Events in year of 1709

  • 01-05Sudden extreme cold kills 1000s of Europeans
  • 02-01Alexander Selkirk [Robinson Crusoe] rescued from Juan Fernandez
  • 02-02British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe"
  • 03-27Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)
  • 04-121st edition of Tattler magazine in England
  • 04-26Frisian Viceroy Johan Willem Friso marries countess Maria Louisa
  • 07-08Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes
  • 08-081st known ascent in hot-air balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmao (indoors)
  • 09-031st major group of Swiss / German colonists reach North and South Carolina
  • 09-11Battle at Malplaquet: Engl / Aust / Dutch Great Alliance beat France

People born in year of 1709

  • 01-22Joseph Reipel: Composer
  • 02-16Charles Avison: Composer
  • 03-01Josef Antonin Gurecky: Composer
  • 06-25Francesco Araja: Composer
  • 10-25Georg Gebel: Composer
  • 10-25John Wagenaar: Amsterdam Merchant / historian, baptised
  • 11-19Pierre Leclair: Composer
  • 11-22Frantisek Benda: Composer
  • 12-01Franz Xaver Richter: Composer
  • 12-18Elizabeth: Empress of Russia (to Peter the Great and Catherine I)
  • 12-23Jean-Noel Hamal: Composer
  • 12-27Pieter de Swart: Dutch architect (Royal Palace, Hague)
  • 12-29Elisabeth Petrovna: Tsarina of Russia / Daughter of Peter the Great

People died in year of 1709

  • 02-08Giuseppi Torelli: Italian composer, dies at 50
  • 03-08William Cowper / Cooper: English anatomist, dies at about 62
  • 06-14Gottfried Wegner: Composer, dies at 65
  • 07-17Pascal Collasse: Composer, dies at 60
  • 09-04Jean-Francois Regnard: French comedic Poet / slave in Algeria
  • 11-23Hans Willem baron Bentinck: Dutch / English Earl of Portland, dies at 60
  • 12-01A Sancta Clara: Writer
  • 12-01Abraham a Santa Clara [Johann Megerle]: German court vicar, dies at 65
  • 12-08Thomas Corneille: French dramatist, dies at 74

Events in year of 1710

  • 01-27Czar Peter the Great sets 1st Russian state budget
  • 02-20Johan Willem Friso becomes Viceroy of Groningen Neth
  • 08-07Earl van Godolphin resigns as English Minister of Finance
  • 10-13English troops occupy Acadia (Nova Scotia)
  • 10-16British troops occupies Port Royal, Nova Scotia
  • 11-28Battle at Brihuega: English General Stanhope captured
  • 12-08Battle at Brihuega: English General Stanhope captured
  • 12-11Battle of Villa Viciosa (France beat Habsburgers)

People born in year of 1710

  • 01-04Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Italian composer (Il Prigioniero Superbo)
  • 01-05Friedrich Wilhelm Reidt: Composer
  • 01-07Josef Antonin Sehling: Composer
  • 01-30Vigilio Blasio Faitello: Composer
  • 02-01Konrad E Ackermann: German actor (Die Oberpfalz)
  • 02-07William Boyce: English Organist / composer of Cathedral music
  • 02-15Louis XV the Well-Beloved: Versailles, France -- King of France (1715-74)
  • 02-21Willem van Haren: Frisian nobleman / poet (Human Life)
  • 03-06Giuseppi Antonio Paganelli: Composer
  • 03-12Thomas Augustine Arne: English composer (Alfred, Rule Britannia)
  • 04-14Marie A C de Camargo: Spanish / Italian / Belgian dancer
  • 04-25James Ferguson: Astronomer
  • 05-14Adolf Frederik: King of Sweden (1751-70)
  • 05-23Francois-Gaspard Adam: French sculptor (garden sculptures)
  • 07-07Arvid Niclas Hopken: Composer
  • 08-20Thomas Simpson: English mathematician (rules of Simpson)
  • 11-09Reynier de Klerk: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies

People died in year of 1710

  • 05-10Georg Dietrich Leiding: Composer, dies at 46
  • 06-06Francoise de la Baume Le Blanc: Mistress of King Louis XIV, dies at 65
  • 06-25Antonius Matthaeus: Dutch lawyer / historian, dies at 74
  • 07-18Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio: Ital painter, dies at 36
  • 08-09Gabriel Schutz: Composer, dies at 77
  • 11-21Barnardo Pasquini: Composer, dies at 72
  • 12-18Peter Codde: Apostile vicar (1688-1704), dies at 62