Events on Dec 24

  • 0640John IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1046Pope Clement II, [Suitger] elected
  • 1294Cardinal Benedetto Gaetani chosen as Pope Boniface VIII
  • 1476400 Burgundy soldiers freeze to death during siege of Nancy
  • 1515Thomas Wolsey appointed English Lord Chancellor
  • 1565Compromise of the Nobles closes against inquisition
  • 1593Storm hits Texel: 40 ships hit, 500 killed
  • 1651John van Riebeeck departs to Cape of Good Hope
  • 1715Swedish troops occupy Norway
  • 1724Benjamin Franklin arrives in London
  • 1798Russia and England sign Second anti-French Coalition
  • 1799Jakobijns plot against Napoleon uncovered
  • 1818"Silent Night" composed by Franz Joseph Gruber; 1st sung next day
  • 1818Franz Xaver Gruber composes "Silent Night"
  • 18321st US Negro hospital founded by whites chartered - Savannah, Georgia
  • 1832HMS Beagle anchors in Wigwam Bay at Cape Receiver
  • 1851Fire devastates Library of Congress in Washington, destroys 35,000 volumes
  • 1851US Library of Congress catches fire; 35,000 books burn
  • 1864Battle of Gordonsville, Virginia
  • 1865Several Confederate veterans form Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, Tennessee
  • 1874Pope Pius IX proclaims a jubilee for 1875
  • 1889Daniel Stover and William Hance patent bicycle with back pedal brake
  • 1893Henry Ford completes his 1st useful gas motor
  • 1894Scheveningse fishing boats destroyed by storm
  • 1904German SW Africa abolishes slavery of young children
  • 1906Reginald A Fessenden became 1st to broadcast music over radio (Mass)
  • 1912Irving Fisher patents archiving system with index cards
  • 1914German plane drops bombs on Dover England
  • 1920Enrico Caruso gives his last public performance (NYC)
  • 1922BBC sends 1st British radio play "Truth about Father Christmas"

Born on Dec 24

  • 1167John "without a land": King of England (1199-1216)
  • 1564Abraham C Bloemaert: Painter / cartoonist / engraver
  • 1653Georg Motz: Composer
  • 1689French van Mieris "the Young": Dutch painter / historian
  • 1719Johann Christoph Altnikol: Composer
  • 1726Johann Ernst Hartmann: Composer
  • 1745Benjamin Rush: Byberry, Pennsylvania -- Physician / General / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1754George Crabbe: Aldeburgh, England -- Poet (Everlasting Mercy)
  • 1773Joseph Wolfl: Composer
  • 1798Adam B Mickiewicz: Poland -- National poet (Pan Tadeusz)
  • 1812Henry Russell: Composer
  • 1813Henry Wellington Greatorex: Composer
  • 1818James Prescott Joule: Physicist (discovered conservation of energy)
  • 1822Charles Hermite: French mathematician (E is Transcendent)
  • 1822Matthew Arnold: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / critic (Dover Beach)
  • 1824Peter Cornelius: Composer
  • 1826Ignacy Krzyzanowski: Composer
  • 1829Benjamin Ipavec: Composer
  • 1829Jose Rogel: Composer
  • 1837Sissi: Emperor of Austria
  • 1859Roman Statkowski: Composer
  • 1867Manuel de Oliveira Lima: Brazilian historian / diplomat
  • 1868Emanuel Lasker: Germany -- World chess champion (1894-21)
  • 1870Rosario Scalero: Composer
  • 1871Henri Stroethoff: Dutch actor (A Chique Little Boy)
  • 1879Stanislav Pylypovych Lyudkevych: Composer
  • 1881Bronislaw Zygmunt Szulc: Composer
  • 1881Charles Wakefield Cadman: Composer
  • 1887Louis Jouvet: Crozon, France -- Actor (Volpone, Topaze, La Marseillaise)
  • 1889Vladimir Sokoloff: Moscow, Russia -- Actor (Road to Morocco)

