Events in year of 1799

  • 01-09Income Tax introduced in the UK
  • 01-14Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets
  • 01-14King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • 01-251st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont
  • 02-09USS Constellation captures French frigate Insurgents off Nevis, W I
  • 02-131st US law regulating insurance passed, by Massachusetts
  • 02-151st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
  • 02-251st federal forestry legislation authorizes purchase of timber land
  • 02-25Congress passes 1st federal quarantine legislation
  • 03-02Congress standardizes US Weights & Measures
  • 03-12Austria declares war on France
  • 03-28New York State abolished slavery
  • 04-14Napoleon called for establishing Jerusalem for Jews
  • 04-20Napoleon issues a decree calling for establishing Jerusalem for Jews
  • 06-22England and Russia decide to invade Bataafse Republic
  • 07-24William Clark (of Lewis & Clark) is willed the slave York
  • 07-25French-Egyptian forces under Napolean I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir
  • 08-13English fleet under lord Seymour overthrows Suriname
  • 08-27English invasion army lands in North-Holland
  • 08-30Bataafse fleet surrender to English
  • 09-01Bank of Manhattan Company opens in NYC (forerunner to Chase Manhattan)
  • 09-19English and Russian invasion army conquerors Receiver
  • 10-02Duke of York and Russians capture Alkmaar in the Netherlands
  • 10-06Battle at Castricum: French and Bataafs army beats English / Russian army
  • 10-09British frigate HMS Lutine sinks off Dutch coast
  • 10-10Convention of Alkmaar: English / Russian invasion army departs
  • 10-22Russia leaves second anti-French Coalition
  • 11-09Napoleon becomes Dictator (1st consul) of France
  • 12-10Metric system established in France
  • 12-24Jakobijns plot against Napoleon uncovered

People born in year of 1799

  • 01-06Jedediah Strong Smith: US fur trader / explorer
  • 01-07Daniel Tyler: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1882
  • 02-04Joao Batista da Silva Leitao de Almeida Garret: Portuguese playwright
  • 02-05John Lindley: English Botanist (Elements of Botany)
  • 03-01Alexey Nikolayevich Verstovsky: Composer
  • 03-07Frantisek L Celakovsky: Czechoslovakia -- Poet (national anthem, folk song)
  • 03-08Simon Cameron: Secretary of War (Union), died in 1889
  • 03-22F W A Argelander: Memel, East Prussia -- Cataloguer of 324,188 stars
  • 03-28Karl Adolph von Basedow: German artist (Ziekte van Basedow)
  • 03-29Edward Stanley: Earl Derby (C), British Prime Minister (1852, 1858-59, 1866-68)
  • 04-05Vincenzo Fioravanti: Composer
  • 04-13Heinrich F L Rellstab: German music theorist
  • 04-13Joseph Rastrelli: Composer
  • 04-22Jean Poiseuille: Physician / physiologist (blood pressure)
  • 05-23Thomas Hood: English poet / composer (Song of the Shirt)
  • 05-26Alexander S Pushkin: Russia -- Writer (Eugene Onegin)
  • 05-27Jacques-Francois-Fromental-Elle Halevy [Elie Levy]: Composer
  • 06-06Aleksandr Sergeyevich: Russia -- Poet and founder of modern Russian Literature
  • 06-06Alexandr Pushkin: Russia -- Writer (Eugene Onegin) (5 / 26 OS)
  • 06-18William Lassell: Discoverer (satellites of Uranus and Neptune)
  • 07-04F J Oscar I: King of Sweden / Norway (1844-59)
  • 08-04Olof Wilhelm Udden: Composer
  • 08-11Joachim de Barrande: French paleontologist / geologist
  • 08-20Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern: German liberal politician
  • 10-01Rufus Choate: United States -- Lawyer (Hall of Fame)
  • 10-05Anthony G O Ridder Van Rappard: Dutch Minister of Reformed Worship
  • 10-15August Ferdinand Haeser: Composer
  • 11-17Titian Ramsey Peale: United States -- Artist / naturalist (American Ornithology)
  • 11-29Amos Bronson Alcott: US educator / poet (Concord Days)
  • 12-31Thomas Taglichsbeck: Composer

