Events in year of 1790

  • 01-04President Washington delivers 1st "State of the Union"
  • 01-08George Washington delivers 1st state of union address (or Jan 4)
  • 01-11Statisten and Vonckisten unite as Belgium
  • 01-30Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor
  • 02-01Supreme Court convenes for 1st time (NYC)
  • 02-11Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery
  • 03-011st US census authorized
  • 03-13John Martin, 1st American-born actor, performs in Philadelphia
  • 03-21Thomas Jefferson reports to President Washington in New York as Secretary of State
  • 03-22Thomas Jefferson becomes the 1st US Secretary of State
  • 03-26Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency
  • 03-27The shoelace invented
  • 04-03Revenue Marine Service (US Coast Guard), created
  • 04-10Robert Gray is 1st American to circumnavigate the Earth
  • 04-10US Patent system forms
  • 05-26Territory South of River Ohio created by Congress
  • 05-29Rhode Is becomes last of original 13 colonies ratifying Constitution
  • 05-31US copyright law enacted
  • 06-091st book copyrighted under constitution, "Philadelphia Spelling Book"
  • 07-16Congress establishes District of Columbia
  • 07-26US passes Assumption bill making US responsible for state debts
  • 07-311st US patent granted, to Samuel Hopkins for a potash process
  • 08-011st US census (population of 3,939,214; 697,624 are slaves)
  • 08-04US Coast Guard founded as Revenue Cutter Service
  • 08-09Columbia returns to Boston after 3 year journey, 1st ship to carry US flag around the world
  • 08-14Sweden and Russia sign Peace of Verela
  • 10-23Slaves revolt in Haiti (later suppressed)
  • 10-28New York gives up claims to Vermont for $30,000
  • 11-11Chrysanthemums are introduced into England from China
  • 12-02Austrian army occupies Brussels

People born in year of 1790

  • 02-11Ignaz Assmayer: Composer
  • 02-16Chretien Urhan: Composer
  • 02-18Marshall Hall: Basford Nottinghamshire, England -- Physician
  • 03-15Nicola Vaccai: Composer
  • 03-29John Tyler: Virginia, United States -- (D / W) 10th President (1841-1845)
  • 04-30John Cockerill: English / Belgian industrialist
  • 05-06Vaclav Vilem Wurfel: Composer
  • 05-12[Johannes] Carsten Hauch: Danish writer
  • 06-01Salomon J Rappoport: Czechoslovakia -- Rabbi / learned (Ereg miliem)
  • 06-10Louis Joseph Daussoigne-Mehul: Composer
  • 06-21Wilhelm Speyer: Composer
  • 10-08Waldemar Thrane: Composer
  • 10-10George Gerson: Composer
  • 10-22Jan Ackersdijk: Dutch political economist
  • 10-30Karol Joseph Lipinski: Composer
  • 10-30Rinse Posthumus: Frisian writer
  • 11-12Letitia Christian Tyler: 1st Wife of President Tyler
  • 12-19William Parry: England, United Kingdom -- Arctic explorer
  • 12-23Jean-Francois Champollion: Deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics

People died in year of 1790

  • 01-02Joseph A Feuchtmayer (Feichtmayer): German rococo sculptor
  • 01-06Johann Trier: Composer, dies at 73
  • 01-07Antonio Corbisiero: Composer, dies at 69
  • 01-08John Stinstra: Dutch baptist vicar, dies at 81
  • 02-14Capel Bond: Composer, dies at 59
  • 02-18Wilhelm Gottfried Enderle: Composer, dies at 67
  • 02-19Jean-Baptiste Krumphultz: Composer, dies at 47
  • 02-20Joseph II: Emperor of Holy Roman empire, dies at 48
  • 02-21Johann Friedrich Kloffler: Composer, dies at 64
  • 04-17Benjamin Franklin: United States -- (Poor Richards Almanac), dies at 84
  • 05-21Thomas Warton: English Poet (Oxford sausage)
  • 05-27Jeremiah Carlton: Laziest man in history, heir to a large fortune at 19 went to bed and stayed there for next 70 yrs, dies at 89
  • 06-08Charles-Joseph van Helmont: Composer, dies at 75
  • 06-29Feike H Van de Crew: Fries writer (Mayke Jakkelis)
  • 07-07Franciscus "Frans" Hemsterhuis: Frisian philosopher, dies at 68
  • 07-31Johann Christian Frischmuth: Composer, dies at 48
  • 09-02Johann N von Hontheim: German religious Historian / Bishop
  • 09-03Thomas Norris: Composer, dies at 49
  • 09-24John Keyse Sherwin: Engraver / painter
  • 10-14William Hooper: US attorney / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 48
  • 10-19Lyman Hall: US Physician / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66
  • 10-29Pieter van / of Bleiswijk: Pension advisor 1771-87, dies at about 66
  • 12-16Ludwig August Lebrun: Composer, dies at 38

