Events on Dec 23

  • 0619Boniface V begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1482Peace of Atrecht
  • 1569St. Philip of Moscow martyred by Ivan the Terrible
  • 1620French huguenots declare war on King Louis XIII
  • 1672Giovanni Cassini discovers Rhea, a satellite of Saturn
  • 1688English King Jacob II flees to France
  • 1715Russian / Prussian troops occupy Stralsund
  • 1724Emperor Charles VI names Maria Elisabeth land guardian of Aust Neth
  • 1728Prussian Emperor Karel VI sign Treaty of Berlin
  • 1751France sets plan to tax clergymen
  • 1776Continental Congress negotiates a war loan of $181,500 from France
  • 1779Benedict Arnold court-martialed for improper conduct
  • 1793Thomas Jefferson warned of slave revolts in West Indies
  • 1823"Visit from St. Nicholas" by C Moore published in Troy (NY) Sentinel
  • 1832Dutch troops in Antwerp surrender
  • 1834Joseph Hansom of London receives patent for Hansom cabs
  • 18521st Chinese theater in US, Celestial John, opens in San Francisco
  • 1862Union General Ben "Beast" Butler is proclaimed a "felon, outlaw & common enemy of mankind" by Jefferson Davis
  • 18671st self-made millionairess (Sarah Breedlove-hair straightner)
  • 1888Dutch Painter Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear
  • 1899Field Marshal Lord Roberts departs Southampton to South Africa
  • 1899Southampton: field marshal lord Roberts departures to South Africa
  • 1899Tentative Turkish and German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway
  • 19071st all-steel passengar railroad coach completed, Altoona, Pennsylvania
  • 1909Albert becomes King of Belgians
  • 1911Opera "I Giojelli Della Madonna" is produced (Berlin)
  • 1912Aswan Dam in Nile begins operation
  • 1913President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law
  • 19173 British warships come close to Holland
  • 19191st hospital ship built to move wounded naval personnel launched

Born on Dec 23

  • 1174Louis I: Duke of Wittelsbach
  • 1544Anna: Duchess of Saxson / Wife of Prince Willem of Orange (1561-71)
  • 1548Pieter C Bockenberg: Historian (Annales Hollandiae et Zeelandiae)
  • 1582Severo Bonini: Composer
  • 1597Martin Opitz: Germany -- Poet "Father of Modern German poetry"
  • 1644Tomas de Torrejon y Velasco: Composer
  • 1689Joseph Bodin de Boismortier: Composer
  • 1699Joseph Gibbs: Composer
  • 1709Jean-Noel Hamal: Composer
  • 1714Johann Siebenkas: Composer
  • 1716Johann Heinrich Rolle: Composer
  • 1732Richard Arkwright: Inventor (spinning frame)
  • 1749Johann Lukas Schubaur: Composer
  • 1750Frederik Augustus I [the Righteous]: King of Saxony (1806-27)
  • 1763John Davy: Composer
  • 1777Aleksandr I P Romanov: Tsar of Russia (1801-25)
  • 1780Charles-Louis Panckoucke: French publisher
  • 1790Jean-Francois Champollion: Deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics
  • 1795Philippe Vandermaelen: Flemish cartographer (Atlas Universel)
  • 1804Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve: French critic / writer (Informal Talk)
  • 1808Thomas Turner: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1883
  • 1812Samuel Smiles: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Author (Self-Help, Character, Duty)
  • 1812William Hauser: Composer
  • 1815Henry Highland Garnet: Maryland, United States -- Minister / abolitionist / diplomat
  • 1818David Addison Weisiger: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899
  • 1823Alexandru Flechtenmacher: Composer
  • 1827Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff: Austrian Admiral (Helgoland / Lissa)
  • 1828Mathilde Wesendonk: German writer / poet (Tagebuchblatter)
  • 1830Adam Minchejmer: Composer
  • 1834Thomas R Malthus: English vicar / economist (moral restraint)

