Events on Dec 26

  • 0268St. Dionysius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0418St. Zosimus ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0795St. Leo III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1198French Bishop Odo van Sully condemns Zottenfeest
  • 1481Battle at Westbroek: Dutch army beats Utrecht
  • 14921st Spanish settlement in New World founded, by Columbus
  • 1620Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • 1659Long Parliament reforms in Westminster
  • 1748France and Austria signs treaty about Southern Netherlands
  • 1773Expulsion of tea ships from Philadelphia
  • 1776Battle of Trenton-major British defeat
  • 1776George Washington defeats Hessians at Trenton
  • 1799George Washington is eulogized by Col Henry Lee as "1st in war, 1st in peace & 1st in hearts of his countrymen"
  • 1805France and Austria signs Peace of Pressburg
  • 1805Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts established, Philadelphia
  • 1809English invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen
  • 1813Zamose, Modlin, Torgau surrenders to allied armies
  • 1825Erie Canal opens
  • 18481st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to San Francisco
  • 1848William and Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
  • 1854Wood-pulp paper 1st exhibited, Buffalo
  • 1860Maiden voyage of 1st steamship owned by 1 man (C Vanderbilt)
  • 1860Major Robert Anderson, under cover of darkness, concentrated his small force at Ft Sumter
  • 18621st US navy hospital ship enters service
  • 186238 Santee Sioux Indians hanged in Mankato Minn, due to their uprising
  • 1865James H Mason (Mass) patents 1st US coffee percolator
  • 18724th largest snowfall in NYC history (18")
  • 1877Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st National convention
  • 18781st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia
  • 1890King Mwanga of Uganda signs contract with East Africa Company

Born on Dec 26

  • 1194Frederick II: Lesi, Italy -- German Emperor (1212-1250) / King of Sicily
  • 1618Elisabeth: Paltsgravin of Rhine / abbess
  • 1633Charles E Biset: Flemish painter, baptised
  • 1660Peter Schenck: German / Netherlands engraver / publisher, baptised
  • 1687Johann Georg Pisendel: German violinist / composer
  • 1716Thomas Gray: English poet (Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard)
  • 1731Anthony Ziesenis: Architect / sculptor (Town Hall of Westzaan)
  • 1738Thomas Nelson: Merchant, signer of Declaration of Independence
  • 1762Franz Wilhelm Tausch: Composer
  • 1770Pierre Earl de Cambronne: French General (Waterloo, Elba)
  • 1771Heinrich J von Collin: Austria -- Dramatist / poet (Regulus)
  • 1778Juan Lovera: Venezuela -- Artist
  • 1792Charles Babbage: English inventor (calculating machine)
  • 1793Franz Hunten: Composer
  • 1797Hans Skramstad: Composer
  • 1805Joseph-Leon Gatayes: Composer
  • 1808Albert Grisar: Composer
  • 1809William Nelson Pendleton: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
  • 1812Wilhelm Volkmar: Composer
  • 1815Israel Bush Richardson: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1820Gustavus Adolphus Smith: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
  • 1822Dion Boucicault: Irish / Us actor / playwright (Rip van Winkle)
  • 1824Augustus Louis Chetlain: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1914
  • 1826Franz Coenen: Composer
  • 1837Adm George Dewey: American naval hero of Manila
  • 1845Salvatore Auteri Manzocchi: Composer
  • 1849Samuel E "Sam" van Beem: Actor (Fanfan la Tulipe)
  • 1855Arnold Ludwig Mendelssohn: Composer
  • 1859Johan F van Bemmelen: Dutch zoologist
  • 1861Friedrich Engel: German mathematician (group theory)

