Events on Dec 25

  • 00011st Christmas, according to calendar-maker Dionysus Exiguus
  • 0337Earliest possible date that Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
  • 03521st definite date Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
  • 0390Roman Emperor Theodosius admits debt on mass murder in Thessalonica
  • 0498French King Clovis baptises himself
  • 0597England adopts Julian calendar
  • 0604Battle at Etampes (Stampae): Burgundy beat Neustriers
  • 0795Adrian I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0800Pope Leo III crowns Charles the Great (Charlemagne), Roman Emperor
  • 0875Charles, the Bare, crowned Emperor of Rome
  • 0967John XIII crowned Otto II the Red German compassionate Emperor
  • 0969Johannes I Tzimisces, crowned Emperor of Byzantium
  • 0979Rotardus appointed as Bishop of the kingdom
  • 0999Heribertus becomes Bishop of Cologne
  • 1046Pope Clemens VI crowns Henry III RC-German Emperor
  • 1048Parliament of Worms: Emperor Henry III names his cousin count Bruno van Egisheim / Dagsburg as Pope Leo IX
  • 1066William the Conqueror, crowned King of England
  • 1100Boudouin I of Boulogne crowned King of Jerusalem
  • 1121Norbertus van Xanten finds order of the Norbertijnen
  • 1130Anti-pope Anacletus II crowns Roger II the Norman, King of Sicily
  • 1223St. Francis of Assisi assembles 1st Nativity scene (Greccio, Italy)
  • 1522Turkish troops occupy Rhodos
  • 1582Zealand / Brabant adopts Gregorian calendar, yesterday was Dec 14th
  • 1613Johan Sigismund of Brandenburg becomes protestant
  • 1621Gov William Bradford of Plymouth forbids game playing on Christmas
  • 1641Emperor Ferdinand III makes appointments with Sweden and France
  • 1651Massachusetts General Court ordered a fine (five shillings) for "observing any such day as Christmas"
  • 1683English Whig-leader Duke of Monmouth flees to Holland
  • 1688English King James II lands in Ambleteuse, France
  • 1688Lord Delamere sides with King James II

Born on Dec 25

  • 1583Orlando Gibbons: English composer (O Clap Your Hands), baptized
  • 1601Jose Ximenez: Composer
  • 1624Angelus Silesius [Johann Scheffler]: German mystic (St Seelenlust)
  • 1646Harald Vallerius: Composer
  • 1686Giovanni Battista Somis: Composer
  • 1698Jacobus Houbraken: Dutch engraver / illustrator
  • 1711Jean-Joseph Cassenea de Mondonville: Composer
  • 1717Pius VI [Giovanni A Braschi]: Italy -- Pope (1775-99)
  • 1721William Collins: Chichester, England -- (Mayor-Chichester) / poet
  • 1728Johann Adam Hiller: Composer
  • 1750John "Christmas" Beckwith: Composer
  • 1752Mithra
  • 1763Claude Chappe: French engineer (optical telegraph)
  • 1765Joseph Mazzinghi: Composer
  • 1771Dorothy Wordsworth
  • 1775Antun Sorkocevic: Composer
  • 1808Stephen Cleeg Rowan: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1890
  • 1811Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler: German politician / Bishop of Mainz
  • 1813Milledge Luke Bonham: (Confederacy) died in 1890
  • 1814Jan de Liefde II: Dutch vicar / founder (Coop of Welfare of the People)
  • 1815Temistocle Solera: Composer
  • 1823Preston Smith: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1825Esteban Salas y Castro: Composer
  • 1829Patrick S Gilmore: Composer
  • 1831Johann Herbeck: Composer
  • 1832Thomas Alfred Smyth: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1865
  • 1837Cosima Liszt: Wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner
  • 1855James Galvin: Pitcher (shut-out every opposing team in 1884)
  • 1859Raoul Gunsbourg: Composer
  • 1865Evangeline Cory Booth: Salvation Army General (1904-34)

