Events on Dec 18

  • 1352Etienne Aubert elected as Pope Innocentius VI
  • 1603Admiral Steven van der Haghens fleet departs to East-Indies
  • 1621English parliament accept unanimously, Protestation
  • 1774Empress Maria Theresa expels Jews from Prague, Bohemia and Moravia
  • 1783English King George III fires government of Portland
  • 1787New Jersey becomes 3rd state to ratify constitution
  • 17961st US newspaper to appear on Sunday (Baltimore Monitor)
  • 1813British take Ft Niagara in War of 1812
  • 1832Charles Darwins visits Vurland
  • 18391st celestial photograph (of Moon) made in US, John Draper, New York City
  • 1849William Bond obtains 1st photograph of Moon through a telescope
  • 1858Passy, at Paris: 1st "Samedi soir" i / d villa of lovers Rossini
  • 1859South Carolina declared an "independent commonwealth"
  • 186513th Amendment ratified, slavery abolished
  • 18651st US cattle importation law passed
  • 1878French SS Byzantin sinks after collision in Dardanellen, 210 killed
  • 1890Lugards expedition to Mengo / Kampala, Uganda
  • 1898Automobile speed record set-63 km/h (39 mph)
  • 1899Field Marshal Lord Roberts appointed British Supreme Commander in South Africa
  • 1905H V Hordern takes 8-81 in 2nd innings of F-C debut (New South Wales vs. Queensland)
  • 1915President Wilson, widowed the year before, marries Edith Bolling Galt
  • 1917Soviet regiment (Stalin / Lenin) declares Finland Independent
  • 19201st US postage stamps printed without the words United States or US
  • 1923International zone of Tangier set up in Morocco
  • 1930Bradman scores 258 NSW vs. South Australia, 289 mins, 37 fours
  • 1932Chicago Bears beat Portsmouth Spartans 9-0 in 1st NFL playoff game
  • 1935Edward Benes becomes President of Czechoslovakia
  • 19361st giant panda imported into US
  • 1936Su-Lin, 1st giant panda to come to US from China, arrives in San Francisco
  • 1941German submarine U-434 sinks

Born on Dec 18

  • 1562Philipp Dulichius: Composer
  • 1569Jakob Hassler: Composer
  • 1610Charles Du Fresne Du Cange: French Scholar / philologist
  • 1633Adriaen Melar: Flemish engraver, baptised
  • 1633Willem van de Velde the Young: Dutch seascape painter, baptised
  • 1635Antonius Matthaeus: Dutch lawyer / historian
  • 1667Wenzel Ludwig von Radolt: Composer
  • 1707Charles Wesley: Co-founder (Methodist movement)
  • 1709Elizabeth: Empress of Russia (to Peter the Great and Catherine I)
  • 1734Jean-Baptiste Rey: Composer
  • 1760Knud L Rahbek: Danish literary (Om sku skuespillerkunsten)
  • 1779Joseph Grimaldi: England, United Kingdom -- Pantomimist ("greatest clown in history")
  • 1786Carl Maria von Weber: Germany -- Romantic composer (Der Freischutz)
  • 1788Camille Pleyel: Austria -- Piano builder / composer
  • 1803William Allen: (Rep / Gov-Ohio)
  • 1811Alexander Sandor Asboth: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1812Wiktor Kazynski: Composer
  • 1816Alfred Elzey Jones: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1871
  • 1819Jakov P Polonski: Russian poet (Stichotvorenija)
  • 1825Charles Griffin: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 1826Mercer Brooke John: (Confederate Navy), died in 1906
  • 1835George Dashiell Bayard: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1837A Adolf Daens: Belgian priest / Dutch party founder (CVP)
  • 1844Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano: German economist
  • 1848Karl Schroder: Composer
  • 1852Gaetano Coronaro: Composer
  • 1856Joseph John Thomson: England, United Kingdom -- Physicist discovered electron (Nobel 1906)
  • 1860Edward Alexander MacDowell: United States -- Composer (Indian Suite)
  • 1861Lionel Monckton: Composer
  • 1863French Ferdinand: Archduke of Austria (Sarajevo / WWI)

