Events in year of 1778

  • 01-18Captain James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)
  • 01-201st American military court martial trial begins, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 02-05Articles of Confederation ratified by 1st state, South Carolina
  • 02-06England declares war on France
  • 02-06France recognizes US, signs treaty of aid in Paris; 1st US treaty
  • 02-14"Stars & Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France)
  • 02-23Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
  • 02-28Rhode Island General Assembly authorizes enlistment of slaves
  • 03-07Captain James Cook 1st sights Oregon coast, at Yaquina Bay
  • 03-15Nootka Sound, Vancouver Is discovered by Captain Cook
  • 03-22Captain Cook sights Cape Flattery, in Washington state
  • 03-30Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath
  • 04-01Oliver Pollock, a New Orleans businessman, creates "$" symbol
  • 06-18British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia
  • 06-24David Rittenhouse observes a total solar eclipse in Philadelphia
  • 06-27Liberty Bell came home to Philadelphia after the British had left
  • 06-28Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey (Gen Washington beats Clinton)
  • 06-28Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly Pitcher" aids American patriots
  • 07-03British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in Wyoming, Pennsylvania
  • 07-03Prussia declares war on Austria
  • 07-08George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army
  • 08-03Teatro alla Scala opens in Milan
  • 08-09Captain Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering straits
  • 08-31British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
  • 09-04City Amsterdam signs trade agreement with US rebels
  • 09-171st treaty between the US and Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)
  • 10-03Captain Cook anchors at Alaska
  • 11-11Iroquois Indians in New York kill 40 in Cherry Valley Massacre
  • 11-26Captain Cook discovers Maui (Sandwich Islands [now Hawaii])
  • 12-29English troops occupy Savannah, Georgia

People born in year of 1778

  • 01-05Fortunato Santini: Composer
  • 01-10Carolus Linnaeus: Swedish Botanist (naming plants and animals)
  • 01-13Anton Fischer: Composer
  • 01-24Charles F: Duke of Berry / Son of French King Charles X
  • 01-31Franz Anton graaf von Kolowrat: Austrian Premier of Bohemia (1848)
  • 02-12Franz Joseph Volkert: Composer
  • 02-13Fernando Sor: Composer
  • 02-14Fernando Joseph Maria Sor: Composer
  • 02-22Rembrandt Peale: Portrait / historical painter (Court of Death)
  • 03-08Friedrich August Kanne: Composer
  • 04-06Joseph Funk: Composer
  • 04-10William Hazlitt: Maidstone Kent, England -- Essayist / critic
  • 05-08Johann Gansbacher: Composer
  • 05-28Friedrich Westenholz: Composer
  • 06-07George Bryan "Beau" Brummel: London, England -- English dandy
  • 07-07Antonio Francesco Gaetano S Pacini: Composer
  • 07-10Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm: Austrian composer / royal chaplain master
  • 07-25Heinrich Gebhard: Composer
  • 07-28Charles Stewart: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1869
  • 07-29Carl Borromaus Neuner: Composer
  • 08-11Friedrich Ludwig Jahn: Founder of turnverein (gymnastics) movement
  • 08-12Francis Horner: Politician
  • 08-18Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen: 1st to circumnavigate Antarctica
  • 09-02Leopold FJJJ van Sassen Ysselt: Dutch politician
  • 09-03Jean Nicolas Auguste Kreutzer: Composer
  • 09-04Louis Napoleon: French King of the Netherlands (1806-10)
  • 11-14Johann Nepomuk Hummel: Composer
  • 11-27John Murray: Publisher
  • 12-15Godert AGP Baron van der Capellen: Dutch Governor-General (Dutch-Indies)
  • 12-17Hunphry Davy: English chemist (discovered some elements)

People died in year of 1778

  • 01-04Charles D J Eisen: French engraver / painter, dies at 57
  • 02-15Johann Gottlieb Gorner: Composer, dies at 80
  • 03-05Thomas A Arne: English Composer (Alfred, Rule Britannia), dies at 67
  • 04-07Johann Balthasar Kehl: Composer, dies at 52
  • 04-08Pieter Teyler van der Hulst: Dutch founder (Teyler Museum), dies at 76
  • 04-22James Hargreaves: Inventor (spinning jenny)
  • 05-11William Pitt, Sr.: English Premier (1756-61, 66-68), dies at 69
  • 05-30Voltaire [Francois-Marie Arouet]: French writer (Candide), dies at 42
  • 06-07Johann Georg Zechner: Composer, dies at 62
  • 06-12Philip Livingston: US Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • 06-24Peter Burmannus Secundus [P Burman]: Dutch classicist, dies at 64
  • 06-26Angelo Antonio Caroli: Composer, dies at 77
  • 07-28Arvid Niclas Hopken: Composer, dies at 68
  • 08-14Augustus Montague Toplady: Hymn writer (Rock of Ages)
  • 08-28Jacob Wallenberg: Swedish writer / shipminister
  • 09-23Balthazar Huydecoper: Translator / historian, dies at 83
  • 11-09Giovanni Battista Piranesi: Italian etcher, dies at 58
  • 11-26Jean-Noel Hamal: Composer, dies at 68

