Events in year of 1793

  • 01-091st hot-air balloon flight in the US lifts off in Philadelphia
  • 01-09Dutch Prince Willem V establishes 2 brigades Drive Artillery
  • 01-09Jean Pierre Blanchard makes 1st balloon flight in North America
  • 01-19French King Louis XVI sentenced to death
  • 01-21Prussia and Russia sign partition treaty (Poland divided)
  • 01-232nd partition of Poland, between Prussia and Russia
  • 01-23Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized
  • 02-01France declares war on England and Netherlands
  • 02-01Patent granted Ralph Hodgson, NY, for oiled silk and linen
  • 02-11Prussian troops occupy Venlo Neth
  • 02-121st US fugitive slave law passed; requires return of escaped slaves
  • 02-24French troops conquer Breda
  • 03-04French troops conquer Geertruidenberg Neth
  • 03-182nd Battle at Neerwinden: Austria army beats France
  • 04-01Volcano Unsen on Japan erupts killing about 53,000
  • 04-17Battle of Warsaw
  • 05-19Netherlands captures French island of St. Maarten (held until 1795)
  • 05-21Curacao Island Council forbids criticism on House of Orange
  • 05-25Father Stephen Theodore Badin is 1st US Roman Catholic priest ordained
  • 05-30Georges Couthon chosen member of French Committee the Salut Public
  • 06-101st public zoo opens in Paris
  • 06-10Washington replaced Philadelphia as US capital
  • 06-111st American stove patent is granted to Robert Haeterick
  • 06-20Eli Whitney patents his cotton gin
  • 06-241st Republican constitution in France adopted
  • 07-24France passes 1st copyright law
  • 08-01France becomes 1st country to use the metric system
  • 08-29Slaves in French colony of St. Domingue (Haiti) freed
  • 09-05In the French Revolution, the "Reign of Terror" begins
  • 09-18President Washington lays cornerstone of Capitol Building

People born in year of 1793

  • 01-03Lucretia Coffin Mott: United States -- Teacher / Minister / abolitionist / feminist
  • 01-18William Henry Havergal: Composer
  • 02-06Pietro Rovelli: Composer
  • 03-02Samuel Houston: 1st President of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44)
  • 03-03Ch Sealsfield: Writer
  • 03-06Bernhard Joseph Klein: Composer
  • 03-11Jan F Willems: Flemish writer / philologist
  • 03-12Augustin-Philippe Peellaert: Composer
  • 04-11Nicolaas C Kist: Dutch church historian / archivist
  • 04-12Ferdinand I KLJM [the Good Natured]: Emperor of Austria / King of Hungary
  • 04-15Friedrich Struve: Germany -- Founded dynasty of astronomers
  • 05-09Johannes C de Jonge: Dutch historian / archivist
  • 07-02Antoine Prumier: Composer
  • 07-03John Claire: England, United Kingdom -- Poet
  • 07-04Franz Xaver Pechacek: Composer
  • 07-05Pavel I Pestel: Russian officer
  • 07-06Jacob M de Kempenaer: Dutch lawyer / Minister of Internal Affairs (1848-49)
  • 07-20Aleksander Fredro: Polish comedy writer (Pan Jowiolski)
  • 07-23Joseph Hartmann Stuntz: Composer
  • 07-30Josepf Francois Snel: Composer
  • 08-10Heinrich August Neithardt: Composer
  • 09-04Edward Bates: Attorney General (Union), died in 1869
  • 09-25Felicia Dorothea Hermans: Poet
  • 09-28Denis-Auguste Affre Franc: Archbishop / opponent of King Louis-Philippe
  • 10-28Eliphalet Remington: US gun maker
  • 11-03Stephen Fuller Austin: Colonized Texas
  • 11-10Jared Kirtland: United States -- Physician / naturalist / reformed penitentiaries
  • 11-15Michel Chasles: French mathematician (geometry)
  • 11-16Francis Danby: Irish painter
  • 12-11Pietro Coppola: Composer

People died in year of 1793

  • 01-01Francesco Guardi: Italian painter, dies at 80
  • 01-04Bengt Lidner: Swedish Poet (Medea / Yttersa domen), dies at 35
  • 01-21Louis XVI: French King (1774-93), beheaded by revolutionaries at 38
  • 02-02William Aiton: English Botanist (Kew Gardens), dies at 61
  • 03-04Isaac Ouwater: Amsterdam Painter / cartoonist, dies at 44
  • 03-21Johann Michael Schmidt: Composer, dies at 51
  • 04-09Ernestus Weinrauch: Composer, dies at 62
  • 04-30Lorenzo Fago: Composer, dies at 88
  • 05-07Johan A Zoutman: Dutch Lieutenant Admiral (battle of Doggersbank), dies at 68
  • 05-07Pietro Nardini: Composer, dies at 71
  • 05-13Martin Gerbert: Composer, dies at 72
  • 06-04Jan Ekels de Young: Dutch painter, dies at 34
  • 06-26Gilbert White: Naturalist / cleric
  • 07-13Jean Paul Marat: French revolutionary, murdered by Charlotte Corday
  • 07-14Jacques Cathelineau: French royalist, dies in battle at 44
  • 07-17Charlotte Corday: Murderer (Jean-Paul Marat), is guillotined
  • 08-22Louis Duke de Noailles: Marshal of France, dies at 80
  • 08-28Adam-Philippe Custine: French Earl / General / parliament member
  • 10-08John Hancock: US Merchant / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 56
  • 10-16Marie Antoinette: Queen of France, beheaded in France
  • 10-19Francisco Morera: Composer, dies at 62
  • 10-21Johann Ernst Hartmann: Composer, dies at 66
  • 10-31Pierre V Vergniaud: French politician / police leader, guillotined at 40
  • 12-06Marie Jeanne Becu comtesse du Barry: Mistress of Louis XV, beheaded
  • 12-13Johann Joachim Christoph Bode: Composer, dies at 63
  • 12-20Joseph Legros: Composer, dies at 54
  • 12-28Louis Earl of Bylandt: Dutch Admiral, dies at about 75

