Events on Dec 27

  • 0418[Etalius] begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0537St. Sofia-church in Constantinople, initiated
  • 1437Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes King of Bohemia
  • 1521"Zwickauer profeten" appear in Wittenberg
  • 1679Dutch troops capture Madurees Prince Trunudjojo in Java
  • 1703England and Portugal sign Methuen-Asiento-trade agreement
  • 1741Prussian forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia
  • 18251st public railroad using steam locomotive completed in England
  • 1831Darwin begins his voyage on board HMS Beagle
  • 1831HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin departs England for South America
  • 1836Worst English avalanche kills 8 of 15 buried (Lewes Sussex)
  • 1845Ether 1st used in childbirth in US - Jefferson, Georgia
  • 1850Hawaiian Fire Department established
  • 1862Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs, MS (Chickasaw Bayou)
  • 1862Battle of Elizabethtown, Kentucky
  • 1887Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Blue Carbuncle" (BG)
  • 1892Foundation Stone of Cathedral of St. John laid (NYC)
  • 1892N C Biddle beats Livingston 4-0 in 1st black college football game
  • 1897Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias beat Ottawa Capitals, 15-2
  • 1903"Sweet Adaline, " a barbershop quartet favorite, is 1st sung
  • 1904Duke of York Theatre opens in London (1st musical Peter Pan)
  • 1905M A Noble scores 281 (369 mins, 21 fours) NSW vs. Victoria
  • 19061st annual meeting of American Sociological Society, Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1919Red Sox owner Harry Frazee announces they will deal any player except Harry Hooper, Hooper is sent to the White Sox after 1920 season
  • 1923Unsuccessful attempt on prince-regent Hirohito of Japan
  • 1926Depot Square in Bronx renamed Botanical Square
  • 1926Latkin Square in Bronx named for 1st US Jewish soldier to die in WWI
  • 1932Radio City Music Hall opens (NYC)
  • 19341st youth hostel in US opens (Northfield, Massachusetts)
  • 1934Shah of Persia declares Persia now Iran

Born on Dec 27

  • 1555Johann Arndt: German Lutherian theologist
  • 1645Giovanni Adb Viscardi: Switzerland -- Architect
  • 1654Jean / Jacobus Bernouilli: Switzerland -- Mathematician
  • 1709Pieter de Swart: Dutch architect (Royal Palace, Hague)
  • 1721Franciscus "French" Hemsterhuis: Frisian philosopher
  • 1748William Marshall: Composer
  • 1752Johann Georg Anton Mederitsch-Gallus: Composer
  • 1755Antons Klemens Theodor: King of Saksen (1827-36)
  • 1761Michael A Barclay de Tolly: Scot / Russ Minister of War
  • 1773George Cayley: England, United Kingdom -- Founder Science of Aerodynamics
  • 1800John Goss: Composer
  • 1801Guillaume L Baud: Dutch Minister of Colonies (1848-49)
  • 1802Thomas Fearnley: Norway -- Landscape painter
  • 1803John ACA van Nispen Sevenaer: Member of Dutch 2nd parliament (1848-75)
  • 1814James Henry Carleton: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1873
  • 1816Eliakim Parker Scammon: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
  • 1822John Roberts: Composer
  • 1825Reinhold Finsterbusch: Composer
  • 1829James Clay Rice: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1831Lucius Fairchild: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1896
  • 1836Henricus Oort: Dutch theologist (Leidse translation)
  • 1845Augusto de Oliviera Machado: Composer
  • 1855Paul Ehrenreich: German etnologist / mythologist
  • 1856Andre Gedalge: Composer
  • 1859William Henry Hadow: Composer
  • 1879Robert Greig: Australia -- Actor (Horse Feathers)
  • 1879Sydney Greenstreet: Sandwich, England -- Actor (Maltese Falcon)
  • 1884Bernard van Dieren: Composer
  • 1890Maurice Schoemaker: Composer
  • 1892Feliks Roderyk Labunski: Composer

