Events in year of 1780

  • 01-03Danish national anthem "Kong Kristian, " 1st sung
  • 01-15Continental Congress establishes court of appeals
  • 01-16Battle at Cape St. Vincent: Admiral Rodney beats Spanish fleet
  • 03-01Penn becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only)
  • 03-261st British Sunday newspaper appears (Brit Gazette & Sunday Monitor)
  • 05-02William Herschel discovers 1st binary star, Xi Ursae Majoris
  • 05-04American Academy of Arts and Science founded
  • 05-04Charles Bunbury on Diomed wins 1st Epsom Derby
  • 05-052nd oldest learned society in US (American Academy of Arts & Sciences) forms (Boston)
  • 05-12British troops occupy Charleston, South Carolina
  • 05-12Charleston, SC falls to British (Revolutionary War)
  • 06-02Anti Catholic demonstration attacks parliament in London
  • 06-07Anti-Catholic riot in London, 100s die
  • 07-09Denmark declares neutrality
  • 08-01Sweden declares neutrality
  • 08-11Barbados hurricane begins
  • 08-16British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, South Carolina
  • 08-22Resolution, without Captain Cook, returns to England
  • 09-25Benedict Arnold joins the British
  • 10-07British defeated by American militia near Kings Mountain, South Carolina
  • 10-10Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000 to 30,000 in Caribbean
  • 11-20Britain declares war on Holland
  • 12-20England declares war on Netherlands

People born in year of 1780

  • 01-10M Heinrich C Lichtenstein: German zoologist
  • 01-12Wilhelm M L de Wette: German exegetist / theologist
  • 01-14Francois-Joseph Dizi: Composer
  • 02-02Johannes van den Bosch: Governor-General (Netherlands East Indies)
  • 02-09Walenty Karol Kratzer: Composer
  • 02-15Carel Asser: Dutch jurist
  • 02-19Friedrich H von der Hagen: German germanist (Nibelungenlied)
  • 03-10Juan Jose Landaeta: Composer
  • 03-17Thomas Chalmers: 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47)
  • 03-27August L Crelle: German inventor / mathematician (1st Prussian Railway)
  • 04-07William Ellery Channing: United States -- Unitarian clergyman
  • 05-10Peter Lichtenthal: Composer
  • 05-21Elizabeth Fry: Quaker Minister / prison Reformer / nurse
  • 05-22Jan Emmanuel Dulezalek: Composer
  • 05-28Joseph Frohlich: Composer
  • 06-01Karl von Clausewitz: Prussian strategist
  • 06-03William Hone: England, United Kingdom -- Author / bookseller (Every-Day Book)
  • 06-18Michael Henkel: Composer
  • 07-25Christian Theodor Weinlig: Composer
  • 08-21Jernej Kopitar: Slovenian censor (Slovenian Grammar)
  • 08-29Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres: French painter (Valpincon Bather)
  • 09-28Elie Decazes: France -- Bourbon Restoration political figure
  • 10-20M Pauline Bonaparte: Corsican Duchess of Parma / Guastalla
  • 11-03Victor-Charles-Paul Dourlen: Composer
  • 11-16Robert Archibald Smith: Composer
  • 11-22Conradin Kreutzer: Composer
  • 12-14Karl Robert von Nesselrode: German / Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 12-23Charles-Louis Panckoucke: French publisher

People died in year of 1780

  • 01-10Francesco Antonio Vallotti: Italian Organist / composer, dies at 82
  • 07-04Charles Alexander: Duke of Lotharingen South Netherlands, dies at 67
  • 08-03Etienne B de Condillac: French philosopher (sensualism), dies at 64
  • 08-19Bernhard Haltenberger: Composer, dies at 32
  • 09-01Reynier de Klerk: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1777-1800), dies at 69
  • 09-23John Andre: Hanged as a British spy at 29
  • 10-07Patrick Ferguson: English major in SC, dies in battle at 36
  • 11-14Jacobus Houbraken: Engraver / illustrator, dies at 81
  • 11-29Maria Theresia Hapsburg: Queen of Austria, dies at 63

