Events in year of 1556

  • 01-16Emperor Karel appoints his son Philip II, King of Spain
  • 01-23Most deadly earthquake kills 830,000 in Shensi Province, China
  • 01-24Heavy earthquake strikes Shaaxi China, kills 830,000
  • 01-27Willem of Orange becomes knight of Guilder Flies
  • 02-05Kings Henri I and Philip II sign Treaty of Vaucelles
  • 02-14Archbishop Thomas Cranmer declared a heretic
  • 03-22Cardinal Reginald Pole becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 03-28Origin of Fasli Era (India)
  • 04-13Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope
  • 09-09Pope Paul IV refuses to crown Ferdinand of Austria Emperor
  • 09-12Emperor Charles resigns, his brother Ferdinand van Austria takes over
  • 09-13Charles V and Maria of Hungary march into Spain
  • 09-15Vlissingen ex-Emperor Charles V returns to Spain
  • 10-17Ex-Emperor Karel departs Netherlands for Spain
  • 11-05Akbar (14) succeeds his father Humajun on as Sultan of Delhi
  • 11-05Battle at Panipat: Mogollegers beat hindu leader Hemu
  • 11-23King Philip II confers with Dutch financial experts

People born in year of 1556

  • 01-27Abbas I: "the Great" shah of Persia (1587-1629)
  • 02-07Maria van Nassau: Dutch Countess of Buren
  • 02-21Sethus Calvisius: Composer
  • 03-18Francois-Hercule de Valois: French Duke of Anjou / Brabant
  • 08-10Philipp Nicolai: Germany -- Theologist / poet / composer

People died in year of 1556

  • 03-19Lieven van der Maude [Ammonius]: South Netherlands poet, dies at 70
  • 03-21Thomas Cranmer: Archbishop of Canterbury, burned at stake at 66
  • 04-18Luigi Alamanni: Italian Poet (Flora, Antigone), dies at 61
  • 06-10Martin Agricola [M Sore]: German Composer / cantor
  • 07-31Ignatius Loyola: Spanish founder (Jesuit), dies at about 65
  • 07-31St Ignatius of Loyola: Founder of Society of Jesus, dies in Rome
  • 08-25David Jorisz: Flemish glass blower / Sect Leader, dies at about 54
  • 10-31John Sleidanus: German humanist / Historian (Commentary), dies at 50

Events in year of 1557

  • 02-271st Russian Embassy opens in London, Russia and US sign trade agreement
  • 06-07England declares war on France
  • 08-03Dutch States-General meet at Valenciennes
  • 08-10Battle at St. Quentin: Lamoraal of Egmont and Philibert beat France
  • 09-11Catholic and Lutheran theology debated in Worm
  • 12-031st Covenant of Scottish protestants form

People born in year of 1557

  • 02-11John Wtenbogaert: Remonstrants theologist
  • 02-15Alfonso Fontanelli: Composer
  • 02-24Matthias: Vienna, Austria -- Holy Roman Emperor (1612-19)
  • 05-05Emmanuel-Philibert van Lalaing: Baron of Montigny / Marquis of Renty
  • 05-31Theodorus I [Fedor Ivanovitsj]: Czar of Russia (1584-98)
  • 09-16Jacques Mauduit: Composer
  • 12-07Girolamo Trombeti: Composer

People died in year of 1557

  • 04-09Michael Agricola: Finnish Theologist / church Reformer / Bishop
  • 06-15Sebastiaan Van Noyen: Military master builder
  • 07-16Anne of Cleeves: Queen of England / 4th Wife of Henry VIII, dies at 41
  • 10-05Il Bacchiacca [Franceso Ubertini]: Italian painter, dies at 63