Died on Dec 23

  • 0558Childebert: King of France (511-58), dies at about 62
  • 0679Dagobert II: King of Austrasia (676-679), murdered
  • 1116Ivo van Chartres: French canonist / Bishop of Chartres / saint
  • 1236Philippus Cancellarius: French Theologist / Poet (Summa Cum Laude)
  • 1502Margaretha: English Princess of Burgundy, dies at 57
  • 1569St Philip: Metropolitan of Moscow, martyred by Ivan the Terrible
  • 1588Hendrik de Guise: French leader of Catholic League, murdered at 37
  • 1619Johan Sigismund: Elector of Brandenburg / Duke of Prussia, dies at 47
  • 1652John Cotton: Mass Bay Puritan preacher, dies at 68
  • 1688Jean-Louis Lully: Composer, dies at 21
  • 1696Johann David Mayer: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1812Michel Delalande: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1891Holger Simon Paulli: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1908Eduard Wachmann: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1908Francois A Gevaert: Belg / Dutch Composer (Diable au Moulin), dies at 68
  • 1911Karl L Hoschna: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1915Roland Leighton: Dies at 20
  • 1930Johannes H Been: Brielle archivist, dies at 71
  • 1938Robert Herrick: US writer (Chimes), dies at 70
  • 1939Anthony H G Fokker: Dutch airplane builder (Spider), dies at 49
  • 1943Theo[dorus J] Thijssen: Dutch writer (Kees de Jongen), dies at 64
  • 1945Mogens Klitgaard: Danish Author (Brunkul), dies at 39
  • 1948Hideki Tojo: Prime Minister of Japan (1941-44) and 6 Japanese, hanged for war crimes at 64
  • 1950Vincenzo Tommasini: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1951Alfreds Kalnins: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1951Benito Lynch: Irish / Argentine writer (Palo Verde), dies at 66
  • 1953Lavrenti P Beria: Soviet Minister of internal security, executed
  • 1959Edward FLW Halifax: English viscount / Viceroy of India, dies at 78
  • 1959Lester Lonergan, Jr.: Actor (Growing Paynes), dies at 65
  • 1959Lord Irwin: Ambassador to US (1940-46), dies at 78

Historical events on December 24

  • 0640John IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1046Pope Clement II, [Suitger] elected
  • 1294Cardinal Benedetto Gaetani chosen as Pope Boniface VIII
  • 1476400 Burgundy soldiers freeze to death during siege of Nancy
  • 1515Thomas Wolsey appointed English Lord Chancellor
  • 1565Compromise of the Nobles closes against inquisition
  • 1593Storm hits Texel: 40 ships hit, 500 killed
  • 1651John van Riebeeck departs to Cape of Good Hope
  • 1715Swedish troops occupy Norway
  • 1724Benjamin Franklin arrives in London
  • 1798Russia and England sign Second anti-French Coalition
  • 1799Jakobijns plot against Napoleon uncovered
  • 1818"Silent Night" composed by Franz Joseph Gruber; 1st sung next day
  • 1818Franz Xaver Gruber composes "Silent Night"
  • 18321st US Negro hospital founded by whites chartered - Savannah, Georgia
  • 1832HMS Beagle anchors in Wigwam Bay at Cape Receiver
  • 1851Fire devastates Library of Congress in Washington, destroys 35,000 volumes
  • 1851US Library of Congress catches fire; 35,000 books burn
  • 1864Battle of Gordonsville, Virginia
  • 1865Several Confederate veterans form Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, Tennessee
  • 1874Pope Pius IX proclaims a jubilee for 1875
  • 1889Daniel Stover and William Hance patent bicycle with back pedal brake
  • 1893Henry Ford completes his 1st useful gas motor
  • 1894Scheveningse fishing boats destroyed by storm
  • 1904German SW Africa abolishes slavery of young children
  • 1906Reginald A Fessenden became 1st to broadcast music over radio (Mass)
  • 1912Irving Fisher patents archiving system with index cards
  • 1914German plane drops bombs on Dover England
  • 1920Enrico Caruso gives his last public performance (NYC)
  • 1922BBC sends 1st British radio play "Truth about Father Christmas"

