Events in year of 1777

  • 01-03Washington defeats British at Battle of Princeton, New Jersey
  • 01-12Mission Santa Clara de Asis founded in California
  • 01-15People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England
  • 01-16Vermont declares independence from New York
  • 01-18San Jose California, founded
  • 02-05Georgia becomes 1st US state to abolish both entail and primogeniture
  • 02-13De Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress
  • 02-16Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice)
  • 02-21English ambassador Joseph Yorke demands dismissal of Governor John de Graaff for saluting US flag
  • 04-14New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • 04-20New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • 04-26Sybil Ludington, 16, rode from New York to Ct rallying her fathers militia
  • 05-01RB Sheridans "School for Scandal, " premieres in London
  • 05-121st ice cream advertisement (Philip Lenzi - NY Gazette)
  • 05-13University library at Vienna opens
  • 06-13Leonard Norcross patents a submarine diving suit
  • 06-13Marquis de Lafayette lands in US
  • 06-14Continental Congress adopts Stars and Stripes replacing Grand Union flag
  • 07-02Vermont becomes 1st American colony to abolish slavery
  • 07-06British General Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans
  • 07-08Vt becomes 1st state abolishing slavery, adopts male suffrage
  • 07-31Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army
  • 08-04Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes 1st circus
  • 08-16Americans defeat British in Battle of Bennington, Vermont
  • 09-11Battle of Brandywine, Pa; Americans lose to British
  • 09-20Paoli massacre
  • 09-25English general William Howe conquers Philadelphia
  • 09-26British troops occupy Philadelphia during American Revolution
  • 09-27English General William Howe occupies Philadelphia
  • 09-30Congress, flees to York Pa, as British forces advance

People born in year of 1777

  • 01-01Micah Hawkins: Composer
  • 01-02Christian D Rauch: German sculptor
  • 01-03Louis Poinsot: French instrument worker
  • 01-03M A Elisa Bonaparte: Corsican Monarch of Lucca / Piombino
  • 01-08Filippo Traetta: Italy -- Composer / musicologist
  • 01-25Elias Canneman: Dutch liberal Minister of Finance (1813-14)
  • 03-09Alexander Orlowski: Polish painter / cartoonist / graphic artist
  • 03-17Roger Brooke Taney: Calvert, Maryland -- 5th Chief Justice (Dred Scott dec)
  • 03-19Anton R Falck: Dutch Minister of Education / diplomat
  • 04-12Henry Clay [the Great Compromiser]: US politician
  • 04-18Ignac Ruzitska: Composer
  • 05-04Charles-Louis-Joseph Hanssens: Composer
  • 05-28Joseph-Henri-Ignace Mees: Composer
  • 06-02Christian Traugott Tag: Composer
  • 07-09Henry Hallam: British lawyer / historian
  • 07-27Thomas Campbell: Poet (Hohenlinden, Battle of the Baltic)
  • 08-14Hans Christian Oersted: Den, physicist / chemist (View of Chemical Law)
  • 09-20Ramon Felix Cuellar y Altarriba: Composer
  • 10-06William Russell: Composer
  • 10-18Heinrich von Kleist: Germany -- Dramatist / poet (Penthesilea)
  • 11-28Georg A Kestner: German art collector / diplomat
  • 12-02Henry Doeff: Colonialist (wrote Dutch-Japanese dictionary)
  • 12-14Juan N Gallego: Spanish poet / interpreter (El dos the mayo)
  • 12-16Janos Fusz: Composer
  • 12-23Aleksandr I P Romanov: Tsar of Russia (1801-25)

People died in year of 1777

  • 01-01Emanuele Barbella: Composer, dies at 58
  • 03-01Georg Christoph Wagenzeil: Austria (court)composer / pianist, dies at 62
  • 03-22John Bartram: Father of American botany, dies at 77
  • 05-16Button Gwinnet: US revolutionary leader, dies from wounds
  • 06-22Josef Christian: German sculptor, dies at 71
  • 07-13Guillaume Coustou, Jr.: French Sculptor (Apollo / Mars / Venus), dies at 61
  • 07-27William Hayes: Composer, dies at 69
  • 08-17Giuseppe Scarlotti: Composer, dies at 54
  • 08-23Giuseppe Sellitto: Composer, dies at 77
  • 09-01Johann Ernst Bach: Composer, dies at 55
  • 09-25Johann Heinrich Lambert: Mathematician, dies at 49
  • 10-07Simon Fraser: English General, dies in battle
  • 10-13Dismas Hatas: Composer, dies at 52
  • 11-30Jean-Marie Leclair: Composer, dies at 74
  • 12-12Albrecht von Haller: Swiss Physician / biologist / author, dies at 69
  • 12-12Benjamin Russen: Rev, executed at Tyburn England for rape
  • 12-30Maximilian III Jozef: Elector of Bayern (1745-77), dies at 50