Died on Dec 25

  • 0795Adrian I: Italian Pope (772-95)
  • 0820Leo V [the Armenian]: Byzantine General / Emperor (813-20), murdered
  • 1156Peter Venerabilis: Fr Theologist / 9th abbot of Cluny, dies at about 61
  • 1249Peter Nolascus: Spanish monastery founder / St
  • 1513Johannes Amerbach: Swiss publisher / printer, dies at about 70
  • 1530Babur: Emperor of Delhi
  • 1683Kara Mustapha: Turkish grand-vizier (1676-83), executed
  • 1761Elisabeth Petrovna: Tsarina of Russia (1741-62), dies at about 51
  • 1765Antonio Tonelli: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1788John Logan: Scottish conductor (Ode to the Cuckoo), dies at about 40
  • 1824Barbara Krudener: Mystic visionary who renounced nobility, dies at 60
  • 1842Bedrich Divis Weber: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1848Johann Erik Nordblom: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1868Linus Yale: Developer of cylinder lock
  • 1878Anna Claypoole Peale: US Painter of miniatures
  • 1883Marek Konrad Sokolowski: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1904Per Jonas Fredrik Vilhelm Svedbom: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1921Hans Huber: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1921Korolenko: Writer
  • 1922Alphonse Goovaerts: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1925Sergei Jessenin: Writer, dies at 30
  • 1926Yoshihito: 123rd Emperor of Japan (1912-26), dies at 47
  • 1927Sergei D Sazonov: Russian Foreign Minister (1910-16), dies at 66
  • 1930Harvey Worthington Loomis: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1936Pierre Maurice: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1940Agnes Ayres: Actress (Johnny Belinda, Sheik), dies at 42
  • 1942Vojislav Vuckovic: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1943Ilona Durigo: Hungarian singer, dies at 62
  • 1943Raymond Huntington Woodman: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1950Xavier Villaurrutia: Mexican Poet (Nostalgia de la muerte), dies at 47

Historical events on December 26

  • 0268St. Dionysius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0418St. Zosimus ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0795St. Leo III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1198French Bishop Odo van Sully condemns Zottenfeest
  • 1481Battle at Westbroek: Dutch army beats Utrecht
  • 14921st Spanish settlement in New World founded, by Columbus
  • 1620Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • 1659Long Parliament reforms in Westminster
  • 1748France and Austria signs treaty about Southern Netherlands
  • 1773Expulsion of tea ships from Philadelphia
  • 1776Battle of Trenton-major British defeat
  • 1776George Washington defeats Hessians at Trenton
  • 1799George Washington is eulogized by Col Henry Lee as "1st in war, 1st in peace & 1st in hearts of his countrymen"
  • 1805France and Austria signs Peace of Pressburg
  • 1805Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts established, Philadelphia
  • 1809English invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen
  • 1813Zamose, Modlin, Torgau surrenders to allied armies
  • 1825Erie Canal opens
  • 18481st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to San Francisco
  • 1848William and Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
  • 1854Wood-pulp paper 1st exhibited, Buffalo
  • 1860Maiden voyage of 1st steamship owned by 1 man (C Vanderbilt)
  • 1860Major Robert Anderson, under cover of darkness, concentrated his small force at Ft Sumter
  • 18621st US navy hospital ship enters service
  • 186238 Santee Sioux Indians hanged in Mankato Minn, due to their uprising
  • 1865James H Mason (Mass) patents 1st US coffee percolator
  • 18724th largest snowfall in NYC history (18")
  • 1877Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st National convention
  • 18781st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia
  • 1890King Mwanga of Uganda signs contract with East Africa Company

