Events in year of 1797

  • 01-01Albany replaces NYC as capital of New York
  • 01-151st top hat worn (John Etherington of London)
  • 01-26Russia, Prussia and Austria sign treaty
  • 01-30Congress refuses to accept 1st petitions from American blacks
  • 02-04Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000
  • 02-15Battle of Cape St. Vincent
  • 02-191 / 3 of papal domain ceded to France
  • 02-21Trinidad, West Indies surrenders to British
  • 03-04John Adams inaugurated as 2nd President of US
  • 03-28Nathaniel Briggs of NH patents a washing machine
  • 04-18France and Austria signs cease fire
  • 05-101st Navy ship, the "United States, " is launched
  • 06-06Napoleon forms Ligurische Republic
  • 07-081st US senator (William Blount of Tennessee) expelled by impeachment
  • 07-101st US frigate, the "United States, " is launched in Philadelphia
  • 08-03Emperor Francis I permits Jews who served in military in "Countries of Bohemian Crown" to marry non Jews
  • 08-16Comet C / 1797 P1 (Bouvard-Herschel) approaches 0.0879 AUs of Earth
  • 09-012nd National Meeting in Hague
  • 09-20US frigate Constitution (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston
  • 10-11Battle at Kamperduin: English fleet destroys Bataafse
  • 10-11British naval forces defeat Dutch off Camperdown, Netherlands
  • 10-17Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions and France
  • 10-21US Navy frigate Constitution, Old Ironsides, launched in Boston

People born in year of 1797

  • 01-04Wilhelm Beer: Germany -- Amateur astronomer (constructed 1st Moon map)
  • 01-30Edwin Vose Sumner: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 01-31Franz Peter Schubert: Lichtenthal, Australia -- Composer (Unfinished Symphony)
  • 02-06Joseph Maria von Radowitz: Prussian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 02-15Henry Engelhard Steinway: Piano maker (Steinway)
  • 02-22William I: Berlin, Germany -- King of Prussia (1861-88) / German Emperor (1871-88)
  • 02-24Samuel Lover: Composer
  • 02-28Mary Lyon: United States -- Educator (Mt Holyoke) (Hall of Fame)
  • 02-28W Frederik K: Prince of the Netherlands / General / Admiral (10 day campaign)
  • 03-07Karl Schwencke: Composer
  • 03-22Kaiser Wilhelm I: German Emperor (1871-88)
  • 03-24Antonio Rosmini-Serbati: Philosopher / founder (Institute of Charity)
  • 03-25John Winebrenner: United States -- Clergyman that founded the Church of God
  • 04-14Adolphe Thiers: 1st President of 3rd French Republic (1871-77)
  • 04-17Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque: Belgian composer / conductor
  • 04-18Louis-Adolphe Thiers: President of France
  • 04-30Andreas V Michiels: Dutch military Governor of West-Sumatra
  • 05-12Johann Hermann Kufferath: Composer
  • 05-18Frederik Augustus II: King of Saxon (1836-54)
  • 05-30Johann Christian Lobe: Composer
  • 07-10Pieter L Uys: South African pioneer (Great Pull)
  • 07-19Johann Gottlieb Schneider: Composer
  • 07-21Franz Schoberlechner: Composer
  • 08-05Friedrich August Kummer: Composer
  • 09-06Wililam "Extra Billy" Smith: Confederacy (Confederate Army)
  • 09-16Anthony Panizzi: Librarian at British Museum
  • 10-04J Gotthelf: Writer
  • 10-13William Motherwell: Scottish civil servant / poet
  • 10-23John J Rochussen: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1845-51)
  • 11-04Aleksander A Bestuzhev-Marlinsky: Russian author

