Events in year of 1791

  • 02-17Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra)
  • 02-251st Bank of US chartered
  • 03-031st internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages)
  • 03-03Congress establishes US Mint
  • 03-041st Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office
  • 03-04President Washington calls the US Senate into its 1st special session
  • 03-04Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)
  • 03-10John Stone, Concord, Mass, patents a pile driver
  • 03-11Samuel Mulliken, Philadelphia, is 1st to obtain more than 1 US patent
  • 03-21Captain Hopley Yeaton of NH becomes 1st commissioned officer in USN
  • 06-20King Louis XVI caught trying to escape French Revolution
  • 06-21Fleeing French King Louis XVI and family captured at Varennes-en-Argonne
  • 08-02Samuel Briggs and his son, patent nail-making machine
  • 08-04Austria and Turkey sign Peace of Sistova
  • 08-19Benjamin Banneker published his 1st Almanac
  • 08-20Danish navigator Vitus Jonas Bering discovers Alaska
  • 08-22Haitian Slave Revolution begins under voodoo priest Boukman
  • 08-26John Fitch grants US patent for his working steamboat
  • 09-03French Constitution passed by French National Assembly
  • 09-06Mozarts opera "La Clemenza di Tito, " premieres in Prague
  • 10-011st session of new French legislative assembly
  • 10-01Dutch Prince Willem Frederik marries his niece Princess Frederika Louise Wilhelmina of Prussia
  • 11-03Battle at Wabash: indians assault general St. Clair / killed 637 soldiers
  • 11-151st Catholic college in US, Georgetown, opens
  • 12-12Bank of US opens
  • 12-151st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania
  • 12-15Bill of Rights ratified when Virginia gave its approval
  • 12-17New York City traffic regulation creates 1st 1-way street

People born in year of 1791

  • 01-06Jose Melchor Gomiz y Colomer: Composer
  • 01-08Jacob Collamer: (Sen-Vermont)
  • 01-15Franz Gillparzer: Austrian tragic dramatist (Golden Fleece)
  • 02-01Charles J Sax: Belgian music instrument builder
  • 02-12Jan D Zocher, Jr.: Dutch garden architect (Vondelpark, Amsterdam)
  • 02-12Peter Cooper: Industrialist / philanthropist (Cooper Union)
  • 02-20Carl Czerny: Vienna, Austria -- Pianist / composer (Schule der Virtuosen)
  • 03-06Anna Claypoole Peale: Painted miniatures
  • 03-09George Hayward: United States -- Surgeon - 1st to use ether
  • 03-31Franciszek Wincenty Mirecki: Composer
  • 04-12Francis Preston Blair: Newspaper editor (Washington Globe)
  • 04-23James Buchanan: Cove Gap, Pennsylvania -- (Fed / Dem), 15th US President (1857-61)
  • 04-23W Friedrich Olivier: German landscape painter / cartoonist
  • 04-24Nikolaj A Bestuzhev: Russia -- Writer / painter (Account about Holland)
  • 04-27Samuel Finley Breece Morse: US painter / inventor (telegraph)
  • 05-11Jan Vaclav Hugo Vorisek: Composer
  • 05-15Baron Floris A van Hall: Dutch Minister of Justice / Finance
  • 05-29Pietro Romani: Composer
  • 06-09John Howard Payne: United States -- Author / actor / diplomat (Home Sweet Home)
  • 07-09Nicolas Ledesma: Composer
  • 07-26Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart: 6th child of Austrian composer WAM
  • 09-01Lydia Sigourney: United States -- Religious author (How to Be Happy)
  • 09-05Giacomo Meyerbeer: Vogelsdorf, Germany -- Composer (Golt Und Die Natur)
  • 09-20Sergei T Aksakov: Russian writer (Semejnaja chronika)
  • 09-22Michael Faraday: Discovered principle of electric motor
  • 09-23Johann F Encke: German astronomer (Encke Comet)
  • 10-01Sergey Aksakov: Russia -- Novelist (Chronicles of a Russian Family)
  • 10-26Charles Sprague: Boston, Massachusetts -- Banker / poet (Curiosity)
  • 10-31Ferdinand Huber: Composer
  • 12-04Johann Gottlob Topfer: Composer

People died in year of 1791

  • 05-09Francis Hopkinson: US writer / music / lawyer, dies at 53
  • 05-28Joseph Schmitt: Composer, dies at 57
  • 05-30Ildephons Haas: Composer, dies at 56
  • 08-25Pietro Domenico Paradisi: Composer
  • 10-10C F D Schubart: Writer
  • 10-12A L Karschin: Writer, dies at 68
  • 10-16Grigorij A Potemkin: Monarch of Tauris
  • 12-05Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Composer, dies at 35 in Vienna, Austria

