Events on Dec 30

  • 0274St. Felix I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0987French King Hugo Capet crowns his son Robert the compassionate King
  • 1317Pontifical degree "Sancta Romania" against spiritualists
  • 1621English King James I cracks Protestation of Parliament
  • 1665"Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi departs to Constantinople
  • 1666Abraham Crijnssen departs to Suriname
  • 1672Baron Karl Rabenhaupt occupies Coevorden Neth
  • 1685Don Francisco de Agurto installed as land guardian of S Netherlands
  • 1689Henry Purcell and Tates opera "Dido and Aeneas, " premieres in Chesea
  • 1703Tokyo hit by Earthquake; about 37,000 die
  • 1794French troops conquer Grave Neth
  • 1809Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston
  • 1813Danzig surrenders to allied armies
  • 18171st coffee planted in Hawaii (Kona)
  • 1835After gold discovery in Ga, Cherokees forced to move across Miss R
  • 1835HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin sails from New Zealand to Sydney
  • 1836Lehman-theater in St. Petersburg catches fire; 100s die
  • 1844Opera "Stradella" after being rewritten is produced (Hamburg)
  • 1854Pennsylvania Rock Oil Co, 1st in US, incorporated in New York City
  • 1861US, banks stops payments in gold
  • 1869Philadelphia Knights of Labor forms
  • 1873American Metrological Society forms (NYC) weights, measures and money
  • 1875Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms
  • 1888Belgium: King Leopold II installs Order of African Star
  • 1892Dr Miles V Lynk, physician, publishes 1st Black medical journal
  • 1893Russia signs military accord with France
  • 1896Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-5
  • 1897Province of Zululand annexed to Natal colony
  • 1903American Political Science Association founded at New Orleans
  • 1906Iran becomes a constitutional monarchy

Born on Dec 30

  • 0039Titus: 10th Roman Emperor (79-81), Conqueror of Jerusalem
  • 1569Georg Quitschreiber: Composer
  • 1644Philips van Almonde: Dutch Zeeuws Lieutenant Admiral
  • 1678William Croft: Composer
  • 1741Bartolomeo Giacometti: Composer
  • 1756Pavel Vranicky: Composer
  • 1775Heinrich Carl Ebell: Composer
  • 1784Dorothea von Benckendorff: Baltic Monarch of Lieven
  • 1818James Cantey: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1874
  • 1819John White Geary: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1873
  • 1819Theodor Fontane: German writer (Effi Briest)
  • 1828Mark Perrin Lowrey: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885
  • 1847John Peter Altgeld: German / US (Gov-Ill) / pardoned Haymarket-anarchists
  • 1848Mary Frances Allitsen: Composer
  • 1851Asa Griggs Candler: Developed Coca-Cola
  • 1853Andre-Charles-Prosper Messager: Composer
  • 1855Heinrich Hart: German writer (Song of Humanity)
  • 1859Josef Bohuslav Foerster: Composer
  • 1864Alessandro Longo: Composer
  • 1865Rudyard Kipling: Bombay, India -- Author (Jungle Book, Gunga Din-Nobel 1907)
  • 1867Simon Guggenheim: Philanthropist (died aboard Titanic)
  • 1869Adolphe Max: Belgian Rep (Lib)
  • 1869Stephen Leacock: Canada -- Economist / humorist / professor
  • 1872William A Larned: Tennis champ (US Open-1901)
  • 1879Sri Ramana Maharshi: Hindu philosopher / yogi (Maharshi Research Institute)
  • 1880Alfred Einstein: German / US musicologist / nephew of Albert Einstein
  • 1883Lester Patrick: NHL pioneer
  • 1883Mary Forbes: Hornsey, England -- Actress (Terror by Night)
  • 1884Karl Heinrich David: Composer
  • 1884Tojo Hideki: Japanese Prime Minister during WWII

