet: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1931John T "Legs" Diamond: US gangster, murdered at 35
  • 1932Eduard "Ede" Bernstein: German marxist / revisionist, dies at 82
  • 1939Matthew Brown: Journalist, dies at 51