Events in year of 1779

  • 01-23Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra)
  • 01-31Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog
  • 02-24George Rogers Clark captures Vincennes (Ind) from British
  • 03-11US army Corps of Engineers established (1st time)
  • 05-13War of Bavarian Succession ends
  • 06-15General Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, Bronx
  • 06-16In support of the US, Spain declares war on England
  • 06-16Vice-adm Hardy sails out of Isle of Wright against Spanish Armada
  • 06-18French fleet occupies St. Vincent
  • 06-20Battle of Stone Ferry
  • 07-04French fleet occupies Grenada
  • 07-15US troops under General A Wayne conquer Ft Stony Point, New York
  • 09-27John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain
  • 12-23Benedict Arnold court-martialed for improper conduct
  • 12-31English fleet beat Dutch Merchant vessels

People born in year of 1779

  • 01-05Stephen Decatur: United States -- Naval hero (War of 1812)
  • 01-15Jean Coralli: Paris, France -- Ballet producer / choreographer
  • 01-18Peter Roget: Thesaurus fame / inventor (slide rule, pocket chessboard)
  • 01-22Stefano Pavesi: Composer
  • 02-21Friedrich C von Savigny: German lawyer
  • 02-22Joachim Nicolas Eggert: Composer
  • 03-01Jacob Gottfried Weber: Composer
  • 03-06Philipp Roth: Composer
  • 03-13Oliver Shaw: Composer
  • 03-15William Lamb: (Whig) Viscount Melbourne, British Prime Minister (1834, 1835-41)
  • 03-21Alexis Garaude: Composer
  • 03-28Angelo Maria Benincori: Composer
  • 04-11Louise Reichardt: Composer
  • 04-21William Knyvett: Composer
  • 05-02John Galt: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Novelist (Ayrshire Legatees, Lawrie Todd)
  • 05-25Henry M Baron de Kock: Dutch officer / politician
  • 07-10Alois Basil Nikolaus Tomasini: Composer
  • 07-20Ignaz Schuster: Composer
  • 07-21Gottlob Wiedebein: Composer
  • 08-07Carl Ritter: Cofounder of modern science of geography
  • 08-17Franz de Paula Roser: Composer
  • 09-08Johann Philipp Samuel Schmidt: Composer
  • 09-08Mustafa IV: Sultan of Turkey (1807-08)
  • 09-10Louis Alexandre Piccinni: Composer
  • 09-18Joseph Story: Massachusetts, United States -- 19th Supreme Court Justice (1812-45)
  • 10-10Antoine PFGdV Celles: Belgium -- French MP
  • 11-04John W Pieneman: Historical painter (Battle at Waterloo)
  • 11-05Washington Allston: US painter / author
  • 11-06Michal Bogdanowicz: Composer
  • 12-01Pyotr Ivanovich Turchaninov: Composer

People died in year of 1779

  • 01-20John Burman: Dutch Botanist / director (botanical gardens), dies at 71
  • 02-02Georg Philipp Kress: Composer, dies at 59
  • 02-27Jan Nepveu: Dutch Governor-General of Suriname (1769-79), dies at 59
  • 04-06Tommaso MFS Traetta: Italian opera Composer (Farnace), dies at 52
  • 05-11John Heart: US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at about 68
  • 06-29Anton R Mengs: German writer / neo-classic Painter Madrid, dies at 51
  • 07-14George Ross: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 49
  • 08-03Henry Kobell: Dutch Painter / cartoonist, dies at 27
  • 09-02Onno Zwier van Hairs: Fries Poet (Agon), dies at 66
  • 10-11Casimir Pulaski: General
  • 10-28Raphael Weiss: Composer, dies at 66
  • 11-10Joseph Hewes: US Merchant / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 49
  • 11-13Thomas Chippendale: English furniture maker, dies at 61
  • 12-15Manuel Jeronimo Romero de Avila: Composer, dies at 62
  • 12-18Jan Punt: Engraver / illustrator / actor (Gideonschool), dies at 68
  • 12-28Gennaro Manna: Composer, dies at 64