Events in year of 1791

  • 02-17Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra)
  • 02-251st Bank of US chartered
  • 03-031st internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages)
  • 03-03Congress establishes US Mint
  • 03-041st Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office
  • 03-04President Washington calls the US Senate into its 1st special session
  • 03-04Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)
  • 03-10John Stone, Concord, Mass, patents a pile driver
  • 03-11Samuel Mulliken, Philadelphia, is 1st to obtain more than 1 US patent
  • 03-21Captain Hopley Yeaton of NH becomes 1st commissioned officer in USN
  • 06-20King Louis XVI caught trying to escape French Revolution
  • 06-21Fleeing French King Louis XVI and family captured at Varennes-en-Argonne
  • 08-02Samuel Briggs and his son, patent nail-making machine
  • 08-04Austria and Turkey sign Peace of Sistova
  • 08-19Benjamin Banneker published his 1st Almanac
  • 08-20Danish navigator Vitus Jonas Bering discovers Alaska
  • 08-22Haitian Slave Revolution begins under voodoo priest Boukman
  • 08-26John Fitch grants US patent for his working steamboat
  • 09-03French Constitution passed by French National Assembly
  • 09-06Mozarts opera "La Clemenza di Tito, " premieres in Prague
  • 10-011st session of new French legislative assembly
  • 10-01Dutch Prince Willem Frederik marries his niece Princess Frederika Louise Wilhelmina of Prussia
  • 11-03Battle at Wabash: indians assault general St. Clair / killed 637 soldiers
  • 11-151st Catholic college in US, Georgetown, opens
  • 12-12Bank of US opens
  • 12-151st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania
  • 12-15Bill of Rights ratified when Virginia gave its approval
  • 12-17New York City traffic regulation creates 1st 1-way street

People born in year of 1791

  • 01-06Jose Melchor Gomiz y Colomer: Composer
  • 01-08Jacob Collamer: (Sen-Vermont)
  • 01-15Franz Gillparzer: Austrian tragic dramatist (Golden Fleece)
  • 02-01Charles J Sax: Belgian music instrument builder
  • 02-12Jan D Zocher, Jr.: Dutch garden architect (Vondelpark, Amsterdam)
  • 02-12Peter Cooper: Industrialist / philanthropist (Cooper Union)
  • 02-20Carl Czerny: Vienna, Austria -- Pianist / composer (Schule der Virtuosen)
  • 03-06Anna Claypoole Peale: Painted miniatures
  • 03-09George Hayward: United States -- Surgeon - 1st to use ether
  • 03-31Franciszek Wincenty Mirecki: Composer
  • 04-12Francis Preston Blair: Newspaper editor (Washington Globe)
  • 04-23James Buchanan: Cove Gap, Pennsylvania -- (Fed / Dem), 15th US President (1857-61)
  • 04-23W Friedrich Olivier: German landscape painter / cartoonist
  • 04-24Nikolaj A Bestuzhev: Russia -- Writer / painter (Account about Holland)
  • 04-27Samuel Finley Breece Morse: US painter / inventor (telegraph)
  • 05-11Jan Vaclav Hugo Vorisek: Composer
  • 05-15Baron Floris A van Hall: Dutch Minister of Justice / Finance
  • 05-29Pietro Romani: Composer
  • 06-09John Howard Payne: United States -- Author / actor / diplomat (Home Sweet Home)
  • 07-09Nicolas Ledesma: Composer
  • 07-26Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart: 6th child of Austrian composer WAM
  • 09-01Lydia Sigourney: United States -- Religious author (How to Be Happy)
  • 09-05Giacomo Meyerbeer: Vogelsdorf, Germany -- Composer (Golt Und Die Natur)
  • 09-20Sergei T Aksakov: Russian writer (Semejnaja chronika)
  • 09-22Michael Faraday: Discovered principle of electric motor
  • 09-23Johann F Encke: German astronomer (Encke Comet)
  • 10-01Sergey Aksakov: Russia -- Novelist (Chronicles of a Russian Family)
  • 10-26Charles Sprague: Boston, Massachusetts -- Banker / poet (Curiosity)
  • 10-31Ferdinand Huber: Composer
  • 12-04Johann Gottlob Topfer: Composer

People died in year of 1791

  • 05-09Francis Hopkinson: US writer / music / lawyer, dies at 53
  • 05-28Joseph Schmitt: Composer, dies at 57
  • 05-30Ildephons Haas: Composer, dies at 56
  • 08-25Pietro Domenico Paradisi: Composer
  • 10-10C F D Schubart: Writer
  • 10-12A L Karschin: Writer, dies at 68
  • 10-16Grigorij A Potemkin: Monarch of Tauris
  • 12-05Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Composer, dies at 35 in Vienna, Austria