Events in year of 1744

  • 02-08French / Spanish fleet leaves Toulon
  • 02-09Battle at Toulon (French / Spanish vs. English fleet of Admiral Matthews)
  • 02-22Battle at Toulon: English-French and Spanish fleet
  • 03-15French King Louis XV declares war on England
  • 05-17French army takes Austrian Netherlands
  • 05-31French troops conquer Kortrijk
  • 06-06France and Prussia sign peace treaty
  • 11-23English Premier John Carteret resigns
  • 11-25Austrian forces pillage and kill Jews of Prague

People born in year of 1744

  • 02-05John Jeffries: Colonial Physician / meteorologist
  • 02-09Amos Bull: Composer
  • 02-21Eise J Eisinga: Frisia, built planetarium Franeker
  • 03-13David Allan: Scottish painter
  • 05-03Freidrich Wilhelm Weis: Composer
  • 05-04Marianne von Martinez: Composer
  • 05-18Joseph Beer: Bohemia clarinetist / composer (5th clarinet flap)
  • 05-31Richard Edgeworth: Writer, Bath
  • 06-18Augustin Holler: Composer
  • 07-17Elbridge Gerry: (DR) 5th VP (Mass-Gov), invented gerrymandering
  • 07-20Henri Hamal: Composer
  • 08-01Jean-Baptiste-Pierre-Antoine Monnet de Lamarck: French zoologist
  • 08-11Johann Gottlieb Schwencke: Composer
  • 08-12Rowland Hill: Preacher
  • 08-25Johann G von Herder: German philosopher / theologist / poet
  • 09-15Georg Ritschel: Composer
  • 09-20Giacomo Quarenghi: Italian / Russian master builder (Hermitage Theater)
  • 09-25Frederik Willem II: King of Prussia (1786-97)
  • 10-04Domenico Corri: Composer
  • 11-11Abigail Smith Adams: 2nd 1st lady (1797-1801)
  • 11-26Karl Siegmund von Seckendorff: Composer
  • 12-08Pierre Joseph Candielle: Composer
  • 12-19Jacobus J Cramer: Priest of Holland / Zealand / West-Friesland
  • 12-22Abigail Adams: Weymouth, Massachusetts -- 2nd first lady (1797-1801)

People died in year of 1744

  • 01-15Charles-Hubert Gervais: Composer, dies at 72
  • 01-25Domenico Natale Sarro: Italian opera composer, dies at 64
  • 02-15Frantisek Antonin Mica: Composer, dies at 49
  • 02-15John Hadley: Inventor (sextant)
  • 04-25Anders Celsius: Swed astronomer (Centegrade Thermometer), dies at 42
  • 05-30Alexander Pope: English Poet (Eloisa to Abelard), dies at 56
  • 06-14Andre Campra: Composer, dies at 83
  • 07-14Immanuel J Pyra: German Poet (Temple of True Poetry), dies at 28
  • 08-19Carlo Arrigoni: Composer, dies at 46
  • 10-31Leonardo Ortensio Salvatore de Leo: Composer, dies at 50

Events in year of 1745

  • 01-06Bonnie Prince Charlies army draws to Glasgow
  • 01-08England, Austria, Netherlands and Saxon sign anti-Prussian Quadruple Alliance
  • 02-15Colley Cibbers "Papal Tyranny, " premieres in London
  • 02-18Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Inverness Scotland
  • 02-20Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Fort August, Scotland
  • 03-09Bells for 1st American carillon shipped from England to Boston
  • 03-31Jews are expelled from Prague
  • 04-02Austria and Bavaria sign peace
  • 05-11Battle of Fontenoy (Doornik): Austrian Succession war
  • 06-04Frederick the Great (Prussia) defeats Austrians and Saxons
  • 06-16English fleet occupies Cap Breton on St. Lawrence River
  • 06-17American colonials capture Louisburg, Cape Breton I from French
  • 06-22Bonnie Prince Charles sails to Scotland
  • 07-09Bonnie Prince Charlies "Elisabeth" battles with HMS Lion
  • 07-23Charles Stuart, the Younger, lands at Eriskay Island, Hebrides
  • 07-24Bonnie Prince Charlie becomes King James VIII
  • 08-03Bonnie Prince Charlie lands on Eriskay, Hebrides
  • 08-26England, Prussia and Hannover sign treaty
  • 09-12Duke of Toscane chosen German Emperor Frans I Stefanus
  • 09-17Edinburg occupied by Jacobites under Young Pretenders
  • 09-21Battle at Preston Pans: Bonnie Prince Charles beats English army
  • 09-22Bonnie Prince Charlies army returns to Edinburgh
  • 09-28Bonnie Prince Charlie becomes King of Scotland
  • 10-14French help convoy reaches Montrose Scotland
  • 11-11Bonnie Prince Charlies army enters England
  • 11-18Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Carlisle
  • 11-29Bonnie Prince Charlies army moves into Manchester and occupy Carlisle
  • 12-04Bonnie Prince Charles reaches Derby
  • 12-06Bonnie Prince Charlies army retreats to Scotland
  • 12-10Bonnie Prince Charlies army draws into Manchester

People born in year of 1745

  • 01-01"Mad" Anthony Wayne: General
  • 01-06James Montgolfier: France -- Aeronaut (1st pioneer balloonist)
  • 01-17Nicolas Roze: Composer
  • 02-18Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta: Inventor (battery)
  • 02-20Johann Peter Salomon: Composer
  • 02-22Joao de Sousa Carvalho: Composer
  • 02-27Silverius Muller: Composer
  • 03-16Johann Wilhelm Cornelius von Konigslow: Composer
  • 03-19Nicolas Sejan: Composer
  • 03-25Nicolas Etienne Framery: Composer
  • 04-07Georg Druschetzky: Composer
  • 04-20Philippe Pinel: Physician (founder of psychiatry)
  • 04-29Oliver Ellsworth: 3rd Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (1796-1800)
  • 05-08Carl Philipp Stamitz: Composer
  • 06-27Johann Nepomuk Went: Composer
  • 07-28Piotr A von der Pahlen: Milt Governor (St Petersburg)
  • 08-18Vaclav Josef Bartolomej Praupner: Composer
  • 08-26Francois Guichard: Composer
  • 09-23John Sevier: Tennessee, United States -- Indian fighter (Gov / Rep-Tn)
  • 11-27Boniface Stoecki: Composer
  • 12-12John Jay: Diplomat / Governor (NY)
  • 12-24Benjamin Rush: Byberry, Pennsylvania -- Physician / General / signer (Declaration of Independence)

People died in year of 1745

  • 01-04Willem I Kerricx [the Young]: Flemish Architect / painter, dies at 62
  • 01-20Charles VII Albert: German Emperor (1742-45), dies at 47
  • 02-05Coelestin Praelisauer: Composer, dies at 49
  • 02-18Nicola Fago: Composer, dies at 67
  • 03-29Robert Walpole: 1st British Premier (1722-42), dies at 68
  • 05-09Tomaso Antonio Vitali: Composer, dies at 82
  • 06-22Hubert Renotte: Composer, dies at 41
  • 08-30Jean-Baptiste Maurice Quinault: Composer, dies at 57
  • 10-10Jacobus Nozeman: Dutch Composer / organist, dies at 52
  • 12-05Christoph Forster: Composer, dies at 52
  • 12-22Jan Dismas Zelenka: Composer, dies at 66