Born on December 26

  • 1194Frederick II: Lesi, Italy -- German Emperor (1212-1250) / King of Sicily
  • 1618Elisabeth: Paltsgravin of Rhine / abbess
  • 1633Charles E Biset: Flemish painter, baptised
  • 1660Peter Schenck: German / Netherlands engraver / publisher, baptised
  • 1687Johann Georg Pisendel: German violinist / composer
  • 1716Thomas Gray: English poet (Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard)
  • 1731Anthony Ziesenis: Architect / sculptor (Town Hall of Westzaan)
  • 1738Thomas Nelson: Merchant, signer of Declaration of Independence
  • 1762Franz Wilhelm Tausch: Composer
  • 1770Pierre Earl de Cambronne: French General (Waterloo, Elba)
  • 1771Heinrich J von Collin: Austria -- Dramatist / poet (Regulus)
  • 1778Juan Lovera: Venezuela -- Artist
  • 1792Charles Babbage: English inventor (calculating machine)
  • 1793Franz Hunten: Composer
  • 1797Hans Skramstad: Composer
  • 1805Joseph-Leon Gatayes: Composer
  • 1808Albert Grisar: Composer
  • 1809William Nelson Pendleton: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
  • 1812Wilhelm Volkmar: Composer
  • 1815Israel Bush Richardson: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1820Gustavus Adolphus Smith: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
  • 1822Dion Boucicault: Irish / Us actor / playwright (Rip van Winkle)
  • 1824Augustus Louis Chetlain: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1914
  • 1826Franz Coenen: Composer
  • 1837Adm George Dewey: American naval hero of Manila
  • 1845Salvatore Auteri Manzocchi: Composer
  • 1849Samuel E "Sam" van Beem: Actor (Fanfan la Tulipe)
  • 1855Arnold Ludwig Mendelssohn: Composer
  • 1859Johan F van Bemmelen: Dutch zoologist
  • 1861Friedrich Engel: German mathematician (group theory)

Died on December 26

  • 1476Galeazzo Maria Sforza: Duke of Milan, murdered
  • 1530Zahir al-Din Mohammed Babur Shah: Founder Mogols-dynasty, dies at 47
  • 1574Charles Guise: Archbishop / Cardinal of Reims, dies at 50
  • 1624Simon Marius: Astronomer, dies in Bavaria at 54
  • 1627Gonzaga: Italian Monarch of Mantua / Monferrato
  • 1658Simon Guillain: French Sculptor (Castle of Blois / Sorbonne), dies at 78
  • 1676Domenicus van Tol: Dutch painter
  • 1679John van de Cappelle: Amsterdam landscape painter, dies at 53
  • 1736Antonio Caldara: Composer
  • 1740Mauritius Louis II Earl of Nassau: Lieutenant General (12 children)
  • 1776Johann Gottlieb Rall: Hessian Colonel / mercenary, dies in battle
  • 1797John Wilkes: English journalist / Higher / Lower house leader, dies at 72
  • 1827Jan David Holland: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1836Hans Georg Nageli: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1837Martinus van Marum: Chemist / physicist (giant salamander), dies at 87
  • 1861Philip St George Cocke: Confederate Brigadier General, commits suicide at 52
  • 186238 Santee Sioux indians, hanged in Mankato
  • 1866Samuel Ryan Curtis: Union General Major, dies at 49
  • 1879Jean Leonard Marie Poiseuille
  • 1887Jules Francois Blasini: Curacaos pianist / composer, dies at 40
  • 1890Heinrich Schliemann: German archaeologist (Trojan War), dies at 86
  • 1916Bernhard Scholz: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1918Bertram Luard-Selby: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1933Lunatscharski: Writer
  • 1937Ivor Gurney: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1942Bosinier de la Chapelle: French murderer of Admiral Darlan, executed at 24
  • 1950Emile Enthoven: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1950James Stephens: Irish Poet (Crock of Gold), dies at 68
  • 1952Pietro Pancrazi: Italian critic (Pegaso), dies at 59
  • 1956Holmes Herbert: Actor (The Kiss), dies at 74