Events in year of 1783

  • 01-14Congress ratifies peace treaty between US and England
  • 01-20Hostilities cease in Revolutionary War
  • 02-01William Herschel announces star Lambda Herculis as apex
  • 02-03Spain recognizes US independence
  • 02-04Worst quake in 8 years kills some 50,000 (Calabria, Italy)
  • 02-05Earthquakes ravage Calabria, killing 30,000
  • 02-05Sweden recognizes US independence
  • 03-05King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski grants rights to Jews of Kovno
  • 04-03Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce
  • 04-08Catharina II of Russia annexes the Krim
  • 04-09Tippu Sahib drives out English from Bednore India
  • 05-04Herschel reports seeing a red glow near lunar crater Aristarchus
  • 05-30Benjamin Tower of Philadelphia publishes 1st daily newspaper in US
  • 06-04Montgolfier brothers launch 1st hot-air balloon (unmanned)
  • 06-05Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier make 1st public balloon flight
  • 06-08Laki Volcano in southern Iceland begins 8-month eruption
  • 07-151st steamboat, Pyroscaphe, 1st run in France
  • 07-24Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia
  • 07-29Skaptar Volcano on Iceland erupts killing about 9,000
  • 08-271st hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned); reaches 900 m altitude
  • 09-03Treaty of Paris signed (ending US Revolutionary War)
  • 10-06Benjamin Hanks patents self-winding clock
  • 11-02Gen Washington bids farewell to his army
  • 11-03Washington orders Continental Army disbanded
  • 11-23Annapolis Maryland, becomes US capital (until June 1784)
  • 11-25Britain evacuates NYC, their last military position in US
  • 12-01J van North launches unmanned balloon
  • 12-07Theatre Royal opens in Covent Garden, London
  • 12-07William Pitt Jr (24) becomes British Premier
  • 12-091st execution at English Newgate-jail

People born in year of 1783

  • 01-12Erik Gustaf Geijer: Swedish historian / poet (Natthimmelen)
  • 01-23Stendahl [Marie Henri Beyle]: France -- Writer (Le Rouge et de Noir)
  • 01-29Vasili A Zjukovski: Russian folk poet / translator (Homerus)
  • 02-11Jarena Lee: Famous African
  • 02-15Johann Nepomuk Poissl: Composer
  • 03-08Gottfied Wilhelm Fink: Composer
  • 03-08Hannah Hoes Van Buren: New York, United States -- Wife of President Martin (1837-41) (died 1819)
  • 03-26Johann Baptist Weigl: Composer
  • 04-03Washington Irving: US writer (Legend of Sleepy Hollow)
  • 04-08John Claudius: London, England -- Horticulturist
  • 04-10Hortense E de Beauharnais: French Queen of the Netherlands (1806-10)
  • 04-29David Cox: English painter (Treatise on landscape painting)
  • 05-09Alexander Ross: Canada -- Pioneer / fur trader
  • 05-10Niccola Benvenuti: Composer
  • 05-22Thomas Forbes Walmisley: Composer
  • 06-08Joseph Lincke: Composer
  • 06-19Thomas Sully: US portrait painter (Queen Victoria)
  • 06-29August Alexander Klengel: Composer
  • 08-07John Heathcoat: Inventor (lace-making machinery)
  • 09-17Samuel Prout: Water-color painter
  • 10-13Frantiszek Soltyk: Composer
  • 12-11Max von Schenkendorf: German poet
  • 12-14Johann Christoph Kienlen: Composer
  • 12-28Robert Gallenberg: Composer

People died in year of 1783

  • 01-05Friedrich Wilhelm Reidt: Composer, dies on 73rd birthday
  • 02-06Lancelot "Capability" Brown: English Architect (Kew), dies at about 67
  • 02-10James Nares: Composer, dies at 67
  • 03-23Gaspard Fritz: Composer, dies at 67
  • 04-07Ignaz Jakob Holzbauer: Composer, dies at 71
  • 04-11Nikita I Panin: Russian Earl / ambassador in Denmark, dies at 64
  • 05-03Pieter Valckx: South Netherlands sculptor, dies at 49
  • 05-23James Otis: American lawyer
  • 07-27Johann Philipp Kirnberger: German music theroist / violist, dies at 62
  • 08-06Willem Bachiene: Vicar / Theologist / geography / astronomer, dies at 70
  • 12-16Johann Adolf Hasse: Dutch operatic Composer (Sesostrate), dies at 84

