Events in year of 1781

  • 01-05British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia
  • 01-06Battle of Jersey (Island in the UK)
  • 01-201st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published
  • 01-30Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland
  • 02-03Dutch West Indies island of St. Eustatia taken by British
  • 03-01Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation
  • 03-13Sir William Herschel sees "comet" (really discovered Uranus)
  • 03-15Battle of Guilford Court House, SC (British suffer heavy losses)
  • 04-29French fleet occupies Tobago
  • 04-29French fleet stopped Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope
  • 05-01Emperor Jozef II decrees protection of population
  • 05-26Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia
  • 06-03Jack Jouett rides to warn Jefferson of British attack
  • 07-11Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US
  • 08-01English army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
  • 08-05Battle at Doggers Bank: Dutch fleet vs. English fleet
  • 08-20George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis
  • 08-30French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British under Admiral Graves at battle of Chesapeake Capes in Revolutionary War
  • 09-04Los Angeles founded by 44 in Bahia de las Fumas, (Valley of Smokes)
  • 09-05Battle of Virginia Capes, French defeat British, traps Cornwallis
  • 09-289,000 American forces and 7,000 French forces begin siege of Yorktown
  • 10-06Americans and French begin siege of Cornwallis at Yorktown; last battle of Revolutionary War
  • 10-16Washington takes Yorktown
  • 10-17Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
  • 10-19Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2pm; Revolutionary War ends
  • 11-05John Hanson elected 1st "Pres of US in Congress assembled"
  • 11-13English troops occupy Negapatam Ceylon
  • 12-31Bank of North America, 1st US bank opens

People born in year of 1781

  • 01-22Francois-Antoine Habeneck: Composer
  • 01-26Achim v Arnim: Writer
  • 01-26Ludwig Joachim "Achim" von Arnim: German poet (Des Knaben Wunderhorn)
  • 01-30A v Chamisso: Writer
  • 02-18Henry Martyn: Truro -- Missionary
  • 03-11Anthony Philip Heinrich: Composer
  • 03-13Karl F Schinkel: German architect / painter / writer (Schloss Tegel)
  • 03-17Dominique J de Eerens: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 03-18Gustave Vogt: Composer
  • 04-22Christian Friedrich Hermann Uber: Composer
  • 05-14Friedrich von Raumer: German historian / parliamentarian
  • 05-24Louis-Francois Dauprat: Composer / horn player
  • 05-25Ferdinand K J: Archduke of Austria-Este / Governor-General (Sicily)
  • 06-10Giovanni Battista Polledro: Composer
  • 07-05Stamford Raffles: Founder (Singapore)
  • 07-27Mauro Giuseppe Sergio Pantaleo Giuliani: Composer
  • 08-09Michael Umlauf: Composer
  • 08-12Robert Mills: United States -- Architect (Washington Monument)
  • 09-06Anton Diabelli: Austria -- Publisher / composer
  • 11-03Johann Ernst Friedrich Wollank: Composer
  • 11-18Felice Blangini: Composer
  • 11-20Karl F Eichhorn: German law historian
  • 12-01Charles Philippe Lafont: Composer
  • 12-11David Brewster: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Physicist / inventor (kaleidoscope)

People died in year of 1781

  • 01-17Marie de Negre Dables: Marquess
  • 01-22Johann Siebenkas: Composer, dies at 66
  • 02-04Josef Myslivecek: Composer, dies at 43
  • 02-04Willem Crul: Admiral (West-Indies), dies in battle at 59
  • 02-15G E Lessing: Writer, dies at 52
  • 02-15Gotthold Ephraim Lessing: Saxon playwright / critic
  • 02-28Richard Stockton: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 50
  • 05-22Garret Wesley Mornington: Composer, dies at 45
  • 07-11Adolph Carl Kunzen: Composer, dies at 60
  • 07-30Augustin Ullinger: Composer, dies at 35
  • 10-09Thomas Alexander Erskine Kelly: Composer, dies at 49
  • 10-27Herman-Francois Delange: Composer, dies at 66
  • 11-02Jose F de Isla: Spanish Jesuit / author, dies at 78
  • 11-22John Ekels [the Old]: Amsterdam Painter / cartoonist, dies at 57
  • 12-16Georg Simon Lohlein: Composer, dies at 56

