Events on Dec 22

  • 0401St. Innocent I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0795Leo III succeeds Pope Adrianus I
  • 1135Norman nobles recognize Stefanus van Blois as English King
  • 1216Pope Honorius III delegates degree "Religiosam vitam eligentibus"
  • 1465Peace of St. Truiden: Louis van Bourbon becomes Bishop of Luik
  • 1536English Scholar Reginald Pole appointed Cardinal
  • 1596Ferryboat Meuniers crashes in Paris, 150 die
  • 1642Pope Urbanus VIII publishes degree In eminente
  • 1688Pro-James II, Earl of Danby occupies York
  • 1689Heavy earthquake strikes Innsbruck
  • 1715English pretender to the throne James III lands at Peterhead
  • 1731Dutch people revolt against meat tax
  • 1772Moravian Missionary constructs 1st schoolhouse west of Allegheny
  • 1775Continental navy organized with 7 ships
  • 1790Russian troops occupy Ismail on Turks
  • 1807Congress passes Embargo Act, to force peace between Britain and France
  • 1810British frigate Minotaur sinks killing 480
  • 1832HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin reaches Barnevelts Islands
  • 1870Jules Janssen, flys in a balloon in order to study a solar eclipse
  • 1877"American Bicycling Journal" begins publishing (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • 18821st string of Christmas tree lights created by Thomas Edison
  • 1885Pope Leo XIII proclaims extraordinary jubilee
  • 1888Heavyweight boxing champ John L Sullivan challenges Jake Kilrain
  • 1894French officer Alfred Dreyfus court-martialed for treason, triggers worldwide charges of anti-Semitism (Dreyfus later vindicated)
  • 1894United States Golf Association forms (NYC)
  • 1910US postal savings stamps 1st issued
  • 1915Federal Baseball League disolved
  • 1915Organized baseball and Federal League sign a peace treaty at Cincinnati
  • 1919Government of Ireland Act of Power (Home Rule for Ireland)
  • 1919US deports 250 alien radicals, including anarchist Emma Goldman

Born on Dec 22

  • 1400Luca della Robbia: Italy -- Sculptor (Madonna of Rose Garden)
  • 1428Richard Neville Warwick: 2nd Earl of Salisbury
  • 1452Jakob Obrecht: Brabant -- Composer
  • 1459Djem Sultan: Son of Turks Sultan Mehmed II
  • 1515Mary of Lorraine: France -- Pro-French Regent of Scotland
  • 1523Charles "Cardinal" of Bourbon: Archbishop Rouen
  • 1573Ernst Casimir: Count of Nassau-Dietz / Mayor of Frisia / Groningen
  • 1624Tomas Micieres: Composer
  • 1643Rene-Robert Cavelier La Salle: France -- French explorer (Louisiana)
  • 1684Johann J Dillenius [Dillen]: German Botanist (Historia Muscorum)
  • 1696James Oglethorpe: England, United Kingdom -- General / author / colonizer (Georgia)
  • 1700Egbert de Vrij Temminck: Amsterdam regent
  • 1723Carl Friedrich Abel: German / British viola-da-gamba-player / composer
  • 1727William Ellery: US attorney / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1728Charles Frederick: Baden -- Liberal ruler of Baden
  • 1744Abigail Adams: Weymouth, Massachusetts -- 2nd first lady (1797-1801)
  • 1753Dugald Stewart: Edinburgh, Scotland -- Philosopher (Scottish common sense)
  • 1761Dorothea Jordan: Ireland -- French comedic actress
  • 1764Barbara Juliane Krudener: Latvia -- Mystic visionary renounced nobility
  • 1768John Crome [Old Crome]: English landscape painter / etcher
  • 1787Rasmus Rask: Denmark -- Language Scholar
  • 1795Thomas Ainsworth: English / Netherlands industrialist (Twentse textile)
  • 1803Joseph King Fenno Mansfield: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1809Benedict Augustin Morel: Vienna, Austria -- French psychologist (dementia praecox)
  • 1812Johanne Luise Heiberg: Copenhagen, Denmark -- Actress (Romeo and Juliet)
  • 1815Johann J Bachofen: Switzerland -- Judicial historian
  • 1815Lucien Petipa: French dancer / choreographer / ballet leader
  • 1819Franz Wilhelm Abt: German composer / choir conductor
  • 1826James Scott Negley: (Union volunteers Major General, died in 1901)
  • 1831Mark Rutherford: Writer

