Events on Dec 29

  • 1503Battle at Carigliano: Spanish army beats France
  • 1539St. Jacobs Church burns after being hit by lightning
  • 1541Isabella of Poland and King Ferdinand of Austria sign Treaty of Gyalu
  • 1558Charles V, German Emperor, buried
  • 1708Great Alliance occupies Gent
  • 1778English troops occupy Savannah, Georgia
  • 17821st nautical almanac in US published by Samuel Stearns, Boston
  • 1813British burn Buffalo, New York during War of 1812
  • 1837Canadian militia destroy Caroline, a US steamboat docked at Buffalo
  • 1837Steam-powered threshing machine patented, Winthrop, Maine
  • 1841King / grand Duke Willem II installs Order of Eikenkroon
  • 1845Texas admitted as 28th state
  • 1852Emma Snodgrass arrested in Boston for wearing pants
  • 1862Battle of Chichasaw Bayou: confederate armies defeat General Sherman
  • 1862Bowling ball invented
  • 1864Fire Department celebrates 1st annual ball
  • 18671st telegraph ticker used by a brokerage house, Groesbeck and Co, New York
  • 187611 passenger cars crash in a ravine near Ashtabula Ohio, 92 die
  • 1885Gottlieb Daimler patents 1st bike (Germany)
  • 1890US 7th Cavalry massacre 200+ captive Sioux at Wounded Knee, South Dakota
  • 1891Edison patents "transmission of signals electrically" (radio)
  • 1895Dr L S Jameson begins failed raid on Johannesburg
  • 1899English fleet brings German postschip Bundesrath up
  • 1900General Viljoen surprise attack British garrison to Helvetia
  • 1903French Equatorial Africa separates into Gabon, Chad and Ubangi-Shari
  • 1906Montreal Wanderers beat New Glasgow (NS) for Stanley Cup (2nd of 1906)
  • 1908Patent granted for a 4-wheel automobile brake, Clintonville, Wisc
  • 1911San Francisco Symphony formed
  • 19131st movie serial, "Adventures of Kathlyn, " premieres in Chicago
  • 1920The netherlands / Venezuela recover diplomatic relations

Born on Dec 29

  • 1563Francesco Maria Guaitoli: Composer
  • 1586Francisco de Moncada: Spanish Earl of Osuna / Marquis of Aytona
  • 1678Gotthard Wagner: Composer
  • 1709Elisabeth Petrovna: Tsarina of Russia / Daughter of Peter the Great
  • 1721Madame De Pompadour: Mistress of French King Louis the 15th
  • 1743Alexander van Bylandt: Dutch military officer
  • 1767Aime Ambroise Simon Leborne: Composer
  • 1776Charles Macintosh: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Patented waterproof fabric
  • 1792Archibald Alison: Scottish historian (History of Europe)
  • 1800Charles Goodyear: Inventor (vulcanization process for rubber)
  • 1809Albert Pike: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1813Etienne-Joseph Soubre: Composer
  • 1831Adam Badeau: Bvt Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1833John James Ingalls: (Rep-Kansas)
  • 1850Tomas Breton y Hernandez: Composer
  • 1856Thomas J Stieltjes: Mathematician (Stieltjes integral)
  • 1866Joseph Limburg: Liberal Second-Member of parliament (1905-19)
  • 1876Pablo Casals: Vendrell Catalonia, Spain -- Violinist / conductor / composer
  • 1879Billy Mitchell: Aviation hero General (WWI)
  • 1880Jean-Fernand Vaubourgoin: Composer
  • 1887Kiyoshi Nobutoki: Composer
  • 1888Joseph Beran: Czechoslovakia -- Archbishop of Prague / Cardinal
  • 1892Emory Parnell: St. Paul, Minnesota -- Actress (Rocket Man, County Fair)
  • 1897Hermann Heiss: Composer
  • 1898Jeanne Leleu: Composer
  • 1900Willie Humphrey: Jazz Clarinetist
  • 1903Clyde McCoy: Jazz trumpeter / bandleader
  • 1907James Gardner: Designer
  • 1908Claire Dodd: Arkansas, United States -- Actress (Ex-Lady, In the Navy)
  • 1908Gerben Sonderman: Dutch test pilot (Fokker)