People died in year of 1797

  • 01-11Francis Lightfoot Lee: US farmer (singer Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • 01-13Elisabeth C von Brunswick-Bevern: Wife of Frederick II, dies at 81
  • 01-30Johann Abraham Sixt: Composer, dies at 40
  • 02-08Johann Friedrich Doles: Composer, dies at 81
  • 02-11Antoine Dauvergne: Composer, dies at 83
  • 02-27Benvenuto Robbio San Rafaele: Composer, dies at 61
  • 03-01Juan Manuel Olivares: Composer, dies at 36
  • 03-02Horace [Horatio] Walpole: British horror writer, dies at 79
  • 03-19Philip Hayes: Composer, dies at 58
  • 03-26James Hutton: Geologist
  • 04-03Nonnosus Madlseder: Composer, dies at 66
  • 04-12Josef Antonin Stepan: Composer, dies at 71
  • 05-27Francois-Noal "Gracchus" Babeuf: French utopian socialist, dies at 36
  • 05-30Carl Ludwig Junker: Composer, dies at 48
  • 06-17Aga Mohammed Khan: Cruel ruler of Persia, castrated and killed
  • 07-09Edmund Burke: British Author / parliament leader (Reflections), dies at 68
  • 07-29Christoph Rheineck: Composer, dies at 48
  • 08-03Jeffrey Amherst: English Governor-General of America, dies at 80
  • 08-12Ignaz Franz Xaver Kurzinger: Composer, dies at 73
  • 09-18Louis-Lazare Hoche: French revolutionary General
  • 09-23Johann Georg Roser: Composer, dies at 57
  • 10-09Elia van Vilnius: Latvian rabbi, dies at 77
  • 10-09Elijah B Solomon Zalman: Rabbi / Gaon of Vilna
  • 10-10Carter Braxton: US boer / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 61
  • 10-12Pierre de Jelyotte: Composer, dies at 84
  • 11-16Frederik Willem II: King of Prussia (1786-97), dies at 53
  • 12-01Oliver Wolcott: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 71
  • 12-22Giovanni Marco Rutini: Composer, dies at 74
  • 12-26John Wilkes: English journalist / Higher / Lower house leader, dies at 72

Events in year of 1798

  • 01-01Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books
  • 01-0811th Amendment ratified, judicial powers construed
  • 01-22Coup of Midderigh
  • 01-30Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument
  • 02-02Federal St. Theater, Boston, becomes 1st in US destroyed by fire
  • 03-04Catholic women force to do penance for kindling sabbath fire for Jews
  • 03-09Dr George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the US navy
  • 03-29Republic of Switzerland forms
  • 04-07Mississippi Territory organized
  • 04-23Dutch Emperor accepts new Constitution
  • 04-30Department of Navy forms
  • 05-26British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara
  • 06-07Jews of Pesaro Italy fast commemorating murder of Jews
  • 06-13Mission San Luis Rey de Francia founded in California
  • 06-25US passes Alien Act allowing President to deport dangerous aliens
  • 07-06US law makes aliens "liable to be apprehended, restrained, ... & removed as alien enemies"
  • 07-11US Marine Corps forms
  • 07-141st direct federal tax on states - on dwellings, land and slaves
  • 07-14Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous & malicious" writing against US government
  • 07-16US Public Health Service forms and US Marine Hospital authorized
  • 07-21Napoleon Bonaparte wins Battle of Pyramids in Egypt
  • 07-23Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt
  • 08-01Battle of Abukir on the Nile-Nelson defeats French fleet
  • 08-02British under Admiral Horatio Nelson beat French at Battle of Nile
  • 08-27Battle at Castelbar, Ireland: French army hunts The English
  • 09-01England signs treaty with nizam of Hyderabad, India
  • 09-05New conscription law goes into effect in France
  • 09-10British Honduras beats Spain in battle of St. George
  • 10-12Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
  • 10-12Friedrich von Schillers "Wallensteins Lager, " premieres in Weimar

