Events on Dec 28

  • 0418St. Boniface I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0801Louis the Vrome occupies Barcelona
  • 1065Westminister Abbey opens in London
  • 1614Sperm whale beached at Noordwijk
  • 1816American Colonization Society organizes
  • 1821Naples: Gioacchini Rossini moves to Bologna
  • 18286.8 earthquake strikes Echigo Japan, 30,000 killed
  • 1832John Calhoun becomes 1st VP to resign (differences with President Jackson)
  • 1836Spain recognizes independence of Mexico
  • 1846Iowa becomes 29th state
  • 1849M Jolly-Bellin discovers dry-cleaning, he accidentally upset lamp containing turpentine and oil on his clothing and sees cleaning effect
  • 1850Rangoon Burma, destroyed by fire
  • 1864Battle of Egypt Station, Mississippi
  • 1869William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum
  • 1877John Stevens, applies for a patent for his flour rolling mill
  • 1878Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)
  • 1887Sir John Layton Jarvis, 1st British race horse trainer knighted
  • 1893French lieutenant Boiteux annexes Tumbuktu
  • 19021st indoor pro football game, Syracuse beats Philadelphia 6-0 (Madison Square Garden, NYC)
  • 1902Trans-Pacific cable links Hawaii to US
  • 1903Electric lamp sets fire to Iroquois theater in Chicago; 602 die
  • 19041st daily wireless weather forecasts published (London)
  • 1905Intercollegiate Athletic Association of US founded (becomes NCAA in 1910)
  • 1905New South Wales all out for 805 vs. Victoria, win by innings and 253
  • 1906Ecuador adopts its constitution
  • 1908Earthquake strikes Messina, Italy; 80,000 die
  • 1908Messina, Italy struck by an earthquake (nearly 80,000 died)
  • 1912National Council of Young Israel convenes
  • 1912San Francisco Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary Street
  • 1915San Francisco City Hall dedicated by Mayor James Rolph

Born on Dec 28

  • 1484Joachim Vadianus [von Watt]: Switzerland -- Physician / Mayor of Sankt Gallen
  • 1631Ludolf Backhuysen: Dutch seascape painter / cartoonist
  • 1694Ceslav Vanura: Composer
  • 1731Christian Cannabich: German composer / royal chaplain master
  • 1738Thaddaus Ferdinand Lipowsky: Composer
  • 1751Josef Blazej Smrcek: Composer
  • 1753Johan Wikmanson: Composer
  • 1783Robert Gallenberg: Composer
  • 1787Hermanus J Abbring: Dutch writer / engineer on Curacao
  • 1801James Barnes: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1869
  • 1805Tomas Genoves y Lapetra: Composer
  • 1812Julius Reitz: Composer
  • 1822William Booth Taliaferro: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898
  • 1823Thomas Alexander Scott: Assistant Secretary of War (Union), died in 1881
  • 1826Conrad Busken Huet: Dutch vicar / literary (Country of Rubens)
  • 1827Robert Latimer McCook: Volunteers Brigadier General (Union), died in 1862
  • 1828Karl L Kahlbaum: German psychiatrist (katatonie)
  • 1833Charles Miller Shelley: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1907
  • 1835Archibald Geikie: British geologist
  • 1837Benjamin Johnson Lang: Composer
  • 1842Calixa Lavallee: Composer
  • 1845Homer Newton Bartlett: Composer
  • 1849Herbert von Bismarck: German politician / Son of Otto of Bismarck
  • 1859Gerard Brucken Fock: Composer
  • 1859John W Fortescue: Military historian
  • 1860Alexander von Fielitz: Composer
  • 1880Christian DFL Leipoldt: South African Physician / writer / poet
  • 1882Arthur Eddington: England, United Kingdom -- Astrophysicist / cosmologist / mathematician
  • 1883A Wolfenstein: Writer
  • 1884Joseph Pholien: Belgian Premier (1950-52) / communist hunter

