Events in year of 1558

  • 01-07Calais, last English possession in France, retaken by French
  • 01-08French troops under Duke de Guise occupy Calais
  • 01-09Geneva becomes independent from Berne canton, Switzerland
  • 01-11Westmunster Church in Middelburg destroyed by heavy storm
  • 03-05Smoking tobacco introduced in Europe by Francisco Fernandes
  • 03-14Ferdinand I appointed Holy Roman Emperor
  • 04-04Czar Ivan IV gives parts of North-Russia to fur traders
  • 04-24Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland marries French crown Prince Francois
  • 07-23Battle at Grevelingen: General / Earl Lamoraal van Egmont beat France
  • 08-041st printing of Zohar (Jewish Kabbalah)
  • 11-07French King Henri II occupies Calais
  • 11-17Elizabeth I ascends English throne upon death of Queen Mary
  • 12-29Charles V, German Emperor, buried

People born in year of 1558

  • 05-16Andreas of Austria: Bohemia Cardinal / gov of the Netherlands (1598-1600)
  • 07-11Robert Greene: Elizabethan dramatist (Friar Bacon)
  • 08-19Paulus Merula: Dutch lawyer / historian
  • 11-06Thomas Kyd: English dramatist (Spanish Tragedy)

People died in year of 1558

  • 02-03Alfonsus de Castro: Spanish Theologist (council of Trente)
  • 03-13Jean Fernel: French Physician / physiologist
  • 03-24Anna van Buren: Countess of Egmond / Buren / Lingen
  • 04-26Jean Francois Fernel: French physician
  • 06-04Maximilian of Burgundy: Leader of Holland / Admiral, dies at 43
  • 09-21Charles V: King of Spain (Carlos I) / Holy Roman Emperor, dies at 58
  • 10-18Maria: Queen of Hungary / guardian of the Netherlands (1531-55), dies at 53
  • 10-21Julius Caesar Scaliger: Italian Physician (Poetice), dies at 74
  • 11-12Shalom Shakna ben Joseph: Rabbi (founder of 1st Polish Yeshiva)
  • 11-17Mary I Tudor: "Bloody Mary", Queen of England (1553-58), dies at 42
  • 11-17Reginald Pole: English Cardinal / Scholar / "heretic", dies at 58
  • 11-23Charles: Earl of Lalaing / land guardian of the Netherlands, dies at 52
  • 12-29Hermann Finck: Composer, dies at 31

Events in year of 1559

  • 01-13Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey
  • 02-16Pope Paul IV calls for deposition of sovereigns supporting heresy
  • 03-14Storm floods ravage Gorinchem, Dordrecht andWoudrichem, Neth
  • 04-02Genoa Italy, expels Jews
  • 05-10Scottish Protestants under John Knox uprise against queen-mother Mary
  • 05-13Excavated corpse of heretic David Jorisz burned in Basel
  • 06-22Jewish quarter of Prague burned and looted
  • 06-30Duke of Montgomery wounds King Henri II during tournament
  • 08-09Willem of Orange becomes Viceroy of Holland / Zealand / Utrecht
  • 08-14Spanish explorer de Luna lands in Pensacola Bay, Florida
  • 09-195 Spanish ships sinks in storm off Tampa, about 600 die

People born in year of 1559

  • 02-18Isaac Casaubon: Naturalized English classical scholar, Theologian
  • 09-12Lodovico Cardi da Cigoli: Italian painter / architect
  • 11-13Albrecht / Albertus: Archduke of Austria / Cardinal / Viceroy of Portugal
  • 11-15Albrecht: Archduke of Austrian / cardinal-Archbishop of Toledo

People died in year of 1559

  • 01-01Christian III: King of Denmark / Norway (1534-59)
  • 01-29Thomas Pope: English politician, benefactor, dies at about 52
  • 07-10Henry II: King of France (1547-59)
  • 08-18Paul IV [Giampietro Caraffa]: Pope (1555-59), dies at 83
  • 11-05Kano Motonobu: Zen co-founder (Kano school of painting), dies at 83
  • 11-28Erasmus Sarcerius: German luthers theologist, dies at about 58