People born in year of 1798

  • 01-06Ferdinand Simon Gassner: Composer
  • 01-14Isaac da Costa: Dutch writer / lawyer
  • 01-14Johan R Thorbecke: Premier of the Netherlands (Lib-1849..72)
  • 01-15Thomas Crofton Croker: Irish story teller (Fairy legends)
  • 01-19Auguste Comte: Philosopher / founder (sociology and positivism)
  • 01-24Karl von Holtei: Silezian actor / playwright (Die Vagabunden)
  • 01-24Karl von Staudt: German Math Professor (projective geometrician)
  • 01-29Henry Neele: London, England -- Poet
  • 01-31Karl Gottlieb Reissiger: Composer
  • 02-22Charles Mynn Thruston: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1873
  • 03-04John Joseph Abercrombie: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1877
  • 03-13Abigail Powers Fillmore: 1st lady (1850-53)
  • 04-02H v Fallersleben: Writer
  • 04-03Charles D Wilkes: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1877
  • 04-08Dionysios Solomos: Poet
  • 04-09Giuditta Pasta [Negri]: Soprano
  • 04-19Franz Joseph Glaser: Composer
  • 04-19Heinrich Maria von Hess: Historical painter
  • 05-14Frantisek Palacky: Czechoslovakia -- Historian
  • 05-18Ethan Allen Hitchcock: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1870
  • 05-28Josef Dessauer: Composer
  • 06-12Samuel Cooper: Secretary of War / General (Confederate Army), died in 1876
  • 07-15Charles H Bell: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1875
  • 07-24John Adams Dix: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1879
  • 08-28Gershom Jaques Van Brunt: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1863
  • 09-01Richard Delafield: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1873
  • 09-02Thomas Holliday Hicks: (Union Gov) died in 1865
  • 09-11Franz E Neumann: German mineralogist / mathematician / physicist
  • 09-17Antonia M B Antonucci: Italian Cardinal / diplomat
  • 09-25Henri Scheffer: Painter

People died in year of 1798

  • 01-09Pedro Pablo Abarca d Bolea: Earl of Aranda, Spanish officer, dies at 79
  • 01-20Christian Cannabich: German Composer / royal chaplain master, dies at 66
  • 01-22Lewis Morris: US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 71
  • 01-22Matija A Reljkovic: Croatian writer (Satire of Wild Man), dies at 66
  • 01-26Christian Gottlob Neefe: German Organist / composer, dies at 49
  • 02-06Niels Schiorring: Composer, dies at 54
  • 02-13Wilhelm H Wackenroder: German writer (Fantasies of Art), dies at 24
  • 03-22Justin Morgan: Composer, dies at 51
  • 05-10George Vancouver: British explorer, (Voyage of Discovery), dies at 40
  • 06-04Giovanni Jacopo Casanova: Ital adventurer / spy / librarian, dies at 73
  • 06-26Eugene Godecharle: Composer, dies at 56
  • 06-28Pierre Dutillieu: Composer, dies at 44
  • 06-29Kaat Mussel [Catharina Mulder]: Exerciser
  • 07-02John Fitch: American inventor, clockmaker, etc
  • 07-15Gaetano Pugnani: Composer, dies at 66
  • 08-07Johann Gottlieb Sollner: Composer, dies at 65
  • 08-15Felice Alessandri: Composer, dies at 50
  • 08-21Corneille F de Nelis: Flemish Scholar / Bishop of Antwerp, dies at 62
  • 09-16Damasus Brosmann: Composer, dies at 67
  • 09-21George Read: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 65
  • 10-21Johann Christoph Schmugel: Composer, dies at 71
  • 11-19Theobald W Tone: Irish nationalist
  • 11-30Friedrich Fleischmann: Composer, dies at 32
  • 12-04Luigi Galvani: Italian anatomy / physicist, dies at 61
  • 12-19Charles-Joseph Panckoucke: Publisher (Moniteur Universel), dies at 62
  • 12-20Cornelis Ploos van Amstel: Dutch engraver / art collector, dies at 72