Born on December 24

  • 1167John "without a land": King of England (1199-1216)
  • 1564Abraham C Bloemaert: Painter / cartoonist / engraver
  • 1653Georg Motz: Composer
  • 1689French van Mieris "the Young": Dutch painter / historian
  • 1719Johann Christoph Altnikol: Composer
  • 1726Johann Ernst Hartmann: Composer
  • 1745Benjamin Rush: Byberry, Pennsylvania -- Physician / General / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1754George Crabbe: Aldeburgh, England -- Poet (Everlasting Mercy)
  • 1773Joseph Wolfl: Composer
  • 1798Adam B Mickiewicz: Poland -- National poet (Pan Tadeusz)
  • 1812Henry Russell: Composer
  • 1813Henry Wellington Greatorex: Composer
  • 1818James Prescott Joule: Physicist (discovered conservation of energy)
  • 1822Charles Hermite: French mathematician (E is Transcendent)
  • 1822Matthew Arnold: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / critic (Dover Beach)
  • 1824Peter Cornelius: Composer
  • 1826Ignacy Krzyzanowski: Composer
  • 1829Benjamin Ipavec: Composer
  • 1829Jose Rogel: Composer
  • 1837Sissi: Emperor of Austria
  • 1859Roman Statkowski: Composer
  • 1867Manuel de Oliveira Lima: Brazilian historian / diplomat
  • 1868Emanuel Lasker: Germany -- World chess champion (1894-21)
  • 1870Rosario Scalero: Composer
  • 1871Henri Stroethoff: Dutch actor (A Chique Little Boy)
  • 1879Stanislav Pylypovych Lyudkevych: Composer
  • 1881Bronislaw Zygmunt Szulc: Composer
  • 1881Charles Wakefield Cadman: Composer
  • 1887Louis Jouvet: Crozon, France -- Actor (Volpone, Topaze, La Marseillaise)
  • 1889Vladimir Sokoloff: Moscow, Russia -- Actor (Road to Morocco)

Died on December 24

  • 1069Godfried II: With the Beard, Duke of Neder-Lutherans
  • 1380John von Neumarkt: German Bishop / Chancellor Karel IV
  • 1453John Dunstable: English composer
  • 1524Vasco da Gama: Portuguese explorer / Viceroy of Cochin, dies at about 55
  • 1541Andreas R Bodenstein von Carlstadt: Radical Lutheran, dies at about 61
  • 1548Maximilian of Egmond: Dutch count / stadholder of Frisia
  • 1660Mary I Henriette Stuart: Queen of England, dies at 29
  • 1823Philipp Christoph Kayser: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1862Joseph Funk: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1863W M Thackeray: Writer, dies at 52
  • 1869Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton: US Secretary of War (1861-65), dies at 55
  • 1885Louis-Prosper Gachard: Belgian historian, dies at 85
  • 1898Eugeniusz Pankiewicz: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1904Juliaan Dillens: Flemish sculptor, dies at 55
  • 1908Francois-Auguste Gevaert: Belgian musicologist / composer, dies at 80
  • 1909Nicolaas G Pierson: Director Suriname / Dutch Bank, dies at 80
  • 1930Eduard David: German Minister (constitution of Weimar), dies at 67
  • 1930Oskar Nedbal: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1932Eyvind Alnaes: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1935Alban Maria Johannes Berg: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1942Friedrich Klose: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1942Jean LXF Darlan: French Admiral, murdered by gaullists
  • 1942K Balmont: Writer, dies at 75
  • 1944Joseph Gustav Mraczek: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1945Francisco Pujol: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1952Henry A "Hans" Kramers: Dutch theoretical physicist, dies at 58
  • 1955Nana Bryant: Actress (Mrs Nestor-Our Miss Brooks), dies at 67
  • 1957Norma Talmadge: US actress (sign on bay), dies at 60
  • 1961Guy de Lioncourt: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1966Gaspar Cassado Moreu: Composer, dies at 69