Events in year of 1581

  • 01-16English parliament passes laws against Catholicism
  • 01-28James VI signs 2nd Confession of Faith in Scotland
  • 03-25Portugese Cortes calls Philip II King of Portugal
  • 04-01Portugese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II
  • 04-04Frances Drake completes circumnavigation of world
  • 04-04Francis Drake becomes knight
  • 04-15Cortes van Thomar accepts Philip II as King of Portugal
  • 07-14English Jesuit Edmund Campion arrested
  • 07-24States of Holland / Zealand recognized by Willem van Orange
  • 08-02Leiden University names Snellius Math Professor
  • 10-15Commissioned by Catherine De Medici, the 1st ballet "Ballet Comique de la Reine, " is staged in Paris
  • 11-07Queen Elizabeth I and Francois of Anjou wed
  • 11-29Doornik surrenders to Duke of Parma

People born in year of 1581

  • 01-04James Ussher: Archbishop of Armagh (gave age to Earth based on bible)
  • 02-04Daniel Selich: Composer
  • 05-06Frans Francken [the Younger]: Painter
  • 06-18Thomas Overbury: Poet
  • 07-02Johann Staden: Composer
  • 10-09Claude G Bachet de Meziriac: French mathematician / theologist
  • 10-19Dimitri Ivanovitch: Russian Son of Ivan IV "the Terrible"
  • 12-09Emilia Secunda Antwerpiana: Daughter of Willem of Orange

People died in year of 1581

  • 01-22Joost de Damhoudere: Flemish lawyer
  • 01-22Seerp Galama: Dutch nobleman / military / politician, dies at 52
  • 04-03Huibert Duifhuis: Roman Catholic pastor (Rotterdam / Utrecht)
  • 07-23Georges Lalaing: Viceroy of Friesland

Events in year of 1582

  • 01-15Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic
  • 02-19Francis of Valois becomes Duke of Brabant
  • 02-24Pope Gregory XIII announces New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • 03-18Prince Willem of Orange injured in attack at Antwerp
  • 04-03French van Valois honored as Duke of Gelre / Earl of Zutphen
  • 06-20Bishop Domingo de Salazar of Manila suppresses the Philippines
  • 07-22Willem van Orange moves from Antwerp to Delft
  • 08-22King James IV of Scotland captured
  • 08-23French van Valois pays tribute to Earl of Flanders
  • 10-04Last Julian calender day in Spain / Portugal / pontifical states
  • 10-05Gregorian calendar introduced in Italy, other Catholic countries
  • 10-15Many Catholic countries switch to Gregorian calendar, skip 10 days
  • 11-27William Shakespeare marries Anne Hathaway
  • 11-28Playwright and Poet William Shakespeare weds Anne Hathaway
  • 12-10France begins use of Gregorian calendar
  • 12-14Zealand / Brabant Neth adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 12 / 25
  • 12-15Leidse university names Rembert Dodoens prof of botany / medicine
  • 12-15Spanish Netherlands / Denmark / Norway adopt Gregorian calendar
  • 12-21Flanders adopts Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is Jan 1 1583
  • 12-25Zealand / Brabant adopts Gregorian calendar, yesterday was Dec 14th

People born in year of 1582

  • 04-01Gaspar de Crayer: Flemish painter
  • 04-01Thomas Simpson: Composer
  • 04-08Phienas Fletcher: Poet
  • 05-01Marco da Gagliano: Italian opera composer
  • 06-26Johannes Schultz: Composer
  • 10-21Johan Ernst Earl of Nassau-Siegen: Military / Son of Johan VII
  • 12-23Severo Bonini: Composer

People died in year of 1582

  • 03-18Jean Jaurequi: Basque murderer of Willem of Orange, lynched
  • 05-05Charlotte de Bourbon: Princess of Orange
  • 10-04Theresia van Avila: Spanish mystic writer
  • 12-11Fernando Alvarez de Toledo: Marquis of Soria, dies at about 75