Died on Dec 29

  • 1141Yue Fei: Chinese General, executed
  • 1170Thomas Beckett: Archbishop, assassinated by 4 knights of King Henry II
  • 1558Hermann Finck: Composer, dies at 31
  • 1619Antoine Arnauld: French lawyer (Philippica)
  • 1630Jan Baptist Stalpart van der Wiele: RC pastor / lyricist, dies at 51
  • 1689Olfert Dapper: Amsterdam Historian / geographer, buried
  • 1703Mustapha II: Sultan of Turkey, dies at 39
  • 1731J Brook Taylor: English mathematician, dies at 46
  • 1785Johann Heinrich Rolle: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1815Saartjie Baartman: Hottentot Venus, dies in Paris
  • 1821Jean-Baptiste Dumonceau de Bergendael: S Netherlands General, dies at 61
  • 1822Albert Christoph Dies: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1825Giuseppe Maria Gioacchino Cambini: Composer
  • 1825Jacques-Louis David: French Painter (Death of Marat), dies at 77
  • 1835Charles-Joseph Tolbecque: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1836Johann Baptist Schenk: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1847William Crotch: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1871Ferdinand Marcucci: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1877Willem Sassen: Dutch attorney General on Curacao (Affair-S)
  • 1890Big Foot: Sioux indian chief, dies at Wounded Knee
  • 1891Leopold Kronecker: German mathematician, dies at 68
  • 1894Chris Rossetti: Writer, dies at 64
  • 1898Georg Goltermann: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1915Charles Beach Hawley: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1916Grigori J Rasputin: Russian faith healer / intriguer, murdered at 45
  • 1926Rainer M Rilke: Austrias songwriter / writer (Wise Queen), dies at 51
  • 1933Joh Georghe Duca: Premier of Romania, murdered
  • 1942Frank D Adams: Canadian geologist, dies at 83
  • 1943William H Singer: US Painter / collector (Singer Museum), dies at 75
  • 1947Joseph Cuvelier: Belgian Historian / General, dies at 78

Historical events on December 30

  • 0274St. Felix I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0987French King Hugo Capet crowns his son Robert the compassionate King
  • 1317Pontifical degree "Sancta Romania" against spiritualists
  • 1621English King James I cracks Protestation of Parliament
  • 1665"Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi departs to Constantinople
  • 1666Abraham Crijnssen departs to Suriname
  • 1672Baron Karl Rabenhaupt occupies Coevorden Neth
  • 1685Don Francisco de Agurto installed as land guardian of S Netherlands
  • 1689Henry Purcell and Tates opera "Dido and Aeneas, " premieres in Chesea
  • 1703Tokyo hit by Earthquake; about 37,000 die
  • 1794French troops conquer Grave Neth
  • 1809Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston
  • 1813Danzig surrenders to allied armies
  • 18171st coffee planted in Hawaii (Kona)
  • 1835After gold discovery in Ga, Cherokees forced to move across Miss R
  • 1835HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin sails from New Zealand to Sydney
  • 1836Lehman-theater in St. Petersburg catches fire; 100s die
  • 1844Opera "Stradella" after being rewritten is produced (Hamburg)
  • 1854Pennsylvania Rock Oil Co, 1st in US, incorporated in New York City
  • 1861US, banks stops payments in gold
  • 1869Philadelphia Knights of Labor forms
  • 1873American Metrological Society forms (NYC) weights, measures and money
  • 1875Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms
  • 1888Belgium: King Leopold II installs Order of African Star
  • 1892Dr Miles V Lynk, physician, publishes 1st Black medical journal
  • 1893Russia signs military accord with France
  • 1896Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-5
  • 1897Province of Zululand annexed to Natal colony
  • 1903American Political Science Association founded at New Orleans
  • 1906Iran becomes a constitutional monarchy