Events in year of 1794

  • 01-13Congress changes US flag to 15 stars and 15 stripes
  • 01-14Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom Va, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operation on his wife
  • 02-04French National Convention proclaims abolishment of slavery
  • 02-111st session of US Senate open to the public
  • 02-141st US textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport, Philadelphia
  • 03-03Richard Allen founded AME Church
  • 03-14Eli Whitney patents cotton gin
  • 03-22Congress bans US vessels from supplying slaves to other countries
  • 03-231st US patent (Joseph G Pierson for a riveting machine)
  • 03-23Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine
  • 03-23Lieutenant General Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland
  • 03-27US Navy forms
  • 03-28Louvre opens to the public (although officially opened since August)
  • 04-21New York City formally declares coast of Ellis Island publically owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British
  • 05-17Hard frost in southern New England
  • 05-182nd battle of Bouvines (France-Austria)
  • 06-01English fleet under Richard Earl Howe defeats French
  • 06-04Congress passes Neutrality Act, bans Americans from serving in armed forces of foreign powers
  • 06-05Congress prohibits citizens from serving in foreign armed forces
  • 06-10Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia, forms
  • 06-10France revolutionary regime begins trials
  • 06-161st stone layed at Dutch biggest grain windmill (De Walvisch)
  • 06-23Empress Catherine II grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev
  • 06-25French troops occupy Charleroi
  • 06-26Battle of Colors: France under Jourdan beats Austrian army
  • 06-30Battle of Fort Recovery, Ohio
  • 07-022nd Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • 07-17African Church of St. Thomas in Philadelphia, dedicated
  • 07-27Coup of thermidor / fall of Robespierre in Paris
  • 07-31All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem

People born in year of 1794

  • 01-06Kaspar Masek: Composer
  • 02-25Gerrit Schimmelpenninck: Dutch Earl of Nijenhuis / Peckedam
  • 03-05Jacques Babinet: French physicist / mathematician / astronomer
  • 04-10Matthew Calbraith Perry: Commodore, opened Japan
  • 04-11Edward Everett: Dorchester, Massachusetts -- (Gov-Massachusetts) Statesman / orator
  • 04-12Germinal P Dandelin: Belgian mathematician (geometry)
  • 05-17Anna Brownell Jameson: Dublin, Ireland -- Writer
  • 05-23Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles: Composer
  • 05-24William Whewell: British philosopher (History of Inductive Science)
  • 05-27Cornelius Vanderbilt: Millionaire (B & O railroad)
  • 06-18George Grote: British historian
  • 07-03Eberhard F Walcker: German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt)
  • 07-12Heinrich Christian Pander: Russian zoologist
  • 07-14John G Lockhart [Scorpion]: Biographer (Life of Sir Walter Scott)
  • 08-10Leopold Zunz: German Scientist (Synagogical poetry)
  • 08-15Elias M Fries: Swedish Botanist (System mycologicum)
  • 08-28Johannes Zwijsen: Archbishop (Utrecht Netherlands)
  • 09-29William Michael Rooke: Composer
  • 10-13Anselm Huttenbrenner: Composer
  • 10-18Ferdinand Lukas Schubert: Composer
  • 10-23Joseph Panny: Composer
  • 10-24Friedrich B Freiherr von Gagern: German / Dutch army Commandant
  • 11-03William Cullen Bryant: Poet (Thanatopsis)
  • 11-17John Barrien Montgomery: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1873
  • 11-23Joan F Van Oordt: Vicar (Groninger direction)
  • 12-10James Wolfe Ripley: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1870

People died in year of 1794

  • 01-16Edward Gibbon: Historian (Decline & Fall), dies in London at 56
  • 03-04Henri D count de Larochejacquelin: Fr Royalist Army leader, dies at 21
  • 03-29Marie-J-A-N C Condorcet: Mathematician (Theory of Comets), dies at 50
  • 04-05Georges-Jacques Danton: French revolutionary leader, guillotined at 34
  • 04-08Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicholas-Caritat: Mathematician dies
  • 05-06Jean-Jacques Beauvarget-Charpentier: Composer, dies at 59
  • 05-08Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier: Chemist (identified oxygen), guillotined
  • 05-10Elisabeth PMH: Princess of France, beheaded at 30
  • 06-19Richard H Lee: US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • 07-02Franz Xaver Thomas Pokorny: Composer, dies at 65
  • 07-07Pascal Boyer: Composer, dies at 51
  • 07-17Jean-Frederic Edelmann: Composer, dies at 45
  • 07-22Jean-Benjamin de La Borde: Composer, dies at 59
  • 07-28Georges Couthon: French politician, beheaded at 39
  • 07-28Maximilien Robespierre: Fr revolutionary / avocat (1781), guillotined
  • 07-28Robespierre: And 22 other terrorists executed to thunderous cheers
  • 08-11Jakob Friedrich Kleinknecht: Composer, dies at 72
  • 08-14George Colman [the Elder]: Playwright
  • 10-12James Lyon: Composer, dies at 59
  • 10-20James Adam: System Architect (essays on agriculture), dies at about 64
  • 11-14Pieter Nieuwland: Prodigy / "Dutch Newton", dies at 30
  • 11-28Friedrich WLGA von Steuben: Prussian / US Inspector-General of Washingtons army, dies at 64