Events in year of 1780

  • 01-03Danish national anthem "Kong Kristian, " 1st sung
  • 01-15Continental Congress establishes court of appeals
  • 01-16Battle at Cape St. Vincent: Admiral Rodney beats Spanish fleet
  • 03-01Penn becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only)
  • 03-261st British Sunday newspaper appears (Brit Gazette & Sunday Monitor)
  • 05-02William Herschel discovers 1st binary star, Xi Ursae Majoris
  • 05-04American Academy of Arts and Science founded
  • 05-04Charles Bunbury on Diomed wins 1st Epsom Derby
  • 05-052nd oldest learned society in US (American Academy of Arts & Sciences) forms (Boston)
  • 05-12British troops occupy Charleston, South Carolina
  • 05-12Charleston, SC falls to British (Revolutionary War)
  • 06-02Anti Catholic demonstration attacks parliament in London
  • 06-07Anti-Catholic riot in London, 100s die
  • 07-09Denmark declares neutrality
  • 08-01Sweden declares neutrality
  • 08-11Barbados hurricane begins
  • 08-16British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, South Carolina
  • 08-22Resolution, without Captain Cook, returns to England
  • 09-25Benedict Arnold joins the British
  • 10-07British defeated by American militia near Kings Mountain, South Carolina
  • 10-10Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000 to 30,000 in Caribbean
  • 11-20Britain declares war on Holland
  • 12-20England declares war on Netherlands

People born in year of 1780

  • 01-10M Heinrich C Lichtenstein: German zoologist
  • 01-12Wilhelm M L de Wette: German exegetist / theologist
  • 01-14Francois-Joseph Dizi: Composer
  • 02-02Johannes van den Bosch: Governor-General (Netherlands East Indies)
  • 02-09Walenty Karol Kratzer: Composer
  • 02-15Carel Asser: Dutch jurist
  • 02-19Friedrich H von der Hagen: German germanist (Nibelungenlied)
  • 03-10Juan Jose Landaeta: Composer
  • 03-17Thomas Chalmers: 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47)
  • 03-27August L Crelle: German inventor / mathematician (1st Prussian Railway)
  • 04-07William Ellery Channing: United States -- Unitarian clergyman
  • 05-10Peter Lichtenthal: Composer
  • 05-21Elizabeth Fry: Quaker Minister / prison Reformer / nurse
  • 05-22Jan Emmanuel Dulezalek: Composer
  • 05-28Joseph Frohlich: Composer
  • 06-01Karl von Clausewitz: Prussian strategist
  • 06-03William Hone: England, United Kingdom -- Author / bookseller (Every-Day Book)
  • 06-18Michael Henkel: Composer
  • 07-25Christian Theodor Weinlig: Composer
  • 08-21Jernej Kopitar: Slovenian censor (Slovenian Grammar)
  • 08-29Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres: French painter (Valpincon Bather)
  • 09-28Elie Decazes: France -- Bourbon Restoration political figure
  • 10-20M Pauline Bonaparte: Corsican Duchess of Parma / Guastalla
  • 11-03Victor-Charles-Paul Dourlen: Composer
  • 11-16Robert Archibald Smith: Composer
  • 11-22Conradin Kreutzer: Composer
  • 12-14Karl Robert von Nesselrode: German / Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 12-23Charles-Louis Panckoucke: French publisher

People died in year of 1780

  • 01-10Francesco Antonio Vallotti: Italian Organist / composer, dies at 82
  • 07-04Charles Alexander: Duke of Lotharingen South Netherlands, dies at 67
  • 08-03Etienne B de Condillac: French philosopher (sensualism), dies at 64
  • 08-19Bernhard Haltenberger: Composer, dies at 32
  • 09-01Reynier de Klerk: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1777-1800), dies at 69
  • 09-23John Andre: Hanged as a British spy at 29
  • 10-07Patrick Ferguson: English major in SC, dies in battle at 36
  • 11-14Jacobus Houbraken: Engraver / illustrator, dies at 81
  • 11-29Maria Theresia Hapsburg: Queen of Austria, dies at 63