People died in year of 1799

  • 01-06W G Frederik: Prince of Orange / General, dies at 25
  • 01-22Horace B de Saussure: Swiss physicist / geologist / alpinist, dies at 58
  • 02-12Frantisek Xaver Dusek: Composer, dies at 67
  • 02-16Charles Theoby: Ruler (Palts & Bayern), dies at 74
  • 02-18Maurus Haberhauer: Composer, dies at 52
  • 02-24Broerius Brorius: Theologist (Pensive Christian), dies at about 41
  • 02-24Georg C Lichtenberg: German physicist / writer, dies at 56
  • 03-18John Randall: Composer, dies at 82
  • 03-25Constantin Reindl: Composer, dies at 60
  • 03-28Etta L J "baronne" Palm-Aelders: Dutch adventurer / spy, dies at 55
  • 04-01Narciso Casanovas: Composer, dies at 52
  • 04-19Pieter Hellendaal: Violinist / Organist / Composer (Glees), dies at 78
  • 04-28Francois Giroust: Composer, dies at 62
  • 05-02Henri-Joseph Rigel: Composer, dies at 58
  • 05-09Claude-Benigne Balbastre: Composer, dies at 72
  • 05-18Pierre de Beaumarchais: Dramatist
  • 06-18Johann Andre: Composer, dies at 58
  • 07-07William Curtis: English Botanist (Botanical Magazine), dies at 53
  • 08-02Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier: Balloonist, dies at 54
  • 08-06Joseph Friebert: Composer, dies at 74
  • 08-07John Bacon: English sculptor, dies at 58
  • 08-16Vincenzo Manfredini: Composer, dies at 61
  • 08-20Johann Christian Gottlob Eidenbenz: Composer, dies at 37
  • 08-29Pius VI [Giovanni A Braschi]: Italian Pope (1775-99), dies at 71
  • 09-07John Ingen Housz: Dutch / English Physician / nature investigator, dies at 68
  • 10-16Antoine-Frederic Gresnick: Composer, dies at 44
  • 10-23William Paca: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 58
  • 10-24Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf: Austrian composer, dies at 59
  • 11-22Baroness van Dorth: Orangist, executed
  • 12-05Robert Kimmerling: Composer, dies at 61

Events in year of 1800

  • 01-01Dutch East Indies Company dissolves
  • 01-02Free black community of Philadelphia petitions Congress to abolish slave
  • 01-051st Swedenborgian temple in US holds 1st service, Baltimore
  • 01-08Austrians defeat French in 2nd battle of Novi
  • 01-08Wild Boy of Aveyron discovered in southern France
  • 01-30US population: 5,308,483; Black population 1,002,037 (18.9%)
  • 03-14Luigi Chiaramonti crowned Pope Pius VII
  • 03-17English warship Queen Charlotte catches fire; 700 die
  • 03-20French army defeats Turks at Helipolis Turkey, and advance to Cairo
  • 04-15James Ross discovers North Magnetic pole
  • 04-24Library of Congress establishes with $5,000 allocation
  • 05-07Indiana Territory organized
  • 05-15King George III survives a 2nd assassination attempt
  • 05-15Pope Pius VII calls on French bishops to return to Gospel principles
  • 06-04White House completed and President and Mrs John Adams move in
  • 06-14Battle of Marengo (Alessandria): Bonaparte vs. Austria
  • 06-29Freemason lodge establishes in Alkmaar
  • 07-08Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gives 1st cowpox vaccination to his son to prevent smallpox
  • 07-09Mt Vernon Gardens becomes site of 1st summer theater in US
  • 09-05Malta surrenders to British after they blockade French troops
  • 09-07Zion AME Church dedicated (NYC)
  • 09-13Curacao in English hands (until Jan 1803)
  • 10-01Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty
  • 10-17Dutch colony Curacao transfered to England
  • 11-011st President to live in White House (John Adams)
  • 11-17Congress held 1st session in Washington DC in incompleted Capitol Building
  • 11-17John Adams is 1st President to move into the White House
  • 12-12Washington DC established as capital of US