Died on Dec 24

  • 1069Godfried II: With the Beard, Duke of Neder-Lutherans
  • 1380John von Neumarkt: German Bishop / Chancellor Karel IV
  • 1453John Dunstable: English composer
  • 1524Vasco da Gama: Portuguese explorer / Viceroy of Cochin, dies at about 55
  • 1541Andreas R Bodenstein von Carlstadt: Radical Lutheran, dies at about 61
  • 1548Maximilian of Egmond: Dutch count / stadholder of Frisia
  • 1660Mary I Henriette Stuart: Queen of England, dies at 29
  • 1823Philipp Christoph Kayser: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1862Joseph Funk: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1863W M Thackeray: Writer, dies at 52
  • 1869Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton: US Secretary of War (1861-65), dies at 55
  • 1885Louis-Prosper Gachard: Belgian historian, dies at 85
  • 1898Eugeniusz Pankiewicz: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1904Juliaan Dillens: Flemish sculptor, dies at 55
  • 1908Francois-Auguste Gevaert: Belgian musicologist / composer, dies at 80
  • 1909Nicolaas G Pierson: Director Suriname / Dutch Bank, dies at 80
  • 1930Eduard David: German Minister (constitution of Weimar), dies at 67
  • 1930Oskar Nedbal: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1932Eyvind Alnaes: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1935Alban Maria Johannes Berg: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1942Friedrich Klose: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1942Jean LXF Darlan: French Admiral, murdered by gaullists
  • 1942K Balmont: Writer, dies at 75
  • 1944Joseph Gustav Mraczek: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1945Francisco Pujol: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1952Henry A "Hans" Kramers: Dutch theoretical physicist, dies at 58
  • 1955Nana Bryant: Actress (Mrs Nestor-Our Miss Brooks), dies at 67
  • 1957Norma Talmadge: US actress (sign on bay), dies at 60
  • 1961Guy de Lioncourt: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1966Gaspar Cassado Moreu: Composer, dies at 69

Historical events on December 25

  • 00011st Christmas, according to calendar-maker Dionysus Exiguus
  • 0337Earliest possible date that Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
  • 03521st definite date Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
  • 0390Roman Emperor Theodosius admits debt on mass murder in Thessalonica
  • 0498French King Clovis baptises himself
  • 0597England adopts Julian calendar
  • 0604Battle at Etampes (Stampae): Burgundy beat Neustriers
  • 0795Adrian I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0800Pope Leo III crowns Charles the Great (Charlemagne), Roman Emperor
  • 0875Charles, the Bare, crowned Emperor of Rome
  • 0967John XIII crowned Otto II the Red German compassionate Emperor
  • 0969Johannes I Tzimisces, crowned Emperor of Byzantium
  • 0979Rotardus appointed as Bishop of the kingdom
  • 0999Heribertus becomes Bishop of Cologne
  • 1046Pope Clemens VI crowns Henry III RC-German Emperor
  • 1048Parliament of Worms: Emperor Henry III names his cousin count Bruno van Egisheim / Dagsburg as Pope Leo IX
  • 1066William the Conqueror, crowned King of England
  • 1100Boudouin I of Boulogne crowned King of Jerusalem
  • 1121Norbertus van Xanten finds order of the Norbertijnen
  • 1130Anti-pope Anacletus II crowns Roger II the Norman, King of Sicily
  • 1223St. Francis of Assisi assembles 1st Nativity scene (Greccio, Italy)
  • 1522Turkish troops occupy Rhodos
  • 1582Zealand / Brabant adopts Gregorian calendar, yesterday was Dec 14th
  • 1613Johan Sigismund of Brandenburg becomes protestant
  • 1621Gov William Bradford of Plymouth forbids game playing on Christmas
  • 1641Emperor Ferdinand III makes appointments with Sweden and France
  • 1651Massachusetts General Court ordered a fine (five shillings) for "observing any such day as Christmas"
  • 1683English Whig-leader Duke of Monmouth flees to Holland
  • 1688English King James II lands in Ambleteuse, France
  • 1688Lord Delamere sides with King James II

