Events on Dec 21

  • 1163Hurricane hits villages in Holland / Friesland, causing floods
  • 1561Archbishop Granvelle installed
  • 1582Flanders adopts Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is Jan 1 1583
  • 1650Johan de Witt installed as Dutch pension advisor of Dordrecht
  • 1688Pro-James II-earl of Devonshire occupies Nottingham
  • 1762James Cook marries Elizabeth Batts
  • 1784John Jay becomes 1st US Secretary of State (foreign affairs)
  • 1788Hue Tay Son becomes Emperor Quang Trung of Vietnam
  • 18291st stone arch railroad bridge in US dedicated, Baltimore
  • 1835HMS Beagle sails into Bay of Islands (New Zealand)
  • 18491st US skating club formed (Philadelphia)
  • 1864Gen Sherman conquers Savannah
  • 1890Pim Mulier 1st and only trip to "Alvesteddetocht"
  • 189118 students play 1st basketball game (Springfield College)
  • 1898Scientists Pierre and Marie Curie discovers radium
  • 1907Dutch government of De Master falls due to war budget
  • 19091st junior high school established (Berkeley, California)
  • 1910Explosion in coal mine in Hulton England, 344 mine workers dies
  • 1912Denmark, Norway and Sweden declare neutrality in Comende war
  • 19131st crossword puzzle (with 32 clues) printed in New York World
  • 191510.17" (25.83 cm) of rainfall, Glenora, Oregon (state record)
  • 1918Red Sox trade Dutch Leonard, Ernie Shore and Duffy Lewis to Yankees for Ray Caldwell and Slim Love, Frank Gilhooey, Al Walters and $15,000
  • 1919J Edgar Hoover deports anarchists / feminist Emma Goldman to Russia
  • 1921Supreme Court rules labor injunctions and picketing unconstitutional
  • 1923Nepal changes from British protectorate to independent nation
  • 1925Stork Hendry scores 325 for Victoria against New Zealand
  • 1926Soccer team DOS Struggle forms
  • 19291st group hospital insurance plan offered (Dallas Tx)
  • 1932Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers, 1st joint movie (Flying Down to Rio)
  • 1932Giants sign former outfielder Billy Southworth as a coach

Born on Dec 21

  • 1117Thomas Becket: Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1518Mark van Vaernewijck: Flemish nobleman / politician
  • 1537Johan III: King of Sweden (1569-92)
  • 1616Pietro Andrea Ziani: Composer
  • 1628Samuel Friedrich Capricornus: Composer
  • 1639Jean Racin: Writer
  • 1728Hermann Friedrich Raupach: Composer
  • 1756Thomas Anton Kunz: Composer
  • 1800Barnwell Rhett Robert: (Confederacy), died in 1876
  • 1804Benjamin Disraeli: (Tory) British Prime Minister (1868, 1874-80)
  • 1810Ludwig Schuncke: Composer
  • 1815Thomas Couture: French painter / author
  • 1818Amalia: Wife of King Otto of Greece
  • 1818Lewis H Morgan: United States -- Etnologist (Systems of Consanguinity)
  • 1823Jean Henri Fabre: France -- Entomologist (insects and spiders)
  • 1826Ernst Pauer: Composer
  • 1832John Henry Ketcham: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 1840Mehmed N Kemal: Turkish journalist (Vatan)
  • 1848Edward Everett Rice: Composer
  • 1849James Lane Allen: US writer (Kentucky Cardinal)
  • 1850Zdenek Fibich: Composer
  • 1853Isolde Kurz: German writer / poetess (Meine Mutter)
  • 1859Gustave Kahn: France -- Poet (claimed to have invented vers libre)
  • 1860Henrietta Szold: Founder (Hadassah)
  • 1867John Winter Thompson: Composer
  • 1872Albert P Terhune: United States -- Novelist (Lad, a Dog)
  • 1874Juan Bautista Sacasa: President of Nicaragua (1932-36)
  • 1879Theodore Limperg: Business economist (substitute value)
  • 1886George Norman Peterkin: Composer
  • 1886Hermann A J Kees: German Egyptologist (Problems of Egyptology)

