Events in year of 1774

  • 01-11Messier adds M51 (spiral galaxy in Canes Venatici) to his catalog
  • 02-10Andrew Becker demonstrates diving suit
  • 02-22English House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright
  • 03-041st sighting of Orion nebula (William Herschel)
  • 03-07British close port of Boston to all commerce
  • 03-25English Parliament passes Boston Port Bill
  • 03-28Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts
  • 04-19CW Glucks opera "Iphigenia in Aulis, " premieres in Paris
  • 05-10Louis XVI ascends to throne of France
  • 05-23Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)
  • 05-281st Continental Congress convenes (Virginia)
  • 06-01Boston Port Bill: British government orders Port of Boston closed
  • 06-02England passed Quartering Act, mandating Colonists must board English troops in their homes
  • 06-11Jews of Algiers escape attack of Spanish Army
  • 06-13Rhode Island becomes 1st colony to prohibit importation of slaves
  • 06-22English parliament accepts Quebec Act
  • 07-12Citizens of Carlisle Penn, pass a declaration of independence
  • 07-12Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
  • 07-17Captain Cook arrives at New Hebrides (Vanuata)
  • 07-31Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen
  • 08-01Priestly discovers oxygen
  • 08-06Founder of the Shaker Movement, Mother Ann Lee, arrives in New York
  • 08-101st Surinam newspaper (1st Wednesday Suriname) begins publishing
  • 09-051st Continental Congress assembles, in Philadelphia
  • 09-15Cossack Emilian Pugachev captured
  • 10-141st American colonial declaration of rights with sinking of Peggy Stewart
  • 10-141st Continental Congress is 1st to declare colonial rights (Philadelphia)
  • 10-20Continental Congress orders discouragment of entertainment
  • 10-261st Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia
  • 10-26Minute Men organized in colonies

People born in year of 1774

  • 01-24Karl Moser: Composer
  • 02-15W G Frederik: Prince of Orange
  • 02-16Pierre Rode: Composer
  • 02-17Raphaelle Peale: United States -- Painter (After the Rain-1823)
  • 03-05Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse: Composer
  • 03-16Matthew Flinders: English navigator / cartographer (coast Australia)
  • 03-20John Braham: Composer
  • 04-17Vaclav Jan Krtitel Tomasek: Organist / pianist / composer
  • 04-21Jean-Baptiste Biot: French physicist / astronomer (balloonist)
  • 05-27Francis Beaufort: Admiral / hydrographer (Beaufort wind force scale)
  • 06-21Daniel D Tompkins: (D-R), 6th US Vice President (1817-25)
  • 06-23Matthijs Siegenbeek: Dutch linguist (spelling)
  • 08-12Robert Southey: English poet laureate / biographer of Nelson
  • 08-18Meriwether Lewis: Charlottsville, Virginia -- Captain (Lewis & Clark Expedition)
  • 08-28Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton: 1st American Catholic Saint (1975)
  • 09-08Anna K Emmerick / Emmerich: German poet
  • 09-17Joseph Caspar Mezzofanti: Cardinal / linguist (understood 70 languages)
  • 10-07Ferdinando Orlandi: Composer
  • 10-14Hubert MAJ van Asch van Wijck: Dutch politician
  • 11-14Gaspare Luigi Pacifico Spontini: Composer
  • 11-15William Horsley: Composer
  • 12-20Guillaume-Perre-Antoine Gatayes: Composer

People died in year of 1774

  • 01-21Mustapha III: Sultan of Turkey (1957-74), dies at 56
  • 01-30Frantisek Ignac Antonin Tuma: Composer, dies at 69
  • 01-30Jean-Pierre Guignon: Composer, dies at 71
  • 02-10Florian Leopold Gassmann: Composer, dies at 44
  • 04-04Oliver Goldsmith: Irish Poet (She Stoops to Conquer), dies at 17
  • 04-23Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich: Painter
  • 05-10Louis XV: King of France (1715-74), dies at 64
  • 07-01Henry Fox Holland: English corrupt politician, dies at 68
  • 07-07Giuseppi Maria Carretti: Composer, dies at 83
  • 08-25Nicolo Jommelli: Composer, dies at 59
  • 09-22Clement XIV [Giovanni Ganganelli]: Pope (1769-74)
  • 10-13Willem Bentinck: Mister of Rhoon / Pendrecht / Orangist, dies at 69
  • 10-16Robert Fergusson: Scottish songwriter (Scottish Poems)
  • 12-02Johann Friedrich Agricola: German (court)composer / organist, dies at 54
  • 12-13Susanne K von Klettenberg: German friend of Goethes mother, dies at 50
  • 12-16Francois Quesnay: French personal Physician of Louis XIV, dies at 80

