Events on Dec 19

  • 0401St. Anastasius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1055Seldjuken under Toghril Beg occupy Baghdad
  • 1154King Henry II of England crowned
  • 1551Dutch west coast hit by hurricane
  • 1686Robinson Crusoe leaves his island after 28 years (as per Defoe)
  • 1777Washington settles his troops at Valley Forge, Pa for winter
  • 1783English government of Pitt Jr forms
  • 1788Chinese troops occupy capital Thang Long Vietnam
  • 17951st state appropriation of money for road building, Kentucky
  • 1823Georgia passes 1st US state birth registration law
  • 1828South Carolina declares right of states to nullify federal laws
  • 1835HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin approaches New Zealand
  • 1842US recognizes independence of Hawaii
  • 1843Charles Dickens publishes "A Christmas Carol, " in England
  • 1854Allen Wilson of Conn patents sewing machine to sew curving seams
  • 1859Grading started for Market Street RR
  • 1861Battle of Black Water
  • 1862Skirmish at Jackson / Salem Church, Tenn (80 casualties)
  • 1867Victims of "Angola Horror" burned to death (Angola NY)
  • 1871Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper
  • 1887Jake Kilrain and Jem Smith fight 106 round bare knuckle draw
  • 1889Bishop Museum founded in Hawaii
  • 1890Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Beryl Coronet" (BG)
  • 18911st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore
  • 1891Canadian Rugby Union forms
  • 1903Williamsburg suspension bridge opens between Brooklyn and Manhattan
  • 1904Dawson City hockey team begins 9 day walk to get a boat to Seattle to catch a train to Ottawa to play in Stanley Cup on Jan 13 1905
  • 1907239 workers died in a coal mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, Penn
  • 1907Gas explosion at Jacobs Creek Pa, coal mine kills 239
  • 19101st city ordinace requiring white and black residential areas (Baltimore)

Born on Dec 19

  • 1498Andreas Osiander: Germany -- Protestant Reformation theologist
  • 1676Louis-Nicholas Clerambault: Paris, France -- Composer / Organist
  • 1723Susanne K von Klettenberg: German friend of Goethes mother
  • 1744Jacobus J Cramer: Priest of Holland / Zealand / West-Friesland
  • 1779Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers: Paris, France -- Engraver
  • 1790William Parry: England, United Kingdom -- Arctic explorer
  • 1792[Andries] Hendrik Potgieter: Cape Colony -- Settled Transvaal
  • 1796Manuel Breton de los Herreros: Quel, Spain -- Poet / comic playwright
  • 1797Josef Theodor Krov: Composer
  • 1809Pierre-Joseph van Beneden: Belgium -- Paleont (life cycle of tapeworms)
  • 1813Thomas Andrews: Belfast, Ireland -- Chemist / physicist (ozone)
  • 1814Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton: Ohio, United States -- US Secretary of War (1861-65)
  • 1817James Jay Archer: Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1864
  • 1819James Clifford Veatch: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1824Hercules Robinson: Ireland -- South Africa Commissioner (1880-89, 1895-97)
  • 1825George Frederick Bristow: Composer
  • 1832John Kirk Barry: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Dr / companion to explorer David Livingstone
  • 1836Maria L Sanford: Pioneer educator (PTA)
  • 1837John Carpenter Carter: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1852A[lbert] A Michelson: Strelno, Prussia -- US physicist (Nobel 1907)
  • 1861Constance [Clara] Garnett: Brighton, England -- Russian-English translator
  • 1861Italo Svevo: Trieste, Austria -- Italian Novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • 1864Adolf Sandberger: Composer
  • 1865Hermann Hirt: Magdeburg, Prussia -- Linguist (Indo-European Grammar)
  • 1865Tikhon Toropets: Pskov, Russia -- Patriarch of Russian Orthodox / Saint
  • 1869Eduard Hermann: Coburg Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Germany -- German linguist (Homer)
  • 1875Carter G Woodson: New Canton, Virginia -- American historian (black studies)
  • 1876Carlo Gatti: Composer
  • 1878Anton Lajovic: Composer
  • 1879Beals C Wright: Tennis champ (US Open-1905)