Died on Dec 26

  • 1476Galeazzo Maria Sforza: Duke of Milan, murdered
  • 1530Zahir al-Din Mohammed Babur Shah: Founder Mogols-dynasty, dies at 47
  • 1574Charles Guise: Archbishop / Cardinal of Reims, dies at 50
  • 1624Simon Marius: Astronomer, dies in Bavaria at 54
  • 1627Gonzaga: Italian Monarch of Mantua / Monferrato
  • 1658Simon Guillain: French Sculptor (Castle of Blois / Sorbonne), dies at 78
  • 1676Domenicus van Tol: Dutch painter
  • 1679John van de Cappelle: Amsterdam landscape painter, dies at 53
  • 1736Antonio Caldara: Composer
  • 1740Mauritius Louis II Earl of Nassau: Lieutenant General (12 children)
  • 1776Johann Gottlieb Rall: Hessian Colonel / mercenary, dies in battle
  • 1797John Wilkes: English journalist / Higher / Lower house leader, dies at 72
  • 1827Jan David Holland: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1836Hans Georg Nageli: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1837Martinus van Marum: Chemist / physicist (giant salamander), dies at 87
  • 1861Philip St George Cocke: Confederate Brigadier General, commits suicide at 52
  • 186238 Santee Sioux indians, hanged in Mankato
  • 1866Samuel Ryan Curtis: Union General Major, dies at 49
  • 1879Jean Leonard Marie Poiseuille
  • 1887Jules Francois Blasini: Curacaos pianist / composer, dies at 40
  • 1890Heinrich Schliemann: German archaeologist (Trojan War), dies at 86
  • 1916Bernhard Scholz: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1918Bertram Luard-Selby: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1933Lunatscharski: Writer
  • 1937Ivor Gurney: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1942Bosinier de la Chapelle: French murderer of Admiral Darlan, executed at 24
  • 1950Emile Enthoven: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1950James Stephens: Irish Poet (Crock of Gold), dies at 68
  • 1952Pietro Pancrazi: Italian critic (Pegaso), dies at 59
  • 1956Holmes Herbert: Actor (The Kiss), dies at 74

Historical events on December 27

  • 0418[Etalius] begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0537St. Sofia-church in Constantinople, initiated
  • 1437Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes King of Bohemia
  • 1521"Zwickauer profeten" appear in Wittenberg
  • 1679Dutch troops capture Madurees Prince Trunudjojo in Java
  • 1703England and Portugal sign Methuen-Asiento-trade agreement
  • 1741Prussian forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia
  • 18251st public railroad using steam locomotive completed in England
  • 1831Darwin begins his voyage on board HMS Beagle
  • 1831HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin departs England for South America
  • 1836Worst English avalanche kills 8 of 15 buried (Lewes Sussex)
  • 1845Ether 1st used in childbirth in US - Jefferson, Georgia
  • 1850Hawaiian Fire Department established
  • 1862Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs, MS (Chickasaw Bayou)
  • 1862Battle of Elizabethtown, Kentucky
  • 1887Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Blue Carbuncle" (BG)
  • 1892Foundation Stone of Cathedral of St. John laid (NYC)
  • 1892N C Biddle beats Livingston 4-0 in 1st black college football game
  • 1897Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias beat Ottawa Capitals, 15-2
  • 1903"Sweet Adaline, " a barbershop quartet favorite, is 1st sung
  • 1904Duke of York Theatre opens in London (1st musical Peter Pan)
  • 1905M A Noble scores 281 (369 mins, 21 fours) NSW vs. Victoria
  • 19061st annual meeting of American Sociological Society, Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1919Red Sox owner Harry Frazee announces they will deal any player except Harry Hooper, Hooper is sent to the White Sox after 1920 season
  • 1923Unsuccessful attempt on prince-regent Hirohito of Japan
  • 1926Depot Square in Bronx renamed Botanical Square
  • 1926Latkin Square in Bronx named for 1st US Jewish soldier to die in WWI
  • 1932Radio City Music Hall opens (NYC)
  • 19341st youth hostel in US opens (Northfield, Massachusetts)
  • 1934Shah of Persia declares Persia now Iran