Events in year of 1782

  • 01-071st US commercial bank, Bank of North America, opens in Philadelphia
  • 02-04British garrison surrenders to French and Spanish fleet
  • 02-05Spanish take Minorca (western Mediterranean) from English
  • 02-13French fleet occupies St. Christopher
  • 02-21US Congress resolves establishment of a US mint
  • 03-08Gnadenhutten Massacre - Ohio militia kills 90 indians
  • 04-12Battle at Les Saintes West-Indies: British fleet beats French
  • 04-19Netherlands recognizes US
  • 07-06British-French sea battle at Negapatam (South-Indies)
  • 08-02George Washington creates Honorary Badge of Distinction
  • 08-07George Washington creates Order of Purple Heart
  • 08-14Suriname forbids selling slave mothers without their babies
  • 09-16Great Seal of US used for 1st time
  • 11-30Britain signs agreement recognizing US independence
  • 12-14Charleston, SC evacuated by British
  • 12-291st nautical almanac in US published by Samuel Stearns, Boston

People born in year of 1782

  • 01-18Daniel Webster: Salisbury, New Hampshire -- Orator / politician / lawyer
  • 01-20Johan B J F S: Archduke of Austria
  • 01-29Daniel-Francois-Esprit Auber: French opera composer (Fra Diavolo)
  • 01-29Frantiszek Tucek Scigalski: Composer
  • 03-04Johann Wyss: Switzerland -- Folklorist / writer (Swiss Family Robinson)
  • 03-14Thomas Hart Benton: (rep), "Old Bullion"
  • 03-25Carolina [Maria A] Bonaparte [countess Lipona]: Sister of Napoleon
  • 04-14Carlo Coccia: Composer
  • 04-26Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Sicily: Wife of Louis Phillip of Austria
  • 05-16John Sell Cotman: Water color artist
  • 05-26Joseph Drechsler: Composer
  • 05-28Wouter J van Troostwijk: Dutch painter
  • 06-03Charles Waterton: Eccentric naturalist / pioneer
  • 06-10Amable-G-P B de Barante: French politician / historian
  • 06-19John Bray: Composer
  • 07-06Luis [Philippus] Brion: Curacao commander of Colombian fleet
  • 07-19Jonathan Blewitt: Composer
  • 07-26John Field: Dublin, Ireland -- Pianist / composer (Nocturnes)
  • 08-10Charles Napier: London, England -- Soldier
  • 08-15Henri MG Earl the Merode: Belgian revolutionary (Souvenirs)
  • 09-07Bernardus JC Dibbets: Dutch Baron / General Major (Maastricht)
  • 09-23Jacques-Fereol Mazas: Composer
  • 10-09Lewis Cass: (Gov-Michigan)
  • 10-11Steen Steensen Blicher: Denmark -- Poet / short-story writer (E Binddstouw)
  • 11-01Viscount Goderich: (Tory), British Prime Minister (1827-28)
  • 12-05Martin Van Buren: Kinderhook, New York -- (D) 8th President (1837-41)

People died in year of 1782

  • 01-01Johann Christian Bach: German Composer / Mozarts tutor, dies at 46
  • 01-04Ange-Jacques Gabriel: French Architect (Ecole Military), dies at 83
  • 03-19Adrien Trudo Sale: Composer, dies at 59
  • 03-19Louis-Henry Paisible: Composer, dies at 33
  • 04-06Rynoldus Popma van Oevering: Composer, dies at 90
  • 04-22Josef Ferdinand Norbert Seger: Composer, dies at 66
  • 05-16Daniuel Charles Solander: Botanist
  • 05-20Carlo Giovanni Testori: Composer, dies at 68
  • 05-20Christoph Gottlieb Schroter: Composer, dies at 82
  • 07-01Charles Watson-Wentworth 2nd Marquis of Rockingham: Does at 52
  • 07-15Farinelli: Italian singer, dies at 77
  • 07-15Robert Wainwright: Composer, dies at 33
  • 07-16Louise Ulrike: Queen of Sweden / Wife of Adolf Frederik, dies at 61
  • 07-21Placidus Cajetan von Camerloher: Composer, dies at 63
  • 08-29Richard Kempenfeldt: English Admiral, drowns
  • 10-23Joseph Reipel: Composer, dies at 73
  • 11-22John Barueth: Vicar / pamphleter