Events in year of 1775

  • 01-11Francis Salvador becomes 1st Jew elected to office in America (SC)
  • 01-179 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Pol
  • 01-22Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw Poland
  • 01-25Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx)
  • 02-08Leidse U 400th anniversary dinner
  • 02-09English Parliament declares Mass colony is in rebellion
  • 02-15Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI
  • 02-22Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw Poland
  • 03-061st Negro Mason in US initiated, Boston
  • 03-194 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
  • 03-19Poland and Prussia sign trade agreement
  • 03-22Edmund Burke presents his 13 articles to the English parliament
  • 03-23Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death"
  • 04-141st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia
  • 04-18Paul Revere and William Dawes warn "British are coming!"
  • 04-18Paul Revere rides from Charleston to Lexington
  • 04-19Minutemen Captain John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon
  • 04-19Revolution begins-Lexington Common, shot "heard round the world"
  • 04-20British begin siege of Boston
  • 05-07Turkish state of Bukovina secedes from Austria
  • 05-102nd Cont Congress convenes in Pa issues paper currency for 1st time
  • 05-102nd Continental Congress names George Washington, Supreme Commander
  • 05-10Green Mountain Boys capture Ft Ticonderoga NY - American Revolution
  • 05-20Citizens of Mecklenburg County, NC declare independence of Britain
  • 06-07United Colonies change name to United States
  • 06-121st naval battle of Revolution-Unity (US) captures Margaretta (Br)
  • 06-14US Army founded
  • 06-15George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of American Army
  • 06-16Liberty Bell rang for the 2nd Continental Congress
  • 06-221st Continental currency issued ($3,000,000)

People born in year of 1775

  • 01-21Manuel Garcia: Composer
  • 01-27Friedrich von Schelling: Germany -- Philosopher (Views on Christianity)
  • 01-28Peter the Great: Russia
  • 01-30Walter Savage Landor: Warwick, England -- Critic / writer (Imaginary Conversation)
  • 02-05Margaretha J de Neufville: Author (Small Pligten)
  • 02-09Farkas / Wolfgang Bolyai: Hungary -- Mathematician (parallel axiom)
  • 02-10Charles Lamb: London, England -- Critic / poet / essayist
  • 02-12Louise Catherine Johnson Adams: 1st lady (1825-1829)
  • 02-18Thomas Girtin: London, England -- Artist / watercolorist
  • 04-07Francis C Lowell: Founded 1st raw cotton-to-cloth textile mill
  • 04-11Charles-Francois Dumonchau: Composer
  • 04-21Alexander Anderson: United States -- Engraver / illustrator (Shakespeare)
  • 04-22Georg Hermes: German philosopher / theologist (Hermenianen)
  • 04-23Joseph Mallord Turner: England, United Kingdom -- Landscape painter (Shipwreck)
  • 05-01Jacob-Joseph-Balthasar Martinn: Composer
  • 05-21Lucien Bonaparte: Prince of Canino / Musignano
  • 06-13Antoni Henryk Radziwill: Composer
  • 07-05William Crotch: Composer
  • 07-17August Harder: Composer
  • 07-25Anna Symmes Harrison: Ohio, United States -- 9th 1st lady (1841)
  • 08-02Jose Angel Lamas: Composer
  • 08-17Philippe Libon: Composer
  • 08-25Charlotte J T: Infant of Portugal (Court in Rio de Janeiro)
  • 08-28Sophie Gail: Composer
  • 08-31Francois de Paule Jacques Raymond de Fossa: Composer
  • 10-15Bernhard Henrik Crusell: Composer
  • 10-21Guiseppi Baini: Composer
  • 10-27Traugott Maximilian Eberwein: Composer
  • 11-15Georges-Julien Sieber: Composer
  • 11-27Joachim G le Sage ten Broek: Dutch notary / Catholic foreman / publicist

People died in year of 1775

  • 01-08John Baskerville: English printer / type designer, dies at 68
  • 01-10Jemeljan Pugatshov: Russian kosak leader / "Czar Peter III"
  • 01-11Yemelyan Pugachov: Don Cossack rebel, executed by tsarist Russia
  • 01-15Giovanni Battista Sammartini: Composer
  • 06-11Egidio Romoaldo Duni: Italian composer, dies at 67
  • 08-06Heinrich Nikolaus Gerber: Composer, dies at 72
  • 09-07Johann Georg Holzbogen: Composer, dies at 48
  • 09-18Andrew Foulis: Bookseller / printer
  • 10-14Johann Jacob Rowalt: Composer, dies at 57
  • 11-16Marian Paradeiser: Composer, dies at 28
  • 11-29Lorenzo Somis: Composer, dies at 87
  • 12-28Peter A van de Parra: Governor-General of (Netherlands Indies), dies at 61
  • 12-31Richard Montgomery: General, dies fighting British