Born on December 25

  • 1583Orlando Gibbons: English composer (O Clap Your Hands), baptized
  • 1601Jose Ximenez: Composer
  • 1624Angelus Silesius [Johann Scheffler]: German mystic (St Seelenlust)
  • 1646Harald Vallerius: Composer
  • 1686Giovanni Battista Somis: Composer
  • 1698Jacobus Houbraken: Dutch engraver / illustrator
  • 1711Jean-Joseph Cassenea de Mondonville: Composer
  • 1717Pius VI [Giovanni A Braschi]: Italy -- Pope (1775-99)
  • 1721William Collins: Chichester, England -- (Mayor-Chichester) / poet
  • 1728Johann Adam Hiller: Composer
  • 1750John "Christmas" Beckwith: Composer
  • 1752Mithra
  • 1763Claude Chappe: French engineer (optical telegraph)
  • 1765Joseph Mazzinghi: Composer
  • 1771Dorothy Wordsworth
  • 1775Antun Sorkocevic: Composer
  • 1808Stephen Cleeg Rowan: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1890
  • 1811Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler: German politician / Bishop of Mainz
  • 1813Milledge Luke Bonham: (Confederacy) died in 1890
  • 1814Jan de Liefde II: Dutch vicar / founder (Coop of Welfare of the People)
  • 1815Temistocle Solera: Composer
  • 1823Preston Smith: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1825Esteban Salas y Castro: Composer
  • 1829Patrick S Gilmore: Composer
  • 1831Johann Herbeck: Composer
  • 1832Thomas Alfred Smyth: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1865
  • 1837Cosima Liszt: Wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner
  • 1855James Galvin: Pitcher (shut-out every opposing team in 1884)
  • 1859Raoul Gunsbourg: Composer
  • 1865Evangeline Cory Booth: Salvation Army General (1904-34)

Died on December 25

  • 0795Adrian I: Italian Pope (772-95)
  • 0820Leo V [the Armenian]: Byzantine General / Emperor (813-20), murdered
  • 1156Peter Venerabilis: Fr Theologist / 9th abbot of Cluny, dies at about 61
  • 1249Peter Nolascus: Spanish monastery founder / St
  • 1513Johannes Amerbach: Swiss publisher / printer, dies at about 70
  • 1530Babur: Emperor of Delhi
  • 1683Kara Mustapha: Turkish grand-vizier (1676-83), executed
  • 1761Elisabeth Petrovna: Tsarina of Russia (1741-62), dies at about 51
  • 1765Antonio Tonelli: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1788John Logan: Scottish conductor (Ode to the Cuckoo), dies at about 40
  • 1824Barbara Krudener: Mystic visionary who renounced nobility, dies at 60
  • 1842Bedrich Divis Weber: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1848Johann Erik Nordblom: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1868Linus Yale: Developer of cylinder lock
  • 1878Anna Claypoole Peale: US Painter of miniatures
  • 1883Marek Konrad Sokolowski: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1904Per Jonas Fredrik Vilhelm Svedbom: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1921Hans Huber: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1921Korolenko: Writer
  • 1922Alphonse Goovaerts: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1925Sergei Jessenin: Writer, dies at 30
  • 1926Yoshihito: 123rd Emperor of Japan (1912-26), dies at 47
  • 1927Sergei D Sazonov: Russian Foreign Minister (1910-16), dies at 66
  • 1930Harvey Worthington Loomis: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1936Pierre Maurice: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1940Agnes Ayres: Actress (Johnny Belinda, Sheik), dies at 42
  • 1942Vojislav Vuckovic: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1943Ilona Durigo: Hungarian singer, dies at 62
  • 1943Raymond Huntington Woodman: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1950Xavier Villaurrutia: Mexican Poet (Nostalgia de la muerte), dies at 47