Events in year of 1655

  • 02-16Dutch Grand Pensionary advisor Johan de Witt marries Wendela Bicker
  • 04-04Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis: English fleet beats Barbarian pirates
  • 04-07Fabio Chigi replaces Pope Innocent X as Alexander VII
  • 04-28English Admiral Blake beats Tunen pirate fleet
  • 05-10Jamaica captured by English
  • 06-13Adriana Nooseman-van de Bergh is 1st actress in Amsterdam theater
  • 07-27Jews of New Amsterdam petition for a Jewish cemetery
  • 07-27Netherlands and Brandenburg sign military treaty
  • 07-29Biggest townhall in the world opens in Amsterdam
  • 07-30Dutch troops occupy Fort Assahudi Seram
  • 08-09Lord Protector Cromwell divides England into 11 districts
  • 08-28New Amsterdam and Peter Stuyvesant bars Jews from military service
  • 09-26Peter Stuyvesant recaptures Dutch Ft Casimir from Swedish in Delaware
  • 10-15Jews of Lublin are massacred
  • 11-03England and France sign miltary and economic treaties
  • 11-24English Lord Protector Cromwell bans Anglicans
  • 12-04Middelburg Neth forbids building of synagogue

People born in year of 1655

  • 01-14Angelo Predieri: Composer
  • 01-22Geleyn Evertsen: Lieutenant Admiral (Zealand)
  • 02-03Francois Fagel: Dutch Field Marshal, baptized
  • 02-07Jean-Francois Regnard: French comedy writer (Slave in Algeria)
  • 04-08Louis Willem I: Margrave (Baden-Baden)
  • 05-04Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori: Italy -- Piano builder
  • 05-13Innocent XIII [Michelangiolo dei Conti]: Italy -- 244th Pope (1721-24)
  • 06-26Jean Deutz: Merchant / Amsterdam regent
  • 08-13Johann Christoph Denner: Inventor (clarinet)
  • 09-12Sebastien de Brossard: Composer
  • 09-19Jan Luyts: Netherlands -- Scholar / physicist / mathematician / astronomer
  • 11-24Charles XI: King of Sweden (1660-97)

People died in year of 1655

  • 01-07Innocentius X [Giambattista Pamfili]: Pope (1644-55), dies at 80
  • 03-29Valerius Andreas: Flemish historian, dies at 66
  • 04-14Johann Erasmus Kindermann: Composer, dies at 39
  • 06-30Jacob Boonen: South Netherlands clergyman / lawyer, dies at 81
  • 07-28Cyrano de Bergerac: French dramatist / Novelist, dies at 36 in Paris, France
  • 07-28Savinien Cyrano seigneur de Bergerac: French author, dies at 36
  • 07-28Suzuki Shosan: Samurai / Monk / propagator of Zen Buddhism, dies at 76
  • 07-30Sigmund Theophil Staden: Composer, dies at 47
  • 08-02Alfonso de la Cueva: Spanish Marquis of Bedmar / diplomat, dies at 83
  • 08-10Louis de Vadder: Flemish painter, dies at 50
  • 09-03Jan W van Brederode: Dutch Governor / field marshal, dies at 56
  • 10-24Pierre Gassendi: French philosopher, dies at 63

Events in year of 1656

  • 01-08Oldest surviving commercial newspaper begins (Haarlem, Netherlands)
  • 01-241st Jewish doctor in US, Jacob Lumbrozo, arrives in Maryland
  • 02-22New Amsterdam granted a Jewish burial site
  • 03-13Jews are denied the right to build a synagogue in New Amsterdam
  • 04-10Dutch fleet occupiers Colombo Ceylon
  • 06-20Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
  • 07-011st Quakers (Mary Fisher / Ann Austin) arrives in Boston (arrested)
  • 07-26Rembrandt declares he is insolvent
  • 09-15England and France sign peace treaty
  • 09-19Treaty of Labiau: Sweden gives Prussia, Brandenburg
  • 09-22All female jury hears case of woman who killed her child (acquit her)
  • 10-02US colony Connecticut passes law against Quakers
  • 10-24Treaty of Vilnius: Russia and Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant
  • 12-01Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden
  • 12-14Artificial pearls 1st manufactured by M Jacquin in Paris made of gypsum pellets covered with fish scales

People born in year of 1656

  • 03-10Adolf H van Rechteren: Dutch diplomat / politician
  • 05-31Marin Marias: Composer
  • 11-03Georg Reuter: Composer
  • 11-04Leonard Sailer: Composer
  • 11-07Walraad the Younger: Earl of Nassau-Ottweiler / gov of Nimegen
  • 11-09Paul Aler: French Jesuit / poet (Gradus ad Parnassum)

People died in year of 1656

  • 02-20James Ussher: Irish bible Scholar / anglican Archbishop, dies at 76
  • 02-27Johan van Heemskerk: Dutch lawyer / writer / interpreter
  • 03-21Armagh James Ussher: Archbishop (said world began 4004 BC), dies at 76
  • 04-27Gerard van Honthorst: Painter, dies at 65
  • 04-27Jan J van Goyen: Dutch landscape painter, dies at 60
  • 06-09Thomas Tomkins: Composer
  • 07-07Michelangelo Rossi: Italian opera composer, buried at about 55
  • 07-08Alexander van der Capellen: Mister of Aartsbergen, dies at about 64
  • 10-02Stephan Otto: Composer, dies at 53
  • 10-03Myles Standish: Plymouth Colony leader
  • 10-08Johan Georg I: Ruler of Saxon (1611-56, Peace of Prague), dies at 71