Died on Dec 21

  • 1308Henry I [the Child]: 1st landgrave of Hessen (1256-1308)
  • 1375Boccaccio: Writer
  • 1375Giovanni Boccaccio: Italian Poet (Vita di Dante)
  • 1597Petrus Canisius: Dutch Jesuit / saint, dies at 76
  • 1674Rutger van Haersolte: Viceroy of Overijsselse, dies at about 66
  • 1734Philipp Hyacinth Lobkowitz: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1736Alessandro Galilei: Italian Architect (Cappella Corsini), dies at 45
  • 1755Caspar Ruetz: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1820Charles-Francois Dumonchau: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1859Nicolaas C Kist: Dutch church Historian / archivist, dies at 66
  • 1864William Henry Fry: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1889Joseph B Lightfoot: English Theologist / Bishop of Durham, dies at 61
  • 1890Niels Vilhelm Gade: Danish composer, dies at 73
  • 1906Adalbert von Goldschmidt: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1907Oskar Lassar: German dermatologist (public baths), dies at 58
  • 1921P B S Pinchback: Major Reconstruction politician, dies at 84
  • 1928Luigi Cadorna: Italian Field Marshal (WWI, Caporetto), dies at 78
  • 1933Knud J V Rasmussen: Danish Pole explorer (Thule), dies at 54
  • 1935Kurt Tucholsky: German journalist / writer (Panter, Tiger & Co), dies at 45
  • 1937Frank Kellog: US Foreign Minister (Nobel 1929), dies at 80
  • 1940F Scott Fitzgerald: Author (Zelda), dies of a heart attack at 44
  • 1942Leendert Round: Sculptor (Giraffen, Blijdorp), dies at 63
  • 1945George S Patton: US General (Sicily / Normandy), dies in car crash at 60
  • 1948Seishiro Itagaki: Japanese General / Minister of War, hanged
  • 1955Dorothy Bernard: Actress (Margaret-Life With Father), dies at 65
  • 1956Lewis M Terman: Psychologist (Genetic studies of genius), dies at 79
  • 1957Eric Coates: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1958H[arry] B[yron] Warner: Actor (10 Commandments, New Moon), dies at 83
  • 1958Lion Feuchtwanger: Philosopher / writer (Der falsche Nero), dies at 74
  • 1965Claude Adonai Champagne: Composer, dies at 74

Historical events on December 22

  • 0401St. Innocent I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0795Leo III succeeds Pope Adrianus I
  • 1135Norman nobles recognize Stefanus van Blois as English King
  • 1216Pope Honorius III delegates degree "Religiosam vitam eligentibus"
  • 1465Peace of St. Truiden: Louis van Bourbon becomes Bishop of Luik
  • 1536English Scholar Reginald Pole appointed Cardinal
  • 1596Ferryboat Meuniers crashes in Paris, 150 die
  • 1642Pope Urbanus VIII publishes degree In eminente
  • 1688Pro-James II, Earl of Danby occupies York
  • 1689Heavy earthquake strikes Innsbruck
  • 1715English pretender to the throne James III lands at Peterhead
  • 1731Dutch people revolt against meat tax
  • 1772Moravian Missionary constructs 1st schoolhouse west of Allegheny
  • 1775Continental navy organized with 7 ships
  • 1790Russian troops occupy Ismail on Turks
  • 1807Congress passes Embargo Act, to force peace between Britain and France
  • 1810British frigate Minotaur sinks killing 480
  • 1832HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin reaches Barnevelts Islands
  • 1870Jules Janssen, flys in a balloon in order to study a solar eclipse
  • 1877"American Bicycling Journal" begins publishing (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • 18821st string of Christmas tree lights created by Thomas Edison
  • 1885Pope Leo XIII proclaims extraordinary jubilee
  • 1888Heavyweight boxing champ John L Sullivan challenges Jake Kilrain
  • 1894French officer Alfred Dreyfus court-martialed for treason, triggers worldwide charges of anti-Semitism (Dreyfus later vindicated)
  • 1894United States Golf Association forms (NYC)
  • 1910US postal savings stamps 1st issued
  • 1915Federal Baseball League disolved
  • 1915Organized baseball and Federal League sign a peace treaty at Cincinnati
  • 1919Government of Ireland Act of Power (Home Rule for Ireland)
  • 1919US deports 250 alien radicals, including anarchist Emma Goldman