Events in year of 1778

  • 01-18Captain James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)
  • 01-201st American military court martial trial begins, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 02-05Articles of Confederation ratified by 1st state, South Carolina
  • 02-06England declares war on France
  • 02-06France recognizes US, signs treaty of aid in Paris; 1st US treaty
  • 02-14"Stars & Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France)
  • 02-23Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
  • 02-28Rhode Island General Assembly authorizes enlistment of slaves
  • 03-07Captain James Cook 1st sights Oregon coast, at Yaquina Bay
  • 03-15Nootka Sound, Vancouver Is discovered by Captain Cook
  • 03-22Captain Cook sights Cape Flattery, in Washington state
  • 03-30Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath
  • 04-01Oliver Pollock, a New Orleans businessman, creates "$" symbol
  • 06-18British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia
  • 06-24David Rittenhouse observes a total solar eclipse in Philadelphia
  • 06-27Liberty Bell came home to Philadelphia after the British had left
  • 06-28Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey (Gen Washington beats Clinton)
  • 06-28Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly Pitcher" aids American patriots
  • 07-03British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in Wyoming, Pennsylvania
  • 07-03Prussia declares war on Austria
  • 07-08George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army
  • 08-03Teatro alla Scala opens in Milan
  • 08-09Captain Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering straits
  • 08-31British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
  • 09-04City Amsterdam signs trade agreement with US rebels
  • 09-171st treaty between the US and Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)
  • 10-03Captain Cook anchors at Alaska
  • 11-11Iroquois Indians in New York kill 40 in Cherry Valley Massacre
  • 11-26Captain Cook discovers Maui (Sandwich Islands [now Hawaii])
  • 12-29English troops occupy Savannah, Georgia

People born in year of 1778

  • 01-05Fortunato Santini: Composer
  • 01-10Carolus Linnaeus: Swedish Botanist (naming plants and animals)
  • 01-13Anton Fischer: Composer
  • 01-24Charles F: Duke of Berry / Son of French King Charles X
  • 01-31Franz Anton graaf von Kolowrat: Austrian Premier of Bohemia (1848)
  • 02-12Franz Joseph Volkert: Composer
  • 02-13Fernando Sor: Composer
  • 02-14Fernando Joseph Maria Sor: Composer
  • 02-22Rembrandt Peale: Portrait / historical painter (Court of Death)
  • 03-08Friedrich August Kanne: Composer
  • 04-06Joseph Funk: Composer
  • 04-10William Hazlitt: Maidstone Kent, England -- Essayist / critic
  • 05-08Johann Gansbacher: Composer
  • 05-28Friedrich Westenholz: Composer
  • 06-07George Bryan "Beau" Brummel: London, England -- English dandy
  • 07-07Antonio Francesco Gaetano S Pacini: Composer
  • 07-10Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm: Austrian composer / royal chaplain master
  • 07-25Heinrich Gebhard: Composer
  • 07-28Charles Stewart: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1869
  • 07-29Carl Borromaus Neuner: Composer
  • 08-11Friedrich Ludwig Jahn: Founder of turnverein (gymnastics) movement
  • 08-12Francis Horner: Politician
  • 08-18Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen: 1st to circumnavigate Antarctica
  • 09-02Leopold FJJJ van Sassen Ysselt: Dutch politician
  • 09-03Jean Nicolas Auguste Kreutzer: Composer
  • 09-04Louis Napoleon: French King of the Netherlands (1806-10)
  • 11-14Johann Nepomuk Hummel: Composer
  • 11-27John Murray: Publisher
  • 12-15Godert AGP Baron van der Capellen: Dutch Governor-General (Dutch-Indies)
  • 12-17Hunphry Davy: English chemist (discovered some elements)

People died in year of 1778

  • 01-04Charles D J Eisen: French engraver / painter, dies at 57
  • 02-15Johann Gottlieb Gorner: Composer, dies at 80
  • 03-05Thomas A Arne: English Composer (Alfred, Rule Britannia), dies at 67
  • 04-07Johann Balthasar Kehl: Composer, dies at 52
  • 04-08Pieter Teyler van der Hulst: Dutch founder (Teyler Museum), dies at 76
  • 04-22James Hargreaves: Inventor (spinning jenny)
  • 05-11William Pitt, Sr.: English Premier (1756-61, 66-68), dies at 69
  • 05-30Voltaire [Francois-Marie Arouet]: French writer (Candide), dies at 42
  • 06-07Johann Georg Zechner: Composer, dies at 62
  • 06-12Philip Livingston: US Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • 06-24Peter Burmannus Secundus [P Burman]: Dutch classicist, dies at 64
  • 06-26Angelo Antonio Caroli: Composer, dies at 77
  • 07-28Arvid Niclas Hopken: Composer, dies at 68
  • 08-14Augustus Montague Toplady: Hymn writer (Rock of Ages)
  • 08-28Jacob Wallenberg: Swedish writer / shipminister
  • 09-23Balthazar Huydecoper: Translator / historian, dies at 83
  • 11-09Giovanni Battista Piranesi: Italian etcher, dies at 58
  • 11-26Jean-Noel Hamal: Composer, dies at 68