Events in year of 1794

  • 01-13Congress changes US flag to 15 stars and 15 stripes
  • 01-14Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom Va, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operation on his wife
  • 02-04French National Convention proclaims abolishment of slavery
  • 02-111st session of US Senate open to the public
  • 02-141st US textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport, Philadelphia
  • 03-03Richard Allen founded AME Church
  • 03-14Eli Whitney patents cotton gin
  • 03-22Congress bans US vessels from supplying slaves to other countries
  • 03-231st US patent (Joseph G Pierson for a riveting machine)
  • 03-23Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine
  • 03-23Lieutenant General Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland
  • 03-27US Navy forms
  • 03-28Louvre opens to the public (although officially opened since August)
  • 04-21New York City formally declares coast of Ellis Island publically owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British
  • 05-17Hard frost in southern New England
  • 05-182nd battle of Bouvines (France-Austria)
  • 06-01English fleet under Richard Earl Howe defeats French
  • 06-04Congress passes Neutrality Act, bans Americans from serving in armed forces of foreign powers
  • 06-05Congress prohibits citizens from serving in foreign armed forces
  • 06-10Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia, forms
  • 06-10France revolutionary regime begins trials
  • 06-161st stone layed at Dutch biggest grain windmill (De Walvisch)
  • 06-23Empress Catherine II grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev
  • 06-25French troops occupy Charleroi
  • 06-26Battle of Colors: France under Jourdan beats Austrian army
  • 06-30Battle of Fort Recovery, Ohio
  • 07-022nd Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • 07-17African Church of St. Thomas in Philadelphia, dedicated
  • 07-27Coup of thermidor / fall of Robespierre in Paris
  • 07-31All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem

People born in year of 1794

  • 01-06Kaspar Masek: Composer
  • 02-25Gerrit Schimmelpenninck: Dutch Earl of Nijenhuis / Peckedam
  • 03-05Jacques Babinet: French physicist / mathematician / astronomer
  • 04-10Matthew Calbraith Perry: Commodore, opened Japan
  • 04-11Edward Everett: Dorchester, Massachusetts -- (Gov-Massachusetts) Statesman / orator
  • 04-12Germinal P Dandelin: Belgian mathematician (geometry)
  • 05-17Anna Brownell Jameson: Dublin, Ireland -- Writer
  • 05-23Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles: Composer
  • 05-24William Whewell: British philosopher (History of Inductive Science)
  • 05-27Cornelius Vanderbilt: Millionaire (B & O railroad)
  • 06-18George Grote: British historian
  • 07-03Eberhard F Walcker: German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt)
  • 07-12Heinrich Christian Pander: Russian zoologist
  • 07-14John G Lockhart [Scorpion]: Biographer (Life of Sir Walter Scott)
  • 08-10Leopold Zunz: German Scientist (Synagogical poetry)
  • 08-15Elias M Fries: Swedish Botanist (System mycologicum)
  • 08-28Johannes Zwijsen: Archbishop (Utrecht Netherlands)
  • 09-29William Michael Rooke: Composer
  • 10-13Anselm Huttenbrenner: Composer
  • 10-18Ferdinand Lukas Schubert: Composer
  • 10-23Joseph Panny: Composer
  • 10-24Friedrich B Freiherr von Gagern: German / Dutch army Commandant
  • 11-03William Cullen Bryant: Poet (Thanatopsis)
  • 11-17John Barrien Montgomery: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1873
  • 11-23Joan F Van Oordt: Vicar (Groninger direction)
  • 12-10James Wolfe Ripley: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1870

People died in year of 1794

  • 01-16Edward Gibbon: Historian (Decline & Fall), dies in London at 56
  • 03-04Henri D count de Larochejacquelin: Fr Royalist Army leader, dies at 21
  • 03-29Marie-J-A-N C Condorcet: Mathematician (Theory of Comets), dies at 50
  • 04-05Georges-Jacques Danton: French revolutionary leader, guillotined at 34
  • 04-08Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicholas-Caritat: Mathematician dies
  • 05-06Jean-Jacques Beauvarget-Charpentier: Composer, dies at 59
  • 05-08Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier: Chemist (identified oxygen), guillotined
  • 05-10Elisabeth PMH: Princess of France, beheaded at 30
  • 06-19Richard H Lee: US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • 07-02Franz Xaver Thomas Pokorny: Composer, dies at 65
  • 07-07Pascal Boyer: Composer, dies at 51
  • 07-17Jean-Frederic Edelmann: Composer, dies at 45
  • 07-22Jean-Benjamin de La Borde: Composer, dies at 59
  • 07-28Georges Couthon: French politician, beheaded at 39
  • 07-28Maximilien Robespierre: Fr revolutionary / avocat (1781), guillotined
  • 07-28Robespierre: And 22 other terrorists executed to thunderous cheers
  • 08-11Jakob Friedrich Kleinknecht: Composer, dies at 72
  • 08-14George Colman [the Elder]: Playwright
  • 10-12James Lyon: Composer, dies at 59
  • 10-20James Adam: System Architect (essays on agriculture), dies at about 64
  • 11-14Pieter Nieuwland: Prodigy / "Dutch Newton", dies at 30
  • 11-28Friedrich WLGA von Steuben: Prussian / US Inspector-General of Washingtons army, dies at 64