Born on December 27

  • 1555Johann Arndt: German Lutherian theologist
  • 1645Giovanni Adb Viscardi: Switzerland -- Architect
  • 1654Jean / Jacobus Bernouilli: Switzerland -- Mathematician
  • 1709Pieter de Swart: Dutch architect (Royal Palace, Hague)
  • 1721Franciscus "French" Hemsterhuis: Frisian philosopher
  • 1748William Marshall: Composer
  • 1752Johann Georg Anton Mederitsch-Gallus: Composer
  • 1755Antons Klemens Theodor: King of Saksen (1827-36)
  • 1761Michael A Barclay de Tolly: Scot / Russ Minister of War
  • 1773George Cayley: England, United Kingdom -- Founder Science of Aerodynamics
  • 1800John Goss: Composer
  • 1801Guillaume L Baud: Dutch Minister of Colonies (1848-49)
  • 1802Thomas Fearnley: Norway -- Landscape painter
  • 1803John ACA van Nispen Sevenaer: Member of Dutch 2nd parliament (1848-75)
  • 1814James Henry Carleton: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1873
  • 1816Eliakim Parker Scammon: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
  • 1822John Roberts: Composer
  • 1825Reinhold Finsterbusch: Composer
  • 1829James Clay Rice: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1831Lucius Fairchild: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1896
  • 1836Henricus Oort: Dutch theologist (Leidse translation)
  • 1845Augusto de Oliviera Machado: Composer
  • 1855Paul Ehrenreich: German etnologist / mythologist
  • 1856Andre Gedalge: Composer
  • 1859William Henry Hadow: Composer
  • 1879Robert Greig: Australia -- Actor (Horse Feathers)
  • 1879Sydney Greenstreet: Sandwich, England -- Actor (Maltese Falcon)
  • 1884Bernard van Dieren: Composer
  • 1890Maurice Schoemaker: Composer
  • 1892Feliks Roderyk Labunski: Composer

Died on December 27

  • 0418Zosimus: Greek Pope (417-8)
  • 0975Balderik: Bishop of Utrecht (918-75)
  • 1590Emmanuel-Philibert of Lalaing: Marquis of Renty, dies at 33
  • 1595Pietro Pontio: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1603Thomas Cartwright: English Presbyterian publicist, dies at about 68
  • 1631John Pijnas: Dutch painter, buried at about 47
  • 1805Belle van Zuylen: Netherlands / Swiss writer (Trois Femmes), dies at 65
  • 1836Stephen Fuller Austin: Founder of state of Texas, dies at 43
  • 1858Alexandre Pierre Francois Boely: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1877Nikolai A Nekrasov: Russian Poet (Metshty into Zvuki), dies at 56
  • 1880Alessandro Nini: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1900William G Armstrong: Of Cragside, British const (hydr crane), dies at 90
  • 1919Achilles Alferaki: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1924William Archer: Scottish critic / playwright (Green Goddess), dies at 68
  • 1925Louis Dosfel: Flemish lawyer / literary (Assault!), dies at 44
  • 1931Peter Christian Lutkin: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1931Walter Courvoisier: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1936Hans von Seeckt: German General / advisor of Chiang Kai-shek, dies at 70
  • 1938Emile Vandervelde: Belgian Secretary of State (BWP), dies at 72
  • 1938O Mandelstam: Writer
  • 1944Amy Marcy Cheney Beach: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1950Max Beckmann: German Painter / graphic artist, dies at 66
  • 1952Henri G Winkelman: Dutch Supreme Commander army / navy 1940, dies at 76
  • 1957Alan Bridge: Actor (Hail the Conquering Hero), dies at 66
  • 1959Alfonso Reyes: Mexican Poet / Historian / diplomat, dies at 70
  • 1972Lester B Pearson: 14th Canadian Prime Minister (Nobel 1957), dies at 75
  • 1974Amy Vanderbilt: US Author (Complete book of etiquette), dies at 66
  • 1974Raymond Glenn: Actor (Raisin in the Sun, Carmen Jones), dies at 76
  • 1978Bob de Lange: Dutch actor / director (Daniel), dies at 62
  • 1978Chris Bell: Rock guitarist (Big Star), dies at 27 in car crash