Events in year of 1792

  • 01-09Russia and Turkey sign Peace of Jassy
  • 02-07Austria and Prussia sign anti-French covenant
  • 02-21Congress passes Presidential Succession Act
  • 02-23Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners)
  • 03-01US Presidential Succession Act passed
  • 03-04Oranges introduced to Hawaii
  • 03-16Murder attempt on King Gustavus III by count Ankarstrom at opera
  • 03-24Benjamin West (US) becomes President of Royal Academy of London
  • 04-02Congress establishes Philadelphia mint
  • 04-05George Washington casts 1st presidential veto
  • 04-14France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars
  • 04-20France declares war on Austria, Prussia and Sardinia
  • 04-24"La Marseillaise" composed by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle
  • 04-25Guillotine 1st used, executes highwayman Nicolas J Pelletier
  • 05-07Captain Robert Gray discovers Grays Harbor (Washington)
  • 05-08British Captain George Vancouver sights, names Mt Rainier, Washington
  • 05-08US establishes military draft
  • 05-11Columbia River discovered and named by US Captain Robert Gray
  • 05-12Toilet that flushes itself at regular intervals is patented
  • 05-16Denmark abolishes slave trade
  • 05-1724 merchants form New York Stock Exchange at 70 Wall Street
  • 05-19Russian army enters Poland
  • 06-01Kentucky admitted as 15th US state
  • 06-04Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for Britain
  • 06-12George Vancouver discovers site of Vancouver BC
  • 06-13King Louis XVI fires French government
  • 06-21Vancouver meets Spanish ships Sutil and Mexicana off Vancouver, BC
  • 07-08France declares war on Prussia
  • 07-11Prussia army moves into French territory
  • 07-25Dutch patriots exiles finds "Bataafs Legion"

People born in year of 1792

  • 01-08Lowell Mason: Medfield, Massachusetts -- Organist / composer (Zebulo)
  • 01-12Robert Patterson: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1881
  • 01-21Tsjalling Hiddes Halbertsma: Fries story teller (Rhymes & Tales)
  • 02-12Ferdinand de Braekeleer: Belgian painter
  • 02-23Istvan Ferenczi: Hungarian sculptor
  • 02-27Don Joaquin B F Espartero: Spanish adventurer / Field Marshal
  • 02-28Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer: Estonian / German embryologist
  • 02-29Gioacchino Rossini: Pesaro, Italy -- Composer (Barber of Seville)
  • 02-29Karl Ernst von Baler: Russia -- Naturalist (discovered human ovum)
  • 04-04Thaddeus Stevens: US Radical Republican congressional leader (Rep-R)
  • 04-12John George Lambton: London, England -- Statesman (1st Earl of Durham)
  • 04-25John Keble: Anglican priest / founder (Oxford Movement)
  • 04-30Johann Friedrich Schwencke: Composer
  • 05-13Pius IX "Pio Nono" [Giovanni-Maria Mastai-Ferretti]: Pope (1846-78)
  • 06-19Gustav Schwab: Writer
  • 07-10George Mifflin Dallas: (D) 11th VP (1845-49)
  • 08-04Percy Bysshe Shelley: England, United Kingdom -- Romantic poet (Adonais)
  • 08-18John: 1st Earl Russell, British Whig Prime Minister (1846-52, 1865-66)
  • 09-05Alexis-Charles-Maximilien Thibault: Composer
  • 09-08Joseph Netherclift: Composer
  • 09-14Gino Capponi: Italian Marquis / literary / Premier of Toscane
  • 09-27George Cruikshank: London, England -- Caricaturist (Oliver Twist)
  • 10-02Philip Cipriani Hambley Potter: Pianist / composer
  • 10-03Cipriani Potter: Composer
  • 10-13Moritz Hauptmann: Composer
  • 10-19Dirk Donker Curtius: Dutch attorney / Minister of Justice (liberal)
  • 10-20Anton Bernhard Furstenau: Composer
  • 10-20Colin Campbell / Lord Clyde: British officer (Sepoy-uprising)
  • 11-13Edward John Trelawney: England, United Kingdom -- Traveler / author (Adv of Younger Son)
  • 11-28Victor Cousin: French philosopher / Minister of Education

People died in year of 1792

  • 01-10Jean-Louis Laruette: Composer, dies at 60
  • 02-23Joshua Reynolds: English portrait Painter (Simplicity), dies at 68
  • 03-03Robert Adam: Scottish Architect (Syon House, Middlesex), dies at 63
  • 03-10John Stuart: 3rd Earl of Bute / English Premier (1760-63), dies at 78
  • 03-29Gustav III: King of Sweden (1771-92), dies of wounds
  • 04-25Johann Friedrich Gottlieb Beckmann: Composer, dies at 54
  • 04-25Nicolas J Pelletier: Frenchman, 1st guillotined
  • 04-30Hans Adolf Friedrich von Eschstruth: Composer, dies at 36
  • 04-30John Montague 4th Earl of Sandwich: English Naval minister, dies at 73
  • 05-03Carlo Zuccari: Composer, dies at 87
  • 05-07Aert Schouman: Dutch bird / portrait painter, dies at 82
  • 05-24George Brydges: 1st Baron Rodney / Admiral
  • 05-24Jakob M R Lenz: Writer (That Soldier)
  • 06-04John Burgoyne: Soldier / playwright
  • 06-30Francesco Antonio Rosetti: Composer
  • 08-02Nathanael Gottfried Gruner: Composer, dies at 60
  • 08-05Frederick 7th baron North: English Premier (1770-82), dies at 60
  • 08-17Jan Jachym Kopriva: Composer, dies at 38
  • 09-18Gottlieb August Spangenberg: Founder (Moravian Church in America)
  • 11-30Ernst William Wolf: Composer, dies at 57
  • 12-15Joseph Martin Kraus: Composer, dies at 36