Died on Dec 30

  • 1525Jacob Fugger: German banker / merchant, dies at 66
  • 1572Galeazzo Alessi: Italian Architect (Palazza Marino, Milan), dies at 60
  • 1591Innocent IX [Giovanni Facchinetti]: Pope, (1591 62 days), dies at 72
  • 1635Jan Baptista Van Helmont: Physician / alchemist
  • 1777Maximilian III Jozef: Elector of Bayern (1745-77), dies at 50
  • 1788Francesco Zuccarelli: Italian rococo Painter / etcher, dies at 86
  • 1796Jean-Baptiste Lamoyne: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1821Angelo Maria Benincori: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1825Peter Gronland: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1828Waldemar Thrane: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1832Abijah Hammond: Owned large portion of Greenwich Village
  • 1870Prim: Spanish General, murdered
  • 1893Samuel White Baker: English explorer, dies at 72
  • 1894Amelia Jenks Bloomer: Suffragist (Bloomers named for her), dies at 76
  • 1895LP Hartley: British writer
  • 1896Jose Mercado Rizal: Anti-Spanish rule of Philippines proponent
  • 1899James Paget: English surgeon (disease of Paget), dies at 85
  • 1912Alfred von Kiderlen-Waechter: German foreign minister, dies at 60
  • 1931Tyrone Power, Sr.: Actor (Big Trial, Test of Donald Norton), dies at 62
  • 1943Hobart Bosworth: Actor (Woman of Affairs, Big Parade), dies at 76
  • 1944Romain Roland: French writer / pacifist (Nobel 1915), dies at 78
  • 1946Charles Wakefield Cadman: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1947Han [Henricus A] van Meegeren: Dutch Painter / art forger, dies at 58
  • 1951Jozef E Stokvis: Dutch MP (SDAP), dies at 76
  • 1952Ivan Olbracht: Writer
  • 1959Maria Baers: Flemish social female worker / senator, dies at 76
  • 1961Jacobus "Ko" van den Bosch: Dutch actor (Amsterdamned) / dir, dies at 53
  • 1966Christian A Herter: US Minister of Foreign Affairs (1959-61), dies at 71
  • 1966Trygve Halvdan Lie: 1st UN Secretary-General (1946-53), dies at 72
  • 1967Bert Berns: US songwriter / producer (Twist & Shout), dies at about 38

Historical events on December 31

  • 0335St. Silvester I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 040680,000 Vandels attack the Rhine at Mainz
  • 0765Coffin of Ho-tse Shen-hui interred in a stupa built in China
  • 0870Skirmish at Englefield: Ethelred of Wessex beats Danish invasion army
  • 1492100,000 Jews expelled from Sicily
  • 1502Cesare Borgia (son of Pope Alexander VI) occupies Urbino
  • 1564Willem van Orange demands freedom of conscience / religion
  • 1600British East India Company chartered
  • 1669France and Brandenburg sign secret treaty
  • 1670France and England sign Boyne-treaty
  • 1680Amsterdam opera at Leidsegracht opens
  • 16871st Huguenots depart France to Cape of Good Hope
  • 1708Great Alliance captures Bridge
  • 1711Duke of Marlborough fired as English army commander
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies army meets with de Esk
  • 1756Russia joins the Alliance of Versailles
  • 1758British expeditionary army occupies Goree (Dakar) Senegal
  • 1762Mozart family moves from Vienna to Salzburg
  • 1776Rhode Island establishes wage and price controls to curb inflation: Limit is 70 cents a day for carpenters, 42 cents for tailors
  • 1779English fleet beat Dutch Merchant vessels
  • 1781Bank of North America, 1st US bank opens
  • 1783Import of African slaves banned by all of the Northern states
  • 1805End of French Republican calendar; France returns to Gregorianism
  • 1841Alabama becomes 1st state to license dental surgeons
  • 1852Future President and Mrs Rutherford B Hayes marry
  • 1857Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa as new capital of Canada
  • 1859Dutch colony in Dutch Indies counts 4,800 slaves
  • 186122,990 mm of rain falls in Cherrapunji Assam in 1861, world record
  • 1862Battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee
  • 1862President Lincoln signs act admitting West Virginia to Union