Died on Dec 28

  • 1542Albert Pigge [Pighius]: Dutch Theologist / astronomer, dies at about 52
  • 1673Joan Blaeu: Dutch cartographer / publisher (Atlas Major), dies at 77
  • 1706Pierre Bayle: French Theologist (History of Criticism), dies at 59
  • 1772Ernst J Earl van / of Biron: Russian Duke of Courland, dies at 82
  • 1775Peter A van de Parra: Governor-General of (Netherlands Indies), dies at 61
  • 1779Gennaro Manna: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1793Louis Earl of Bylandt: Dutch Admiral, dies at about 75
  • 1830Adrien-Joseph van Helmont: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1859Thomas Babington Macaulay: English essayist / historian
  • 1860Cornelius Broere: Dutch RC clergyman / poet, dies at 57
  • 1862Joaquim Casimiro Junior: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1870Peter van Schendel: Dutch painter, dies at 64
  • 1878Jose Bernardo Alcedo: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1884Gerben Colmjon: Frisian linguist / publisher, dies at 56
  • 1891Alfred Cellier: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1903George [Robert] Gissing: English Novelist, dies at 46
  • 1915Gerrit Jan van Heek: Dutch textile manufacturer / politician, dies at 78
  • 1916Eduard Strauss: Austrian Composer (318 dances), dies at 81
  • 1918George H White: Last post Reconstruction congressman (Penn)
  • 1923Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel: Engineer (Eiffel Tower), dies at 91
  • 1935Clarence Day: Writer (Life with Father)
  • 1937Maurice J Ravel: Swiss / French Composer (Bolero), dies in Paris at 62
  • 1938Florence Lawrence: Silent screen actress (Confidence), dies at 48
  • 1945Theodore Dreiser: Novelist (An American Tragedy), dies at 74
  • 1946Carrie Jacobs Bond: American Composer (I Love You Truly), dies at 85
  • 1947Victor Emmanuel III: King of Italy (1900-46) / Ethiopia, dies at 78
  • 1948Mahmud Nokrashy Pasha: Prime Minister of Egypt (19..-48), assassinated
  • 1949Jack Lovelock: NZ / US surgeon / athlete (1936 Olympics - Gold Medalist), dies at 39
  • 1949W Hervey Allen: US writer / Poet (Anthony Adverse), dies at 60
  • 1956Roelof Kranenburg: Dutch Social Democratic Party-chairman, dies at 76

Historical events on December 29

  • 1503Battle at Carigliano: Spanish army beats France
  • 1539St. Jacobs Church burns after being hit by lightning
  • 1541Isabella of Poland and King Ferdinand of Austria sign Treaty of Gyalu
  • 1558Charles V, German Emperor, buried
  • 1708Great Alliance occupies Gent
  • 1778English troops occupy Savannah, Georgia
  • 17821st nautical almanac in US published by Samuel Stearns, Boston
  • 1813British burn Buffalo, New York during War of 1812
  • 1837Canadian militia destroy Caroline, a US steamboat docked at Buffalo
  • 1837Steam-powered threshing machine patented, Winthrop, Maine
  • 1841King / grand Duke Willem II installs Order of Eikenkroon
  • 1845Texas admitted as 28th state
  • 1852Emma Snodgrass arrested in Boston for wearing pants
  • 1862Battle of Chichasaw Bayou: confederate armies defeat General Sherman
  • 1862Bowling ball invented
  • 1864Fire Department celebrates 1st annual ball
  • 18671st telegraph ticker used by a brokerage house, Groesbeck and Co, New York
  • 187611 passenger cars crash in a ravine near Ashtabula Ohio, 92 die
  • 1885Gottlieb Daimler patents 1st bike (Germany)
  • 1890US 7th Cavalry massacre 200+ captive Sioux at Wounded Knee, South Dakota
  • 1891Edison patents "transmission of signals electrically" (radio)
  • 1895Dr L S Jameson begins failed raid on Johannesburg
  • 1899English fleet brings German postschip Bundesrath up
  • 1900General Viljoen surprise attack British garrison to Helvetia
  • 1903French Equatorial Africa separates into Gabon, Chad and Ubangi-Shari
  • 1906Montreal Wanderers beat New Glasgow (NS) for Stanley Cup (2nd of 1906)
  • 1908Patent granted for a 4-wheel automobile brake, Clintonville, Wisc
  • 1911San Francisco Symphony formed
  • 19131st movie serial, "Adventures of Kathlyn, " premieres in Chicago
  • 1920The netherlands / Venezuela recover diplomatic relations