Born on December 30

  • 0039Titus: 10th Roman Emperor (79-81), Conqueror of Jerusalem
  • 1569Georg Quitschreiber: Composer
  • 1644Philips van Almonde: Dutch Zeeuws Lieutenant Admiral
  • 1678William Croft: Composer
  • 1741Bartolomeo Giacometti: Composer
  • 1756Pavel Vranicky: Composer
  • 1775Heinrich Carl Ebell: Composer
  • 1784Dorothea von Benckendorff: Baltic Monarch of Lieven
  • 1818James Cantey: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1874
  • 1819John White Geary: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1873
  • 1819Theodor Fontane: German writer (Effi Briest)
  • 1828Mark Perrin Lowrey: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885
  • 1847John Peter Altgeld: German / US (Gov-Ill) / pardoned Haymarket-anarchists
  • 1848Mary Frances Allitsen: Composer
  • 1851Asa Griggs Candler: Developed Coca-Cola
  • 1853Andre-Charles-Prosper Messager: Composer
  • 1855Heinrich Hart: German writer (Song of Humanity)
  • 1859Josef Bohuslav Foerster: Composer
  • 1864Alessandro Longo: Composer
  • 1865Rudyard Kipling: Bombay, India -- Author (Jungle Book, Gunga Din-Nobel 1907)
  • 1867Simon Guggenheim: Philanthropist (died aboard Titanic)
  • 1869Adolphe Max: Belgian Rep (Lib)
  • 1869Stephen Leacock: Canada -- Economist / humorist / professor
  • 1872William A Larned: Tennis champ (US Open-1901)
  • 1879Sri Ramana Maharshi: Hindu philosopher / yogi (Maharshi Research Institute)
  • 1880Alfred Einstein: German / US musicologist / nephew of Albert Einstein
  • 1883Lester Patrick: NHL pioneer
  • 1883Mary Forbes: Hornsey, England -- Actress (Terror by Night)
  • 1884Karl Heinrich David: Composer
  • 1884Tojo Hideki: Japanese Prime Minister during WWII

Died on December 30

  • 1525Jacob Fugger: German banker / merchant, dies at 66
  • 1572Galeazzo Alessi: Italian Architect (Palazza Marino, Milan), dies at 60
  • 1591Innocent IX [Giovanni Facchinetti]: Pope, (1591 62 days), dies at 72
  • 1635Jan Baptista Van Helmont: Physician / alchemist
  • 1777Maximilian III Jozef: Elector of Bayern (1745-77), dies at 50
  • 1788Francesco Zuccarelli: Italian rococo Painter / etcher, dies at 86
  • 1796Jean-Baptiste Lamoyne: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1821Angelo Maria Benincori: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1825Peter Gronland: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1828Waldemar Thrane: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1832Abijah Hammond: Owned large portion of Greenwich Village
  • 1870Prim: Spanish General, murdered
  • 1893Samuel White Baker: English explorer, dies at 72
  • 1894Amelia Jenks Bloomer: Suffragist (Bloomers named for her), dies at 76
  • 1895LP Hartley: British writer
  • 1896Jose Mercado Rizal: Anti-Spanish rule of Philippines proponent
  • 1899James Paget: English surgeon (disease of Paget), dies at 85
  • 1912Alfred von Kiderlen-Waechter: German foreign minister, dies at 60
  • 1931Tyrone Power, Sr.: Actor (Big Trial, Test of Donald Norton), dies at 62
  • 1943Hobart Bosworth: Actor (Woman of Affairs, Big Parade), dies at 76
  • 1944Romain Roland: French writer / pacifist (Nobel 1915), dies at 78
  • 1946Charles Wakefield Cadman: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1947Han [Henricus A] van Meegeren: Dutch Painter / art forger, dies at 58
  • 1951Jozef E Stokvis: Dutch MP (SDAP), dies at 76
  • 1952Ivan Olbracht: Writer
  • 1959Maria Baers: Flemish social female worker / senator, dies at 76
  • 1961Jacobus "Ko" van den Bosch: Dutch actor (Amsterdamned) / dir, dies at 53
  • 1966Christian A Herter: US Minister of Foreign Affairs (1959-61), dies at 71
  • 1966Trygve Halvdan Lie: 1st UN Secretary-General (1946-53), dies at 72
  • 1967Bert Berns: US songwriter / producer (Twist & Shout), dies at about 38