Events in year of 1779

  • 01-23Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra)
  • 01-31Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog
  • 02-24George Rogers Clark captures Vincennes (Ind) from British
  • 03-11US army Corps of Engineers established (1st time)
  • 05-13War of Bavarian Succession ends
  • 06-15General Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, Bronx
  • 06-16In support of the US, Spain declares war on England
  • 06-16Vice-adm Hardy sails out of Isle of Wright against Spanish Armada
  • 06-18French fleet occupies St. Vincent
  • 06-20Battle of Stone Ferry
  • 07-04French fleet occupies Grenada
  • 07-15US troops under General A Wayne conquer Ft Stony Point, New York
  • 09-27John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain
  • 12-23Benedict Arnold court-martialed for improper conduct
  • 12-31English fleet beat Dutch Merchant vessels

People born in year of 1779

  • 01-05Stephen Decatur: United States -- Naval hero (War of 1812)
  • 01-15Jean Coralli: Paris, France -- Ballet producer / choreographer
  • 01-18Peter Roget: Thesaurus fame / inventor (slide rule, pocket chessboard)
  • 01-22Stefano Pavesi: Composer
  • 02-21Friedrich C von Savigny: German lawyer
  • 02-22Joachim Nicolas Eggert: Composer
  • 03-01Jacob Gottfried Weber: Composer
  • 03-06Philipp Roth: Composer
  • 03-13Oliver Shaw: Composer
  • 03-15William Lamb: (Whig) Viscount Melbourne, British Prime Minister (1834, 1835-41)
  • 03-21Alexis Garaude: Composer
  • 03-28Angelo Maria Benincori: Composer
  • 04-11Louise Reichardt: Composer
  • 04-21William Knyvett: Composer
  • 05-02John Galt: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Novelist (Ayrshire Legatees, Lawrie Todd)
  • 05-25Henry M Baron de Kock: Dutch officer / politician
  • 07-10Alois Basil Nikolaus Tomasini: Composer
  • 07-20Ignaz Schuster: Composer
  • 07-21Gottlob Wiedebein: Composer
  • 08-07Carl Ritter: Cofounder of modern science of geography
  • 08-17Franz de Paula Roser: Composer
  • 09-08Johann Philipp Samuel Schmidt: Composer
  • 09-08Mustafa IV: Sultan of Turkey (1807-08)
  • 09-10Louis Alexandre Piccinni: Composer
  • 09-18Joseph Story: Massachusetts, United States -- 19th Supreme Court Justice (1812-45)
  • 10-10Antoine PFGdV Celles: Belgium -- French MP
  • 11-04John W Pieneman: Historical painter (Battle at Waterloo)
  • 11-05Washington Allston: US painter / author
  • 11-06Michal Bogdanowicz: Composer
  • 12-01Pyotr Ivanovich Turchaninov: Composer

People died in year of 1779

  • 01-20John Burman: Dutch Botanist / director (botanical gardens), dies at 71
  • 02-02Georg Philipp Kress: Composer, dies at 59
  • 02-27Jan Nepveu: Dutch Governor-General of Suriname (1769-79), dies at 59
  • 04-06Tommaso MFS Traetta: Italian opera Composer (Farnace), dies at 52
  • 05-11John Heart: US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at about 68
  • 06-29Anton R Mengs: German writer / neo-classic Painter Madrid, dies at 51
  • 07-14George Ross: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 49
  • 08-03Henry Kobell: Dutch Painter / cartoonist, dies at 27
  • 09-02Onno Zwier van Hairs: Fries Poet (Agon), dies at 66
  • 10-11Casimir Pulaski: General
  • 10-28Raphael Weiss: Composer, dies at 66
  • 11-10Joseph Hewes: US Merchant / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 49
  • 11-13Thomas Chippendale: English furniture maker, dies at 61
  • 12-15Manuel Jeronimo Romero de Avila: Composer, dies at 62
  • 12-18Jan Punt: Engraver / illustrator / actor (Gideonschool), dies at 68
  • 12-28Gennaro Manna: Composer, dies at 64