Born on December 29

  • 1563Francesco Maria Guaitoli: Composer
  • 1586Francisco de Moncada: Spanish Earl of Osuna / Marquis of Aytona
  • 1678Gotthard Wagner: Composer
  • 1709Elisabeth Petrovna: Tsarina of Russia / Daughter of Peter the Great
  • 1721Madame De Pompadour: Mistress of French King Louis the 15th
  • 1743Alexander van Bylandt: Dutch military officer
  • 1767Aime Ambroise Simon Leborne: Composer
  • 1776Charles Macintosh: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Patented waterproof fabric
  • 1792Archibald Alison: Scottish historian (History of Europe)
  • 1800Charles Goodyear: Inventor (vulcanization process for rubber)
  • 1809Albert Pike: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1813Etienne-Joseph Soubre: Composer
  • 1831Adam Badeau: Bvt Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1833John James Ingalls: (Rep-Kansas)
  • 1850Tomas Breton y Hernandez: Composer
  • 1856Thomas J Stieltjes: Mathematician (Stieltjes integral)
  • 1866Joseph Limburg: Liberal Second-Member of parliament (1905-19)
  • 1876Pablo Casals: Vendrell Catalonia, Spain -- Violinist / conductor / composer
  • 1879Billy Mitchell: Aviation hero General (WWI)
  • 1880Jean-Fernand Vaubourgoin: Composer
  • 1887Kiyoshi Nobutoki: Composer
  • 1888Joseph Beran: Czechoslovakia -- Archbishop of Prague / Cardinal
  • 1892Emory Parnell: St. Paul, Minnesota -- Actress (Rocket Man, County Fair)
  • 1897Hermann Heiss: Composer
  • 1898Jeanne Leleu: Composer
  • 1900Willie Humphrey: Jazz Clarinetist
  • 1903Clyde McCoy: Jazz trumpeter / bandleader
  • 1907James Gardner: Designer
  • 1908Claire Dodd: Arkansas, United States -- Actress (Ex-Lady, In the Navy)
  • 1908Gerben Sonderman: Dutch test pilot (Fokker)

Died on December 29

  • 1141Yue Fei: Chinese General, executed
  • 1170Thomas Beckett: Archbishop, assassinated by 4 knights of King Henry II
  • 1558Hermann Finck: Composer, dies at 31
  • 1619Antoine Arnauld: French lawyer (Philippica)
  • 1630Jan Baptist Stalpart van der Wiele: RC pastor / lyricist, dies at 51
  • 1689Olfert Dapper: Amsterdam Historian / geographer, buried
  • 1703Mustapha II: Sultan of Turkey, dies at 39
  • 1731J Brook Taylor: English mathematician, dies at 46
  • 1785Johann Heinrich Rolle: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1815Saartjie Baartman: Hottentot Venus, dies in Paris
  • 1821Jean-Baptiste Dumonceau de Bergendael: S Netherlands General, dies at 61
  • 1822Albert Christoph Dies: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1825Giuseppe Maria Gioacchino Cambini: Composer
  • 1825Jacques-Louis David: French Painter (Death of Marat), dies at 77
  • 1835Charles-Joseph Tolbecque: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1836Johann Baptist Schenk: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1847William Crotch: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1871Ferdinand Marcucci: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1877Willem Sassen: Dutch attorney General on Curacao (Affair-S)
  • 1890Big Foot: Sioux indian chief, dies at Wounded Knee
  • 1891Leopold Kronecker: German mathematician, dies at 68
  • 1894Chris Rossetti: Writer, dies at 64
  • 1898Georg Goltermann: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1915Charles Beach Hawley: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1916Grigori J Rasputin: Russian faith healer / intriguer, murdered at 45
  • 1926Rainer M Rilke: Austrias songwriter / writer (Wise Queen), dies at 51
  • 1933Joh Georghe Duca: Premier of Romania, murdered
  • 1942Frank D Adams: Canadian geologist, dies at 83
  • 1943William H Singer: US Painter / collector (Singer Museum), dies at 75
  • 1947Joseph Cuvelier: Belgian Historian / General, dies at 78