Died on Dec 18

  • 0468Huna Mari bar Mar Zutra: Rabbi, executed in Pumpedita
  • 1505John IX van Horne: Prince-bishop of Lieges, executed
  • 1597Barbara Blomberg: German mistress of Emperor Karel, dies at 67
  • 1633Theodoor Galle: Flemish engraver, buried at 62
  • 1651Francisco the Melo: Portuguese / Spanish Earl of Assumar, dies at 54
  • 1710Peter Codde: Apostile vicar (1688-1704), dies at 62
  • 1732Johann Valentin Eckelt: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1737Antonio Stradivari: Renowned violin-maker, dies in Cremona Italy at 93
  • 1779Jan Punt: Engraver / illustrator / actor (Gideonschool), dies at 68
  • 1803Johann G von Herder: German philosopher / Theologist / poet, dies at 59
  • 1829Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck: French nature investigator, dies at about 85
  • 1831Willem Bilderdijk: Dutch Poet / literary (My Relief), dies at 75
  • 1835Johann Georg Anton Mederitsch-Gallus: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1839Charles-Henri Plantade: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1841Felice Blangini: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1858Joseph-Henri-Ignace Mees: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1862Johnson Kelly Duncan: Architect / Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 35
  • 1865Francisco Manuel da Silva: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1869Louis Moreau Gottschalk: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1892Richard Owen: English zoologist (Dinosaurus), dies at 88
  • 1897Carlo A Alfieri: Italian Member of parliament, dies at 70
  • 1899John William Glover: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1911Alberto Randegger: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1918Henryk Jarecki: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1919Horatio William Parker: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1919John Alcock: Pilot (1st non-stop over Atlantic), dies in crash at 27
  • 1928Lucien Capet: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1931John T "Legs" Diamond: US gangster, murdered at 35
  • 1932Eduard "Ede" Bernstein: German marxist / revisionist, dies at 82
  • 1939Matthew Brown: Journalist, dies at 51

Historical events on December 19

  • 0401St. Anastasius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1055Seldjuken under Toghril Beg occupy Baghdad
  • 1154King Henry II of England crowned
  • 1551Dutch west coast hit by hurricane
  • 1686Robinson Crusoe leaves his island after 28 years (as per Defoe)
  • 1777Washington settles his troops at Valley Forge, Pa for winter
  • 1783English government of Pitt Jr forms
  • 1788Chinese troops occupy capital Thang Long Vietnam
  • 17951st state appropriation of money for road building, Kentucky
  • 1823Georgia passes 1st US state birth registration law
  • 1828South Carolina declares right of states to nullify federal laws
  • 1835HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin approaches New Zealand
  • 1842US recognizes independence of Hawaii
  • 1843Charles Dickens publishes "A Christmas Carol, " in England
  • 1854Allen Wilson of Conn patents sewing machine to sew curving seams
  • 1859Grading started for Market Street RR
  • 1861Battle of Black Water
  • 1862Skirmish at Jackson / Salem Church, Tenn (80 casualties)
  • 1867Victims of "Angola Horror" burned to death (Angola NY)
  • 1871Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper
  • 1887Jake Kilrain and Jem Smith fight 106 round bare knuckle draw
  • 1889Bishop Museum founded in Hawaii
  • 1890Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Beryl Coronet" (BG)
  • 18911st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore
  • 1891Canadian Rugby Union forms
  • 1903Williamsburg suspension bridge opens between Brooklyn and Manhattan
  • 1904Dawson City hockey team begins 9 day walk to get a boat to Seattle to catch a train to Ottawa to play in Stanley Cup on Jan 13 1905
  • 1907239 workers died in a coal mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, Penn
  • 1907Gas explosion at Jacobs Creek Pa, coal mine kills 239
  • 19101st city ordinace requiring white and black residential areas (Baltimore)