Died on Dec 19

  • 0401Anastasius I: Bishop of Rome (399-401)
  • 1370Urban V [Guillaume de Grimoard]: 1st Avignon Pope (1362-70)
  • 1614Melchior Bischoff: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1741Vitus J Bering: Dutch navigator / explorer
  • 1749Francesco Antonio Bonporti: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1798Charles-Joseph Panckoucke: Publisher (Moniteur Universel), dies at 62
  • 1800Georg Peter Weimar: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1804Mary Bright: British Prime Minister Rockingham
  • 1810Johann Heinrich Egli: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1815Michel Woldemar: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1815Robert Hudson: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1823Nicolas-Joseph Hullmandel: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1848Adam FJA van Duyn: Governor of South Holland, dies at 77
  • 1851J M William Turner: British Painter (Rain, Steam & Speed), dies at 76
  • 1867Jean-Georges Kastner: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1914Johann F Ritter von Schulte: German Catholic lawyer, dies at 87
  • 1925Jose Ignacio Quinton: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1939Eric Fogg: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1939Karl Wagenfeld: Low German writer (Lucifer, Death & Devil), dies at 70
  • 1939Willem Benoy: Flemish actor / director (The White), dies at 57
  • 1941L M Dovator: Russian General, dies in battle
  • 1951Barton Yarbrough: Actor (Dragnet), dies at 51
  • 1953Robert A Millikan: US physicist (Nobel 1923), dies at 85
  • 1953Rudolf Leonhard: Writer
  • 1957John W Van Druten: US stage / screenwriter (I Remember Mama), dies at 56
  • 1959Walter Williams: Claimed to be last survivor of Civil War, dies at 117
  • 1966Ehm Welk: Writer, dies at 82
  • 1967Alfred Courtens: Belgian sculptor, dies at 78
  • 1968Norman Thomas: Founder (ACLU) / Socialist Party (1926-55), dies at 84
  • 1977Nellie Tayloe Ross: 1st woman governor, dies at 101

Historical events on December 20

  • 0069General Vespasianus occupies Rome
  • 1046Benedictus IX and Silvester III and names Bishop Siutger, Pope Clemens II
  • 1046Synod of Sutri: German King Henry III removes Popes Gregory VI
  • 1192Richard the Lionhearted captured in Vienna
  • 1448Pope Nicolaas V named Utrechts Bishop Rudolf of Diepholt, Cardinal
  • 1585English fleet and Earl Robert Dudley van Leicester reach Vlissingen
  • 1606Virginia Company settlers leave London to establish Jamestown, Virginia
  • 1661Corporation Act enforced in England
  • 16691st jury trial in Delaware; Marcus Jacobson condemned for insurrection and sentenced to flogging, branding and slavery
  • 1694Frederik van Brandenburg flees Schweiben
  • 1699Peter the Great ordered Russian New Year changed-Sept 1 to Jan 1
  • 1780England declares war on Netherlands
  • 17901st successful US cotton mill to spin yarn (Pawtucket, RI)
  • 1803Louisiana Purchase formally transferred from France to US for $27M
  • 1820Missouri imposes a $1 bachelor tax on unmarried men between 21 and 50
  • 1823Franz Schuberts "Ballet-Musik aus Rosamunde, " premieres in Vienna
  • 1830England, France, Prussia, Austria and Russia recognize Belgium
  • 1850Hawaiian post office established
  • 1860SC votes 169-0 for Ordinace of Secession, 1st state to secede
  • 1861Battle of Dranesville, Virginia
  • 1862Brigadier General Nathan B Forrest occupies Trenton, Kentucky
  • 1865De Clear-Alkmaar railway opens
  • 1879Tom Edison privately demonstrated incandescent light at Menlo Park
  • 1883International cantilever railway bridge opens at Niagara Falls
  • 1891Strongman Louis Cyr withstands pull of 4 horses
  • 1892Phileas Fogg completes around world trip, according to Verne
  • 1892Pneumatic automobile tire patented, Syracuse, New York
  • 18931st state anti-lynching statue approved, in Georgia
  • 1894Day Six 1T Aus vs. Eng Australia need 177 to win, all out 166
  • 1900Giacobini discovers a comet (will be 1st comet visited by spacecraft)