Events in year of 1781

  • 01-05British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia
  • 01-06Battle of Jersey (Island in the UK)
  • 01-201st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published
  • 01-30Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland
  • 02-03Dutch West Indies island of St. Eustatia taken by British
  • 03-01Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation
  • 03-13Sir William Herschel sees "comet" (really discovered Uranus)
  • 03-15Battle of Guilford Court House, SC (British suffer heavy losses)
  • 04-29French fleet occupies Tobago
  • 04-29French fleet stopped Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope
  • 05-01Emperor Jozef II decrees protection of population
  • 05-26Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia
  • 06-03Jack Jouett rides to warn Jefferson of British attack
  • 07-11Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US
  • 08-01English army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
  • 08-05Battle at Doggers Bank: Dutch fleet vs. English fleet
  • 08-20George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis
  • 08-30French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British under Admiral Graves at battle of Chesapeake Capes in Revolutionary War
  • 09-04Los Angeles founded by 44 in Bahia de las Fumas, (Valley of Smokes)
  • 09-05Battle of Virginia Capes, French defeat British, traps Cornwallis
  • 09-289,000 American forces and 7,000 French forces begin siege of Yorktown
  • 10-06Americans and French begin siege of Cornwallis at Yorktown; last battle of Revolutionary War
  • 10-16Washington takes Yorktown
  • 10-17Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
  • 10-19Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2pm; Revolutionary War ends
  • 11-05John Hanson elected 1st "Pres of US in Congress assembled"
  • 11-13English troops occupy Negapatam Ceylon
  • 12-31Bank of North America, 1st US bank opens

People born in year of 1781

  • 01-22Francois-Antoine Habeneck: Composer
  • 01-26Achim v Arnim: Writer
  • 01-26Ludwig Joachim "Achim" von Arnim: German poet (Des Knaben Wunderhorn)
  • 01-30A v Chamisso: Writer
  • 02-18Henry Martyn: Truro -- Missionary
  • 03-11Anthony Philip Heinrich: Composer
  • 03-13Karl F Schinkel: German architect / painter / writer (Schloss Tegel)
  • 03-17Dominique J de Eerens: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 03-18Gustave Vogt: Composer
  • 04-22Christian Friedrich Hermann Uber: Composer
  • 05-14Friedrich von Raumer: German historian / parliamentarian
  • 05-24Louis-Francois Dauprat: Composer / horn player
  • 05-25Ferdinand K J: Archduke of Austria-Este / Governor-General (Sicily)
  • 06-10Giovanni Battista Polledro: Composer
  • 07-05Stamford Raffles: Founder (Singapore)
  • 07-27Mauro Giuseppe Sergio Pantaleo Giuliani: Composer
  • 08-09Michael Umlauf: Composer
  • 08-12Robert Mills: United States -- Architect (Washington Monument)
  • 09-06Anton Diabelli: Austria -- Publisher / composer
  • 11-03Johann Ernst Friedrich Wollank: Composer
  • 11-18Felice Blangini: Composer
  • 11-20Karl F Eichhorn: German law historian
  • 12-01Charles Philippe Lafont: Composer
  • 12-11David Brewster: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Physicist / inventor (kaleidoscope)

People died in year of 1781

  • 01-17Marie de Negre Dables: Marquess
  • 01-22Johann Siebenkas: Composer, dies at 66
  • 02-04Josef Myslivecek: Composer, dies at 43
  • 02-04Willem Crul: Admiral (West-Indies), dies in battle at 59
  • 02-15G E Lessing: Writer, dies at 52
  • 02-15Gotthold Ephraim Lessing: Saxon playwright / critic
  • 02-28Richard Stockton: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 50
  • 05-22Garret Wesley Mornington: Composer, dies at 45
  • 07-11Adolph Carl Kunzen: Composer, dies at 60
  • 07-30Augustin Ullinger: Composer, dies at 35
  • 10-09Thomas Alexander Erskine Kelly: Composer, dies at 49
  • 10-27Herman-Francois Delange: Composer, dies at 66
  • 11-02Jose F de Isla: Spanish Jesuit / author, dies at 78
  • 11-22John Ekels [the Old]: Amsterdam Painter / cartoonist, dies at 57
  • 12-16Georg Simon Lohlein: Composer, dies at 56