Events in year of 1784

  • 01-06Turkey and Russia sign treaty in Constantinople
  • 01-071st US seed business established by David Landreth, Philadelphia
  • 01-14Revolutionary War ends; Congress ratifies Treaty of Paris
  • 02-221st US ship to trade with China, "Empress of China, " sails from New York
  • 02-28John Wesley charters Methodist Church
  • 02-29Marquis de Sade transferred from Vincennes fortress to the Bastille
  • 03-01E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain
  • 04-151st balloon flight in Ireland
  • 05-08Only known deaths by hailstones in US (Winnsborough SC)
  • 05-11England and Tippu Sahib van Mysore sign peace treaty
  • 05-20England and Netherlands signs peace treaty (Peace of Paris)
  • 05-22Ceylonese student leader Pieter Quint Ondaatje demands democracy
  • 05-25Jews are expelled from Warsaw by Marshall Mniszek
  • 06-04Mme Thible becomes 1st woman to fly (in a balloon)
  • 06-09John Carroll appointed supervisor of US Catholic Missions
  • 06-16Holland forbids orange clothes
  • 06-231st US balloon flight (13 year old Edward Warren)
  • 08-13English parliament accept India Act
  • 08-23Eastern Tennessee settlers declare their area an independent state and name it Franklin; a year later the Continental Congress rejects it
  • 09-211st daily newspaper in America (Penns Packet & General Advertiser)
  • 09-21Pennsylvania Packet and Daily Advertiser 1st success US daily newspaper
  • 09-22Russian trappers established a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska
  • 11-01Maryland grants citizenship to Lafayette and his descendents
  • 12-21John Jay becomes 1st US Secretary of State (foreign affairs)

People born in year of 1784

  • 01-01William Beale: Composer
  • 01-27Martin-Joseph Mengal: Composer
  • 01-28George HG Earl of Aberdeen: English Secretary of State
  • 01-29Ferdinand Ries: Composer
  • 01-31Carl Wilhelm Henning: Composer
  • 02-03John Fane graaf van Westmorland: English (opera)composer / diplomat
  • 02-20Adam Black: Edinburgh, Scotland -- Politician / publisher
  • 02-27Elias Annes Borger: Dutch theologist / poet (To the Rhine)
  • 02-27Job Plimpton: Composer
  • 02-29Franz KL von Klenze: German architect (Hermitage, St-Petersburg)
  • 04-05Louis [Ludwig] Spohr: Germany -- Violin virtuoso / composer (Faust)
  • 04-13Cornelis Smit: Dutch ship builder
  • 07-01Wilhelm Friedemann Bach: Composer, Son of J.S. Bach, dies at 74
  • 07-22Friedrich W Bessel: German astronomer (star parallax, Bessel Function)
  • 08-14Francesco Capaccini: Italian Cardinal / diplomat
  • 09-07Frantisek Max Knize: Composer
  • 10-14Ferdinand VII MF: King of Spain
  • 10-15Thomas Hastings: Composer
  • 10-19Leigh Hunt: British writer (Lord Byron)
  • 10-20Lord Henry JT Palmerston: English Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 11-24Zachary Taylor: (Whig) 12th President (March 5, 1849-July 9, 1850)
  • 11-28Ferdinand Reis: Composer
  • 12-01Francois Henri Joseph Castil-Blaze: Composer
  • 12-30Dorothea von Benckendorff: Baltic Monarch of Lieven

People died in year of 1784

  • 01-11Ferdinand Philipp Joseph Lobkowitz: Composer, dies at 59
  • 02-13Charles Gravier: French Earl of Vergennes / Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 02-24Anton Laube: Composer, dies at 65
  • 02-28Phillis Wheatly: Poetess
  • 04-02Pierre Leclair: Composer, dies at 74
  • 04-04Mary Mead: Wife of English journalist John Wilkes
  • 04-10Simon Fokke: Book illustrator, dies at 71
  • 04-30Franz K Earl von Velbruck: German Freemason
  • 06-06Joan Derk van de Capellen: Leader of democratic Patriots, dies at 42
  • 06-07Jean-Baptiste Canavas: Composer, dies at 71
  • 07-01Wilhelm Friedmann Bach: Composer (Sinfonias 64), dies at 73
  • 07-15Johan B Straub: South German sculptor
  • 07-31Denis Diderot: French writer / philosopher (Jacques le fataliste)
  • 08-03Giovanni Battista Martini: Composer, dies at 78
  • 08-06Karl Kohaut: Composer, dies at 57
  • 08-10Allan Ramsay: Artist
  • 09-04Cesar F Cassini "the Thury": French astronomer (geodesic labor)
  • 09-27Boniface Stoecki: Composer, dies at 38
  • 12-05Phillis Wheatley: 1st important black Poet in America, dies in Boston