Events in year of 1708

  • 02-24Prince Johan Willem Friso sworn in as Viceroy of Groningen
  • 02-28Slave revolt, Newton, Long Island NY, 11 die
  • 03-23English pretender to the throne James III lands at Firth of Forth
  • 03-27English pretender to the throne James III flees to Dunkerk
  • 07-04Swedish King Karel XII beats Russians
  • 07-11Battle at Oudenaarde: Great Alliance beats France
  • 07-28Monarch Amengkurat II [Sunan Mas] of Mataram gives himself up to VOC
  • 08-29English troops occupy Menorca and Sardinia
  • 08-29Haverhill, Mass destroyed by French and Indians
  • 10-21Dutch and English troops occupy Lille (Rijsel)
  • 10-22Great Alliance occupies Rijsel
  • 12-01Great Alliance occupies Brussels
  • 12-29Great Alliance occupies Gent
  • 12-31Great Alliance captures Bridge

People born in year of 1708

  • 01-25Pompeo Girolamo Batoni: Italian painter
  • 01-26William Hayes: Composer
  • 01-30Georg D Ehret: German / English cartoonist
  • 02-08Vaclav Jan Kopriva: Composer
  • 03-21Caspar Ruetz: Composer
  • 04-06George Reuter: Composer
  • 04-08Georg Zarth: Composer
  • 04-23Friedrich von Hagedorn: German poet (Versuch einiger Poem)
  • 05-03Johann Adolph Scheibe: German music theroist / composer
  • 06-19Johann Gottlieb Janitsch: Composer
  • 08-10John Stinstra: Baptist vicar
  • 10-16Albrecht von Haller: Switzerland -- Experimental physiology (Academy of Science)
  • 11-04Robert Praelisauer: Composer
  • 12-04Marianus Konigsperger: Composer
  • 12-08Francis I: Holy Roman Emperor (1745-1765)

People died in year of 1708

  • 04-30Simon de Vries: Book seller / writer (Unequal)
  • 05-27Jacques Danican Philidor: Composer, dies at 51
  • 06-15Romeyn de Hooghe: Painter / goldsmith, buried at 62
  • 07-02Willem of Nassau: Mister of Zuylenstein / Lieutenant General / Baron Enfield
  • 08-04Vincenzo De Grandis: Composer, dies at 77
  • 09-03Christian Liebe: Composer, dies at 53
  • 10-01John Blow: Composer (Venus & Adonis), dies at 59
  • 10-22Herman Witsius [Wits]: Reformed theologist, dies at 72
  • 11-07Ludolf Backhuysen: Dutch seascape Painter / cartoonist, dies at 76

Events in year of 1709

  • 01-05Sudden extreme cold kills 1000s of Europeans
  • 02-01Alexander Selkirk [Robinson Crusoe] rescued from Juan Fernandez
  • 02-02British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe"
  • 03-27Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)
  • 04-121st edition of Tattler magazine in England
  • 04-26Frisian Viceroy Johan Willem Friso marries countess Maria Louisa
  • 07-08Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes
  • 08-081st known ascent in hot-air balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmao (indoors)
  • 09-031st major group of Swiss / German colonists reach North and South Carolina
  • 09-11Battle at Malplaquet: Engl / Aust / Dutch Great Alliance beat France

People born in year of 1709

  • 01-22Joseph Reipel: Composer
  • 02-16Charles Avison: Composer
  • 03-01Josef Antonin Gurecky: Composer
  • 06-25Francesco Araja: Composer
  • 10-25Georg Gebel: Composer
  • 10-25John Wagenaar: Amsterdam Merchant / historian, baptised
  • 11-19Pierre Leclair: Composer
  • 11-22Frantisek Benda: Composer
  • 12-01Franz Xaver Richter: Composer
  • 12-18Elizabeth: Empress of Russia (to Peter the Great and Catherine I)
  • 12-23Jean-Noel Hamal: Composer
  • 12-27Pieter de Swart: Dutch architect (Royal Palace, Hague)
  • 12-29Elisabeth Petrovna: Tsarina of Russia / Daughter of Peter the Great

People died in year of 1709

  • 02-08Giuseppi Torelli: Italian composer, dies at 50
  • 03-08William Cowper / Cooper: English anatomist, dies at about 62
  • 06-14Gottfried Wegner: Composer, dies at 65
  • 07-17Pascal Collasse: Composer, dies at 60
  • 09-04Jean-Francois Regnard: French comedic Poet / slave in Algeria
  • 11-23Hans Willem baron Bentinck: Dutch / English Earl of Portland, dies at 60
  • 12-01A Sancta Clara: Writer
  • 12-01Abraham a Santa Clara [Johann Megerle]: German court vicar, dies at 65
  • 12-08Thomas Corneille: French dramatist, dies at 74