Born on December 22

  • 1400Luca della Robbia: Italy -- Sculptor (Madonna of Rose Garden)
  • 1428Richard Neville Warwick: 2nd Earl of Salisbury
  • 1452Jakob Obrecht: Brabant -- Composer
  • 1459Djem Sultan: Son of Turks Sultan Mehmed II
  • 1515Mary of Lorraine: France -- Pro-French Regent of Scotland
  • 1523Charles "Cardinal" of Bourbon: Archbishop Rouen
  • 1573Ernst Casimir: Count of Nassau-Dietz / Mayor of Frisia / Groningen
  • 1624Tomas Micieres: Composer
  • 1643Rene-Robert Cavelier La Salle: France -- French explorer (Louisiana)
  • 1684Johann J Dillenius [Dillen]: German Botanist (Historia Muscorum)
  • 1696James Oglethorpe: England, United Kingdom -- General / author / colonizer (Georgia)
  • 1700Egbert de Vrij Temminck: Amsterdam regent
  • 1723Carl Friedrich Abel: German / British viola-da-gamba-player / composer
  • 1727William Ellery: US attorney / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1728Charles Frederick: Baden -- Liberal ruler of Baden
  • 1744Abigail Adams: Weymouth, Massachusetts -- 2nd first lady (1797-1801)
  • 1753Dugald Stewart: Edinburgh, Scotland -- Philosopher (Scottish common sense)
  • 1761Dorothea Jordan: Ireland -- French comedic actress
  • 1764Barbara Juliane Krudener: Latvia -- Mystic visionary renounced nobility
  • 1768John Crome [Old Crome]: English landscape painter / etcher
  • 1787Rasmus Rask: Denmark -- Language Scholar
  • 1795Thomas Ainsworth: English / Netherlands industrialist (Twentse textile)
  • 1803Joseph King Fenno Mansfield: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1809Benedict Augustin Morel: Vienna, Austria -- French psychologist (dementia praecox)
  • 1812Johanne Luise Heiberg: Copenhagen, Denmark -- Actress (Romeo and Juliet)
  • 1815Johann J Bachofen: Switzerland -- Judicial historian
  • 1815Lucien Petipa: French dancer / choreographer / ballet leader
  • 1819Franz Wilhelm Abt: German composer / choir conductor
  • 1826James Scott Negley: (Union volunteers Major General, died in 1901)
  • 1831Mark Rutherford: Writer

Died on December 22

  • 1419John XXIII [Baldassare Cossa]: Italian Pope (1410-15)
  • 1440Bluebeard: Pirate, executed
  • 1603Mehmed III: Sultan of Turkey (1595-1603), dies at 37
  • 1668Stephen Day: 1st British colonial printer
  • 1721Nathaniel Hawes: Tortured and executed in England for robbery
  • 1723Jacques Basnage: French / Dutch Historian / vicar, dies at 70
  • 1745Jan Dismas Zelenka: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1767John Newberry: English publisher
  • 1797Giovanni Marco Rutini: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1828Rachel Jackson: Wife of 7th US President Andrew Jackson
  • 1832Ishmail Spicer: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1863Michael Corcoran: Union Brigadier General, dies at 36
  • 1867Jean-Victor Poncelet: French Mathematician (kinematics), dies at 79
  • 1874Johann Peter Pixis: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1875Nikolay Alexeyevich Titov: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1880George Eliot: Victorian Novelist (Adam Bede), dies on 61st birthday
  • 1893Benedikt Randhartinger: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1893Johann Czerski: German chaplain, dies at 80
  • 1899Dwight L Moody: US evangelist (Student Volunteer Movement)
  • 1902Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing: Psychiatrist, dies at 62
  • 1908Marie Jungius: Dutch teacher / fairy tale writer, dies at 44
  • 1913Menelik II: King of Ethiopia (1896-1913), dies at 69
  • 1917Francesca Saveria Cabrini: US Saint / Patron of immigrant, dies at 67
  • 1918Albijn van de Abeele: Flemish Author / mayor / painter, dies at 83
  • 1923Arthur H Bird: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1939Ma Rainey: "Mother of the Blues", US blues singer / composer, dies at 53
  • 1940Nathanael West [Weinstein]: US writer (Cool Million), dies at 37
  • 1941Leopoldo Mugnone: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1944Antoine Mariotte: Composer, dies on 69th birthday
  • 1944Harry Langdon: US comic / director (Heart Trouble), dies at 60