Born on December 20

  • 1539Paul Melissus [Paul Schede]: German poet / composer
  • 1579John Fletcher: Elizabethan dramatist (Phylaster)
  • 1594Giovanni Battista Gagliano: Composer
  • 1606Christoph Schultze: Composer
  • 1629Pieter de Hoogh: Dutch painter
  • 1659Francois Fagel: Dutch lawyer / Statesman
  • 1720Charles Edward Stuart [Bonnie Prince Charlie / Young Pretender]
  • 1729Franz Xaver Thomas Pokorny: Composer
  • 1758Othon Joseph Vandenbroek: Composer
  • 1774Guillaume-Perre-Antoine Gatayes: Composer
  • 1786Pietro Raimondi: Composer
  • 1805Thomas Graham: Father of colloid chemistry
  • 1807Richard Lucian Page: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 1808Thomas Tinsley Craven: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1887
  • 1809Friedrich Karl Kuhmstedt: Composer
  • 1812Achille Peri: Composer
  • 1813Samuel Jordan Kirkwood: (Gov-Iowa) / US Secretary of Interior (1881-82)
  • 1819John Geary: 1st SF Postmaster, 1st Mayor (May 1, 1850)
  • 1825Romeyn Beck Ayres: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1888
  • 1833Samuel A Mudd: Doctor, convicted of giving medical aid to JW Booth
  • 1858Jean / Johannes T "Jan" Toorop: Dutch painter / graphic artist (3 Brides)
  • 1859Antonius J Derkinderen: Dutch painter / etcher
  • 1865Maude Gonne: Irish nationalist (Irish Joan of Arc)
  • 1867Fini Valdemar Henriques: Composer
  • 1868Harvey S Firestone: Industrialist, where the rubber meets the road
  • 1869Charley Grapewin: Xenia, Ohio -- Actor (Wizard of Oz, Libeled Lady)
  • 1870Pieter C Boutens: Dutch poet (Voices, Carmina)
  • 1871Henry Kimball Hadley: Composer
  • 1872Lorenzo Perosi: Italian composer
  • 1875T F Powys: Wales, United Kingdom -- Writer (Captain Patch, Goat Green)

Died on December 20

  • 0069Aulus Vitellius: Roman Commandant of Rhine and 7th Emperor, murdered
  • 0910Alfonso III de Great: King of Asturias
  • 1073Domingo: Spanish monastery founder / abbot / saint
  • 1355Stefanus IX Uros IV Dusan: King (1331-46) / Serbia (1346-55)
  • 1632Nicolas Antoine: French cath pastor who converted to Judaism, executed
  • 1676John Galle: Flemish engraver / printer, dies at 76
  • 1679Johan Maurits: Count of Nassau-Siegen, dies at 75
  • 1749Pakubuwono II: Susuhunan of Mataram Java
  • 1793Joseph Legros: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1798Cornelis Ploos van Amstel: Dutch engraver / art collector, dies at 72
  • 1799David Traugott Nicolai: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1812Sacagawea: Shoshone interpreter for Lewis & Clark
  • 1815Giovanni Meli: Sicilian Poet (Buccolica), dies at 75
  • 1819Louis-Luc Loiseau de Persuis: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1821Gian Francesco Fortunati: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1875Michail P Pogodin: Russian Historian / writer (Povesti), dies at 75
  • 1876Hannah Omish: At 12 is youngest ever hanged in US
  • 1903Gavriil Musicescu: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1909Benjamin Ipavec: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1916Manuel Giro: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1916William Wallace Gilchrist: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1929Emile Loubet: French Premier (1892) / President (1899-1906), dies at 90
  • 1936Baron De Borchgrave: Belgian ambassador, murdered in Madrid
  • 1937Erich Ludendorff: German General (WWI), dies at 72
  • 1939Hans Langsdorff: German Captain (Graaf Spee), commits suicide
  • 1942Jean Gilbert [Max Winterfield]: German composer, dies at 63
  • 1944Abbas Hilmi II: Viceroy of Egypt (1892-1914), dies at 70
  • 1948C Aubrey Smith: Actor (Prisoner of Zenda), dies at 85
  • 1954Emilis Melngailis: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1954James Hilton: English Author (Lost Horizon), dies at 54