Born on December 19

  • 1498Andreas Osiander: Germany -- Protestant Reformation theologist
  • 1676Louis-Nicholas Clerambault: Paris, France -- Composer / Organist
  • 1723Susanne K von Klettenberg: German friend of Goethes mother
  • 1744Jacobus J Cramer: Priest of Holland / Zealand / West-Friesland
  • 1779Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers: Paris, France -- Engraver
  • 1790William Parry: England, United Kingdom -- Arctic explorer
  • 1792[Andries] Hendrik Potgieter: Cape Colony -- Settled Transvaal
  • 1796Manuel Breton de los Herreros: Quel, Spain -- Poet / comic playwright
  • 1797Josef Theodor Krov: Composer
  • 1809Pierre-Joseph van Beneden: Belgium -- Paleont (life cycle of tapeworms)
  • 1813Thomas Andrews: Belfast, Ireland -- Chemist / physicist (ozone)
  • 1814Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton: Ohio, United States -- US Secretary of War (1861-65)
  • 1817James Jay Archer: Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1864
  • 1819James Clifford Veatch: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1824Hercules Robinson: Ireland -- South Africa Commissioner (1880-89, 1895-97)
  • 1825George Frederick Bristow: Composer
  • 1832John Kirk Barry: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Dr / companion to explorer David Livingstone
  • 1836Maria L Sanford: Pioneer educator (PTA)
  • 1837John Carpenter Carter: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1852A[lbert] A Michelson: Strelno, Prussia -- US physicist (Nobel 1907)
  • 1861Constance [Clara] Garnett: Brighton, England -- Russian-English translator
  • 1861Italo Svevo: Trieste, Austria -- Italian Novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • 1864Adolf Sandberger: Composer
  • 1865Hermann Hirt: Magdeburg, Prussia -- Linguist (Indo-European Grammar)
  • 1865Tikhon Toropets: Pskov, Russia -- Patriarch of Russian Orthodox / Saint
  • 1869Eduard Hermann: Coburg Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Germany -- German linguist (Homer)
  • 1875Carter G Woodson: New Canton, Virginia -- American historian (black studies)
  • 1876Carlo Gatti: Composer
  • 1878Anton Lajovic: Composer
  • 1879Beals C Wright: Tennis champ (US Open-1905)

Died on December 19

  • 0401Anastasius I: Bishop of Rome (399-401)
  • 1370Urban V [Guillaume de Grimoard]: 1st Avignon Pope (1362-70)
  • 1614Melchior Bischoff: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1741Vitus J Bering: Dutch navigator / explorer
  • 1749Francesco Antonio Bonporti: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1798Charles-Joseph Panckoucke: Publisher (Moniteur Universel), dies at 62
  • 1800Georg Peter Weimar: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1804Mary Bright: British Prime Minister Rockingham
  • 1810Johann Heinrich Egli: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1815Michel Woldemar: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1815Robert Hudson: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1823Nicolas-Joseph Hullmandel: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1848Adam FJA van Duyn: Governor of South Holland, dies at 77
  • 1851J M William Turner: British Painter (Rain, Steam & Speed), dies at 76
  • 1867Jean-Georges Kastner: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1914Johann F Ritter von Schulte: German Catholic lawyer, dies at 87
  • 1925Jose Ignacio Quinton: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1939Eric Fogg: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1939Karl Wagenfeld: Low German writer (Lucifer, Death & Devil), dies at 70
  • 1939Willem Benoy: Flemish actor / director (The White), dies at 57
  • 1941L M Dovator: Russian General, dies in battle
  • 1951Barton Yarbrough: Actor (Dragnet), dies at 51
  • 1953Robert A Millikan: US physicist (Nobel 1923), dies at 85
  • 1953Rudolf Leonhard: Writer
  • 1957John W Van Druten: US stage / screenwriter (I Remember Mama), dies at 56
  • 1959Walter Williams: Claimed to be last survivor of Civil War, dies at 117
  • 1966Ehm Welk: Writer, dies at 82
  • 1967Alfred Courtens: Belgian sculptor, dies at 78
  • 1968Norman Thomas: Founder (ACLU) / Socialist Party (1926-55), dies at 84
  • 1977Nellie Tayloe Ross: 1st woman governor, dies at 101