Died on Dec 22

  • 1419John XXIII [Baldassare Cossa]: Italian Pope (1410-15)
  • 1440Bluebeard: Pirate, executed
  • 1603Mehmed III: Sultan of Turkey (1595-1603), dies at 37
  • 1668Stephen Day: 1st British colonial printer
  • 1721Nathaniel Hawes: Tortured and executed in England for robbery
  • 1723Jacques Basnage: French / Dutch Historian / vicar, dies at 70
  • 1745Jan Dismas Zelenka: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1767John Newberry: English publisher
  • 1797Giovanni Marco Rutini: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1828Rachel Jackson: Wife of 7th US President Andrew Jackson
  • 1832Ishmail Spicer: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1863Michael Corcoran: Union Brigadier General, dies at 36
  • 1867Jean-Victor Poncelet: French Mathematician (kinematics), dies at 79
  • 1874Johann Peter Pixis: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1875Nikolay Alexeyevich Titov: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1880George Eliot: Victorian Novelist (Adam Bede), dies on 61st birthday
  • 1893Benedikt Randhartinger: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1893Johann Czerski: German chaplain, dies at 80
  • 1899Dwight L Moody: US evangelist (Student Volunteer Movement)
  • 1902Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing: Psychiatrist, dies at 62
  • 1908Marie Jungius: Dutch teacher / fairy tale writer, dies at 44
  • 1913Menelik II: King of Ethiopia (1896-1913), dies at 69
  • 1917Francesca Saveria Cabrini: US Saint / Patron of immigrant, dies at 67
  • 1918Albijn van de Abeele: Flemish Author / mayor / painter, dies at 83
  • 1923Arthur H Bird: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1939Ma Rainey: "Mother of the Blues", US blues singer / composer, dies at 53
  • 1940Nathanael West [Weinstein]: US writer (Cool Million), dies at 37
  • 1941Leopoldo Mugnone: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1944Antoine Mariotte: Composer, dies on 69th birthday
  • 1944Harry Langdon: US comic / director (Heart Trouble), dies at 60

Historical events on December 23

  • 0619Boniface V begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1482Peace of Atrecht
  • 1569St. Philip of Moscow martyred by Ivan the Terrible
  • 1620French huguenots declare war on King Louis XIII
  • 1672Giovanni Cassini discovers Rhea, a satellite of Saturn
  • 1688English King Jacob II flees to France
  • 1715Russian / Prussian troops occupy Stralsund
  • 1724Emperor Charles VI names Maria Elisabeth land guardian of Aust Neth
  • 1728Prussian Emperor Karel VI sign Treaty of Berlin
  • 1751France sets plan to tax clergymen
  • 1776Continental Congress negotiates a war loan of $181,500 from France
  • 1779Benedict Arnold court-martialed for improper conduct
  • 1793Thomas Jefferson warned of slave revolts in West Indies
  • 1823"Visit from St. Nicholas" by C Moore published in Troy (NY) Sentinel
  • 1832Dutch troops in Antwerp surrender
  • 1834Joseph Hansom of London receives patent for Hansom cabs
  • 18521st Chinese theater in US, Celestial John, opens in San Francisco
  • 1862Union General Ben "Beast" Butler is proclaimed a "felon, outlaw & common enemy of mankind" by Jefferson Davis
  • 18671st self-made millionairess (Sarah Breedlove-hair straightner)
  • 1888Dutch Painter Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear
  • 1899Field Marshal Lord Roberts departs Southampton to South Africa
  • 1899Southampton: field marshal lord Roberts departures to South Africa
  • 1899Tentative Turkish and German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway
  • 19071st all-steel passengar railroad coach completed, Altoona, Pennsylvania
  • 1909Albert becomes King of Belgians
  • 1911Opera "I Giojelli Della Madonna" is produced (Berlin)
  • 1912Aswan Dam in Nile begins operation
  • 1913President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law
  • 19173 British warships come close to Holland
  • 19191st hospital ship built to move wounded naval personnel launched