Died on Dec 27

  • 0418Zosimus: Greek Pope (417-8)
  • 0975Balderik: Bishop of Utrecht (918-75)
  • 1590Emmanuel-Philibert of Lalaing: Marquis of Renty, dies at 33
  • 1595Pietro Pontio: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1603Thomas Cartwright: English Presbyterian publicist, dies at about 68
  • 1631John Pijnas: Dutch painter, buried at about 47
  • 1805Belle van Zuylen: Netherlands / Swiss writer (Trois Femmes), dies at 65
  • 1836Stephen Fuller Austin: Founder of state of Texas, dies at 43
  • 1858Alexandre Pierre Francois Boely: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1877Nikolai A Nekrasov: Russian Poet (Metshty into Zvuki), dies at 56
  • 1880Alessandro Nini: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1900William G Armstrong: Of Cragside, British const (hydr crane), dies at 90
  • 1919Achilles Alferaki: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1924William Archer: Scottish critic / playwright (Green Goddess), dies at 68
  • 1925Louis Dosfel: Flemish lawyer / literary (Assault!), dies at 44
  • 1931Peter Christian Lutkin: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1931Walter Courvoisier: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1936Hans von Seeckt: German General / advisor of Chiang Kai-shek, dies at 70
  • 1938Emile Vandervelde: Belgian Secretary of State (BWP), dies at 72
  • 1938O Mandelstam: Writer
  • 1944Amy Marcy Cheney Beach: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1950Max Beckmann: German Painter / graphic artist, dies at 66
  • 1952Henri G Winkelman: Dutch Supreme Commander army / navy 1940, dies at 76
  • 1957Alan Bridge: Actor (Hail the Conquering Hero), dies at 66
  • 1959Alfonso Reyes: Mexican Poet / Historian / diplomat, dies at 70
  • 1972Lester B Pearson: 14th Canadian Prime Minister (Nobel 1957), dies at 75
  • 1974Amy Vanderbilt: US Author (Complete book of etiquette), dies at 66
  • 1974Raymond Glenn: Actor (Raisin in the Sun, Carmen Jones), dies at 76
  • 1978Bob de Lange: Dutch actor / director (Daniel), dies at 62
  • 1978Chris Bell: Rock guitarist (Big Star), dies at 27 in car crash

Historical events on December 28

  • 0418St. Boniface I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0801Louis the Vrome occupies Barcelona
  • 1065Westminister Abbey opens in London
  • 1614Sperm whale beached at Noordwijk
  • 1816American Colonization Society organizes
  • 1821Naples: Gioacchini Rossini moves to Bologna
  • 18286.8 earthquake strikes Echigo Japan, 30,000 killed
  • 1832John Calhoun becomes 1st VP to resign (differences with President Jackson)
  • 1836Spain recognizes independence of Mexico
  • 1846Iowa becomes 29th state
  • 1849M Jolly-Bellin discovers dry-cleaning, he accidentally upset lamp containing turpentine and oil on his clothing and sees cleaning effect
  • 1850Rangoon Burma, destroyed by fire
  • 1864Battle of Egypt Station, Mississippi
  • 1869William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum
  • 1877John Stevens, applies for a patent for his flour rolling mill
  • 1878Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)
  • 1887Sir John Layton Jarvis, 1st British race horse trainer knighted
  • 1893French lieutenant Boiteux annexes Tumbuktu
  • 19021st indoor pro football game, Syracuse beats Philadelphia 6-0 (Madison Square Garden, NYC)
  • 1902Trans-Pacific cable links Hawaii to US
  • 1903Electric lamp sets fire to Iroquois theater in Chicago; 602 die
  • 19041st daily wireless weather forecasts published (London)
  • 1905Intercollegiate Athletic Association of US founded (becomes NCAA in 1910)
  • 1905New South Wales all out for 805 vs. Victoria, win by innings and 253
  • 1906Ecuador adopts its constitution
  • 1908Earthquake strikes Messina, Italy; 80,000 die
  • 1908Messina, Italy struck by an earthquake (nearly 80,000 died)
  • 1912National Council of Young Israel convenes
  • 1912San Francisco Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary Street
  • 1915San Francisco City Hall dedicated by Mayor James Rolph