People born in year of 1800

  • 01-01Sydney Nelson: Composer
  • 01-01Vaclav Horak: Composer
  • 01-06Willem A Schimmelpenninck van der Oye: Dutch politician
  • 01-24Edwin Chadwick: British social Reformer
  • 02-11William Henry Fox Talbot: Wiltshire, England -- Photographic pioneer
  • 02-15Frederik W Conrad: Dutch hydraulic engineer / railway pioneer
  • 02-21John Henry Winder: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865
  • 03-12Louis-Prosper Gachard: Belgian historian
  • 03-14James Bogardus: US inventor / builder (made cast-iron buildings)
  • 03-25Paulin Paris: French historian
  • 04-15James Clark Ross: Explorer (British Antarctic)
  • 04-16Jozef Stefani: Composer
  • 04-16William Chambers: Author / publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding)
  • 05-01Ret Thomas Aloysius Dornin: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1874
  • 05-05Louis Hachette: French publisher (Librairie Hachette)
  • 05-06Ferdinand Marcucci: Composer
  • 05-09John Brown: Abolitionist; led attack on Harpers Ferry
  • 05-10Nikolay Alexeyevich Titov: Composer
  • 05-17Carl Friedrich Zollner: Composer
  • 05-30Karl W Feuerbach: German mathematician (Position of Feuerbach)
  • 07-06Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti: Composer
  • 08-06Catherine Beecher: Educator (championed higher education for women)
  • 09-16Jozef Nowakowski: Composer
  • 09-17Franklin Buchanan: Admiral (Confederate Navy), died in 1874
  • 09-19William Wister McKean: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1865
  • 09-23William H McGuffey: Educator (McGuffey Readers)
  • 10-02Nat Turner: Virginia, United States -- Leader of major slave rebellion (1831)
  • 10-03George Bancroft: Historian (Hall of Fame)
  • 10-25Thomas Babington Macaulay: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / historian (Ivry, Naaseby)
  • 10-26Helmuth K B von Moltke: Prussian General-Field Marshal

People died in year of 1800

  • 01-01Louis J M Daubenton: France -- Zoologist, dies at 83
  • 01-10Johan Wikmanson: Composer, dies at 46
  • 01-23Edward Rutledge: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 50
  • 03-02Christian Friedrich Schale: Composer, dies at 86
  • 03-03Johann Baptist Christoph Toeschi: Composer, dies at 64
  • 03-09Dominique Della-Maria: Composer, dies at 30
  • 04-18John Evangelist Schreiber: Composer, dies at 84
  • 04-18Pieter Fouquet: Art Merchant (Atlas of Fouquet)
  • 04-25William Cowper: English lawyer / Poet (Olney Hymns), dies at 68
  • 04-30John H Midderigh: Rotterdam patriot, dies at 46
  • 05-07Laurens P van Spiegel: Regent / pension advisor (1787-95), dies at 64
  • 05-19French Bosbeeck: Veterinarian / robber, hanged
  • 06-07Willem A Alting: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1780-97), dies at 75
  • 06-10Johann Abraham Peter Schulz: German composer, dies at 53
  • 08-03Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch: Composer, dies at 63
  • 09-29Michael Dennis: Jesuit / author, dies at 71
  • 09-29William Billings: US Composer (Rose of Sharon), dies at 53
  • 10-07Gabriel: Slave revolt leader (Virginia), hanged
  • 12-19Georg Peter Weimar: Composer, dies at 66