Born on December 23

  • 1174Louis I: Duke of Wittelsbach
  • 1544Anna: Duchess of Saxson / Wife of Prince Willem of Orange (1561-71)
  • 1548Pieter C Bockenberg: Historian (Annales Hollandiae et Zeelandiae)
  • 1582Severo Bonini: Composer
  • 1597Martin Opitz: Germany -- Poet "Father of Modern German poetry"
  • 1644Tomas de Torrejon y Velasco: Composer
  • 1689Joseph Bodin de Boismortier: Composer
  • 1699Joseph Gibbs: Composer
  • 1709Jean-Noel Hamal: Composer
  • 1714Johann Siebenkas: Composer
  • 1716Johann Heinrich Rolle: Composer
  • 1732Richard Arkwright: Inventor (spinning frame)
  • 1749Johann Lukas Schubaur: Composer
  • 1750Frederik Augustus I [the Righteous]: King of Saxony (1806-27)
  • 1763John Davy: Composer
  • 1777Aleksandr I P Romanov: Tsar of Russia (1801-25)
  • 1780Charles-Louis Panckoucke: French publisher
  • 1790Jean-Francois Champollion: Deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics
  • 1795Philippe Vandermaelen: Flemish cartographer (Atlas Universel)
  • 1804Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve: French critic / writer (Informal Talk)
  • 1808Thomas Turner: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1883
  • 1812Samuel Smiles: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Author (Self-Help, Character, Duty)
  • 1812William Hauser: Composer
  • 1815Henry Highland Garnet: Maryland, United States -- Minister / abolitionist / diplomat
  • 1818David Addison Weisiger: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899
  • 1823Alexandru Flechtenmacher: Composer
  • 1827Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff: Austrian Admiral (Helgoland / Lissa)
  • 1828Mathilde Wesendonk: German writer / poet (Tagebuchblatter)
  • 1830Adam Minchejmer: Composer
  • 1834Thomas R Malthus: English vicar / economist (moral restraint)

Died on December 23

  • 0558Childebert: King of France (511-58), dies at about 62
  • 0679Dagobert II: King of Austrasia (676-679), murdered
  • 1116Ivo van Chartres: French canonist / Bishop of Chartres / saint
  • 1236Philippus Cancellarius: French Theologist / Poet (Summa Cum Laude)
  • 1502Margaretha: English Princess of Burgundy, dies at 57
  • 1569St Philip: Metropolitan of Moscow, martyred by Ivan the Terrible
  • 1588Hendrik de Guise: French leader of Catholic League, murdered at 37
  • 1619Johan Sigismund: Elector of Brandenburg / Duke of Prussia, dies at 47
  • 1652John Cotton: Mass Bay Puritan preacher, dies at 68
  • 1688Jean-Louis Lully: Composer, dies at 21
  • 1696Johann David Mayer: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1812Michel Delalande: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1891Holger Simon Paulli: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1908Eduard Wachmann: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1908Francois A Gevaert: Belg / Dutch Composer (Diable au Moulin), dies at 68
  • 1911Karl L Hoschna: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1915Roland Leighton: Dies at 20
  • 1930Johannes H Been: Brielle archivist, dies at 71
  • 1938Robert Herrick: US writer (Chimes), dies at 70
  • 1939Anthony H G Fokker: Dutch airplane builder (Spider), dies at 49
  • 1943Theo[dorus J] Thijssen: Dutch writer (Kees de Jongen), dies at 64
  • 1945Mogens Klitgaard: Danish Author (Brunkul), dies at 39
  • 1948Hideki Tojo: Prime Minister of Japan (1941-44) and 6 Japanese, hanged for war crimes at 64
  • 1950Vincenzo Tommasini: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1951Alfreds Kalnins: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1951Benito Lynch: Irish / Argentine writer (Palo Verde), dies at 66
  • 1953Lavrenti P Beria: Soviet Minister of internal security, executed
  • 1959Edward FLW Halifax: English viscount / Viceroy of India, dies at 78
  • 1959Lester Lonergan, Jr.: Actor (Growing Paynes), dies at 65
  • 1959Lord Irwin: Ambassador to US (1940-46), dies at 78