Born on December 31

  • 1378Callistus III [Alfonso the Borja]: Pope (1455-58)
  • 1514Andreas Vesalius: Brussels, Belgium -- Anatomist (Fabrica)
  • 1540Silvio Antoniano: Italian Cardinal / theologist (Tre libri)
  • 1668Hermannus Boerhaave: Dutch medical / Botanist
  • 1720Charles Edward Stuart [Bonnie Prince]: English pretender to throne
  • 1724Franz Joseph Oehlschlagel: Composer
  • 1738Charles Lord Cornwallis: Soldier / Statesman "fire when ready Gridley"
  • 1799Thomas Taglichsbeck: Composer
  • 1805Marie-C-S de Flavigny Agoult [Daniel Stern]: French author (Knife)
  • 1815George Gordon Meade: Major General (Union Army), died in 1872
  • 1818Maria J Small-Gartmann: Actress
  • 1825Francis Trowbridge Sherman: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1826Henry Hiles: Composer
  • 1830Ismail Pasha: Kedive of Egypt (1863-79)
  • 1838Emile Loubet: Premier / President of France (1892, 1899-1906)
  • 1846Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis: Vicar / Dutch anarchist (Right for all)
  • 1846Richard Kleinmichel: Composer
  • 1855Giovanni Pascoli: Italian classicist / poet
  • 1859Max Fiedler: Composer
  • 1863Alfredo Panzini: Italian author (Dizionario Moderno)
  • 1864Robert G Aitken: US astronomer (Binary Stars)
  • 1869Henri Matisse: France -- Impressionist painter (Odalisque)
  • 1874Ernest Austin: Composer
  • 1878Horacio Quiroga: Uruguayan author / poet (El Crimen del Otro)
  • 1880George C Marshall: Uniontown, Pennsylvania -- Authored Marshall Plan (Nobel 1953)
  • 1881Colin G Fink: US chemist (electro chemistry)
  • 1881Max Pechstein: German "entartet" painter / graphic artist (The Bridge)
  • 1882Ben Jones: Missouri, United States -- Horse trainer (Citation, Whirlaway)
  • 1882David Cohen: Dutch historian / Chairman (Jewish Council)
  • 1892Jason Robards, Sr.: Hillsdale, Michigan -- Actor (Acapulco)

Died on December 31

  • 0192Lucius AA Commodus: Emperor of Rome (180-192), murdered at 31
  • 0406Godagisel: King of the Vandals, dies in battle
  • 0439Melania the Younger: Roman monastery founder / saint, dies at about 56
  • 1382Daigaku: Zen teacher / 46th head of Engakuji, dies in Kamakura, Japan
  • 1384John Wycliffe: English religious Reformer / bible translator
  • 1583Thomas Erastus: Switz, theologist
  • 1616Jacques Le Maire: Pirate / explorer (Lemaire Strait), dies at 31
  • 1647Giovanni Maria Trabaci: Composer
  • 1652Frances Cecil: 2nd Wife of English Earl of Shaftesbury
  • 1719John Flamsteed: 1st Astronomer Royal, dies at 73
  • 1733Hubert K Poot: Dutch Poet (Akkerleven), dies at 44
  • 1775Richard Montgomery: General, dies fighting British
  • 1802Francis Lewis: Welsh / US Merchant / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 89
  • 1802Hugo Franz Karl Alexander von Kerpen: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1809Franz Ignaz Beck: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1818Jean-Pierre Duport: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1848Oliver Shaw: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1859Luigi Ricci: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1862James Edward Rains: Lawyer / Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 29
  • 1862Joshua Woodrow Sill: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 31
  • 1872Aleksis Kivi [Stenvall]: Finnish writer / Poet (Kanervala), dies at 38
  • 1877Alberto Mazzucato: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1877JD Gustave Courbet: French Painter (Baigneuses), dies at 58
  • 1889Ion Creanga: Romanian (fairy tales) author, dies at 52
  • 1893Jacob G de Scheffer: Dutch vicar / theologist, dies at 74
  • 1894Thomas J Stieltjes: Mathematician (Stieltjes-integral), dies at 38
  • 1907Jules de Trooz: Belgium Prime Minister, dies at 63
  • 1916Ernst Rudorff: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1920Albert Roelofs: Dutch Painter / etcher, dies at 43
  • 1936Miguel de Unamuno Jugo: Spanish philosopher / Poet (Cancionero), dies at 72