Events in year of 1795

  • 01-16French army under Pichegru occupies Utrecht Neth
  • 01-18French admitted to Amsterdam without resistance
  • 01-18Governor / Viceroy Willem V flees Scheveningen to England
  • 01-19Democratic revolution in Amsterdam ends oligarchy
  • 02-02Joseph Haydns 102nd Symphony in B, premieres
  • 02-05Zealand Neth surrenders to French general Michaud
  • 02-0711th Amendment to US Constitution ratified, affirms power of states
  • 02-07Dutch Prince William V accepts British occupation of Dutch Indies
  • 02-131st state university in US opens, University of North Carolina
  • 02-17Thomas Seddal harvests 8.3-kg potato from his garden Chester, England
  • 02-21Freedom of worship established in France under constitution
  • 03-05Amsterdam celebrates Revolution on the Dam; Square of Revolution
  • 03-05Treaty of Basel-Prussia ends war with France
  • 03-11Battle at Kurdla India: Mahratten beat Mogols
  • 03-29Beethoven (24) debuts as pianist in Vienna
  • 04-23William Hastings acquitted in England of high treason
  • 05-16Hedges Treaty: Bataafse Republic becomes French vassel state
  • 06-06Fire destroy 1 / 3 of Copenhagen; 18,000 injured
  • 06-24US and Great Britain sign Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty
  • 07-01John Rutledge becomes 2nd chief justice of Supreme Court
  • 07-09James Swan pays off the $2,024,899 US national debt
  • 07-15"Marseillaise" becomes French national anthem
  • 07-27Spain and France sign peace treaty
  • 08-15Joseph Haydn leaves England forever
  • 08-17Slave revolt at Knip plantation, Curacao
  • 08-18Curacao Governor De Veer sends miltia to stop rebellious slaves
  • 08-20Joseph Haydn returns to Vienna from England
  • 08-25Curacao slaves opponents returns to St. Christopher
  • 09-05US-Algiers sign peace treaty
  • 09-15Cape Colony surrenders to England

People born in year of 1795

  • 01-15Willem de Clerq: Dutch Merchant / man of letters
  • 01-18Anna Paulowna Romanova: Monarch of Russia / Daughter of Czar Paul I
  • 02-08Friedlieb F Runge: German chemist (Chinoline)
  • 02-08Moritz G [Moses] Saphir: Hungarian journalist / serial writer
  • 02-10Ary Scheffer: Dutch painter / etcher / sculptor
  • 02-15Charles Niellon: Belgian brigade General (10 day campaign)
  • 02-18George Peabody: South Danvers, Massachusetts -- Merchant / philanthropist
  • 02-21Francisco Manuel da Silva: Composer
  • 03-14Rubert Lucas Pearsall: Composer
  • 03-23Leopold Jansa: Composer
  • 04-05Henry Havelock: British soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39)
  • 04-19Christian Gottfried Ehrenburg: German zoologist
  • 04-21Vincenzo Pallotti: Italian Saint
  • 04-28Charles Sturt: England, United Kingdom -- Explorer (Australia)
  • 05-07Gerhard M Roentgen: Industrialist (founder dockyard Fijenoord)
  • 05-10Jacques-Nicolas-Augustin Thierry: Historian
  • 05-13Joshua Ratoon Sands: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1883
  • 05-15Adolf B Marx: German music theorist
  • 05-19Johns Hopkins: Philanthropist, founded Johns Hopkins University
  • 05-23Charles Barry: Architect
  • 06-12John Marston, Jr.: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1885
  • 06-13Thomas Arnold: English educator / historian (History of Rome)
  • 07-25James Barry: Female disguised as a man, Surgeon General (British army)
  • 08-16Heinrich August Marschner: Composer
  • 08-22Abraham Capadose: Physician / Missionary
  • 08-28Joannes A Paredis: Belgian Bishop of Roermond
  • 09-04Friedrich [August] von Alberti: German geologist (Triasic Age)
  • 09-17Giuseppi Saverio Rafaele Mercadante: Composer
  • 09-20Charles Heinrich Christoph Zeuner: Composer
  • 09-20Peter of Limburg Brouwer: Physician / classical / author

People died in year of 1795

  • 01-03Josiah Wedgwood: British, ceramic craftsman / woodworker, dies at 64
  • 01-13Francois-Joseph Krafft: Composer, dies at 73
  • 01-19Maria Teresa Agnesi: Composer, dies at 74
  • 01-26Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach: Composer, dies at 62
  • 02-01Giacomo Insanguine: Composer, dies at 66
  • 03-05Josef Reicha: Composer, dies at 42
  • 04-12Rainieri de Calzabigi: Italian literary, dies at 80
  • 05-19Josiah Bartlett: US Physician / judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 65
  • 06-08Louis XVII Charles: King of France (1793-95), dies at 10
  • 07-06Georg Gottfried Petri: Composer, dies at 79
  • 07-31Jose B da Gama: Portuguese Poet (East Uraguay), dies at 54
  • 08-19Friedrich Hartmann Graf: Composer, dies at 67
  • 08-31Francois-Andre Danican Philidor: Composer, dies at 68
  • 10-01Robert Bakewell: English cattle breeder, dies at about 70
  • 10-03Tula: Leader Curacaose slave uprising, executed
  • 10-13William Prescott: American Revolutionary soldier
  • 11-06Jiri Antonin Benda: Composer, dies at 73