Born on December 28

  • 1484Joachim Vadianus [von Watt]: Switzerland -- Physician / Mayor of Sankt Gallen
  • 1631Ludolf Backhuysen: Dutch seascape painter / cartoonist
  • 1694Ceslav Vanura: Composer
  • 1731Christian Cannabich: German composer / royal chaplain master
  • 1738Thaddaus Ferdinand Lipowsky: Composer
  • 1751Josef Blazej Smrcek: Composer
  • 1753Johan Wikmanson: Composer
  • 1783Robert Gallenberg: Composer
  • 1787Hermanus J Abbring: Dutch writer / engineer on Curacao
  • 1801James Barnes: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1869
  • 1805Tomas Genoves y Lapetra: Composer
  • 1812Julius Reitz: Composer
  • 1822William Booth Taliaferro: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898
  • 1823Thomas Alexander Scott: Assistant Secretary of War (Union), died in 1881
  • 1826Conrad Busken Huet: Dutch vicar / literary (Country of Rubens)
  • 1827Robert Latimer McCook: Volunteers Brigadier General (Union), died in 1862
  • 1828Karl L Kahlbaum: German psychiatrist (katatonie)
  • 1833Charles Miller Shelley: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1907
  • 1835Archibald Geikie: British geologist
  • 1837Benjamin Johnson Lang: Composer
  • 1842Calixa Lavallee: Composer
  • 1845Homer Newton Bartlett: Composer
  • 1849Herbert von Bismarck: German politician / Son of Otto of Bismarck
  • 1859Gerard Brucken Fock: Composer
  • 1859John W Fortescue: Military historian
  • 1860Alexander von Fielitz: Composer
  • 1880Christian DFL Leipoldt: South African Physician / writer / poet
  • 1882Arthur Eddington: England, United Kingdom -- Astrophysicist / cosmologist / mathematician
  • 1883A Wolfenstein: Writer
  • 1884Joseph Pholien: Belgian Premier (1950-52) / communist hunter

Died on December 28

  • 1542Albert Pigge [Pighius]: Dutch Theologist / astronomer, dies at about 52
  • 1673Joan Blaeu: Dutch cartographer / publisher (Atlas Major), dies at 77
  • 1706Pierre Bayle: French Theologist (History of Criticism), dies at 59
  • 1772Ernst J Earl van / of Biron: Russian Duke of Courland, dies at 82
  • 1775Peter A van de Parra: Governor-General of (Netherlands Indies), dies at 61
  • 1779Gennaro Manna: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1793Louis Earl of Bylandt: Dutch Admiral, dies at about 75
  • 1830Adrien-Joseph van Helmont: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1859Thomas Babington Macaulay: English essayist / historian
  • 1860Cornelius Broere: Dutch RC clergyman / poet, dies at 57
  • 1862Joaquim Casimiro Junior: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1870Peter van Schendel: Dutch painter, dies at 64
  • 1878Jose Bernardo Alcedo: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1884Gerben Colmjon: Frisian linguist / publisher, dies at 56
  • 1891Alfred Cellier: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1903George [Robert] Gissing: English Novelist, dies at 46
  • 1915Gerrit Jan van Heek: Dutch textile manufacturer / politician, dies at 78
  • 1916Eduard Strauss: Austrian Composer (318 dances), dies at 81
  • 1918George H White: Last post Reconstruction congressman (Penn)
  • 1923Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel: Engineer (Eiffel Tower), dies at 91
  • 1935Clarence Day: Writer (Life with Father)
  • 1937Maurice J Ravel: Swiss / French Composer (Bolero), dies in Paris at 62
  • 1938Florence Lawrence: Silent screen actress (Confidence), dies at 48
  • 1945Theodore Dreiser: Novelist (An American Tragedy), dies at 74
  • 1946Carrie Jacobs Bond: American Composer (I Love You Truly), dies at 85
  • 1947Victor Emmanuel III: King of Italy (1900-46) / Ethiopia, dies at 78
  • 1948Mahmud Nokrashy Pasha: Prime Minister of Egypt (19..-48), assassinated
  • 1949Jack Lovelock: NZ / US surgeon / athlete (1936 Olympics - Gold Medalist), dies at 39
  • 1949W Hervey Allen: US writer / Poet (Anthony Adverse), dies at 60
  • 1956Roelof Kranenburg: Dutch Social Democratic Party-chairman, dies at 76