Events in year of 1555

  • 04-09Marcello Cervini elected Pope Marcellus II
  • 04-17Siena surrenders for Spanish troops
  • 05-23Giampietro Caraffa elected Pope Paul IV
  • 09-25Freedom of Religion in Augsburg
  • 09-30Oxford Bishop Nicholas Ridley sentenced to death as a heretic
  • 10-21Emperor Charles V makes Erard of Pallandt Earl of Culemborg
  • 10-21English parliament refuses to recognize Philip of Spain as King
  • 10-25Emperor Karel puts son Philip II in charge of the Netherlands / Naples / Milan
  • 11-17William of Orange becomes member of Council of State

People born in year of 1555

  • 03-02Ludovico Spontoni: Composer
  • 09-23Louise de Coligny: French 4th Wife of Willem of Orange
  • 12-27Johann Arndt: German Lutherian theologist

People died in year of 1555

  • 02-09John Hooper: Deprived Bishop of Gloucester, burnt for heresy
  • 03-23Julius III [Giovanni M del Monte]: Pope (1550-55), dies at 67
  • 04-12Johanna de Wanzinnige: Queen of Castilie (1504-20), dies at 75
  • 05-01Marcellus II [Marcello Cervini]: Italian Pope (1555), dies at 53
  • 05-25Gemma Frisius: Frisian geographer / astronomer, dies at 46
  • 06-07Maarten van Rossum: Dutch army leader, dies at about 76
  • 09-08Thomas Villanova: Spanish Saint / Archbishop of Valencia
  • 10-16Hugh Latimer: Royal chaplain of Anna Boley, burned at stake at 80
  • 11-12Stephen Gardiner: English Bishop of Winchester, dies at about 65
  • 11-21Georg Agricola [Bauer]: German mineralogist (zinc), dies at 61
  • 11-24French Vervoort: Flemish mystic (Bruylocht Cleedt), dies at about 65

Events in year of 1556

  • 01-16Emperor Karel appoints his son Philip II, King of Spain
  • 01-23Most deadly earthquake kills 830,000 in Shensi Province, China
  • 01-24Heavy earthquake strikes Shaaxi China, kills 830,000
  • 01-27Willem of Orange becomes knight of Guilder Flies
  • 02-05Kings Henri I and Philip II sign Treaty of Vaucelles
  • 02-14Archbishop Thomas Cranmer declared a heretic
  • 03-22Cardinal Reginald Pole becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 03-28Origin of Fasli Era (India)
  • 04-13Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope
  • 09-09Pope Paul IV refuses to crown Ferdinand of Austria Emperor
  • 09-12Emperor Charles resigns, his brother Ferdinand van Austria takes over
  • 09-13Charles V and Maria of Hungary march into Spain
  • 09-15Vlissingen ex-Emperor Charles V returns to Spain
  • 10-17Ex-Emperor Karel departs Netherlands for Spain
  • 11-05Akbar (14) succeeds his father Humajun on as Sultan of Delhi
  • 11-05Battle at Panipat: Mogollegers beat hindu leader Hemu
  • 11-23King Philip II confers with Dutch financial experts

People born in year of 1556

  • 01-27Abbas I: "the Great" shah of Persia (1587-1629)
  • 02-07Maria van Nassau: Dutch Countess of Buren
  • 02-21Sethus Calvisius: Composer
  • 03-18Francois-Hercule de Valois: French Duke of Anjou / Brabant
  • 08-10Philipp Nicolai: Germany -- Theologist / poet / composer

People died in year of 1556

  • 03-19Lieven van der Maude [Ammonius]: South Netherlands poet, dies at 70
  • 03-21Thomas Cranmer: Archbishop of Canterbury, burned at stake at 66
  • 04-18Luigi Alamanni: Italian Poet (Flora, Antigone), dies at 61
  • 06-10Martin Agricola [M Sore]: German Composer / cantor
  • 07-31Ignatius Loyola: Spanish founder (Jesuit), dies at about 65
  • 07-31St Ignatius of Loyola: Founder of Society of Jesus, dies in Rome
  • 08-25David Jorisz: Flemish glass blower / Sect Leader, dies at about 54
  • 10-31John Sleidanus: German humanist / Historian (Commentary), dies at 50